Research Article

The interaction between photonic technology and physical exercise: The action of low-level laser therapy

Antonio Eduardo de Aquino Jr* and Fernanda Mansano Carbinatto

Published: 06/20/2017 | Volume 1 - Issue 1 | Pages: 010-013


Introduction: Obesity is a global-level epidemic. Together with this disease, called chronic subclinical inflammatory disease, many other diseases, known as comorbidities, arise.

Objective: To show that the association between low-level laser therapy and physical exercise is supported, by experimental and clinical studies, being an instrument that maximizes the treatment of obesity as well as its comorbidities.

Conclusion: This manuscript brings a compendium of accomplished work by our group that allows understand the mechanism base of interaction between the photonic technology and the physical exercise, allowing to potentiate the treatment of the obesity.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hodms.1001003 Cite this Article


  1. Carnier J, Sanches PDL, da Silva PL, de Piano A, Tock L, et al. Obese adolescents with eating disorders: analysis of metabolic and inflammatory states. Physiol Behav. 2012; 105: 175-180. Ref.:
  2. de Mello MT, de Piano A, Carnier J, Sanches Pde L, Corrêa FA, et al. Long-Term Effects of Aerobic Plus Resistance Training on the Metabolic Syndrome and Adiponectinemia in Obese Adolescents. J Clin Hypertens. 2011; 13: 343-350. Ref.:
  3. Souza CS, Felicio LB, Ferreira J, Kurachi C, Bentley MV, et al. Long-term follow-up of topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid photodynamic therapy diode laser single session for non-melanoma skin cancer. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2009; 6: 207-213. Ref.:
  4. Carmello JC, Alves F, G Basso F, de Souza Costa CA, Bagnato VS, et al. reatment of Oral Candidiasis Using Photodithazine®- Mediated Photodynamic Therapy in vivo. PLoS One. 2016; 11: 1-18. Ref.:
  5. Paolillo FR, Borghi-silva A, Parizotto NA, Kurachi C, Bagnato VS. New treatment of cellulite with infrared-LED illumination applied during high-intensity treadmill training. 2011; 13: 166-171. Ref.:
  6. Vieira WH, Ferraresi C, Perez SE, Baldissera V, Parizotto NA. Effects of low-level laser therapy (808 nm) on isokinetic muscle performance of young women submitted to endurance training: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Lasers Med Sci. 2012; 27: 497-504. Ref.:
  7. Maciel Coelho VH, Alvares LD, Carbinatto FM, et al. Photodynamic Therapy, Laser Therapy and Cellulose Membrane for the Healing of Venous Ulcers: Results of a Pilot Study.
  8. Aquino AE Jr, Sene-Fiorese M, Paolillo FR, Duarte FO, Oishi JC, et al. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) combined with swimming training improved the lipid profile in rats fed with high-fat diet. Lasers Med Sci. 2013; 28: 1271-1280. Ref.:
  9. Aquino AE Jr, Sene-Fiorese M, Castro CA, Duarte FO, Oishi JC, et al. Can low-level laser therapy when associated to exercise decrease adipocyte area? J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015; 149: 21-26. Ref.:
  10. Jr DAAE, Ca DC, K AS. Journal of Community Medicine & Low-level Laser Therapy Promotes Decrease in Inflammatory Process in Obese Trained Rats. 2016; 6.
  11. Duarte FO, Sene-Fiorese M, de Aquino Junior AE, da Silveira Campos RM, Masquio DC, et al. Can low-level laser therapy (LLLT) associated with an aerobic plus resistance training change the cardiometabolic risk in obese women? A placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol. 2015; 153: 103-110. Ref.:
  12. Sene-Fiorese M, Duarte FO, de Aquino Junior AE, Campos RM, Masquio DC, et al. The potential of phototherapy to reduce body fat, insulin resistance and “metabolic inflexibility” related to obesity in women undergoing weight loss treatment. Lasers Surg Med. 2015. 47: 634-642. Ref.:
  13. da Silveira Campos RM, Dâmaso AR, Masquio DC, Aquino AE Jr, Sene-Fiorese M, et al. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) associated with aerobic plus resistance training to improve inflammatory biomarkers in obese adults. Lasers Med Sci. 2015. Ref.:
  14. de Aquino Junior AE. EFEITO DO LASER DE BAIXA INTENSIDADE (830nm) ASSOCIADO AO EXERCÍCIO EM RATOS OBESOS EXÓGENOS”. Program of Pos-Graduation in Biotechnology. Federal University of São Carlos. Brazil. Masters Dissertation. 2012.
  15. de Aquino Junior AE. A FOTOTERAPIA COMO MECANISMO POTENCIALIZADOR NO TRATAMENTO DA OBESIDADE. Program of Pos-Graduation in Biotechnology. Federal University of São Carlos. Brazil. Masters Dissertation. Doctoral Thesis. 2015.
  16. Azeemi STY, Raza SM, Yasinzai M. Colors as Catalysts in Enzymatic Reactions. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2008; 1: 139-142. Ref.:
  17. Manteń≠fel’ VM, Karu TI. Structure of mitochondria and activity of their respiratory chain in subsequent generations of yeast cells exposed to He-Ne laser light. Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol. 2005; 32: 672-683. Ref.:
  18. Manteifel V, Bakeeva L, Karu T. Ultrastructural changes in chondriome of human lymphocytes after irradiation with He-Ne laser: appearance of giant mitochondria. J Photochem Photobiol B. 1997; 38: 25-30. Ref.:
  19. Karu T. Mitochondrial Mechanisms of Photobiomodulation in Context of New Data About Multiple Roles of ATP. 2010; 28: 159-160. Ref.:
  20. Karu TI, Pyatibrat LV, Kalendo GS. Photobiological modulation of cell attachment via cytochrome c oxidase. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2004; 3: 211-216. Ref.:
  21. Barolet D. Light-Emitting Diodes ( LEDs ) in Dermatology. YSDER. 2008; 27: 227-238. Ref.:  
  22. Karu TI. Invited Review Mitochondrial Signaling in Mammalian Cells Activated by Red and Near-IR Radiation. 2008; 84: 1091-1099. Ref.:
  23. Karu TI, Pyatibrat L V, Afanasyeva NI. Cellular effects of low power laser therapy can be mediated by nitric oxide. Lasers Surg Med. 2005; 36: 307-314. Ref.:
  24. Karu TI, Pyatibrat L V, Moskvin S V, Andreev S, Letokhov VS. Elementary processes in cells after light absorption do not depend on the degree of polarization: implications for the mechanisms of laser phototherapy. Photomed Laser Surg. 2008; 26: 77-82. Ref.:
  25. Karu TI. Multiple roles of cytochrome c oxidase in mammalian cells under action of red and IR-A radiation. IUBMB Life. 2010; 62: 607-610. Ref.:
  26. Karu TI, Pyatibrat LV, Kolyakov SF, Afanasyeva NI. Absorption measurements of cell monolayers relevant to mechanisms of laser phototherapy: reduction or oxidation of cytochrome c oxidase under laser radiation at 632.8 nm. Photomed Laser Surg. 2008; 26: 593-599. Ref.: