Research Article

May we feed cancer?

Maria Grazia Spurio*

Published: 02/12/2018 | Volume 2 - Issue 1 | Pages: 001-006

Abstract

The patient with an oncological disease presents a series of discomforts related to the psychological sphere such as depression, pain, sense of usefulness, anger, but also inconveniences related to food sphere. Neoplastic disease interferes with eating behaviour for several reasons. The communication of the diagnosis can create a state of anorexia as a result of the shock; certain tumours of the gastrointestinal tract-gold (mouth, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, but also pancreas and liver) are directly responsible for the possible alteration of food intake; alteration in eating behaviour may be secondary to the main therapeutic treatments. The link between food and cancer is not only evident in case of disease, but also in case of prevention, in fact a growing number of studies indicates more an more clearly the close correlation between a healthy diet and prevention of oncological diseases although at present time it is not still possible to give definitive results. The diagnosis of a person is like a melody in which some notes are repeated but their combination is almost infinite, because each person has different eating needs, as well as different psychological needs, and the starting point for a good professional must necessarily be a ‘customized’ diagnosis. This ‘diagnosis of well-being’, tailor-made for each person, involves professionals in both the food and psychological and behavioural sectors, since the individual needs have to be evaluated globally.

Finally, the professionals of human behaviour in food consumption, and the chemical and science processing experts, have the duty not to limit themselves to a single refusal against the use of certain foods, but framing the phenomenon in a wider perspective and, as experts of human health, to propose alternatives.
The patient with an oncological disease presents a series of discomforts related to the psychological sphere such as depression, pain, sense of usefulness, anger, but also inconveniences related to food sphere. Neoplastic disease interferes with eating behaviour for several reasons. The communication of the diagnosis can create a state of anorexia as a result of the shock; certain tumours of the gastrointestinal tract-gold (mouth, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, but also pancreas and liver) are directly responsible for the possible alteration of food intake; alteration in eating behaviour may be secondary to the main therapeutic treatments. The link between food and cancer is not only evident in case of disease, but also in case of prevention, in fact a growing number of studies indicates more an more clearly the close correlation between a healthy diet and prevention of oncological diseases although at present time it is not still possible to give definitive results. The diagnosis of a person is like a melody in which some notes are repeated but their combination is almost infinite, because each person has different eating needs, as well as different psychological needs, and the starting point for a good professional must necessarily be a ‘customized’ diagnosis. This ‘diagnosis of well-being’, tailor-made for each person, involves professionals in both the food and psychological and behavioural sectors, since the individual needs have to be evaluated globally.
Finally, the professionals of human behaviour in food consumption, and the chemical and science processing experts, have the duty not to limit themselves to a single refusal against the use of certain foods, but framing the phenomenon in a wider perspective and, as experts of human health, to propose alternatives.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ida.1001005 Cite this Article

References

  1. Spurio MG. ‘Words that Heal’. Psychiatria Danubina. 2015; 27: 21-27. Ref.: https://goo.gl/UA3XKN
  2. Spurio MG. “Milton Erickson e la Pet therapy”. Quale Psicologia. 2011; 38: 84-88. Ref.: https://goo.gl/HihBzF
  3. Zeig J. Erickson: Un’introduzione all’uomo e alla sua opera. Astrolabio-Ubaldini. 1990.
  4. Spurio MG. Il suono della guarigione. Roma. 2015.
  5. Stroebe M, Shut H. Family matters in bereavement; toward and integrative intra-interpersonal coping model. Psychological Science. 2015; 10: 873-879. Ref.: https://goo.gl/BcXvFe
  6. American Medical Network Inc. Retrieved on December. 2014.
  7. Timonen M, Laakso M, Jokelainen J, Ulla Rajala, V Benno Meyer-Rochow, et al. Insulin resistance and depression: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2005; 330: 17-18. Ref.: https://goo.gl/irPSoz
  8. Yerkes RM, Dodson JD. The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. J Comparative Neurology and Psychology. 1908; 18: 459-482.  Ref.: https://goo.gl/pQeLT9
  9. American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. 2007.
  10. Paget J. On a Form of Chronic Inflammation of Bones (Osteitis Deformans). Med Chir Trans. 1877; 60: 37-64. Ref.: https://goo.gl/Jw1Qvd
  11. Spurio MG. The new functional identity: a body that thinks, a mind that feels- frontiers and unexplored territories of the "body and mind zone". Psychiatria Danubina. 2016; 28: 111-115. Ref.: https://goo.gl/ezF3hK