Volume 1 Issue 1

2017-11-15 Research Article

Pros and Cons Controversy on Molecular Imaging and Dynamics of Double- Standard DNA/RNA of Human Preserving Stem Cells-Binding Nano Molecules with Androgens/Anabolic Steroids (AAS) or Testosterone Derivatives through Tracking of Helium-4 Nucleus (Alpha Particle) Using Synchrotron Radiation

In the current study, we have investigated pros and cons controversy on molecular imaging and dynamics of double-standard DNA/RNA of human preserving stem cells-binding Nano molecules with Androgens/Anabolic Steroids (AAS) or Testosterone derivatives through tracking of Helium-4 nucleus (Alpha particle) using synchrotron radiation. In this regard, the enzymatic oxidation of double-standard DNA/RNA of human preserving stem cells-binding Nano molecules by haem peroxidases (or heme peroxidases) such as Horseradish Peroxidase (HPR), Chloroperoxidase (CPO), Lactoperoxidase (LPO) and Lignin Peroxidase (LiP) is an important process from both the synthetic and mechanistic point of view.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001007 Cite this Article

2017-08-31 Research Article

Nutritional Value of Three Different Oyster Mushrooms Grown on Cattail Weed Substrate

Three distinct oyster mushroom strains including Pleurotus florida (PF), Pleurotus eous (PE) and Pleurotus sajor-caju (PS) were successfully cultivated on cattail weed substrate. A comparative analysis of different parameters viz., biological efficiency (BE) and protein, carbohydrate, crude fiber and fat content in fruitbodies were evaluated. According to biological efficiencies obtained PF (90%) was superior strain, while order can be represented as 90%> 89%> 82% respectively in PF>PS>PE. The highest protein (4.8 g), lipid (0. 61 g) and dietary fiber (31.6g) values were obtained in the fruitings of Pleurotus sajor-caju. However, the utmost level of carbohydrate (41g) was recorded in Pleurotus eous. On the basis of the observation of the present study we recommend use of cattail weed substrate for cultivation of oyster mushrooms for better nutrients.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001006 Cite this Article

2017-07-17 Review Article

Is advanced Coupling Methods best fitted in Biosensing of Microparticles?

Microparticles (MPs) are considered important diagnostic biological markers in many diseases with promising predictive value. There are several methods that currently used for the detection of number and characterization of structure and features of MPs. Therefore, the MP detection methods have been remained pretty costly and time consuming. The review is depicted the perspectives to use coupling methods for MP measurement and structure assay. Indeed, there is large body evidence regarding that the combination of atomic force microscopy or coupling nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) with microbeads, plasmon resonance method and fluorescence quantum dots could exhibit much more accurate ability to detect both number and structure of MPs when compared with traditional flow cytometry and fluorescent microscopy. Whether several combined methods would be useful for advanced MP detection is not fully clear, while it is extremely promising.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001005 Cite this Article

2017-06-28 Review Article

Concise Review: Considerations for the Formulation, Delivery and Administration Routes of Biopharmaceuticals

Abstract

The drugs of biological origins have attracted the attention of many pharmaceutical companies where it is essential to protect the heterogeneous nature and the optimal three dimensional structures of the different macromolecules. These molecules are used in both the investigation and therapy purposes, so their maximum activities should be maintained. This requires the designing of certain delivery formulations that suits the macromolecule nature, its target organ, the required dose and delivery route, and that’s why the biotech companies invest millions of dollars towards achieving that. The first main focal point of this article includes the recent developments in the formulation technologies for several biomacromolecule classes. The second focal point concentrates on the current considerations for optimizing their delivery for a maximum performance in the body.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001004 Cite this Article

2017-05-01 Review Article

The Bacterial Heterotrimeric Amidotransferase GatCAB: functions, structures and mechanism-based inhibitors

Abstract

tRNA-dependent amidotransferases (AdT) are essential enzymes for protein biosynthesis in many bacteria and in all archaea. As AdT is essential for a number of pathogenic bacteria, and it is absent from mammalian cytoplasm, it is considered as a putative target for novel inhibitors that could be lead compounds to develop a new class of antibiotics. Besides GatFAB of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria and GatAB of Plasmodium falciparum apicoplast, all reported AdT can be divided into two groups: heterodimeric GatDE and heterotrimeric GatCAB. The latter is required to catalyze the conversion of Glu-tRNAGln and/or Asp-tRNAAsn into Gln-tRNAGln and/or Asn-tRNAAsn in many pathogenic bacteria. Recently determined high resolution crystal structures of several GatCAB could be used to design new inhibitors. In this review, we highlight the essential role of AdT for the faithful translation of glutamine and/or asparagine codons, we describe important features of the crystal structures of several GatCAB as well as tRNA/AdT/aaRS complexes for the formation of Gln-tRNAAsn and Asn-tRNAAsn, we finally summarize discoveries of AdT inhibitors based on their analogy to glutamine, adesosine tripoliphosphate and 3’-end of tRNA.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001003 Cite this Article

2017-05-01 Letter to the Editor

The Daring of Biosimilars

Letter to Editor

The so-called “biotechnological revolution” is changing the structure of the Pharmacopoeia [1]. The space of biological products, previously limited to blood products and vaccines, grew from the introduction of first recombinant therapeutics in the 1980s until attaining a 25% by value of the pharmaceutical market. This share is expected to reach 50% in the coming years. More than 80 biotechnology drugs have entered the market in the last ten years. It is estimated that there are more than 900 biological products on development for more than 100 diseases [2].

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001002 Cite this Article

2017-04-25 Review Article

Overview of Interferon: Characteristics, signaling and anticancer effect

Abstract

Interferons are multifunctional cytokines widely used in clinical settings as an anti-viral drug. In addition, interferon’s exhibit anti-cancer and anti-bacterial effects. Nearly two thousand papers related to interferon are published each year, which illustrates the importance placed by researchers on the study of interferon. This review focuses on recent advances in the study of interferon, particularly in the areas of its mechanism of anti-cancer effect and signal transduction. We also describe the tumor resistance to interferon and the side-effect of interferon-based therapy, which leads to an expectation of future research of interferon.

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.hjb.1001001 Cite this Article

Recent Articles

2020-10-21 Research Article

Can the Wondfo® SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG antibodies be used as a rapid diagnostic test?

Lysandro Pinto Borges, Makson Gleydson Brito De Oliveira*, Daniela Raguer Valadão de Souza, Kezia Alves Dos Santos and Luana Heimfarth

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.abb.1001017 Citation

2020-03-13 Mini Review

Progress of chemical components and biological activities of Fructus Amomi

Yuchen Xiao, Olagoke Zacchaeus Olatunde, Jianping Yong* and Canzhong Lu*

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.abb.1001015 Citation

2019-01-11 Research Article

Perinuclear halo indicate Trichomonas vaginalis in Pap smear

Howaida Mahmoud Hagag, Yosra Hussein Alam-Eldin, Mahmoud Khalifa Mahmoud, Khadiga Ahmed Ismail*, Amany Mamdouh Abdulaziz, Ahmed Mahmoud Khalifa and Osama Mahmoud Khalifa

Abstract Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.abb.1001013 Citation