HSPC Articles

Articles Library

11/02/2020
Research Article

Antibiotic induced changes to mitochondria result in potential contributions to carcinogenesis, heart pathologies, other medical conditions and ecosystem risks

Jorma Jyrkkanen*

Abstract

With the discovery by Calghatgi (2013) that three common antibiotics (Abs) increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen (ROS) and lipid peroxide (LP) and depleted their natural absorbant glutathione led me to investigate further the potential impacts of these genotoxic substances ...

10/01/2020
Research Article

Identification and resolution of drug therapy problems among hypertensive patients receiving care in a Nigerian - A pilot study

Blessing Onyinye Ukoha-kalu*, Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe and Chinwe Victoria Ukwe

Abstract

Background: An event involving drug therapy that actually or potentially interfers with the desired health outcomes is known as drug therapy problem.

Objective: The study aimed to identify and resolve potential drug related problems...

09/30/2020
Research Article

Emergency care sick palliative and problems oncology in emergency department during the COVID-19 pandemic

Basri Lenjani*, Nehat Baftiu*, Premtim Rashiti, Gani Shabani, Blerim Krasniqi, Arber Demiri, Besarta Pelaj, Fllanza Spahiu, Arban Demi and Dardan Lenjani

Abstract

Emergency medical care in palliative patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to provide a consistent treatment for stable patients that should be consistent with the goals and benefits, the perspective of these patients, but avoiding palliative patients with a ...

09/29/2020
Review Article

Child neglect - still a neglected problem in the global world: A review

Björn Tingberg and Doris Nilsson*

Summary

Child neglect is a global problem that involves large costs for both the individual and for society. This article is based on published reviews and meta-analyses in the field of child neglect between 1980 and 2018. Of a total of 433 articles, 13 was included, main Data bases h...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards hypertension among patients receiving care in a Nigerian Hospital

Blessing Onyinye Ukoha-kalu*, Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Chibueze Anosike and Chinwe Victoria Ukwe

Abstract

Background: Poor knowledge about hypertension can lead to poor attitude towards the disease which may directly affect patients self-care practices towards hypertension.
Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards ...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Detection of hypertension and its associated factors among Dessie Town Government School Staffs, Amhara Region, Dessie, Ethiopia, 2019

Sewunet Ademe* and Afework Edmealem

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is the leading remediable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, affecting more than 1 billion people worldwide, and is responsible for more than 10 million preventable deaths globally each year. Hypertension can be described as th...

09/29/2020
Research Article

A comparison of complications associated with nutrition between the patients receiving enteral or parenteral in the intensive care unit

Seyhan Sumeyra Asci, Ahmet Eroglu* and Coskun Asci

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the complications including infection and mortality associated with enteral and parenteral nutrition on patients in the ICU of a university hospital.

In this study, a total of 100 patients who were under follow-up...

09/23/2020
Rapid Communication

Audit of the effect of non-nasal specific scoring on the Postoperative SNOT22 questionnaire

Samir Gendy*

Abstract

The Sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT22) has been widely adopted in clinical practice and has been declared as the most suitable sinonasal outcome scoring system. It is simple disease specific encompassing 22 symptoms reflecting health burden of the rhino- logical patients.

...

09/24/2020
Research Article

Epilepsy due to Neurocysticercosis: Analysis of a Hospital Cohort

Marcellin Bugeme, Adjratou Djeynabou Sow, Olivier Mukuku*, Athanase Millogo, Oscar Numbi Luboya and Kamadore Touré

Abstract

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common helminthic infection of the nervous system that occurs when humans become intermediate hosts in the life cycle of the pig tapeworm (taenia solium) after ingesting its eggs. The objective of this study was to ...

09/28/2020
Research Article

Prevalence and measurement of anxiety and depression in nurses during COVID pandemic in Nepal

Ayush Chandra*, Avinash Chandra and Nabina Sharma

Abstract

Background: Anxiety and depression are under reported, underdiagnosed mental illness in health worker in Nepal especially during COVID pandemic. The study was carried out as an observational study on nurses in Nepal. In this study we attempted to assess the i...

09/29/2020
Research Article

Pattern of ocular diseases among patients attending ophthalmic outpatient department: A cross-sectional study

Sewunet Ademe* and Afework Edmealem

Abstract

Background: Ocular diseases affect every individual in this world, with the only difference being in the pattern of occurrence of disease depending on age, gender, region, and climatic conditions. In Ethiopia there is shortage of literatures stating pattern o...

09/17/2020
Opinion

Coronaryvirus infection, oxidative stress in ENT

Holeček V* and Rokyta R

In COVID-19 pandemic we focused on epidemiology and somewhat we neglect the possibility of biochemical influencing of the infection. Therefore we try to find some properties of the virus, which are impressionable by drugs. Droplet infection transmission is mainly (hypochloric acid) by nose and mo...

09/16/2020
Research Article

General practitioners’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in children in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Aubin Ndjadi Wembonyama Kasongo, Olivier Mukuku*, Gray A-Wakamb Kanteng, Mick Ya-Pongombo Shongo, André Kabamba Mutombo, Albert Mwembo-A-Nkoy Tambwe, Dieudonné Tshikwej Ngwej, Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama and Oscar Numbi Luboya

Abstract

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices declared among general practitioners (GPs) concerning the use of antibiotics for the treatment of ARI in children under 5 years in Lubumbashi.

Methods: A cross-sectional su...

09/17/2020
Research Article

Production and characterization of staphylokinase enzyme from Staphylococcus aureus ASIA4

Nourah Hassan Alzahrani and Fareed Shawky El-Shenawy*

Abstract

Six clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from different clinical samples. Isolates ASIA1 and ASIA2 isolated from urine samples of urinary tract infected patients; ASIA3 isolated from swab samples of burn abscess patients at Assiut University hospital as well as ASI...

09/17/2020
Research Article

Detection of IDH mutations in cerebrospinal fluid: A discussion of liquid biopsy in neuropathology

Ming Lee1*, Gek San Tan, Chee Kian Tham and Kiat-Hon Tony Lim

Summary

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations are a common event in secondary glioblastoma multiforme and lower-grade adult infiltrative astrocytomas and independently confer a better prognosis [1,2]. These are highly conserved mutations during glioma progression and thus also a us...

09/15/2020
Research Article

Comparison of muscle activation of 3 different hip belt squat techniques

Colleen N Gulick* and Dawn T Gulick

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to differentiate between muscular activity of three different types of belt squats (SquatMax-MD, Pit Shark and Monster Rhino) and the muscle activation of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis oblique, gluteus maximus, and gluteus medius. Fourteen ...

09/08/2020
Clinical Image

Exceptional intraoperative aspects of mesenteric venous gas

Mohamed Hajri, Wael Ferjaoui*, Aziz Atallah, Dhouha Bacha, Rached Bayar and Mohamed Tahar Khalfallah

A 73-year-old female patient presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of acute abdominal pain and diarrhea.

08/31/2020
Research Article

Incidence and outcome of no flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction

Goutam Datta*

Abstract

Background: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) is the most effective treatment modality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Incidence of no flow is 8.8-10% in primary PCI of STEMI patients. ...

09/14/2020
Research Article

Clinical profile and surgical outcomes of children presenting with teratology of Fallot

Josephat M Chinawa*, Agarwal Vijay, Sarang Gaikwad, Bhadra Trivedi and Bartholomew Chukwu

Abstract

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a very common cyanotic congenital heart disease presenting early at birth with various degrees of cyanosis. If left uncorrected surgically, can lead to death.

Objectives: This study is aimed ...

09/11/2020
Case Report

Recurrent pyogenic granuloma caused by intraosseous vessel: A case report

Hale Var and Efe Can Sivrikaya*

Abstract

Pyogenic granuloma is a benign localized lesion of the skin and mucosa closely related to trauma, chronic irritation and hormonal changes. The method of treatment is surgical excision. But relapses can occur. For this reason, treatment with alternative methods such as cryothe...

09/16/2020
Clinical Image

Vaginal and endometrial metastasis of primary cutaneous malignant melanoma

Maria Boia Martins, Francisca Morgado, Nuno Oliveira and Filomena Ramos

09/08/2020
Research Article

Establishment of a new reference line for 2D transperineal ultrasound in urogynecology

Anna Dionysopoulou*, Christine Skala, Christel Weiss, Annette Hasenburg and Stefan Albrich

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to establish a new, reliable and reproducible reference line for assessing bladder neck descent using 2-dimensional transperineal ultrasound. Therefore, we created a novel line, named Symphysis-Levator Line (SLL) and ...

09/11/2020
Research Article

Acute kidney injury in colombian patients with COVID-19 who received kidney support therapy with genius® 90 technology

Emilio Rey-Vela, Jesús Muñoz, Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Katherin Portela-Buelvas, Nehomar Pájaro-Galvis, Víctor Leal-Martínez, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, José Cabrales-Juan, Leonardo Marín, Lucas Daza, Samuel Cuadro, Emir Ortiz, María Raad-Sarabia, Cesar Ferrer, Alejandra Prada, Greisy González, Elkin Mendoza, Klearly Tinoco, Jorge Camacho, Joel Ortega, Carlos Tobón, Juan Montes, Jorge Coronado, Luis Salgado-Montiel, José Correa, Fabio Salas, Amilkar Almanza-Hurtado and Miguel Aguilar-Schorborg

Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the complications associated with severe COVID-19 infection, and it can present in up to 20% to 40% of the cases; of these, approximately 20% will require renal replacement therapy (RRT).

Obj...

07/31/2020
Research Article

Clinical characteristics in STEMI-like aortic dissection versus STEMI-like pulmonary embolism

Oscar MP Jolobe*

Abstract

Dissecting aortic aneurysm with ST segment elevation, and pulmonary embolism with ST segment elevation are two of a number of clinical entities which can simulate ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Objective: The purpose of this review is t...

09/04/2020
Procedure

A Simplified approach for fabrication of custom tray for Facial prosthesis

Jyotsna Vimal, Sunit Kumar Jurel, Raghuwar Dayal Singh* and Pooran Chand

Abstract

Maxillofacial defects are very common and can be due to congenital defect, trauma, infections and neoplasms of facial region. These defects can be restored using different materials and retention methods to give a life like appearance. Rehabilitation of facial defect is a ver...

09/03/2020
Letter to the Editor

The expected second wave of COVID-19

Madiha Asghar* and Misbahud Din

The pandemic of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to rise around the globe. As per 15th July 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 13,119,239 confirmed COVID-19 cases along with 573,752 confirmed deaths glo...

09/01/2020
Short Communication

Management of facial wounds with missing soft tissue with local flaps

Vasilios Bousdras

Avulsive injuries to the face can be challenging. Soft tissue defects secondary to trauma and bites nessecitate local tissue transfer and the tissue closely resembles the missing skin in color and texture. These flaps can be rotated, advanced or transposed into a tissue defect and include:

09/01/2020
Mini Review

Air pollution and respiratory health

Raj Kumar

As per report of WHO  [1] (World Health Organization), air pollution (ambient/outdoor and household/indoor air pollution) kills an estimated seven million people worldwide every year largely as a result of increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,...

08/31/2020
Research Article

Universal testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 upon admission to three labor and delivery units in Santa Clara County, CA

Sophia Yang, Rishi Bhatnagar, James Byrne and Andrea Jelks*

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in labor and delivery units in one of the epicentres of the West Coast.

Study Design: This was a retrospective char...

08/31/2020
Review Article

Pregnancy complicated with deficiency of antithrombin: Review of current literature

Miroslava Gojnic, Zoran Vilendecic, Stefan Dugalic, Igor Pantic, Jovana Todorovic, Milan Perovic, Mirjana Kovac, Irena Djunic, Predrag Miljic and Jelena Dotlic*

Abstract

Antithrombin deficiency, although the rarest thrombophilia, carries the highest risk of thromboembolism. This risk is increased especially for pregnant women due to physiological coagulation changes in pregnancy. Therefore, in cases of positive personal and/or family history ...

08/28/2020
Review Article

Veterinary vaccine development: The helical project

Iyasu Angani Dereja*

Summary

Vaccine production process have been fuzzy journey to the public and, in some degrees, to those in the setting. By clearly showing the lengthy and challenging journey of vaccine development process, thereby suggesting the economic and health implication of improper use of vete...

08/26/2020
Research Article

Lipid profile of antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-infected patients attending infectious diseases service of University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

MMK Mbula*, HNT Situakibanza, GM Lelo, B Longo Mbenza, JRR Makulo, MM Longokolo, MN Mandina, NN Mayasi, MM Mbula, B Bepouka, GL Mvumbi, BT Buasa, EN Amaela, DN Thilumba, O Odio and A Nkodila

Abstract

Introduction: HIV infection leads to metabolic disorders. The objective of this work was to study the lipid profile of HIV + patients followed at the University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa (UTHK).

Methods: This study analyzes the ...

08/26/2020
Review Article

The relationship of cell phone use and aggression among young adults with moderating roles of gender and marital status

Asma Naseer and Waqar Husain*

Abstract

The use of cell phones has remarkably increased in the last two decades with several pros and cons. The negative consequences of cell phones on mental health have not been studied widely. Aggression, in this regard was a completely neglected area. The present study, therefore...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Psychological studies of stress experienced by seamen during a long-distance sea voyage#

Mieczysław Plopa*

Abstract

The issues investigated in the current study pertain to selected psychological aspects of human functioning in long-term stress conditions. Results of the analyses performed in this study have submitted evidence to confirm the hypothesis in which it is stated that staying on ...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Central nervous system diseases associated with blood brain barrier breakdown - A Comprehensive update of existing literatures

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Blood vessels that supply and feed the central nervous system (CNS) possess unique and exclusive properties, named as blood–brain barrier (BBB). It is responsible for tight regulation of the movement of ions, molecules, and cells between the blood and the brain thereby ...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Antiviral and Antinematodal potentials of chitosan: Review

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz and Mohamed Salah Khalil*

Abstract

For many years, chemical pesticides have been performed to control different pests and diseases and this may be due to their broad spectrum of action, easy of application and the relatively low cost. But these chemicals have environmental risks, thus alternative control agent...

08/07/2020
Research Article

COVID-19 disease with persistently negative RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2

Sánchez Ríos Carla Paola*, Jiménez Cabrera Oscar Gabriel, Oropeza Lutzow Rebeca, Vázquez Rojas Hazel, Barreto Rodríguez José Omar, Guzmán-Casta Jordi, Guzmán-Huesca Jorge, Riera-Sala Rodrigo and Centeno Sáenz Gustavo Iván

Summary

Introduction: The disease outbreak of COVID-19 has had a great clinical and microbiological impact in the last few months. In the preanalytical phase, the collection a sample from of a respiratory tract at the adequate moment and from the correct anatomical si...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Video-assisted thoracic surgery in advanced non-small cell lung cancer treatment

Anil Gokce* and Celal Bugra Sezen

Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite recent advances in adjuvant treatments, surgical resection is basis of treatment. With the development of minimally invasive surgery in thoracic surgery, surgeons work on mi...

08/21/2020
Review Article

SGLT2 Inhibitors and nephroprotection in diabetic kidney disease: From mechanisms of action to the latest evidence in the literature

Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Maria Ximena Cardona-Blanco, Victor Leal-Martínez, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, Nehomar Pajaro-Galvis, Jose Cabrales, José Correa, Manuel Cueto, Amable Duran, Alejandro Castellanos, Javier Enamorado, José Bohórquez, Isabella Uparella, Julio Zuñiga, Abraham Chagui, Alfonso Ramos and Luis Lara

Summary

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus constitutes a major problem in public health worldwide. The disease poses a high risk of severe microvascular and macrovascular complications. Diabetic kidney disease is the most common cause of end-stage chronic kidney disease and contributes to the i...

08/14/2020
Research Article

High energy lasers and new applications

Victor V Apollonov*

In the beginning of 1973 in the USSR the study of possibility of LJE designing was conducted. The reflector, located in the tail of the rocket prototype, concentrated the obtained radiation in air and ensured micro-burst that the reactive thrust was created.

08/13/2020
Opinion

Entropy via Art

Abraham Tamir*

From the energy involved in a physical or chemical process, part of it cannot be utilised as work. Entropy S is the thermodynamic quantity that is the measure of this energy where the concept of entropy was first introduced by Rudolf Clausius (1822-1888) in 1865.

08/13/2020
Research Article

Silent cerebrovascular disease in hypertensive adults is frequent and age-dependent

Marta Brown-Martínez*, Zenaida Hernández, Yamile Valdés, Edilberto González, Emelina Despaigne and Evelio Gonzalez

Abstract

Background: Cerebral small vessel disease and extracranial atherosclerotic carotid disease are manifestations of silent cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Information on these two pathologies in hypertensive population with low cardiovascular risk (CVR) is scarce...

08/11/2020
Review Article

Protecting teeth and gums during rigid endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract: Our experience with a disposable, mouldable and rigid thermoplastic mouthguard

Bradish T, Kaushal S, Shakeel M* and Ahmad Z

Direct rigid pharyngoscopy, laryngoscopy and oesophagoscopy are very common procedures in the Otolaryngology-Head & Neck department, both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

08/14/2020
Research Article

The influence of HBV or HCV infections on the pregnancy course

Tadeusz Wojciech Lapiński*

Abstract

The incidence of HBV infections among the pregnant in Europe falls within the range of 1% - 7%,

whereas it is 1.7% - 4.3% for HCV.

The aim was to assess the course of pregnancy among women infected with HBV or HCV, and the condition of neonates in the fift...

08/12/2020
Review Article

Endometriosis as a risk factor for colorectal cancer

Víctor Manuel Vargas-Hernández*, José María Tovar- Rodríguez and Víctor Manuel Vargas-Aguilar

Abstract

Endometriosis is a common benign disease in women of reproductive age, it has been associated with an increased risk of various malignancies that is defined by certain histological criteria mainly 80% in ovary and 20% in extragonadal sites such as intestine, rectovaginal sept...

08/12/2020
Case Report

A case series review of patients with Thrombocytopenia and Absent-Radii syndrome (TARS) and their management during pregnancy

Daniel Halperin*, Sue Pavord and Bethan Myers

Abstract

Bleeding diatheses due to platelet-related disorders can present challenges to treating clinicians especially in the context of peri- and post-partum patients in the obstetric setting. TARS is an inherited disorder characterised by reduced bone marrow platelet production, ske...

08/11/2020
Case Report

A mild form of Familial Mediterranean Fever associated with a polymorphisms C.NT 1588,-69G>

Francesco Arcoleo, Carmelo Fabiano, Stefania Leto Barone and Enrico Cillari*

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease caused by mutation(s) in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV, pyrinmarenostrin) gene [1,2].

08/11/2020
Research Article

Visual evoked potentials: Normative values from healthy Senegalese adults

Marcellin Bugeme, Olivier Mukuku*, Marième Soda Diop-Sène, Daniel Gams Massi and Lala Bouna Seck

Abstract

Introduction: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are potential differences recorded on the scalp in response to visual stimulation. They are obtained with slowly repeated stimuli. The aim of this study was to determine the normative values of the visual evoked p...

08/10/2020
Research Article

Consequence of birth year, type, sex, season and flock on birth weight trait of Kajli sheep

Farmanullah*, Khalid Javed, Mohammad Salim, Momen Khan, Sajid Ali, Talpur Hira Sajjad, Muhammad Altaf Hussain, Ihsanullah Kakar, Inayat Ur Rehman, Asma Babar, Sajjad Ahmad, Bhunesh and Sami Ullah Khan

Abstract

The liaison of birth weight to neonatal and mature vigor is especially given important if have the acquaintance of factors distressing in birth weight. Unbiased Best linear prediction of breeding values was estimated from pedigree birth weight records of 13715 Kajli sheep of ...

08/11/2020
Research Article

Estimating global case fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

Manisha Mandal and Shyamapada Mandal*

Abstract

Background: There is a huge global loss of lives due to COVID-19 pandemic, the primary epicentre of which is China, where the causative agent of the disease, SARS-CoV-2 was first emerged in December 2019. This study aims to explore the severity, in terms of c...

07/31/2020
Research Article

Natural ferromagnetic resonance in cast microwires and its application to the safety control of infrastructures

E Adar, AM Yosher and Serghei Alexei Baranov*

Abstract

The natural ferromagnetic resonance (NFMR) in cast glass-coated amorphous magnetic microwires has been studied theoretically and experimentally. The NFMR reveals large residual stresses appearing in the microwire core in the course of casting. These stresses, together with th...

07/30/2020
Research Article

Short term effectiveness of extra corporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciitis: A systemic review and meta-analysis

Rayan Mohammed Al Fadani, Ibrahim Bin Hamza Al Tobaigy and Mohammed Amjad Khan*

Abstract

Background: The argument on whether extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) prove to be beneficial in short- term intervention in adults with plantar fasciitis. It is important and necessary to conduct a meta-analysis to make a relatively more credible and o...

07/28/2020
Research Article

Correlation between interdialytic weight gain, left ventricular hypertrophy and FGF- 23 in prevalent hemodialysis patients

Sahar Mahmoud Shawky, Maha Mohamed Mohamed Khalifa*, Kholoud Mahmoud Amin and Mohamed Saeed Hassan

Abstract

Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease are suspected to have significant volume shifts and thereby cardiovascular strain as a result to interdialytic weight gain, chronic fluid overload and fluid removal during dialysis. In long-term hemodialysis p...

07/28/2020
Review Article

Zn2+ Ions-Immune Virucidal activities for children and adults with preventions against 2019-nCoV and COVID-19 infection

Tsuneo Ishida*

Abstract

Zinc induced pediatric preventing respiratory 2019-nCoV is required that supplementation with zinc gluconate 20 mg in Zn deficient children resulted in a nearly twofold reduction of acute lower respiratory infections as well as the time to recovery. Zinc supplementation in ch...

07/27/2020
Research Article

Health professional stress during COVID-19 pandemic

Fatiha Bennaoui*, Nadia Ei Idrissi Slitine and Fadl Mrabih Rabou Maoulainine

Abstract

WHO declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2, to be a pandemic on March 12, 2020. In Morocco, the first case was reported in March 2nd 2020. The mental health of general population, medical and nursing staff especially has been greatly c...

07/27/2020
Case Report

COVID-19 associated hyperthyroidism due to destructive thyrotoxicosis in a young female patient

Zeilberger MS*, Hasmann SE*, Auer MK and Schmidmaier R

Abstract

SARS-CoV2 can induce multiple immunological and endocrinological changes. We report the case of a COVID-19 associated hyperthyroidism in a young female.

Per definition the patient – because of having given birth six weeks previously - had a postpartum thyroidi...

07/27/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of Single Bilateral Intratesticular Injection of Cetrimide for Nonsurgical Sterilization of Adult Male Albino Mice

Haben Fesseha* and Guesh Negash

Abstract

Nonsurgical fertility control is increasingly advocated as more cost-effective than surgical sterilization to manage stray animal populations in a different part of the world. An experimental study was conducted from December 2018 to April 2019 at Mekelle University to evalua...

07/24/2020
Review Article

Leakage after sleeve gastrectomy: Endoscopic stenting VS surgical intervention

Mohamed Salah Abdelhamid*, Ahmed Zaki Gharib, Mohammed Abdelaal Mohammed and Tarek Mahmoud Ibraheem El Gindy

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming more popular in the treatment of obesity. LSG is safe with a low morbidity. The complications rarely result in morbidity and even mortality. Leaks are the major complication associated with LSG wit...

07/24/2020
Review Article

Anticipation of difficulty during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Mohamed Salah Abdelhamid*, Ahmed Zaki Gharib, Mohammed Abdelaal Mohammed and Mahmoud Negida

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures worldwide, it is accepted as the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones for its minimal invasiveness, less pain and early recovery.

...

07/22/2020
Research Article

Expectations versus reality: Improvement of symptom control and quality of life of oncology patients using medical cannabis

Lea Ochayon*, Hana Spiro and Ilana Kadmon

Abstract

Aim: To compare the expectations and the reality of oncology patients in terms of to the use of medical cannabis, including symptom control and related quality of life.

Research question: Is there a difference between oncology patie...

07/24/2020
Research Article

Serological and virological profile of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection in Eritrea

Mohammed Elfatih Hamida*, Saud Mohammed Raja, Yemane Seyoum, Isam Mohammed Elkhidir and Freweini Tekle

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major cause of liver associated morbidity and mortality with diverse spectrum of disease. It is estimated about 15% to 40% of patients with hepatitis B virus infection progress to chronic hepatitis and about 15% to...

07/22/2020
Research Article

A Comprehensive review on genomic diversity and epidemiology of COVID-19

Zeshan Haider Raza*, Muhammad Ahmed Ihsan, Sahrish Khan, Haroon Zafar and Tayyaba Rehman

Abstract

A respiratory outbreak of COVID-19 started from Wuhan, China and on 30 January 2020, WHO declared this infection to be epidemic, implementing public health emergency worldwide. On 11th March 2020, observing its prevalence in the whole world and WHO declared as a pandemic. Man...

07/21/2020
Research Article

Stress evaluation of maxillary central incisor restored with different post materials: A finite element analysis

Samarth Kumar Agarwal*, Reena Mittal, Romil Singhal, Sarah Hasan and Kanchan Chaukiyal

Abstract

Introduction: With the availability of different post systems and various studies on the strength of teeth restored with posts, the controversy as to which post systems provide better stress distribution of post and longevity of tooth has not been resolved. T...

07/17/2020
Research Article

The practice of self-medication in children by their mothers in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Astrid Mukemo Katumbo, Thierry Sonny Tshiningi, Judith Sangwa Sinanduku, Loriot Kayinga Mudisu, Peggy Mulunda Mwadi, Olivier Mukuku*, Oscar Numbi Luboya and Françoise Kaj Malonga

Summary

Self-medication is a common practice in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). There are few studies on mothers’ practice of self-medication in children in DRC. Trying to draw an inventory of this practice, we carried out a survey of self-medication of children under 12 yea...

07/20/2020
Review Article

Biomarkers in acute kidney injury

Nehomar Pajaro Galvis*, Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Maria Ximena Cardona-Blanco, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, Victor Leal-Martínez, Jose Cabrales-Juan, José Correa-Guerrero, José Bohórquez-Rivero, José Sáenz-López, José Restom-Arrieta, Milton Rivera-Moreno, Estefany Rivera-Moreno, Maria Monterrosa-Robles, Alonso Pomares-Lara, Dayana Ayola-Rosales and Ana Alonso-Henriquez

Abstract

Acute kidney injury is a common condition associated with high morbidity and short-term mortality. Its pathophysiology varies according to the numerous conditions associated with its genesis. Biomarkers allow detecting changes at the level of kidney function; therefore, they ...

