Volume 3 Issue 1

2019-01-11 Review Article

Synthetic Animal: Trends in Animal Breeding and Genetics


Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering. The subject combines various disciplines from within these domains, such as biotechnology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, systems biology, biophysics, computer engineering, and genetic engineering. Synthetic biology aims to understand whole biological systems working as a unit, rather than investigating their individual components and design new genome. Significant advances have been made using systems biology and synthetic biology approaches, especially in the field of bacterial and eukaryotic cells. Similarly, progress is being made with ‘synthetic approaches’ in genetics and animal sciences, providing exciting opportunities to modulate, genome design and finally synthesis animal for favorite traits.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ibm.1001015 Cite this Article

2019-01-11 Review Article

A review of research process, data collection and analysis


Research is the process of searching for knowledge. It is systematic search pertinent information on specific topic of interest. It is a careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge [1].It is a scientific way of getting answers for research questions and testing hypothesis. The research question is based on uncertainty about something in the population. This can be formulated by searching different literatures from index and non index journals, books, internet, and different unpublished research work etc. A good research question should follow the FINER criteria i.e. Feasible, Interesting, Novel, Ethical and Relevant [2].

The complete research is the whole design which arises from defining research problems to the report writing (Figure 1). The research problems are determined on the basis of well known concept and theories or previous research findings. The assumptions in term of hypothesis are made. The process of inquiry is done by interviewing or observing or recording data and the collected data are analyzed with interpretation. Basically there are two approaches of data collection, quantitative and qualitative. The quantitative approach views human phenomena as being focused to study objective i.e. able to be measured. It has its roots in positivism. Quantitative approach to research involves data collection methods such as structured questionnaire, interviews and observations together with other tools. This approach helps investigators to quantify the information.



Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ibm.1001014 Cite this Article

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