Alexis Álvarez-Aliaga*, Julio César González-Aguilera, Liliana del Rosario Maceo-Gómez, Lic David del Llano Sosa, Raúl Leyva-Castro and Rosa Ojeda-Vázquez
Introduction: Hypertensive cardiopathy is the target organ lesion caused by arterial hypertension (HTN) that exhibits the highest morbidity and mortality rates. Although the importance of hemodynamic overload exerted by HTN on the onset of cardiopathy is well established, several non-hemodynamic factors may contribute significantly to its development.
Marco Cirillo*, Marco Campana, Anna Bressanelli and Giovanni Troise
Fiber-based model of the left ventricle is known since 1628 but the complex 3D structure of myocardial fibers has not taken into account in normalcy or in disease until the last decade. We here present the case of a 60-year-old female patient affected by ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction.
Gehan Magdy* and Awad Yousef
Background: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a simple and noninvasive bedside diagnostic tool with a wellestablished role in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to study the diagnostic value of electrocardiographic ST-T wave changes in lead aVL in prediction of site of coronary artery stenosis in patients with chronic stable angina.
Yi De Zhang, Ya Min Yu, Hou Yong Dai, Xiao Lan Chen, Li Yuan and Hui Shi*
We experienced a case of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) caused by subacute infectious endocarditis (SIE). A 57-year-old male farmer complained of fatigue, lack of appetite and gross haematuria for a month; he had no cough, chest pain, or exertion dyspnea. After admission, lab tests showed mild proteinuria(1.04g/d) and heavy dysmorphic red blood cells(RBC) (543/HP), with serum creatinine(Scr) slightly elevated(1.46mg/dl) and anemia(hemoglobin Hb 85g/L).
Tolga Doğan, Mucahit Yetim, Lütfü Bekar, Oğuzhan Çelik, Macit Kalçık* and Yusuf Karavelioğlu
Woven coronary artery (WCA) is an extremely rare and still not a clearly defined coronary anomaly. It is characterized by the division of epicardial coronary artery into thin channels which then reanastomose with the distal part of the abnormal coronary artery .
Tolga Doğan*, Osman Akın Serdar, Naile Bolca Topal and Özgür Yalçınbayır
Objective: Retinal microvascular anomalies may be a marker for cardiovascular diseases. Our aim in this study was to investigate the utility of ocular fundoscopic examination as a noninvasive method in specifying the patients who carry a risk for coronary artery disease.
Victor Voon*, Dikshaini Gumani, Calvin Craig, Ciara Cahill, Khalid Mustafa, Terry Hennessy, Samer Arnous and Thomas Kiernan
Objectives: The clinical impact of drug-eluting balloon (DEB) coronary intervention for drug-eluting in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) is not fully known. To further evaluate this impact, we aimed to describe the incidence of symptom-driven coronary angiography (SDCA), an under-reported but potentially informative outcome metric in this cohort of patients.
Thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has been plagued by inadequate effi cacy and a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), which led to its replacement by procedures like percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) whenever possible. Since this requires hospitalization, it is time-consuming, and compromising salvage of brain tissue and myocardium.
Oğuzhan Çelik, Mucahit Yetim, Tolga Doğan, Lütfü Bekar, Macit Kalçık* and Yusuf Karavelioğlu
Coronary artery aneurysm is commonly defined as a localized dilatation exceeding the diameter of adjacent normal coronary segments by 50% . Coronary artery aneurysms may be fusiform, involving the full circumference of the coronary artery, or saccular, involving only a portion of the circumference .
Nader Makki, David M Kline, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Hansie Mathelier, Satya Shreenivas and Scott M Lilly*
Background: Due to variations in hospital protocols and personnel availability, individuals with myocardial infarction admitted on the weekend may be less likely to receive invasive procedures, or may receive them with a greater latency than those admitted during the week. Whether or not this occurs, and translates into a difference in outcomes is not established.
Ndao SCT, Gaye ND*, Dioum M, Ngaide AA, Mingou JS, Ndiaye MB, Diao M and Ba SA
Introduction: Coronary disease accounts for 75% of diabetic mortality. Coronary angiography reveals lesions that are often diffuse, staggered and multi-truncated. The objective of this study was to determine the indications and results of coronary angiography in diabetic patients.
Dioum M*, Aw F, Masmoudi K, Gaye ND, Sarr SA, Ndao SCT, Mingou J, Ngaide AA, Diack B, Bodian M, Ndiaye MB, Diao M and Ba SA
Introduction: Coronary angioplasty is a safe therapeutic method for coronary disease. However, its major obstacles remain the occurrence of stent thrombosis (ST) and in-stent restenosis (ISR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and medium-term results of coronary angioplasty patients in the cardiology department of Aristide Le Dantec hospital in Dakar.
Cyrus Kocherla* and Kalgi Modi
Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is rare congenital malformation of the aortic valve with estimated prevalence of 0.013% to 0.043% [1-4]. QAV is most commonly associated with aortic insufficiency (AI), which is found in almost 75% of cases . QAV can also be associated with other cardiac defects such as ventricular or atrial septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, subaortic fibromuscular stenosis, malformation of the mitral valve, and coronary anomalies .
Hussam Ali* and Riccardo Cappato
A 73-year-old male underwent cardiologic evaluation for an incidental electrocardiographic finding of left bundle branch block (LBBB). He was asymptomatic and had no relevant cardiac history. Physical examination and transthoracic echocardiogram revealed no abnormalities.