HSPC Articles

Articles Library

01/15/2021
Review Article

New insights from cardiac muscle applied to skeletal muscle

Gerry A Smith*

I have recently described the origin of the second Ca2+ binding in the triggering of contractile activity in cardiac myofibrils that is the origin of the Ca2+ Hill coefficient of 2 for the ATPase. This site is not a simple protein binding site and cannot be measured by 45Ca2+ binding. The myofibr...

01/15/2021
Research Article

Pig raising practices by unprivileged, ethnic people in Bangladesh

Ausraful Islam*, Ashika Akbar Trisha, Md. Safiul Ahad Sardar, Mohammady Akbor, Abdulla Al Mamun Bhuyan, Md. Sazzad Hossain, Md. Ashraf Zaman Faruk, Sheikh Muhammad Khaled Sharif, Zannatun Nahar and Anisuzzaman

Abstract

We interviewed 207 pig raisers from seven different districts of Bangladesh to explore their practices related to their pig farming. We used structured questionnaires to interview the pig raisers and used descriptive statistics for analysis. Most of the pig raisers (54%) were...

01/13/2021
Case Report

Soliter fibrous tumor of diaphragm in a patient with larynx cancer: Case report

Bengisu Arabaci*, Kenan Can Ceylan, Sulun Ermete, Devrim Kilic and Seyda Ors Kaya

Summary

Introduction: Solitary fibrous tumor is a neoplasm of mesenchymal origin with benign and malignant forms. We aimed to present a case of solitary fibrous tumor which developed in a patient operated for laryngeal cancer and originated from diaphragm in the light of the literatur...

01/13/2021
Research Article

C3D data based on 2-dimensional images from video camera

Ali Sharifnezhad*, Mina Abdollahzadekan, Mehdi Shafieian and Iman Sahafnejad-Mohammadi

Abstract

The Human three-dimensional (3D) musculoskeletal model is based on motion analysis methods and can be obtained by particular motion capture systems that export 3D data with coordinate 3D (C3D) format. Unique cameras and specific software are essential for analyzing the data. ...

01/12/2021
Research Article

Glomerular hyperfiltration in Yemeni children with sickle cell disease

Abdul-Wahab M Al-Saqladi* and Fatima E Al-Musawa

Abstract

Background: Glomerular hyperfiltration (GH) is a common feature of sickle cell nephropathy (SCN) starting at infancy and represents an early marker of incipient glomerular injury and renal dysfunction.

Methods: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correl...

01/12/2021
Short Communication

Hypertensive toxicity of thyrosine kinase inhibitors; Friend or Foe?

Ergün Barış Kaya and Yusuf Ziya Şener*

Abstract

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are widely used in Oncology practice. Hypertension may develop during cancer treatment and TKIs are well known drugs that are associated with drug related hypertensive toxicity. TKI related hypertensive toxicity is not always the indicator of...

01/12/2021
Case Report

PET/MRI, aiming to improve the target for Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy (FSRT) in recurrence of resected skull base meningioma after 2 years: Case report

Sebastião Corrêa*

Abstract

The increasing use of highly conformal radiation deliberates a higher accurate targeting. Contouring and clinical judgment are presumably the crucial point, thus positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging PET/MRI with somatostatin analogs appears to be useful in ...

01/11/2021
Mini Review

Stem cell therapy in children with acute liver failure: The dream could come true

Riham Rabie Issa*, Ahmad Mohamed Sira and Mostafa Mohamed Sira

Abstract

Acute liver failure (ALF) in children is a severe disease with a high mortality rate. The current treatment strategies are still defective, with many cases die when liver transplantation is unavailable. The current protocol of steroids therapy improved the survival rate of he...

01/11/2021
Case Report

Acute urinary retention and hyponatremia from central hypothyroidism

Samson Erkabu*, Zerihun Taddese, Biniam Bearega, Eyuel Daniel and Mekonen Birhanu

Abstract

A mass arising from the pituitary gland commonly damages cells of the anterior pituitary gland and affects the secretion of gonadotropins and growth hormone. However, central hypothyroidism and secondary adrenal insufficiency from such damage is a rare phenomenon. Acute urina...

01/15/2021
Research Article

Evaluation of influence of IL-6 C-572G gene polymorphism and clinical factors on positive platelet antibody test

Jeong-Shi Lin*, Li-Hsuan Lee, Hsueng-Mei Liu, Ying-Ju Chen and Tzeon-Jye Chiou*

Abstract

Background: Interleukin-6 () promotes antibody production. The objective of this study was to investigate whether IL-6 C-572G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and clinical factors are associated with positive platelet antibody test.

Materials and methods: Thirty ...

01/11/2021
Case Report

Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): A case with adverse reaction to three drugs alternately administered

Sergio Manieri*, Maria P Mirauda, Fabiola De Gregorio, Carmela Colangelo, Maria Tagliente, Rosaria Abate, Luciana Romaniello, Rosa Lapolla and Donatello Salvatore

Abstract

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a severe multiorgan hypersensitivity reaction mostly caused by several eliciting drugs in patients with a genetic predisposition. Incidence of DRESS in children is very variable, frome 1:1000 to 1:10.00...

01/08/2021
Opinion

The use of the scientific method as dogma can be an obstacle in times of pandemic

Felipe Inserra, Walter Manucha* and León Ferder

Science is not inherently dogmatic. On the contrary, in our opinion and according to Bachelard, it often breaks with certain dogmas [1]. That is why it must have the necessary flexibility to be able to analyze and incorporate exceptional situations. In this regard, the current Coronavirus pandemi...

01/15/2021
Mini Review

Three visionaries for HRT

Joseph Loze Onwude*

When a woman consults a doctor about Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), the first concern is that there is an increased risk of breast cancer with HRT. And this sole reason might be the reason for refusing the offer of HRT. However, this practice has minimal basis and evidence to support it.

01/12/2021
Research Article

An audit on outpatient hysteroscopy – cervical dilatation, failure rates and patient satisfaction

Sophie Boyd* and S Lalchandani

Abstract

Aims: To audit the use of cervical dilators, local anaesthetic, and failure rates in outpatient hysteroscopy over a two-year period in University Hospital Kerry. To review the experiences of women attending the outpatient hysteroscopy clinic (OHC) over a two-year period in Un...

01/04/2021
Research Article

The effect of NLP-based approach to teaching surgical procedures to senior OBGYN residents

Mitra Ahmad Soltani, Jamileh Jahanbakhsh*, Zahra Takhty, Azarmindokht Shojai and Hengameh Sheikh

Each individual has a unique way of learning which is based on personal background [1]. Neuro Linguistic Programming is an ideology of communicating with an individual. It can be applied in social relations like teaching fields [2]. Each medical student deals with a set of new information in his ...

01/05/2021
Research Article

Evidence of woven bone formation in carotid artery plaques

Mirzaie Masoud*, Zaur Guliyev, Michael Schultz, Peter Schwartz, Johann Philipp Addicks and Sheila Fatehpur

Abstract

Objective: Plaque morphology plays an important prognostic role in the occurrence of cerebrovascular events. Echolucent and heterogeneous plaques, in particular, carry an increased risk of subsequent stroke. Depending on the quality of the plaque echogenicity based on B-mode ...

01/01/2021
Short Communication

Fears of health catastrophe as Nepal reports increasing deaths from COVID-19

Hom Nath Chalise*

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had affected both developed and developing countries too. The first case in Nepal was confirmed on 23 January 2020.  It was also the first recorded case of COVID-19 in South Asia. Nepal reported its first COVID-19 death on May 16. At t...

12/31/2020
Case Report

Laparoscopic approach for acute right iliac fossa pathology: Our experience

Luciano Onofrio* and Gianfausto Iarrobino

Abstract

Laparoscopic approach in emergency theatre is an irreplaceable tool to manage patients with acute surgical pathology. We retrospectively reviewed surgical access records from the Emergency Department for acute right iliac fossa pathology. We considered 51 patients (16 male, 3...

12/30/2020
Mini Review

Estimation of the level of alcohol consumption in Russia: A literature review

Razvodovsky YE*

Abstract

Background: the level of alcohol consumption per capita is an important indicator of the alcohol-related problems. However, it is difficult to estimate the real level of alcohol consumption, since part of the consumption comes from illegal sources.

Aim: an overview ...

12/30/2020
Letter to the Editor

Seasonal change and COVID-19: Will the harmattan season lead to an increase in COVID-19 cases in Nigeria?

Prince Chiagozie Ekoh*

Abstract

The harmattan season, which is a period characterized by low temperature, dry air and increased air pollution leads to widespread airborne disease and exacerbation of pre-existing conditions, should be recognized as a period of potential risk of high COVID-19 infection rates....

12/29/2020
Letter to the Editor

Facing biological risk in child and adolescence neuropsychiatric services during COVID-19 outbreak: Management of protection levels for the direct access

Teresa Sebastiani, Carlo Di Brina, Maria L Tossali*, Morena Tafuro and Marco Marcelli

COVID-19 emergency requests a new definition of security procedures adopted in Child and Adolescence Neuropsychiatric Services (CANS).

12/24/2020
Case Report

Stroke vs. SIADH: A case of symptomatic hyponatremia secondary to SIADH in association with COVID-19 infection

Shadi Bagherzadeh, Siamak M Seraj and Amirhossein Afshar

Abstract

A 66-year-old male with no known past medical history presented with history of two days of throbbing frontal headache associated with nausea, vomiting and left-sided facial droop. The patient also reported dizziness, subjective chills without cough, shortness of breath, or s...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Stability of facial soft tissue contour and bone wall at single maxillary tooth gap in early implant placement with contour augmentation: A case report

Cheng-Yi Wang and Jimmy LianPing Mau*

Summary

Stability of esthetic implant buccal soft and hard tissue contour using freeze-dried bone allograft in early implant placement with contour augmentation.

12/22/2020
Research Article

Role of HRCT Thorax in pre-operative assessment of RT-PCR COVID-19 negative oral cancer patients

Roopa Ganta, Shehnaz R Kantharia, Bhavin Bhupendra Shah, Rajinikant Mohan Vasava, Tushar Vishnuprasad Vaishnav and Rajesh A Kantharia*

Abstract

Background: Oral cancer accounts for 30% of all types of cancer in India. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment but due to the recent outbreak of COVID-19, there is a partial or complete disruption of health services in the country. The initial delay in the treatment was due to ...

12/22/2020
Case Report

Acute abdomen as complication of a knee arthroscopy: A case report

Ana Jurin Martić*, Nenad Vidanec, Joško Smilović, Matija Mavrić, Miljenko Novak and Petra Mustač Jambrešić

Abstract

A knee arthroscopy in spinal anaesthesia was performed on a 67 years old male patient. During the procedure the patient was hemodynamically stable, until he suddenly turned pale and started complaining of severe pain in lower abdomen with signs of guarding. The procedure was ...

12/22/2020
Case Report

Obesity may contribute to Japanese COVID-19 death rate

Tetsuo Fukawa*

Japan enjoys the longest expectation of life at birth among major developed countries, and one possible reason for this is that obesity is rare in Japan. Further, COVID-19 death rate is extremely low in South Korea and Japan compared to the other developed countries, and low obesity rate may be r...

12/21/2020
Review Article

Hypertension and sex related differences in mortality of COVID-19 infection: A systematic review and Meta-analysis

Probir Kumar Ghosh*, Mohammad Manir Hossain Mollah, ABM Alauddin Chowdhury, Nazmul Alam and Golam Dostogir Harun

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and premature deaths. Hypertension plays a striking role in mortality and morbidity in case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection; however, numerous studies have reported contradictory finding...

