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Recent Articles

2020-07-09 Research Article

Determination of body image perception and life satisfaction in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Abstract

Objective: This descriptive study was conducted in order to determine body image perception and life satisfaction of individuals undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

Material and methods: The population of the study consisted of individuals who were treated in hemodialysis units in the city center of Kırşehir. Patients. The study was conducted with 135 patients. Questionnaire, multidimensional body-self relations questionnaire, and satisfaction with life scale were used as data collection tool.

Results: According to study results, total mean scores of MBSRQ were significantly low in individuals who were older than 65, illiterate, had an extended family, were unemployed, had low income, suffered from disease and underwent hemodialysis treatment for 10 years and longer, had arteriovenous fistula in vascular insertion site, had body mass index within the class of morbid obese, and had no planned transplantation. SWLS mean scores of individuals, who were in the age group of 25-34 years, high school graduate, employed, described their income status as very high, had CRF for 6-12 months, underwent hemodialysis for 6-12 months, were waiting for renal transplantation, were significantly high. As a result of the correlation analysis made between body image and life satisfaction, it was determined that there was a positive, quite significant correlation.

Conclusion: As a result, it was determined that hemodialysis patients were affected by body image and life satisfaction negatively due to many factors and the total score of body image scale was very low.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001032 Cite this Article

2020-07-13 Research Article

Physical activity and health-related quality of life among physiotherapists in Hebron/West Bank

Abstract

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) directly affects Health-related quality of life. The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between physical activity levels of physiotherapists and their physical activity promotion strategies. in Hebron- West Bank.

Method: The study relied on cross-section, which included 150 PTs distributed over 42 centers of Hebron areas in Palestine country. The questionnaire is based on Likert scale items pentagonal level, which included several aspects of Health-related quality of life. Statistical analysis was used to test the associations between different categorical variables (p < 0.05).

Results: of total 150 participants, most of them were male 56%, their ages ranged from 25-30 years (46%), and holding bachelor’s degrees 78%. About 60% of them are in good physical health. Most participants feel vitality, depression, quit, have energy, and are happy in the most of the time. In addition, most of them believe their health is similar to that of the members of the surrounding community. The study showed there is no relationship between general health and age except in the age group over 40 years, and females are the most exposed group. In addition, there is an influence relationship between physical and psychological with age, and this effect also includes females more than males.

Conclusion: Physical functioning of most of the participants was good, while most of the participants had problems with their work and the major effect was on the female category.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001033 Cite this Article

2020-07-30 Research Article

Short term effectiveness of extra corporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciitis: A systemic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

Background: The argument on whether extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) prove to be beneficial in short- term intervention in adults with plantar fasciitis. It is important and necessary to conduct a meta-analysis to make a relatively more credible and overall assessment about the outcomes of ESWT in the less than 6 months.

Methods: we conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials from MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL database from 2000 to 2020. We included randomized trials which evaluated extracorporeal shock wave therapy used to treat plantar heel pain. Trials comparing extra corporeal shock wave therapy with placebo were considered for inclusion in the review. We independently applied the inclusion and exclusion criteria to each identified randomized controlled trial, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of each trial.

Results: Four studies involving 645 patients were included. 3 RCTs (n = 605) permitted a pooled estimate of effectiveness based on overall success rate and composite score of visual analogue scales for pain at the follow-up 1 (12 Weeks).The pooled data showed no significant heterogeneity at three-month follow-up (p - value of chi-square = 0.61 p = 0.74 and I2 = 0%). The ESWT group had a better success rate than the control group at three-month follow-up (OR = 2.26, 95% CI = 1.62-3.15, p < 0.00001). For reduction of pain the pooled data showed no significant heterogeneity (p value of chi-Square 0.28 and I2 22%) There were significant differences between the ESWT and control groups for all the follow-up visits (random-effect model, three trials, MD = 15.14, 95% CI = 13.86 to 16.42, p < 0.00001 at three-month).

Conclusion: A meta-analysis of data from three randomized-controlled trials that included a total of 605 patients was statistically significant in favour of extracorporeal shock wave therapy at follow-up 1 (12 weeks).

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001034 Cite this Article

2020-09-15 Research Article

Comparison of muscle activation of 3 different hip belt squat techniques

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to differentiate between muscular activity of three different types of belt squats (SquatMax-MD, Pit Shark and Monster Rhino) and the muscle activation of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis oblique, gluteus maximus, and gluteus medius. Fourteen healthy, male athletes, over the age of 18 years, performed 2 sets of 5 repetitions on each of the three belt squat machines with a weight equivalent to each participant’s body weight. Athletes were given at least 2 minutes of rest between each set and condition. Electromyographic data were collected from four muscles: rectus femoris, vastus medialis oblique, gluteus maximus, and gluteus medius muscles. ANOVA revealed the SquatMax-MD belt squat resulted in the highest muscle activation in every muscle, with significantly higher activity in the rectus femoris, vastus medialis oblique, and gluteus medius muscles. The Monster Rhino belt squat produced the second highest muscle activation with the Pit Shark belt squat creating the lowest muscle activation. In totality, the SquatMax-MD produced 38.7% greater muscle activation than the Monster Rhino and 12.2% greater activation than the Pit Shark. The belt squat can be an advantageous exercise because it can effectively load the lower body while de-loading the spine and upper body. The difference in activation between the SquatMax-MD and other belt squats may be due, in part, to the design of the machines. The additional activation produced by the SquatMax-MD belt squat may be useful for individuals seeking hypertrophy, strength, or a reduction in injury risk.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001035 Cite this Article