07/16/2020
Research Article

Premaxillary osteotomy in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate: Skeletal and dental changes

Mireia Aznar Gomez*, Lluisa Tobella Camps and Alejandro Rivera Baró

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate changes in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) who premaxillary osteotomy and secondary alveolar bone grafting as compared to children with BCLP who are not indicated for surgery, and to determine variables that differenti...

07/15/2020
Case Report

Unusual cause of parietal thoracic pain: A case report

Mohamed Labied*, Hayat Lhajoui, Najwa Touil, Omar Kacimi and Nabil Chikhaoui

Abstract

We report the radio-clinical observation of a 21-year-old patient, referred for anterior chest parietal discomfort evolving for 3 months ago, with the notion of trauma.

The chest CT (computed tomography) scan detected a costal cartilage fracture without associated t...

07/21/2020
Case Report

When conservative treatment in trachea laserations?

Ahmet Nurdağ, Kenan Can Ceylan* and Şeyda Örs Kaya

Summary

Introduction: The tracheobronchial injuries are usually fatal and some of the lucky people can reach emergency services without dying in the place of trauma. They can cause severe symptoms which can be lifetreathing. This type of injuries must been taken caref...

07/15/2020
Case Report

Acute necrotising pancreatitis masquerading as psoas abscess: A report of two cases

Praveenkumar M Patil*, Kartik Sharma and Navneet Kaur

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is commonly diagnosed clinically, with its classical presentation of upper abdominal pain, backed by raised serum levels of enzymes amylase and lipase. However, unusual presentation of this common surgical emergency as a psoas abscess is a rare finding whic...

07/15/2020
Research Article

Ground-state bands of doubly even 166Hf Nucleus

I Hossain* and Hewa Y Abdullah

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the rotational structure of even-even 166Hf isotopes using the phenomenological fitting, Sood’s semi-empirical formula. The rotational energies from the calculated values were compared to the experimental spectrum. The result sh...

07/14/2020
Research Article

Management of acute tongue swelling

Siew Min Keh, Mohammad Hasan, Vamsidhar Vallamkondu and Muhammad Shakeel*

Abstract

Background: Tongue swelling often presents as an acute upper airway obstruction.
Aim: To present a case series of patients presenting with an acute tongue swelling sharing our experience in managing these patients.

Subjects and method...

07/16/2020
Review Article

The mechanisms of cardiac myopathies, a kinetics approach: Leading review

Gerry A Smith*

The normal adult heart is a well maintained machine that has a mechanism for growth replacement of the sarcomere that is lost by natural degeneration. This process ensures the heart has the strength of contraction to function correctly giving blood supply to the whole body.

07/13/2020
Research Article

Non-force electromagnetic fields in nature and experiments on earth: Part 2

VV Aksenov*

The manifestation of non-force electromagnetic fields in nature and in experiments on Earth is interesting and important in the part that would confirm the numerous physical models that have been calculated and presented in the scientific literature [5,6,15,17].

07/13/2020
Research Article

Physical activity and health-related quality of life among physiotherapists in Hebron/West Bank

Mouath D Abushkadim, Akram Amro and Muntaser S Ahmad*

Abstract

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) directly affects Health-related quality of life. The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between physical activity levels of physiotherapists and their physical activity promotion strategies. in Hebron- West...

07/09/2020
Research Article

Determination of body image perception and life satisfaction in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Sevil Biçer* and Gökçe Demir

Abstract

Objective: This descriptive study was conducted in order to determine body image perception and life satisfaction of individuals undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

Material and methods: The population of the study consisted of indiv...

07/06/2020
Research Article

Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia: Factors predicting upstaging to carcinoma

Kristen Elstner*, Sinem Gultekin, Wendy Vincent and Sanjay Warrier

Abstract

Aim: Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) is considered the gold standard technique for initial histological diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions seen on screening mammogram, but it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) due to s...

07/03/2020
Research Article

Biostatistical and mathematical analysis on Covid-19

Bin Zhao* and Jinming Cao

Abstract

Background: An infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus called COVID-19 has raged across the world since December 2019. The novel coronavirus first appeared in Wuhan, China, and quickly spread to Asia and now many countries around the world are affect...