12/30/2020
Research Article

Impact of mandibular advancement device in quantitative electroencephalogram and sleep quality in mild to severe obstructive sleep apnea

Cuspineda-Bravo ER*, García- Menéndez M, Castro-Batista F, Barquín-García SM, Cadelo-Casado D, Rodríguez AJ and Sharkey KM

Sleep related breathing disorders (SRBD) are among seven well-established major categories of sleep disorders defined in the third edition of The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3), and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common SRBD [1,2].

12/30/2020
Case Report

High suspicion of paradoxical embolism due to atrial septal Defect: A rare cause of ischemic stroke

Zahide Betul Gunduz* and Turgut Uygun

Abstract

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is common among adult congenital heart diseases but rarely causes paradoxical cerebral embolism. By sharing the ASD diagnosed after the first ischemic stroke attack at the age of 49 and a case of paradoxical cerebral embolism developing accordingly,...

12/16/2020
Case Report

Primary intracranial Hodgkin’s lymphoma after a blunt trauma: A case report

Luca Riccioni, Anna Maria Cremonini and Manlio Gessaroli

Abstract

We report a case of 30-year-old immunocompetent man, with a previous history of cranial-facial trauma, who presented with progressive left exophthalmos due to an intracranial left frontal-ethmoidal-orbital mass. Histology of the resected tumor revealed a classical Hodgkin&rsq...

12/23/2020
Research Article

Ivabradine versus carvedilol in the management of palpitation with sinus tachycardia among recovered COVID-19 patients

Kartik Pandurang Jadhav* and Pankaj V Jariwala

Abstract

Introduction: One of the major complications among COVID-19 patients include cardiac arrhythmias. Commonest arrhythmia is sinus tachycardia which is usually associated with palpitation causing discomfort to patients. In this study, we present a comparative st...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Acute ischemic stroke management in a patient with ventricular assist device

Çisil İrem Özgenç Biçer*, Işıl Kalyoncu Aslan, Irmak Salt and Eren Gözke

Ventricular assist device is a portable machine which is also called an artificial heart for the patients who have terminal heart failure. The device maintains the heart’s vital functions until the suitable donor is found for the heart transplantation. It can be applied to either ventricles...

12/16/2020
Research Article

Post-extrasystolic potentiation differentiates “true” from “pseudo” Low-flow, Low-gradient aortic stenosis

Marc Vanderheyden*, Sofie Verstreken and Marc Goethals

Abstract

Post-extrasystolic potentiation (PESP) is a marker of contractile reserve and refers to the augmentation of left ventricular contractility due to preload recruitment and rise in intracellular calcium following a premature beat. In this case report we show that PESP might be a...

12/29/2020
Research Article

Effect of ginger flour supplementation on fermented millet flour ‘ibyer’ anti-diabetic and biochemical properties

Adakole MI, Ikya JK, Girgih AT, Ogori AF* and Upev V

Abstract

COVID-19 is a mucoso-respiratory highly contagious disease that has leaded to a tremendous globFermented millet flour (ibyer) is an indigenous non-alcoholic gruel made from cereals either (maize, sorghum and millet). It is prepared by cooking reconstituted cereal flour or wet...

12/15/2020
Short Communication

A new applied protocol concerning COVID-19`s pandemic control: “Outdoor Access Approach” remodel of living for ensuring better ventilation

Nasser Alidadi*

Abstract

COVID-19 is a mucoso-respiratory highly contagious disease that has leaded to a tremendous global pandemic wide spreading throughout nations of all continents with successive waves of high morbidities and mortalities. However, several independent vaccine production projects a...

11/16/2020
Research Article

Eating habits and lifestyle changes during the COVID-19 lockdown: A comparative study (before and during isolation) on the 9 de Julio city (Buenos Aires, Argentina) population

Miriam Sosa*, Paula Cardinal, Eliana Elizagoyen, Graciela Rodríguez, Soledad Arce, M Fernanda Gugole Ottaviano, Victoria Pieroni and Lorena Garitta

Abstract

Following the COVID-19 proliferation beyond China’s borders at the beginning of 2020, containment measures have been taken by different countries around the globe. Citizens were forced to stay at home. Specifically, on March 19th, the Argentine Government decided to imp...

12/15/2020
Research Article

Awareness level on the role of forensic DNA database in criminal investigation in Nigeria: A case study of Benin city

Nwawuba Stanley Udogadi* and Akpata Chinyere Blessing Nkiruka

Summary

Pieces of evidence have continued to emerge, demonstrating the extensive efficiency and effectiveness of the DNA database in assisting criminal investigations around the world. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the awareness level on the prominent role of Forensi...

08/20/2020
Research Article

A study of 12c +12c nuclear reaction using a new M3Y-type effective interaction

Isaiah Ochala* Daniel Terver and Joseph O Fiase

Abstract

This paper is a study of nuclear reactions involving 12C + 12C nuclei carried out with a heavy-ion nucleus-nucleus optical potential derived from a new M3Y-type effective interaction, called B3Y-Fetal, within the framework of optical model at the incident energies of 112, 126...

12/21/2020
Research Article

Parents’ perception of the school nurse’s role

Diane Gillooly*, Ganga Mahat and Patricia Paradiso

Abstract

Background: School nurses possess an essential role in treating and helping children maintain health. However, the full scope of their role has not been identified by parents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore parents’ perceptions of the role of the scho...

12/15/2020
Research Article

Determination of antibiotics susceptibility profile of Shigella species isolated from children with acute diarrhea

Muhammad Ali*, Sani U Diso, Muhammad S Abdullah, Lurwan Mu’azu and Farouk S Nas

Abstract

Diarrheal diseases continue to be the major cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years. This study aimed to isolate, identify and determining the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Shigella sp associated with acute diarrhea among children i...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Maculopapular delayed exanthema due to ranitidine

Pilar Hernández Alfonso*, Idoia González Mahave, Irene Vidal Oribe, Mª Dolores del Pozo Gil, Mónica Venturini Díaz and Teófilo Lobera Labairu

Abstract

Ranitidine is a widely used drug in Europe and its intake is usually well tolerated. Hypersensitivity reactions due to ranitidine are uncommon. The immediate mild reactions type are the most prevalent. In some special cases a delayed type reaction such as contact dermatitis o...

12/15/2020
Review Article

The blubbery protrusions: Lipoma arborescens

Anubha Bajaj*

Lipoma arborescens is an exceptional condition comprised of frond-like excrescences of mature adipose tissue. The condition was originally described by Albert Hoffa in 1904 with characteristic morphology of macroscopic, villous, frond- like excrescences recapitulating a tree-like appearance, as d...

05/21/2020
Case Report

Bee venom: a case of effectiveness on skin varicosities veins with review of its dermatological benefits

Mohamed El Amraoui*, Rachid Frikh, Naoufal Hjira and Mohammed Boui

Abstract

Bee venom is a very rich and varied biochemical complex, which explains the multitude of its physiological effects as well as its medical indications. In dermatology, apart from psoriasis, few studies have been conducted concerning its interest and effectiveness; however the ...

12/22/2020
Review Article

Stages in COVID-19 vaccine development: The Nemesis, the Hubris and the Elpis

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The nemesis: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Leaving in its wake millions of infections, accompanied by an immense magnitude of morbidity and multitude of mortality, and an unfathomable economic toll, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a global calamity. An effective and safe COVID-19 vac...

12/14/2020
Mini Review

Nurse as a court expert in Poland

Ryszard Szozda*

The nurse in Poland may have a secondary level of education (secondary school or post-secondary) or high level (BSc and MSc). She can have a specialization of one the parts of medicine.

12/14/2020
Editorial

Brown fat tissue: Therapeutic potential for insulin resistance, new hopes for tomorrow

Arefhosseini Seyedrafie and Alijani Sepideh*

The well recognized white adipose tissue is an endocrinal organ secreting various hormones and this article simply indicates to the physiologic concepts brown fat tissues (BAT) which are extremely active endocrine organs and play various metabolic active roles in intermediate metabolism.

12/11/2020
Research Article

Characterization of Salmonella spp. isolated from small turtles and human in Republic of Korea

Su-Jin Chae, Jin-Suk Lim and Deog-Yong Lee*

Abstract

In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that small, pet turtles had caused multistate Salmonella outbreaks in the United States, from where small turtles were subsequently exported into the Republic of Korea. We investigated cases of salmonellosis in South Korea...

12/11/2020
Mini Review

Metal-carbon mesocomposites application possibilities as the medicine magnetic transport within an organism

VI Kodolov*, VV Kodolova-Chukhontseva, IN Shabanova and NS Terebova

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to the consideration of the metal-carbon mesocomposites application possibilities for the medicine magnetic transport. This trend is determined by correspondent peculiarities of content and structure of mesoscopic composites. The main peculiarities of t...

12/08/2020
Case Report

A rare case of acute necrotising pancreatitis in a paediatric patient

Lizeri Jansen*, Gabrielle Colleran, Ikechukwu Okafor and Nuala Quinn

Abstract

The diagnosis of acute necrotising pancreatitis is a rare event in the Paediatric Emergency Department (ED).

We report a case of acute pancreatitis in a paediatric patient, diagnosed in our ED, a tertiary level paediatric hospital.

This child presented wit...

12/08/2020
Mini Review

A girl with a stiff neck

G Carlone, A Prisco, F Vittoria, E Barbi and M Carbone

Abstract

Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare form of non-Langherans cell histiocytosis (non-LCH) observed almost exclusively in infants and young children. It is rarely systemic, involving extracutaneous sites, such as the liver, lungs, spleen, kidney, pancreas, bone or central n...

12/07/2020
Rapid Communication

Utilization of midwives service scheme among women farmers in Southwestern Nigeria

Oluwasusi JO*, Thomas KA, Olujide MG and Oluwasusi YO

Abstract

Maternal mortality accounts for most deaths in agrarian communities of Nigeria due to poor access to midwives services and inadequate Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs). The Midwives Service Scheme (MSS) was established to engage more SBAs and advocate better utilization of pre ...

12/07/2020
Research Article

Assessment of knowledge, practice and associated factors towards prevention of novel corona virus among clients attending at Debre Tabor General Hospital, Debre Tabor Town, North West Ethiopia, 2020: Institutional based cross-sectional study

Tigabu Desie Emiru*, Tekalign Amera Birlie, Sheganew Fetene Tasew, Abraham Tsedalu Amare, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu and Chalie Marew Tiruneh

Abstract

Background: Corona virus disease is a highly infectious disease caused by the newly innovated corona virus. An emerging respiratory disease was abbreviated as COVID-19, after it has been first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan city of China. Ethiopia Ministry of health initi...

12/04/2020
Review Article

Industrial control systems: The biggest cyber threat

Christos P Beretas*

Abstract

Industrial control systems (ICS) are critical, as in these systems, cyber threats have the potential to affect, disorganize, change their mode of operation, act as an information extraction vehicle, and ultimately turn against itself. Creating risks to the system itself, infr...

12/04/2020
Research Article

A review on efficacy of Cissus quadrangularis in pharmacological mechanisms

Sadiya Zaki, R Malathi, V Latha and Sibi G*

Abstract

Cissus quadrangularis a succulent vine belongs to Vitaceae family is widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world and used frequently to various disorders. The plant has been reported to contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, phytosterols, glycoside...

12/03/2020
Review Article

The relationship between IT consumption and anxiety in Pakistani youth

Waqar Husain* and Sehrish Mobeen

Abstract

The present study was designed to measure the relationship between the consumption of Information Technology (IT) and anxiety among Pakistani youth. The inquiry included 200 conveniently selected Pakistani youth aged 16 to 24 years from 4 cities. The anxiety subscale of Depre...

12/03/2020
Research Article

Efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation and over-ground walking task on functional mobility and quality of life of stroke survivors

Caleb A Adeagbo*, Caleb AO Gbiri And Olajide A Olawale

Abstract

Introduction: High proportion of stroke survivors have impaired functional mobility and decrease in overall quality of life (QoL). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (non-invasive brain stimulation) and over-ground walking task (OGWT) (functional task-oriented tra...

12/01/2020
Case Report

Unilateral pleural effusion as the sole presentation of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)

Tarique Salman*, Suruchi Mohan and Yasmin Sana

A 44-year-old G4P2+1 presented to the emergency department on the 10th day following embryo transfer (with two fresh, day 5, blastocysts transferred in a hospital abroad) with the complaints of difficulty breathing, chest discomfort and cough for one day.

12/01/2020
Research Article

Chronic endometritis in in vitro fertilization failure patients

Afaf T Elnashar* and Mohamed Sabry

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a common cause of infertility in asymptomatic patients and its diagnosis and treatments improved assisted reproduction technique outcome in most of the specialized centers. Diagnosis of CE in endometrial biopsy by Hematoxylin and Eos...

12/01/2020
Research Article

Experience with trans radial uterine artery embolisation for uterine fibroids in a tertiary center in Saudi Arabia

Gehan Farid*, Reem Kamal, Mohammed Thani Al-Shammari, Mohamed Swaraldahab and Hassan Swaraldahab

Abstract

Trans-radial uterine artery embolization (UAE) is acknowledged as a non- invasive, cost-effective and safe procedure for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids. However, it is associated with the recurrence of symptoms like abnormal uterine bleeding and pressure symptom in som...

11/30/2020
Research Article

Clinical characteristics, management, maternal and neonatal outcome among seven severe and critically ill pregnant women with COVID-19 pneumonia

Komal Sundeep Hazari, Litty Paulose, Nimmi Kurien, Hozaifah Mohammad, Taghrid Faek A Elgergawi, Atif Bashir E Fazari* and Amar Hassan

Abstract

Pneumonia caused by the Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious disease and the ongoing outbreak has been declared as a Pandemic by the World health organization. Pneumonia is a serious disease in pregnancy and requires prompt attention. Viral pneumon...

11/30/2020
Review Article

Overview on current approach on recurrent miscarriage and threatened miscarriage

Basant Sharma*, Jagat Deep, Chandrika Pandit, Bina Basnyat, Bandana Khanal, BB Raut, Brij Mohan Rajak, Deepak Patel, Rangina Laikangbam, Rajendra Basyal and Ravneet Gulshan

Abstract

Miscarriage is a frequent outcome of pregnancy, with major emotional implications to the couple experiencing such an event. Threatened miscarriage is the commonest complication of early pregnancy and affects about 20% of pregnancies. It presents with vaginal bleeding with or ...

11/27/2020
Mini Review

Post-stroke dizziness of visual-vestibular cortices origin

Nobuhiro Inoue* and Satoshi Goto

Abstract

Many patients with chronic cerebrovascular diseases complain “dizziness”, which is a distortion of static gravitational orientation, or an erroneous perception of motion of the sufferer or of the environment. In the vestibular cortical system, the parieto-insular ...

11/26/2020
Case Report

Atlantoaxial subluxation in the pediatric patient: Case series and literature review

Catherine A Mazzola*, Catherine Christie, Isabel A Snee and Hamail Iqbal

Abstract

Objective: Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) occurs when there is misalignment of the atlantoaxial joint. Several etiologies confer increased risk of AAS in children, including neck trauma, inflammation, infection, or inherent ligamentous laxity of the cervical spine.

...

11/23/2020
Case Report

A rare case report on pediatric shellfish allergy

Ananta Jois and Betsy Mathew*

Shellfish are extensively consumed worldwide because of their nutritional value. In general they are good sources of low-fat protein rich in several essential vitamins and minerals as well as in the essential nutrients omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFAs) [1].

11/19/2020
Review Article

Premature ovarian insufficiency in children: Etiology, clinical management and treatment

Ke Yuan and Chunlin Wang*

Abstract

Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a rare disease, especially in children and adolescents. It was previously called premature ovarian failure (POF). It can be manifested as delayed puberty, primary or secondary amenorrhea that occurred before the age of 40 years with no...

11/17/2020
Mini Review

How the COVID-19 outbreak affected physician-patient relationship

Ali Fakhari, Roya Dolatkhah and Keivan Fakhari Dehkharghani

Abstract

Physician-patient communication is the most basic element and vital skill of physicians in the diagnosis, treatment, and establishing diagnostic protocols. As the risks of contagion and viral infection are higher in physicians and health workers, front line soldiers inpatient...

11/17/2020
Review Article

The role of islamic lifestyle and healthy nutrition in accordance with the recommendations of islam and the holly quran by focusing on the risk of cancer incident

Pooneh Jabbaripour, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Ali Roshani and Roya Dolatkhah*

Abstract

Background: The Islamic religion has emphasized the importance of health and well-being, and Muslims have recognized the value of a good and healthy life based on Islamic recommendations. Health-oriented lifestyle is a multi-dimensional phenomenon that is the purpose of this ...

11/17/2020
Research Article

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum associated with COVID-19: Rare complication of 2020 pandemic

Arnaldo A Nieves-Ortiz*, Vanessa Fonseca-Ferrer, Kyomara Hernández-Moya, Keren Mendez Ramirez, Jose Ayala-Rivera, Marangely Delgado, Juan Garcia-Puebla, Rosangela Fernández-Medero and Ricardo Fernandez-Gonzalez

Abstract

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare condition, more commonly seen in patients with history of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infections, or drug users. Today, we face one novel virus that has cause an outbreak of acute respiratory illness, affecting ...

10/31/2020
Research Article

Galenic hospital laboratory during COVID-19 emergency: A practical experience in an advanced country

Fiazza C, Ferraiuolo A, Luisetto M* and Ram Sahu

Abstract

In the actual COVID-19 emergency, as pandemic disease, in many countries at the same time there was the rapid need to use preventive and therapeutic measures to control the diffusion of infection.

In PC AREA (Italy north) in the period between March and May 2020, in...

10/31/2020
Mini Review

Antifungal activity of epecific plant essential oils against fusarium graminearum

Esma Özsoy, Buket Kesercan and Emre Yörük*

Summary

Fusarium graminearum is one of the most popular phytopathogens of cereals worldwide. F. graminearum is the major causal agent of head blight of wheat and barley. Disease-resistant cultivar development, antagonistic microorganism usage and fungicide treatment are the most commo...

10/31/2020
Research Article

Intentıonal reımplantatıon of hopeless teeth: Cases serıes

Dilek Özkan Şen, Betül Irız, Ümmühan Tekin Atay and Elif Öncü*

Abstract

Intentional replantation is an alternative for the treatment of advanced periodontal destruction of the anterior teeth. Systemically healthy three female patient was referred to our clinic with functional complaints. Diagnosis were chronic periodontitis and class III mobility...

10/30/2020
Short Communication

Reactive Oxygen spray as prophylaxis for COVID-19 infection

Matthew Dryden*, Stephen Kidd, Nathan Moore and Afroze Khan

Viral transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19 is very high within households despite self isolation [1,2]. Transmission of the virus is thought to be similar to that of influenza.

11/13/2020
Research Article

Knowledge, attitude and motivation toward stem cell transplantation and donation among Saudi population in Riyadh: Are Saudi people aware enough about the importance of stem cell transplantation and donation?

Amen Bawazir, Reem Al Kabli, Abdullah Bukhari, Esraá Khader, Mohammed Alrashed*, Mohammed Alzahrani and Motasim Al Badri

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and motivation toward stem cell donation among Saudi population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted at different malls in Riyadh. Selection of ma...

11/10/2020
Case Report

Nasopalatin duct cysts: Report of ten cases and review of literature

Melike Baygin*, Melek Koltuk and Banu Gurkan Koseoglu

Abstract

Nasopalatine duct cyst is the most common non-odontogenic cyst. It develops in the midline of the anterior maxilla. It is usually asymptomatic and sometimes it can be overlooked or misdiagnosed. We present 10 patients who applied to Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry, D...

11/09/2020
Review Article

Auditory effects and consequences of noise pollution in humans: A scoping review

Nazia Begam and Abu Bashar*

Abstract

Noise is widespread in everyday life and can cause both auditory and non-auditory health impacts. Noise-induced hearing loss remains highly prevalent in occupational settings and is now increasingly caused by exposure to social and environmental noise. Incidence of noise-indu...

11/09/2020
Review Article

Packaging challenge for COVID-19 drug

Anupam Chand*

At present Corona virus is the most burning topic across the world. At present there is no drug available to cure 100%. So many companies are trying to make it possible as soon as they can.

10/28/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of the antibacterial and anticancer activities of marine Bacillus subtilis ESRAA3010 against different multidrug resistant Enterococci (MDRE) and cancer cell lines

Nourah Hassan Alzahrani and Esraa Ahmed Mohamed*

Abstract

Fifty nine isolates belonging to six species of Enterococci namely, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus raffinosus, Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus mundtii and Enterococcus avium (n = 35, 15, 4, 3, 1 and 1 isolates, respectively) were obtained from dif...

11/04/2020
Clinical Image

Malignant transformation of an urachal cyst

Dhouha Bacha, Rami Guizani, Wael Ferjaoui*, Aziz Atallah, Sana Ben Slama and Ahlem Lahmar

A 27-year-old man presented to our hospital for abdominal pain and a cheesy discharge from the umbilicus which lasted
for a few days.

11/04/2020
Research Article

4-year recurrence risk factors after tension-free vaginal tape-obturator as a treatment of stress urinary incontinence

De Miguel Manso S*, García García E, Gobernado Tejedor JA, Badillo Bercebal CE, Viruega Cuaresma D and González Martín JI

Abstract

Objectives: Tension-free vaginal tapes are the gold standard of the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI); however, long-term recurrence of SUI after this surgery has been a matter of problem. Here, we attempted to determine the incidence of its recurrence a...

11/06/2020
Research Article

SARS-CoV-2 infection and phylogenetic analysis with the risk factors in human body alongside the pulmonary effects and medication

Ahnaf Ilman*, Mauro Luisetto, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa, Naeem Musa, Md. Abu Syed, Sabit Ibtisam Anan and Tazwan Haque

Abstract

Related the extremely transmittable abilities of SARS-CoV-2,a harmonious virus to the bat CoV, gets transmitted by three principal processes-- the inhalation of droplets from the SARS-CoV-2 infected person, contacting to the person, and by the surfaces and materials defiled w...

11/05/2020
Research Article

Adverse childhood experiences and their Alcohol, and chat Consumption among school-going adolescents, Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study

Mekonnen Tsehay*, Mogesie Necho, Asmare Belete and Werkua Mekonnen

Abstract

Background: Alcohol and chat use during adolescence is associated with academic and health problems, including abuse or dependence in adulthood. The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and early initiation of a...

11/02/2020
Case Report

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor resulting in recurrent colic in a arabian horse gelding a report of case

Abelardo Morales Briceño* and Harmon Oliva

Abstract

Background: A Grey 12-year-old Arabian endurance horse gelding was referred to the SHS Veterinary Center for anorexia, mild colic of 5 days duration, and melena of 1 day duration. The owner reported recurring colic, 12 episodes of mild colic in the previous year.

Me...

11/04/2020
Case Report

Unusual presentation of Oxalate nephropathy causing Acute Kidney Injury: A case report

Anas Diab*, Michelle M Neuman, Kareem Diab and Daniel Gordon

Abstract

Oxalate Nephropathy due to Hyperoxaluria and elevated serum oxalate level is a well-known cause for interstitial fibrosis, and ESRD. Conditions associated with high serum Oxalate, should be considered as a possible contributing factor for a patient’s tubular injury,

11/02/2020
Research Article

Modification of the Renal Angina Index for identifying the need for renal replacement therapy in critically ill pediatric patients

Erin K Stenson*, John T Brinton, Liz Beil, Danielle E Soranno4 and Katja M Gist

Severe Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a common, serious problem affecting critically ill children that lacks effective treatment options. Currently, there are no treatment options for AKI other than supportive care. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is employed to reduce Fluid Overload (F...

10/20/2020
Case Report

COVID-19 related rhabdomyolysis

Alejandro Munoz-Martinez, Maham Akbar Waheed, Kenar D Jhaveri and Geurys Rojas-Marte*

A novel coronavirus known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with a high rate of human-to-human transmission has emerged, resulting in a worldwide public health crisis of catastrophic proportions. Common initial symptoms of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) include ...

10/22/2020
Clinical Image

Syphilitic pemphigus

Elvis Piñeres* and Carlos Ospina

A 34-week premature newborn, child of a mother without prenatal controls, a marijuana user, with gestational syphilis with a positive rapid plasma reagin test (RPR) titer 1:16, did not receive treatment during pregnancy. The newborn presented congenital syphilis, RPR titer 1: 256 positive test.

10/20/2020
Review Article

StatesCare–The Cure for “Patient” Healthcare

Deane Waldman*

Abstract

Fifty years of Washington’s fixes for healthcare have brought us to the brink: insurance is unaffordable and care is unavailable, certainly not in time. The way to make healthcare work for We the Patients (all Americans) is to take healthcare authority away from third-p...

10/20/2020
Review Article

Liver disease in the Era of Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic

Siddesh Besur*, Rehana Begum, Vikraman Gunabushanam and Herbert L Bonkovsky

Coronavirus infections have caused outbreaks in humans: SARS-COV ((Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) resulting in significant mortality and morbidity.

10/15/2020
Mini Review

Hormones and depression in women

John Studd*

It is well known that depression is more common in women than in men with more prescriptions for antidepressants, hospital admissions for depression and suicide attempts. However another aspect to be considered is that depression is different in women than men because women have depressive episod...

10/20/2020
Research Article

Experiment of a novel four-spherical intrauterine contraceptive device with nickel-titanium

Jian-Chun Yu†, Mei-Hua Zhang†, Ling Yu†, Li-Ping Zhai, Xia Song, Fang-Di Dong and Yi Qiu*

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a novel four-spherical intrauterine contraceptive device (4-SIUD) with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) for human, and to evaluate the contraceptive effect. The 4-SIUD composed of 4 mesh spheres and 5 support arms. The shape of 4-SIUD was like a &l...

10/20/2020
Research Article

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of uterine rupture in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Jacques Ngoy Kitenge, Olivier Mukuku, Xavier K Kinenkinda and Prosper L Kakudji

Abstract

Introduction: Uterine rupture is one of the peripartum complications, which cause nearly about one out of thirteen maternal deaths. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of mortality among women with uterine rupture in referral hospitals of Lubumbas...

10/14/2020
Research Article

Endometrial thickness and frozen thaw embryo transfer: A prospective study

Mahalakshmi S, Sakthi A, Saravanan L and Sharma Nidhi*

Abstract

Aim and objectives: Endometrial Window of Implantation (WOI) is open in the midsecretory phase wherein the markers of invasion and cell adhesion are manifested .The primary objective was to find out the predictive value of Endometrial thickness and profile as a prognostic fac...

10/14/2020
Research Article

Effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on ICSI outcome: A prospective study

Saravanan Lakshamanan, Saravanan Mahalakshmi, Harish Ramya and Sharma Nidhi*

Abstract

Aim and objectives: The primary aim was to measure the sperm DNA damage and to study the magnitude of sperm DNA damage. Secondary objective was to study the effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on Day 5 Blastocyst expansion (graded 1-5).

Results: There is an increase i...

10/13/2020
Research Article

Comparison of oocyte maturity rates in recombinant Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) and triptorelin acetate triggers: A prospective randomized study

Lakshmanan S, Saravanan M, Senthil P* and Sharma N

Abstract

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) like exposure in the mid cycle for inducing the oocyte maturation is the very crucial step in the success of ICSI treatment. Introduction of LH surge endogenously by GnRH-agonist for final oocyte maturation induction, may be more physiological compar...

10/13/2020
Case Report

Viral meningitis in pregnancy: A case report

Ruth Roseingrave* and Savita Lalchandani

Summary

Ms X is a 34 year old para 1 woman who presented at 26+5 weeks’ gestation with fever, neurological symptoms and history of a viral illness. She was treated empirically for bacterial meningitis and transferred to a tertiary maternity hospital. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) po...

10/13/2020
Letter to the Editor

COVID-19 and taking care and protection of patients with intellectual disabilities, need special care and equity

Faheem Anwar, Muhammad Tayyab*, Jawad Khan and Ihteshamul Haq

Since December 2019, entire world is facing problem of corona-virus pandemics and its impact on the people and their social life has been phenomenal.

10/13/2020
Research Article

Atherogenic risk assessment of naive HIV-infected patients attending Infectious Diseases Service of Kinshasa University Teaching Hospital, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

MMK Mbula*, HNT Situakibanza, GL Mananga, B Longo Mbenza, JRR Makulo, MM Longokolo, MN Mandina, NN Mayasi, MM Mbula, B Bepouka, GL Mvumbi, EN Amaela, DN Tshilumba, O Odio, BM Ekila, A Nkodila and BT Buasa

Abstract

Background and aim: Metabolic abnormalities are common in HIV/AIDS. Increasingly, lipid ratios are used as screening tools for dyslipidaemia in these medical conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of 4 lipid ratios to ...

10/21/2020
Research Article

Lower-body negative pressure/ergometer exercise in bed rest: Effects on female orthostatic tolerance

Linjie Wang*, Zhili Li, Cheng Tan, Huijuan Wang, Xiangjie Zhou, Siyang He, Peng Zou and Yinghui Li

Introduction: Alternatively using gradient lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) and ergometer exercise (LBNP + ergo) under a flight schedule framework was explored to detect its orthostatic capacity maintenance effects in female subjects after 15 days of -6° head-down bed rest (HDBR).
M...

2020-10-21
Research Article

Can the Wondfo® SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG antibodies be used as a rapid diagnostic test?

Lysandro Pinto Borges, Makson Gleydson Brito De Oliveira*, Daniela Raguer Valadão de Souza, Kezia Alves Dos Santos and Luana Heimfarth

Background: An outbreak of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) disease (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate and validate the performance of the Wondfo® lateral-flow immunochromatographic assay that detect SARS-CoV-2- IgG, IgM antibodies (Wondfo® IC), u...

10/07/2020
Research Article

Anti COVID-19 immunity developed as assessed in a community-based oncological center

Teresa Guix, Marco Panichi, Ines Guix, Iván García, Carles Llebaría, Nicolás Achkar, Luis Quinzaños, Hamza Sentisi, Jose Luís Enríquez, Ana Galván, Cristina Pérez-Sánchez, Víctor González, Carmen León and Benjamín Guix*

Abstract

Introduction: Serology (antibody) tests for the SARS-CoV-2 have been proposed as an instrument to inform health authorities about immunization during the COVID-19 pandemic. As there is a significant part of the population that may have some degree of immunity, it is of great ...

10/20/2020
Case Report

Cystic fibrosis and congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A rare occurrence with diagnostic dilemmas, similarities and contradictions

Mohammad Nabavi, Parisa Rezaeifar, Morteza Fallahpour, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Sima Shokri and Afshin Rezaeifar*

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a hereditary syndrome composed of exocrine gland dysfunction   involving multiple systems which if untreated may result in chronic respiratory infections, pancreatic enzyme deficiency and failure to thrive. The association between CF and othe...

10/06/2020
Research Article

Short-term responses to high-dose inhaled corticosteroid treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a fractional nitric oxide concentration over 35 parts per billion: A single-centre pre–post study

Akihiro Shiroshita*, Yu Tanaka, Kei Nakashima, Atsushi Shiraishi, Hiroki Matsui and Masahiro Aoshima

Abstract

Introduction: There is currently no strategy for identifying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients whose pulmonary function could benefit from inhaled corticosteroids. We investigated whether a 28-day regime of inhaled corticosteroids improved pulmonary functi...

10/05/2020
Research Article

Percutaneous abdomino-pelvic abscess drainage in complicated Crohn’s disease

Alberta Cappelli*, Silvio Laureti, Nunzia Capozzi, Cristina Mosconi, Francesco Modestino, Giuliano Peta, Silvia Lo Monaco, Antonio Bruno, Giulio Vara, Caterina De Benedittis, Paolo Gionchetti, Fernando Rizzello, Gilberto Poggioli and Rita Golfieri

Abstract

Purpose: Percutaneous abscess drainage (PAD) is the first-line approach for abscess in Crohn’s disease (CD) since it procrastinates or avoids surgery especially in postoperative abscesses [within 30 days post-operative (p.o.)]. We retrospectively evaluated the effective...

10/02/2020
Research Article

Frequency of renal tubular acidosis in children with down syndrome

Silvestre García de la Puente*, Karla Adney Flores Arizmendi, Junior Rafael Gahona Villegas, Paola Andrea Yepes Genoy and Elena Lissette Garza Guerrero

Abstract

Background: Down syndrome (DS) is associated with various congenital diseases and malformations, including those of the kidneys and urinary tract. It has been thought that renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is more frequent in this population. The objective of this study was to ass...

10/12/2020
Case Report

Psychological distress in a social media content moderator: A case report

Roukaya Benjelloun and Yassine Otheman*

Abstract

The expansion of social media platforms has given birth to a specific professional category in charge of « sanitizing » social media and keeping it free of “inappropriate” content. These content moderators, as a result of being constantly exposed to po...

10/12/2020
Review Article

COVID-19 pandemic, recurrent outbreaks and prospects for assimilation of hCoV-19 into the human genome

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The outbreaks and resurgence: The disease which reportedly began in the Chinese city Wuhan in November-December 2019, soon spread to various parts of the world, and was named and declared a pandemic disease by WHO. While the European countries were recovering from the epidemi...

10/06/2020
Review Article

The role of robotic segmentectomy for non-small cell lung cancer

Anil Gokce*, Yucel Akkas and Bulent Kocer

Abstract

Segmentectomy may be applied to all segments; superior segmentectomies (lower lobe superior segments for both lungs), lingulectomies (two segments forming lingulas of upper left lobe) and basal segmentectomies (segments other than superior segment for both lungs). In lung seg...

10/05/2020
Research Article

Knowledge and attitude of workers towards HIV post-exposure prophylaxis and exposure of staffs to sharp injuries in Dessie Referral Hospital: 2020; A cross sectional study

Sewunet Ademe, Mekia Mohammed and Afework Edmealem

Abstract

Background: Post exposure chemoprophylaxis can prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in risk healthcare workers; however routine adoptions of these practices by the workers have been limited.

Objective: To assess know...

10/02/2020
Research Article

Antibiotic induced changes to mitochondria result in potential contributions to carcinogenesis, heart pathologies, other medical conditions and ecosystem risks

Jorma Jyrkkanen*

Abstract

With the discovery by Calghatgi (2013) that three common antibiotics (Abs) increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen (ROS) and lipid peroxide (LP) and depleted their natural absorbant glutathione led me to investigate further the potential impacts of these genotoxic substances ...

10/01/2020
Research Article

Identification and resolution of drug therapy problems among hypertensive patients receiving care in a Nigerian Hospital - A pilot study

Blessing Onyinye Ukoha-kalu*, Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe and Chinwe Victoria Ukwe

Abstract

Background: An event involving drug therapy that actually or potentially interfers with the desired health outcomes is known as drug therapy problem.

Objective: The study aimed to identify and resolve potential drug related problems...

09/30/2020
Research Article

Emergency care sick palliative and problems oncology in emergency department during the COVID-19 pandemic

Basri Lenjani*, Nehat Baftiu*, Premtim Rashiti, Gani Shabani, Blerim Krasniqi, Arber Demiri, Besarta Pelaj, Fllanza Spahiu, Arban Demi and Dardan Lenjani

Abstract

Emergency medical care in palliative patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to provide a consistent treatment for stable patients that should be consistent with the goals and benefits, the perspective of these patients, but avoiding palliative patients with a ...

09/29/2020
Review Article

Child neglect - still a neglected problem in the global world: A review

Björn Tingberg and Doris Nilsson*

Summary

Child neglect is a global problem that involves large costs for both the individual and for society. This article is based on published reviews and meta-analyses in the field of child neglect between 1980 and 2018. Of a total of 433 articles, 13 was included, main Data bases h...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards hypertension among patients receiving care in a Nigerian Hospital

Blessing Onyinye Ukoha-kalu*, Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Chibueze Anosike and Chinwe Victoria Ukwe

Abstract

Background: Poor knowledge about hypertension can lead to poor attitude towards the disease which may directly affect patients self-care practices towards hypertension.
Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards ...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Detection of hypertension and its associated factors among Dessie Town Government School Staffs, Amhara Region, Dessie, Ethiopia, 2019

Sewunet Ademe* and Afework Edmealem

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is the leading remediable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, affecting more than 1 billion people worldwide, and is responsible for more than 10 million preventable deaths globally each year. Hypertension can be described as th...

09/29/2020
Research Article

A comparison of complications associated with nutrition between the patients receiving enteral or parenteral in the intensive care unit

Seyhan Sumeyra Asci, Ahmet Eroglu* and Coskun Asci

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the complications including infection and mortality associated with enteral and parenteral nutrition on patients in the ICU of a university hospital.

In this study, a total of 100 patients who were under follow-up...

09/23/2020
Rapid Communication

Audit of the effect of non-nasal specific scoring on the Postoperative SNOT22 questionnaire

Samir Gendy*

Abstract

The Sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT22) has been widely adopted in clinical practice and has been declared as the most suitable sinonasal outcome scoring system. It is simple disease specific encompassing 22 symptoms reflecting health burden of the rhino- logical patients.

...

09/24/2020
Research Article

Epilepsy due to Neurocysticercosis: Analysis of a Hospital Cohort

Marcellin Bugeme, Adjratou Djeynabou Sow, Olivier Mukuku*, Athanase Millogo, Oscar Numbi Luboya and Kamadore Touré

Abstract

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common helminthic infection of the nervous system that occurs when humans become intermediate hosts in the life cycle of the pig tapeworm (taenia solium) after ingesting its eggs. The objective of this study was to ...

09/28/2020
Research Article

Prevalence and measurement of anxiety and depression in nurses during COVID pandemic in Nepal

Ayush Chandra*, Avinash Chandra and Nabina Sharma

Abstract

Background: Anxiety and depression are under reported, underdiagnosed mental illness in health worker in Nepal especially during COVID pandemic. The study was carried out as an observational study on nurses in Nepal. In this study we attempted to assess the i...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Pattern of ocular diseases among patients attending ophthalmic outpatient department: A cross-sectional study

Sewunet Ademe* and Afework Edmealem

Abstract

Background: Ocular diseases affect every individual in this world, with the only difference being in the pattern of occurrence of disease depending on age, gender, region, and climatic conditions. In Ethiopia there is shortage of literatures stating pattern o...

09/17/2020
Opinion

Coronaryvirus infection, oxidative stress in ENT

Holeček V* and Rokyta R

In COVID-19 pandemic we focused on epidemiology and somewhat we neglect the possibility of biochemical influencing of the infection. Therefore we try to find some properties of the virus, which are impressionable by drugs. Droplet infection transmission is mainly (hypochloric acid) by nose and mo...

09/16/2020
Research Article

General practitioners’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in children in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Aubin Ndjadi Wembonyama Kasongo, Olivier Mukuku*, Gray A-Wakamb Kanteng, Mick Ya-Pongombo Shongo, André Kabamba Mutombo, Albert Mwembo-A-Nkoy Tambwe, Dieudonné Tshikwej Ngwej, Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama and Oscar Numbi Luboya

Abstract

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices declared among general practitioners (GPs) concerning the use of antibiotics for the treatment of ARI in children under 5 years in Lubumbashi.

Methods: A cross-sectional su...

09/17/2020
Research Article

Production and characterization of staphylokinase enzyme from Staphylococcus aureus ASIA4

Nourah Hassan Alzahrani and Fareed Shawky El-Shenawy*

Abstract

Six clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from different clinical samples. Isolates ASIA1 and ASIA2 isolated from urine samples of urinary tract infected patients; ASIA3 isolated from swab samples of burn abscess patients at Assiut University hospital as well as ASI...

09/17/2020
Research Article

Detection of IDH mutations in cerebrospinal fluid: A discussion of liquid biopsy in neuropathology

Ming Lee1*, Gek San Tan, Chee Kian Tham and Kiat-Hon Tony Lim

Summary

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations are a common event in secondary glioblastoma multiforme and lower-grade adult infiltrative astrocytomas and independently confer a better prognosis [1,2]. These are highly conserved mutations during glioma progression and thus also a us...

09/15/2020
Research Article

Comparison of muscle activation of 3 different hip belt squat techniques

Colleen N Gulick* and Dawn T Gulick

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to differentiate between muscular activity of three different types of belt squats (SquatMax-MD, Pit Shark and Monster Rhino) and the muscle activation of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis oblique, gluteus maximus, and gluteus medius. Fourteen ...

09/08/2020
Clinical Image

Exceptional intraoperative aspects of mesenteric venous gas

Mohamed Hajri, Wael Ferjaoui*, Aziz Atallah, Dhouha Bacha, Rached Bayar and Mohamed Tahar Khalfallah

A 73-year-old female patient presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of acute abdominal pain and diarrhea.

08/31/2020
Research Article

Incidence and outcome of no flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction

Goutam Datta*

Abstract

Background: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) is the most effective treatment modality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Incidence of no flow is 8.8-10% in primary PCI of STEMI patients. ...

09/14/2020
Research Article

Clinical profile and surgical outcomes of children presenting with teratology of Fallot

Josephat M Chinawa*, Agarwal Vijay, Sarang Gaikwad, Bhadra Trivedi and Bartholomew Chukwu

Abstract

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a very common cyanotic congenital heart disease presenting early at birth with various degrees of cyanosis. If left uncorrected surgically, can lead to death.

Objectives: This study is aimed ...

09/11/2020
Case Report

Recurrent pyogenic granuloma caused by intraosseous vessel: A case report

Hale Var and Efe Can Sivrikaya*

Abstract

Pyogenic granuloma is a benign localized lesion of the skin and mucosa closely related to trauma, chronic irritation and hormonal changes. The method of treatment is surgical excision. But relapses can occur. For this reason, treatment with alternative methods such as cryothe...

09/16/2020
Clinical Image

Vaginal and endometrial metastasis of primary cutaneous malignant melanoma

Maria Boia Martins, Francisca Morgado, Nuno Oliveira and Filomena Ramos

09/08/2020
Research Article

Establishment of a new reference line for 2D transperineal ultrasound in urogynecology

Anna Dionysopoulou*, Christine Skala, Christel Weiss, Annette Hasenburg and Stefan Albrich

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to establish a new, reliable and reproducible reference line for assessing bladder neck descent using 2-dimensional transperineal ultrasound. Therefore, we created a novel line, named Symphysis-Levator Line (SLL) and ...

09/11/2020
Research Article

Acute kidney injury in colombian patients with COVID-19 who received kidney support therapy with genius® 90 technology

Emilio Rey-Vela, Jesús Muñoz, Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Katherin Portela-Buelvas, Nehomar Pájaro-Galvis, Víctor Leal-Martínez, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, José Cabrales-Juan, Leonardo Marín, Lucas Daza, Samuel Cuadro, Emir Ortiz, María Raad-Sarabia, Cesar Ferrer, Alejandra Prada, Greisy González, Elkin Mendoza, Klearly Tinoco, Jorge Camacho, Joel Ortega, Carlos Tobón, Juan Montes, Jorge Coronado, Luis Salgado-Montiel, José Correa, Fabio Salas, Amilkar Almanza-Hurtado and Miguel Aguilar-Schorborg

Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the complications associated with severe COVID-19 infection, and it can present in up to 20% to 40% of the cases; of these, approximately 20% will require renal replacement therapy (RRT).

Objective: ...

07/31/2020
Research Article

Clinical characteristics in STEMI-like aortic dissection versus STEMI-like pulmonary embolism

Oscar MP Jolobe*

Abstract

Dissecting aortic aneurysm with ST segment elevation, and pulmonary embolism with ST segment elevation are two of a number of clinical entities which can simulate ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Objective: The purpose of this review is t...

09/04/2020
Procedure

A Simplified approach for fabrication of custom tray for Facial prosthesis

Jyotsna Vimal, Sunit Kumar Jurel, Raghuwar Dayal Singh* and Pooran Chand

Abstract

Maxillofacial defects are very common and can be due to congenital defect, trauma, infections and neoplasms of facial region. These defects can be restored using different materials and retention methods to give a life like appearance. Rehabilitation of facial defect is a ver...

09/03/2020
Letter to the Editor

The expected second wave of COVID-19

Madiha Asghar* and Misbahud Din

The pandemic of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to rise around the globe. As per 15th July 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 13,119,239 confirmed COVID-19 cases along with 573,752 confirmed deaths glo...

09/01/2020
Short Communication

Management of facial wounds with missing soft tissue with local flaps

Vasilios Bousdras

Avulsive injuries to the face can be challenging. Soft tissue defects secondary to trauma and bites nessecitate local tissue transfer and the tissue closely resembles the missing skin in color and texture. These flaps can be rotated, advanced or transposed into a tissue defect and include:

09/01/2020
Mini Review

Air pollution and respiratory health

Raj Kumar

As per report of WHO  [1] (World Health Organization), air pollution (ambient/outdoor and household/indoor air pollution) kills an estimated seven million people worldwide every year largely as a result of increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,...

