Research Article

The relationship of cell phone use and aggression among young adults with moderating roles of gender and marital status

Asma Naseer and Waqar Husain*

Published: 08/26/2020 | Volume 4 - Issue 1 | Pages: 055-058

Abstract

The use of cell phones has remarkably increased in the last two decades with several pros and cons. The negative consequences of cell phones on mental health have not been studied widely. Aggression, in this regard was a completely neglected area. The present study, therefore, was carried out to investigate the relationship between cell phone use and aggression and to further identify the moderating roles of gender and marital status between cell phone use and aggression. The inquiry included 500 young adults from Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire was administered. It was hypothesized that there would be a strong positive relationship between cell phone use and aggression. It was further hypothesized that gender and marital status would be significant moderators between cell phone use and aggression. The results supported the hypotheses on significant differences and made a significant contribution in the existing scientific literature.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ida.1001020 Cite this Article

References

  1. Pakistan Telecommunication Authority. 129.6 Million subscribers in Pakistan. 2014. http://propakistani.pk/2013/11/18/mobile-phone-users-in-pakistan-reach-129-6-million/
  2. Johansson A, Nordin S, Heiden M, Sandström M. Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. J Psychosom Res. 2010; 68: 37-45. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20004299/
  3. Takao M, Takahashi S, Kitamura M. Addictive personality and problematic mobile phone use. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2009; 12: 501-507. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19817562/
  4. Ezoe S, Toda M, Yoshimura K, Naritomi A, Den R, Morimoto K.
  5. Relationships of personality and lifestyle with mobile phone dependence among female nursing students. Social Behav Personal Int J. 2009; 37: 231-238.
  6. Sansone RA, Sansone LA. Cell phones: the psychosocial risks. Innov Clin Neurosci. 2013; 10: 33-37. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23439568/
  7. Cohen S. Aftereffects of stress on human performance and social behavior: a review of research and theory. Psychological Bulletin.1980; 88: 82-108. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7403392/
  8. Underwood M, Galen B, Paquette J. Top ten challenges for understanding gender and aggression in children: Why can’t we all just get along? Social Development. 2001; 10: 248-266.
  9. Basow SA, Cahill KF, Phelan JE, Longshore K, McGillicuddy-DeLisi A.
  10. Perceptions of relational and physical aggression among college students: Effects of gender of perpetrator, target, and perceiver. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 2017; 31: 85-95.
  11. Conway AM. Girls, aggression, and emotion regulation. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2005; 75: 334-336.
  12. Crick NR, Grotpeter JK. Relational aggression, gender, and socialpsychological adjustment. Child Dev. 1995; 66: 710-722. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7789197/
  13. Forrest S, Eatough V, Shevlin M. Measuring adult indirect aggression: The development and psychometric assessment of the indirect aggression scales. Aggressive Behav. 2005; 31: 84-97.
  14. Gomes MM. A concept analysis of relational aggression. J Psychiatric Mental Health Nurs. 2007; 14: 510-515.
  15. Marini ZA, Dane AV, Bosacki SL, Cura YLC. Direct and indirect bully-victims: differential psychosocial risk factors associated with adolescents involved in bullying and victimization. Aggressive Behav. 2006; 32: 551-569.
  16. Coyne SM, Archer J, Eslea M. We’re not friends anymore! Unless. The frequency and harmfulness of indirect, relational, and social aggression. Aggressive Behav. 2006; 32: 294-307.
  17. Loudin L, Alexandra L, Sheri R. Relational aggression in college students: Examining the roles of social anxiety and empathy. Aggressive Behav. 2003; 29: 430-439.
  18. Archer J, Coyne S. An integrated review of indirect, relational, and social aggression. Pers Soc Psychol Rev. 2005; 9: 212-230. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16083361/
  19. Owens L, ShuteR, Slee P. Guess what I just heard!: Indirect aggression among teenage girls in Australia. Aggressive Behav. 2000; 26: 67-83.
  20. Storch EA, Bagner DM, Geffken GR, Baumeister AL. Association between overt and relational aggression and psychosocial adjustment in undergraduate college students. Violence Vict. 2004; 19: 689-700. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16004070/
  21. Cairns RB, Cairns BD, Neckerman HJ, Ferguson LL, Gariepy JL. Growth and aggression: I. Childhood to early adolescence. Develop Psychol. 1989; 25: 320-324.
  22. Green LR, Richardson DR, Lago T. How do friendship, indirect, and direct aggression relate? Aggressive Behavior. 1996; 22: 81-86.
  23. Bowie BH. Relational aggression, gender, and the developmental process. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing. 2007; 20: 107-115.
  24. Young EL, Boye AE, Nelson DA. Relational aggression: Understanding, identifying, and responding in schools. Psychology in the Schools. 2006; 43: 297-312.
  25. Merrell K W, Buchanan R, Tran OK. Relational aggression in children and adolescents: A review with implications for school settings. Psychology in the Schools. 2006; 43: 345-360.
  26. Husain W. Prevalent Tendencies for Mental Disorders in Pakistan. Clínica y Salud. 2018; 29: 34-38.
  27. Husain W. Barriers in Seeking Psychological Help: Public Perception in Pakistan. Community Ment Health J. 2019; 56: 75-78. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31542848/
  28. Husain W, Faize FA. Public awareness of psychological problems in Pakistan. Ment Health Rev J. 2020; 25: 35-45.
  29. Buss A, Perry M. The aggression questionnaire. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1992; 63: 452-459. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1403624/
  30. Thomée S, Dellve L, Härenstam A, Hagberg M. Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults-a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 201; 10: 66-68. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20152023/
  31. Dixit S. A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J Community Med. 2010; 2: 339-341. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2940198/
  32. Hunt J, Eisenberg D. Mental health problems and help-seeking behavior among college students. J Adolesc Health. 2010; 46: 3-10. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20123251/
  33. Lonn S, Ahlbom A, Hall P, Feychting M. Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma. Epidemiology. 2004; 15: 653-659. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2361634/
  34. Schoemaker MJ, Swerdlow AJ, Ahlbom A, Auvinen A, Blaasaas KG, et al. Mobile phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma: results of the Interphone case-control study in five North European countries. Br J Cancer. 2005; 93: 842-848. PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2361634/
  35. Maccoby EE, Jacklin CN. The psychology of sex differences. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1974.
  36. Coie JD, Dodge KA. Aggression and antisocial behavior. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds). Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, emotional and personality development. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1997.
  37. Bjorkqvist K, Kirsti M, Lagerspetz, Karin O. Sex Differences in Covert Aggression. Aggressive Behav. 1994; 202: 27-33.