08/31/2020
Research Article

Universal testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 upon admission to three labor and delivery units in Santa Clara County, CA

Sophia Yang, Rishi Bhatnagar, James Byrne and Andrea Jelks*

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in labor and delivery units in one of the epicentres of the West Coast.

Study Design: This was a retrospective char...

08/31/2020
Review Article

Pregnancy complicated with deficiency of antithrombin: Review of current literature

Miroslava Gojnic, Zoran Vilendecic, Stefan Dugalic, Igor Pantic, Jovana Todorovic, Milan Perovic, Mirjana Kovac, Irena Djunic, Predrag Miljic and Jelena Dotlic*

Abstract

Antithrombin deficiency, although the rarest thrombophilia, carries the highest risk of thromboembolism. This risk is increased especially for pregnant women due to physiological coagulation changes in pregnancy. Therefore, in cases of positive personal and/or family history ...

08/28/2020
Review Article

Veterinary vaccine development: The helical project

Iyasu Angani Dereja*

Summary

Vaccine production process have been fuzzy journey to the public and, in some degrees, to those in the setting. By clearly showing the lengthy and challenging journey of vaccine development process, thereby suggesting the economic and health implication of improper use of vete...

08/26/2020
Research Article

Lipid profile of antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-infected patients attending infectious diseases service of University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

MMK Mbula*, HNT Situakibanza, GM Lelo, B Longo Mbenza, JRR Makulo, MM Longokolo, MN Mandina, NN Mayasi, MM Mbula, B Bepouka, GL Mvumbi, BT Buasa, EN Amaela, DN Thilumba, O Odio and A Nkodila

Abstract

Introduction: HIV infection leads to metabolic disorders. The objective of this work was to study the lipid profile of HIV + patients followed at the University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa (UTHK).

Methods: This study analyzes the ...

08/26/2020
Review Article

The relationship of cell phone use and aggression among young adults with moderating roles of gender and marital status

Asma Naseer and Waqar Husain*

Abstract

The use of cell phones has remarkably increased in the last two decades with several pros and cons. The negative consequences of cell phones on mental health have not been studied widely. Aggression, in this regard was a completely neglected area. The present study, therefore...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Psychological studies of stress experienced by seamen during a long-distance sea voyage#

Mieczysław Plopa*

Abstract

The issues investigated in the current study pertain to selected psychological aspects of human functioning in long-term stress conditions. Results of the analyses performed in this study have submitted evidence to confirm the hypothesis in which it is stated that staying on ...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Central nervous system diseases associated with blood brain barrier breakdown - A Comprehensive update of existing literatures

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Blood vessels that supply and feed the central nervous system (CNS) possess unique and exclusive properties, named as blood–brain barrier (BBB). It is responsible for tight regulation of the movement of ions, molecules, and cells between the blood and the brain thereby ...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Antiviral and Antinematodal potentials of chitosan: Review

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz and Mohamed Salah Khalil*

Abstract

For many years, chemical pesticides have been performed to control different pests and diseases and this may be due to their broad spectrum of action, easy of application and the relatively low cost. But these chemicals have environmental risks, thus alternative control agent...

08/07/2020
Research Article

COVID-19 disease with persistently negative RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2

Sánchez Ríos Carla Paola*, Jiménez Cabrera Oscar Gabriel, Oropeza Lutzow Rebeca, Vázquez Rojas Hazel, Barreto Rodríguez José Omar, Guzmán-Casta Jordi, Guzmán-Huesca Jorge, Riera-Sala Rodrigo and Centeno Sáenz Gustavo Iván

Summary

Introduction: The disease outbreak of COVID-19 has had a great clinical and microbiological impact in the last few months. In the preanalytical phase, the collection a sample from of a respiratory tract at the adequate moment and from the correct anatomical si...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Video-assisted thoracic surgery in advanced non-small cell lung cancer treatment

Anil Gokce* and Celal Bugra Sezen

Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite recent advances in adjuvant treatments, surgical resection is basis of treatment. With the development of minimally invasive surgery in thoracic surgery, surgeons work on mi...

08/21/2020
Review Article

SGLT2 Inhibitors and nephroprotection in diabetic kidney disease: From mechanisms of action to the latest evidence in the literature

Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Maria Ximena Cardona-Blanco, Victor Leal-Martínez, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, Nehomar Pajaro-Galvis, Jose Cabrales, José Correa, Manuel Cueto, Amable Duran, Alejandro Castellanos, Javier Enamorado, José Bohórquez, Isabella Uparella, Julio Zuñiga, Abraham Chagui, Alfonso Ramos and Luis Lara

Summary

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus constitutes a major problem in public health worldwide. The disease poses a high risk of severe microvascular and macrovascular complications. Diabetic kidney disease is the most common cause of end-stage chronic kidney disease and contributes to the i...

08/14/2020
Research Article

High energy lasers and new applications

Victor V Apollonov*

In the beginning of 1973 in the USSR the study of possibility of LJE designing was conducted. The reflector, located in the tail of the rocket prototype, concentrated the obtained radiation in air and ensured micro-burst that the reactive thrust was created.

08/13/2020
Opinion

Entropy via Art

Abraham Tamir*

From the energy involved in a physical or chemical process, part of it cannot be utilised as work. Entropy S is the thermodynamic quantity that is the measure of this energy where the concept of entropy was first introduced by Rudolf Clausius (1822-1888) in 1865.

08/13/2020
Research Article

Silent cerebrovascular disease in hypertensive adults is frequent and age-dependent

Marta Brown-Martínez*, Zenaida Hernández, Yamile Valdés, Edilberto González, Emelina Despaigne and Evelio Gonzalez

Abstract

Background: Cerebral small vessel disease and extracranial atherosclerotic carotid disease are manifestations of silent cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Information on these two pathologies in hypertensive population with low cardiovascular risk (CVR) is scarce...

08/11/2020
Review Article

Protecting teeth and gums during rigid endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract: Our experience with a disposable, mouldable and rigid thermoplastic mouthguard

Bradish T, Kaushal S, Shakeel M* and Ahmad Z

Direct rigid pharyngoscopy, laryngoscopy and oesophagoscopy are very common procedures in the Otolaryngology-Head & Neck department, both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

08/14/2020
Research Article

The influence of HBV or HCV infections on the pregnancy course

Tadeusz Wojciech Lapiński*

Abstract

The incidence of HBV infections among the pregnant in Europe falls within the range of 1% - 7%,

whereas it is 1.7% - 4.3% for HCV.

The aim was to assess the course of pregnancy among women infected with HBV or HCV, and the condition of neonates in the fift...

08/12/2020
Review Article

Endometriosis as a risk factor for colorectal cancer

Víctor Manuel Vargas-Hernández*, José María Tovar- Rodríguez and Víctor Manuel Vargas-Aguilar

Abstract

Endometriosis is a common benign disease in women of reproductive age, it has been associated with an increased risk of various malignancies that is defined by certain histological criteria mainly 80% in ovary and 20% in extragonadal sites such as intestine, rectovaginal sept...

08/12/2020
Case Report

A case series review of patients with Thrombocytopenia and Absent-Radii syndrome (TARS) and their management during pregnancy

Daniel Halperin*, Sue Pavord and Bethan Myers

Abstract

Bleeding diatheses due to platelet-related disorders can present challenges to treating clinicians especially in the context of peri- and post-partum patients in the obstetric setting. TARS is an inherited disorder characterised by reduced bone marrow platelet production, ske...

08/11/2020
Case Report

A mild form of Familial Mediterranean Fever associated with a polymorphisms C.NT 1588,-69G>

Francesco Arcoleo, Carmelo Fabiano, Stefania Leto Barone and Enrico Cillari*

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease caused by mutation(s) in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV, pyrinmarenostrin) gene [1,2].

08/11/2020
Research Article

Visual evoked potentials: Normative values from healthy Senegalese adults

Marcellin Bugeme, Olivier Mukuku*, Marième Soda Diop-Sène, Daniel Gams Massi and Lala Bouna Seck

Abstract

Introduction: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are potential differences recorded on the scalp in response to visual stimulation. They are obtained with slowly repeated stimuli. The aim of this study was to determine the normative values of the visual evoked p...

08/10/2020
Research Article

Consequence of birth year, type, sex, season and flock on birth weight trait of Kajli sheep

Farmanullah*, Khalid Javed, Mohammad Salim, Momen Khan, Sajid Ali, Talpur Hira Sajjad, Muhammad Altaf Hussain, Ihsanullah Kakar, Inayat Ur Rehman, Asma Babar, Sajjad Ahmad, Bhunesh and Sami Ullah Khan

Abstract

The liaison of birth weight to neonatal and mature vigor is especially given important if have the acquaintance of factors distressing in birth weight. Unbiased Best linear prediction of breeding values was estimated from pedigree birth weight records of 13715 Kajli sheep of ...

08/11/2020
Research Article

Estimating global case fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

Manisha Mandal and Shyamapada Mandal*

Abstract

Background: There is a huge global loss of lives due to COVID-19 pandemic, the primary epicentre of which is China, where the causative agent of the disease, SARS-CoV-2 was first emerged in December 2019. This study aims to explore the severity, in terms of c...

07/31/2020
Research Article

Natural ferromagnetic resonance in cast microwires and its application to the safety control of infrastructures

E Adar, AM Yosher and Serghei Alexei Baranov*

Abstract

The natural ferromagnetic resonance (NFMR) in cast glass-coated amorphous magnetic microwires has been studied theoretically and experimentally. The NFMR reveals large residual stresses appearing in the microwire core in the course of casting. These stresses, together with th...

07/30/2020
Research Article

Short term effectiveness of extra corporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciitis: A systemic review and meta-analysis

Rayan Mohammed Al Fadani, Ibrahim Bin Hamza Al Tobaigy and Mohammed Amjad Khan*

Abstract

Background: The argument on whether extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) prove to be beneficial in short- term intervention in adults with plantar fasciitis. It is important and necessary to conduct a meta-analysis to make a relatively more credible and o...

07/28/2020
Research Article

Correlation between interdialytic weight gain, left ventricular hypertrophy and FGF- 23 in prevalent hemodialysis patients

Sahar Mahmoud Shawky, Maha Mohamed Mohamed Khalifa*, Kholoud Mahmoud Amin and Mohamed Saeed Hassan

Abstract

Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease are suspected to have significant volume shifts and thereby cardiovascular strain as a result to interdialytic weight gain, chronic fluid overload and fluid removal during dialysis. In long-term hemodialysis p...

07/28/2020
Review Article

Zn2+ Ions-Immune Virucidal activities for children and adults with preventions against 2019-nCoV and COVID-19 infection

Tsuneo Ishida*

Abstract

Zinc induced pediatric preventing respiratory 2019-nCoV is required that supplementation with zinc gluconate 20 mg in Zn deficient children resulted in a nearly twofold reduction of acute lower respiratory infections as well as the time to recovery. Zinc supplementation in ch...

07/27/2020
Research Article

Health professional stress during COVID-19 pandemic

Fatiha Bennaoui*, Nadia Ei Idrissi Slitine and Fadl Mrabih Rabou Maoulainine

Abstract

WHO declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2, to be a pandemic on March 12, 2020. In Morocco, the first case was reported in March 2nd 2020. The mental health of general population, medical and nursing staff especially has been greatly c...

07/27/2020
Case Report

COVID-19 associated hyperthyroidism due to destructive thyrotoxicosis in a young female patient

Zeilberger MS*, Hasmann SE*, Auer MK and Schmidmaier R

Abstract

SARS-CoV2 can induce multiple immunological and endocrinological changes. We report the case of a COVID-19 associated hyperthyroidism in a young female.

Per definition the patient – because of having given birth six weeks previously - had a postpartum thyroidi...

07/27/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of Single Bilateral Intratesticular Injection of Cetrimide for Nonsurgical Sterilization of Adult Male Albino Mice

Haben Fesseha* and Guesh Negash

Abstract

Nonsurgical fertility control is increasingly advocated as more cost-effective than surgical sterilization to manage stray animal populations in a different part of the world. An experimental study was conducted from December 2018 to April 2019 at Mekelle University to evalua...

07/24/2020
Review Article

Leakage after sleeve gastrectomy: Endoscopic stenting VS surgical intervention

Mohamed Salah Abdelhamid*, Ahmed Zaki Gharib, Mohammed Abdelaal Mohammed and Tarek Mahmoud Ibraheem El Gindy

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming more popular in the treatment of obesity. LSG is safe with a low morbidity. The complications rarely result in morbidity and even mortality. Leaks are the major complication associated with LSG wit...

07/24/2020
Review Article

Anticipation of difficulty during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Mohamed Salah Abdelhamid*, Ahmed Zaki Gharib, Mohammed Abdelaal Mohammed and Mahmoud Negida

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures worldwide, it is accepted as the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones for its minimal invasiveness, less pain and early recovery.

...

07/22/2020
Research Article

Expectations versus reality: Improvement of symptom control and quality of life of oncology patients using medical cannabis

Lea Ochayon*, Hana Spiro and Ilana Kadmon

Abstract

Aim: To compare the expectations and the reality of oncology patients in terms of to the use of medical cannabis, including symptom control and related quality of life.

Research question: Is there a difference between oncology patie...

07/24/2020
Research Article

Serological and virological profile of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection in Eritrea

Mohammed Elfatih Hamida*, Saud Mohammed Raja, Yemane Seyoum, Isam Mohammed Elkhidir and Freweini Tekle

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major cause of liver associated morbidity and mortality with diverse spectrum of disease. It is estimated about 15% to 40% of patients with hepatitis B virus infection progress to chronic hepatitis and about 15% to...

07/22/2020
Research Article

A Comprehensive review on genomic diversity and epidemiology of COVID-19

Zeshan Haider Raza*, Muhammad Ahmed Ihsan, Sahrish Khan, Haroon Zafar and Tayyaba Rehman

Abstract

A respiratory outbreak of COVID-19 started from Wuhan, China and on 30 January 2020, WHO declared this infection to be epidemic, implementing public health emergency worldwide. On 11th March 2020, observing its prevalence in the whole world and WHO declared as a pandemic. Man...

07/21/2020
Research Article

Stress evaluation of maxillary central incisor restored with different post materials: A finite element analysis

Samarth Kumar Agarwal*, Reena Mittal, Romil Singhal, Sarah Hasan and Kanchan Chaukiyal

Abstract

Introduction: With the availability of different post systems and various studies on the strength of teeth restored with posts, the controversy as to which post systems provide better stress distribution of post and longevity of tooth has not been resolved. T...

07/17/2020
Research Article

The practice of self-medication in children by their mothers in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Astrid Mukemo Katumbo, Thierry Sonny Tshiningi, Judith Sangwa Sinanduku, Loriot Kayinga Mudisu, Peggy Mulunda Mwadi, Olivier Mukuku*, Oscar Numbi Luboya and Françoise Kaj Malonga

Summary

Self-medication is a common practice in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). There are few studies on mothers’ practice of self-medication in children in DRC. Trying to draw an inventory of this practice, we carried out a survey of self-medication of children under 12 yea...

07/20/2020
Review Article

Biomarkers in acute kidney injury

Nehomar Pajaro Galvis*, Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Maria Ximena Cardona-Blanco, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, Victor Leal-Martínez, Jose Cabrales-Juan, José Correa-Guerrero, José Bohórquez-Rivero, José Sáenz-López, José Restom-Arrieta, Milton Rivera-Moreno, Estefany Rivera-Moreno, Maria Monterrosa-Robles, Alonso Pomares-Lara, Dayana Ayola-Rosales and Ana Alonso-Henriquez

Abstract

Acute kidney injury is a common condition associated with high morbidity and short-term mortality. Its pathophysiology varies according to the numerous conditions associated with its genesis. Biomarkers allow detecting changes at the level of kidney function; therefore, they ...

07/16/2020
Research Article

Premaxillary osteotomy in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate: Skeletal and dental changes

Mireia Aznar Gomez*, Lluisa Tobella Camps and Alejandro Rivera Baró

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate changes in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) who premaxillary osteotomy and secondary alveolar bone grafting as compared to children with BCLP who are not indicated for surgery, and to determine variables that differenti...

07/15/2020
Case Report

Unusual cause of parietal thoracic pain: A case report

Mohamed Labied*, Hayat Lhajoui, Najwa Touil, Omar Kacimi and Nabil Chikhaoui

Abstract

We report the radio-clinical observation of a 21-year-old patient, referred for anterior chest parietal discomfort evolving for 3 months ago, with the notion of trauma.

The chest CT (computed tomography) scan detected a costal cartilage fracture without associated t...

07/21/2020
Case Report

When conservative treatment in trachea laserations?

Ahmet Nurdağ, Kenan Can Ceylan* and Şeyda Örs Kaya

Summary

Introduction: The tracheobronchial injuries are usually fatal and some of the lucky people can reach emergency services without dying in the place of trauma. They can cause severe symptoms which can be lifetreathing. This type of injuries must been taken caref...

07/15/2020
Case Report

Acute necrotising pancreatitis masquerading as psoas abscess: A report of two cases

Praveenkumar M Patil*, Kartik Sharma and Navneet Kaur

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is commonly diagnosed clinically, with its classical presentation of upper abdominal pain, backed by raised serum levels of enzymes amylase and lipase. However, unusual presentation of this common surgical emergency as a psoas abscess is a rare finding whic...

07/15/2020
Research Article

Ground-state bands of doubly even 166Hf Nucleus

I Hossain* and Hewa Y Abdullah

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the rotational structure of even-even 166Hf isotopes using the phenomenological fitting, Sood’s semi-empirical formula. The rotational energies from the calculated values were compared to the experimental spectrum. The result sh...

07/14/2020
Research Article

Management of acute tongue swelling

Siew Min Keh, Mohammad Hasan, Vamsidhar Vallamkondu and Muhammad Shakeel*

Abstract

Background: Tongue swelling often presents as an acute upper airway obstruction.
Aim: To present a case series of patients presenting with an acute tongue swelling sharing our experience in managing these patients.

Subjects and method...

07/16/2020
Review Article

The mechanisms of cardiac myopathies, a kinetics approach: Leading review

Gerry A Smith*

The normal adult heart is a well maintained machine that has a mechanism for growth replacement of the sarcomere that is lost by natural degeneration. This process ensures the heart has the strength of contraction to function correctly giving blood supply to the whole body.

07/13/2020
Research Article

Non-force electromagnetic fields in nature and experiments on earth: Part 2

VV Aksenov*

The manifestation of non-force electromagnetic fields in nature and in experiments on Earth is interesting and important in the part that would confirm the numerous physical models that have been calculated and presented in the scientific literature [5,6,15,17].

07/13/2020
Research Article

Physical activity and health-related quality of life among physiotherapists in Hebron/West Bank

Mouath D Abushkadim, Akram Amro and Muntaser S Ahmad*

Abstract

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) directly affects Health-related quality of life. The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between physical activity levels of physiotherapists and their physical activity promotion strategies. in Hebron- West...

07/09/2020
Research Article

Determination of body image perception and life satisfaction in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Sevil Biçer* and Gökçe Demir

Abstract

Objective: This descriptive study was conducted in order to determine body image perception and life satisfaction of individuals undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

Material and methods: The population of the study consisted of indiv...

07/06/2020
Research Article

Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia: Factors predicting upstaging to carcinoma

Kristen Elstner*, Sinem Gultekin, Wendy Vincent and Sanjay Warrier

Abstract

Aim: Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) is considered the gold standard technique for initial histological diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions seen on screening mammogram, but it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) due to s...

07/03/2020
Research Article

Biostatistical and mathematical analysis on Covid-19

Bin Zhao* and Jinming Cao

Abstract

Background: An infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus called COVID-19 has raged across the world since December 2019. The novel coronavirus first appeared in Wuhan, China, and quickly spread to Asia and now many countries around the world are affect...

07/03/2020
Research Article

In silico comparative analysis of HIV protease inhibitors effect on 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CLpro

Vandna Kumari and Shamsher Singh Kanwar*

Abstract

The novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV has become a bane to mankind and spread worldwide and infected many people. Thus, there is an urgent need of a cure for the severe pneumonia disease caused by this virus. In this study, in silico comparative analysis has been done for HIV prote...

07/02/2020
Case Report

An exceptional case of bilateral vestibular areflexia complicating acute otitis media

Chiraz Halwani, Sarra Zribi and Salem Bouomrani*

Abstract

Introduction: Bilateral vestibular areflexia is a rare pathological entity whose most frequent etiology is drug ototoxicity. We report an unusual case of bilateral vestibular areflexia complicating acute otitis media through which we raise the difficulties of...

07/07/2020
Case Report

Hemorrhagic shock due to irreducible uterine torsion in a third trimester twin pregnancy: A case report

Darido J*, Grevoul Fesquet J, Diari J, El Haddad C, Bouzid N, Abou El Hassan N, Khadam L and Rigonnot L

Abstract

Uterine torsion is a rare life-threatening event that happens at any age or any gestational age. By definition, it consists of a rotation of more than 45 degrees around the long axis of the uterus. The reported cases have variable presentations. The uterine torsion can happen...

07/02/2020
Research Article

Curettage is a risk factor for marginal umbilical cord insertion

Elie Nkwabong*, Simon Junior Mabol Mbeleck and Florence Tumasang

Abstract

Objective: To identify the risk factors for marginal cord insertion (MCI).
Material and Methods: This case-control study was carried out between 1st February and 30th June 2019. Singletons with and without MCI at delivery were recruited. Main variables analyzed include...

07/02/2020
Editorial

Uterine Fibroid Embolization in time of Covid-19

Nestor Kisilevzky* and John C Lipman

The coronavirus pandemic has caused major changes in society around the world, especially in healthcare systems. Patients with various medical ailments and conditions who were scheduled to undergo elective treatments before the pandemic arrived, wonder now if they still should follow through with...

06/30/2020
Research Article

Triple negative breast cancer: Early stages management and evolution, a two years experience at the department of breast cancer of CHSF

Bouzid Nassima, Darido Jessie*, Diari Jed, Dussour Chloe, Ezenfis Joel, Cahn Virginie, Guekeu Steven and Rigonnot Luc

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is a major public health problem. It is divided into several subtypes, including triple negatives. The general objective of our study is to establish the profile and the management of patients with triple negative breast ca...

06/24/2020
Research Article

COVID-19 in pregnancy: Our experience at a tertiary maternity unit in France

Darido Jessie*, El Haddad Cynthia, Diari Jed, Grevoul Fesquet Julie, Bouzid Nassima, Bobric Andrea, Lakhdara Nefissa, Bazzi Zeinab, Lebis Cindy, Khadam Louay and Rigonnot Luc

Abstract

Objectives: Our main objectives are to reveal the pregnancy and neonatal impacts of COVID-19 infection and to compare it to the results that are reported in the literature.
Methods and materials: The characteristics of the admitted pregnant patients CO...

06/24/2020
Research Article

Determinants of neonatal near miss among neonates admitted to Ambo University Referral Hospital and Ambo General Hospital, Ethiopia, 2019

Ephrem Yohannes*, Nega Assefa and Yadeta Dessie

Abstract

Background: Neonatal Near-miss is defined as complications of neonates so severe as to be imminently life-threatening but survived due to chance or treatment. The number of neonates who survived morbidities were approximately 3 to 6 times greater than those w...

06/22/2020
Opinion

Why are more otorhinolaryngology surgeons dying from Covid-19 than any other surgical specialty?

Daryll Baker*

Covid-19 infection is caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This has resulted in the present pandemic from which thousands of people have died including many front-line health care workers. Of the surgeons who have died from covid-19 it would appear that otorhinolaryngology surgeons have made the...

06/18/2020
Review Article

A Perspective on therapeutic potential of weeds

Vikrant Arya* and Ranjeet Kaur Parmar

Abstract

Nature gives us a diverse plethora of floral wealth. Weeds have been recognized as invasive plant by most of scholars in today’s world with extraordinary travel history. They are considered to be noxious for adjoining plant species and also as economic hazard. Weeds inh...

07/07/2020
Review Article

The rising role of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of COVID-19 infections

Al-Anazi KA* and Al-Jasser AM

Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide [1,2]. The Mid-20th century witnessed most of the antimicrobial discoveries but recently there is dramatic shortage of new classes of antimicrobial agents due to failure to build a sustainable antimicrobial discovery platform [1-4]. For e...

06/26/2020
Review Article

The “Follow-up Factor” in management development

Marshall Goldsmith*

Leadership is not just for leaders anymore. Top companies are beginning to understand that sustaining peak performance requires a firm-wide commitment to developing leaders that is tightly aligned to organizational objectives — a commitment much easier to understand than to achieve. Organiz...

06/24/2020
Research Article

Targeted community outreach events to deliver healthcare to diverse rural populations

Trina Aguirre*, Nancy Meier, Kelly Betts and Ann Koehler

Abstract

Introduction: Rural populations often experience disparities in health and access to and quality of healthcare. Such disparities may differ among subpopulations. Community outreach events provide an opportunity for rural residents to receive health services a...

06/17/2020
Case Report

Specific meningoencephalitis in patients with transplanted kidney

Mithat Tabakovic*, Senaid Trnacevic and Maida Dugonjic Taletovic

Abstract

We described a case of specific (tuberculous) encephalitis in a patient after kidney transplantation. Immunosuppressive therapy, continuously required in post-tranplant period, may cause various complications, such as infections. Specific meningoencephalitis is an infection t...

05/25/2020
Research Article

Measurement of background ionizing radiation in the federal university of technology owerri, Nigeria using calibrated digital geiger counter

Eke BC* and Emelue HU

Abstract

The measurement of the natural ionizing radiation in the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria was carried out using a well calibrated Digital Geiger Muller counter models GCA – 04w. Measurements were taken randomly in thirty (30) diff erent locations outside...

05/22/2020
Review Article

Review on impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on life animals and dairy product processing industries of the world

Lammifyad Chimde*

Abstract

This review was conducted for the objective of assessing causes of COVID-19 pandemic impacts on life animals and dairy product processing industry of the world. Since its outbreak in Wuhan town of China, the newly emerged strains of corona virus COVID-19 causes incredible cri...

06/15/2020
Research Article

The choice of optimal modern muscle relaxants (rocuronium bromide, atracurium besilate and cisatracurius besilate) in one-day surgery in children

Nasibova EM*

Abstract

The choice of the optimal muscle relaxant in one-day surgery in children with “small” surgical interventions remains relevant to this day. In modern pediatric surgery, the requirements for the quality of muscle relaxation are highest. However, along with the effec...

05/25/2020
Case Report

Anaesthetic management of an elderly patient with ischaemic heart disease and previous MI undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair: Case report

Khaleel Ahmad Najar* Anka Amin, Mohammad Ommid

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease may occur in isolation, or in combination with the pathological process of vascular ageing, arteriosclerosis. These two conditions have differing impacts on the haemodynamic changes in response to anaesthesia and surgery. Hypertension is not a feature o...

06/16/2020
Case Report

Ependymomas with extraneural metastasis to lung in children: A case report and literature review

Shunnan Ge#, Miao Lou#, Jiarui Zhang, Min Chao, Yang Jiao, Guodong Gao, Yan Qu and Liang Wang*

Abstract

Ependymomas, which account for 10% of pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors,  arise from the ependymal cells that line the cerebral ventricles and the central canal of the spinal cord. Extraneural metastasis to lung is rare for ependymomas primary tumors. Repeate...

06/15/2020
Case Report

Epiphora as a sign of unexpected underlying squamous cell carcinoma within sinonasal inverted papilloma

Alessandra Di Maria, Filippo Confalonieri*, Raffaele Piscopo, Laura Balia and Luca Malvezzi

Sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) is a benign tumor which originates from the sinonasal Schneiderian mucosa and accounts for 0.5% to 4% of all nasal and sinus neoplasm [1]. Pathologically, SIP epithelium inverts into submucosal stroma, which is different from other types of nasal papilloma. Unli...

06/12/2020
Mini Review

Applications to reduce the amount of excess cement for cement-retained implant supported prostheses: Mini review

Zühre Belde Akkaya* and Bahadir Ersu

Cement-retained implant-supported restorations has been preferred by many clinicians due to its ease of production, low cost and similarity to dental supported restorations [1].  In the literature, many complications caused by residual cement, ranging from acute severe bone resorption to imp...

06/18/2020
Research Article

Femoral venous closure: A single-centre retrospective analysis in real world all comers with MynxGrip® vascular closure device

Alexander Harvard, Shamin Thirunavukarasu, Afzal Hayat, Abid Ullah, Reza Aghamohammadzadeh, Cathy Mary Holt and Nadim Malik*

Abstract

Background: Vascular closure devices (VCD) are routinely used to achieve haemostasis following percutaneous arterial procedures. The extravascular polyethylene-glycol based MynxGrip® device (Cardinal Health) received FDA approval for use in the closure of...

06/16/2020
Review Article

Fibrinolytic therapy with tPA failed because it was based on a flawed concept

Victor Gurewich*

Abstract

Fibrinolytic therapy has become synonymous with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) based on the belief that tPA alone was responsible for natural fibrinolysis. Although this assumption was belied from the outset by disappointing clinical results, it persisted, eventually caus...

06/12/2020
Review Article

Inhaled statins to combat COVID-19 – prophylactic and treatment approach

Archana P Iyer* and Maryam A Al-Ghamdi

The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread around the world (WHO, 2020). The genome of the SARS-CoV-2 has been reported over 80% ide...

06/11/2020
Mini Review

Can house flies mechanically carry and/or transport sars-cov-2?

Alfredo Montes*, Wilfrido Coronell and Rosa Baldiris

Abstract

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that causes different infections in humans has become a challenge for humanity because it has caused many deaths worldwide. This new virus is considered as a zoonotic infectious particle, the clear mechanisms of the pathogenicity and transmissib...

06/09/2020
Review Article

COVID-19: The possible medical strategies

Mohamed SA Mohamed*

Abstract

In late 2019, a pandemic crisis started in Wuhan, China, swept the whole world. The disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-19 virus that belongs to the corona family of viruses. The virus mainly caused failure of respiration, and led to many deaths worldwide. The main focus of res...

06/15/2020
Research Article

Long-term results for post-interventional systemic heparinization following angioplasty of peripheral vessels

Masoud Mirzaie*, Zaur Guliyev and Mohammed Dakna

Abstract

Objective: The long-term outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasties is mainly determined by restenoses, either by progression of the underlying disease or by intimal hyperplasia. Pharmacological substances on the one hand and the implantation of stent...

06/09/2020
Research Article

Assessment of cardiovascular and renal functions during treatment with Desmodium adscendens therapy

Seriki Samuel Adinoyi*

Abstract

Desmodium adscendens is a rain forest medicinal herb used in managing quite a number of medical conditions. Its efficacy in the treatment of several diseases has made it a first line herb for doctors, especially in managing all forms of spasm. It is however common knowledge t...

06/08/2020
Short Communication

A trial of conservative care for restoring scapular dyskinesis: A clinical series

S Thiruvarangan*, P Srigrishna and B Thileebphan

Abstract

The shoulder is the greatest movable joint in the human body. Its anatomical design allows a wide range of motion in all directions, leading to an insubstantial balance between stability and mobility. Conservative treatments are suggested by a number of authors for restoring ...

06/05/2020
Review Article

How does urine pH effect the tooth decay?

Muhammad Imran Qadir and Yasmeen Mureed*

Abstract

The basic aim of the present study was to relate tooth decay with the pH of the urine. pH is very important aspect which affects and depends upon the urine specificity .The glomerulus is a necessary part in the structure of kidney .The glomerulus is involved in the filtration...

06/03/2020
Review Article

Impact of mineralformation on restoration of the soil structure in nakhchivan AR and geographical spreading legitimacy

ZH Aliyev*

Abstract

The silt fractions have a great impact in soil structural formation. If the soil forming rocks don’t disturb, crush and weather, the soil forming processes on them occur weakly, the organic substances cause formation of the loamy stratums without completely turning. Thi...

06/03/2020
Review Article

Methods of identification models of soil humidity

ZH Aliyev*

For the operational forecasting of the dynamics of moisture reserves, it is reduced to the prediction of precipitation and total evaporation (E). The remaining elements of the balance either do not change over time, are either known or are defined as functions of P and E.

06/03/2020
Research Article

Anticancer activity of novel surface functionalized metal doped hydroxyapatite

Saheli Pradhan*, Shouvik Mitra and Arunava Goswami

Abstract

In this manuscript it has been described a novel synthesis of mercury doped hydroxyapatite (Hap) and its application on human liver carcinoma cell line (Hep G2) and human lung fibroblast carcinoma cell line (MRC 5). Nano-sized hydroxyapatite doped with Hg2+ was synthesized by...

06/04/2020
Research Article

Biomarkers in Enteropathic Arthritis

Luis Arturo Gutiérrez-Gonzalez*, Eillen Macias, Freddy Herrera-Vivas, Franz Otaiza, Juan Carlos Gonzalez Duran and Guillermo Veitia

Abstract

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)-associated arthritis is called Enteropathic Arthritis (EA) which is classified among the group of Spondyloarthritis (SpA), because its presentation is variable. The current trend is to classify them as autoinflammatory rather than autoimmune d...

06/02/2020
Case Report

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization combined with molecular targeted therapy for a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis and main portal vein tumor thrombus: A case report and literature review

Yu Zhong Wen, Shi Jie Dai, Su Fen Cheng, Jun Shi and Jun Hua Ai*

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by high morbidity, high recurrence, and high mortality rates. In China, the morbidity of HCC is fifth among all malignant tumors and HCC is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Most HCC patients also have liver ...