07/03/2020
Research Article

In silico comparative analysis of HIV protease inhibitors effect on 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CLpro

Vandna Kumari and Shamsher Singh Kanwar*

Abstract

The novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV has become a bane to mankind and spread worldwide and infected many people. Thus, there is an urgent need of a cure for the severe pneumonia disease caused by this virus. In this study, in silico comparative analysis has been done for HIV prote...

07/02/2020
Case Report

An exceptional case of bilateral vestibular areflexia complicating acute otitis media

Chiraz Halwani, Sarra Zribi and Salem Bouomrani*

Abstract

Introduction: Bilateral vestibular areflexia is a rare pathological entity whose most frequent etiology is drug ototoxicity. We report an unusual case of bilateral vestibular areflexia complicating acute otitis media through which we raise the difficulties of...

07/07/2020
Case Report

Hemorrhagic shock due to irreducible uterine torsion in a third trimester twin pregnancy: A case report

Darido J*, Grevoul Fesquet J, Diari J, El Haddad C, Bouzid N, Abou El Hassan N, Khadam L and Rigonnot L

Abstract

Uterine torsion is a rare life-threatening event that happens at any age or any gestational age. By definition, it consists of a rotation of more than 45 degrees around the long axis of the uterus. The reported cases have variable presentations. The uterine torsion can happen...

07/02/2020
Research Article

Curettage is a risk factor for marginal umbilical cord insertion

Elie Nkwabong*, Simon Junior Mabol Mbeleck and Florence Tumasang

Abstract

Objective: To identify the risk factors for marginal cord insertion (MCI).
Material and Methods: This case-control study was carried out between 1st February and 30th June 2019. Singletons with and without MCI at delivery were recruited. Main variables...

07/02/2020
Editorial

Uterine Fibroid Embolization in time of Covid-19

Nestor Kisilevzky* and John C Lipman

The coronavirus pandemic has caused major changes in society around the world, especially in healthcare systems. Patients with various medical ailments and conditions who were scheduled to undergo elective treatments before the pandemic arrived, wonder now if they still should follow through with...

06/30/2020
Research Article

Triple negative breast cancer: Early stages management and evolution, a two years experience at the department of breast cancer of CHSF

Bouzid Nassima, Darido Jessie*, Diari Jed, Dussour Chloe, Ezenfis Joel, Cahn Virginie, Guekeu Steven and Rigonnot Luc

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is a major public health problem. It is divided into several subtypes, including triple negatives. The general objective of our study is to establish the profile and the management of patients with triple negative breast ca...

06/24/2020
Research Article

COVID-19 in pregnancy: Our experience at a tertiary maternity unit in France

Darido Jessie*, El Haddad Cynthia, Diari Jed, Grevoul Fesquet Julie, Bouzid Nassima, Bobric Andrea, Lakhdara Nefissa, Bazzi Zeinab, Lebis Cindy and Rigonnot Luc

Abstract

Objectives: Our main objectives are to reveal the pregnancy and neonatal impacts of COVID-19 infection and to compare it to the results that are reported in the literature.
Methods and materials: The characteristics of the admitted pregnant patients CO...

06/24/2020
Research Article

Determinants of neonatal near miss among neonates admitted to Ambo University Referral Hospital and Ambo General Hospital, Ethiopia, 2019

Ephrem Yohannes*, Nega Assefa and Yadeta Dessie

Abstract

Background: Neonatal Near-miss is defined as complications of neonates so severe as to be imminently life-threatening but survived due to chance or treatment. The number of neonates who survived morbidities were approximately 3 to 6 times greater than those w...

06/22/2020
Opinion

Why are more otorhinolaryngology surgeons dying from Covid-19 than any other surgical specialty?

Daryll Baker*

Covid-19 infection is caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This has resulted in the present pandemic from which thousands of people have died including many front-line health care workers. Of the surgeons who have died from covid-19 it would appear that otorhinolaryngology surgeons have made the...

06/18/2020
Review Article

A Perspective on therapeutic potential of weeds

Vikrant Arya* and Ranjeet Kaur Parmar

Abstract

Nature gives us a diverse plethora of floral wealth. Weeds have been recognized as invasive plant by most of scholars in today’s world with extraordinary travel history. They are considered to be noxious for adjoining plant species and also as economic hazard. Weeds inh...

07/07/2020
Review Article

The rising role of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of COVID-19 infections

Al-Anazi KA* and Al-Jasser AM

Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide [1,2]. The Mid-20th century witnessed most of the antimicrobial discoveries but recently there is dramatic shortage of new classes of antimicrobial agents due to failure to build a sustainable antimicrobial discovery platform [1-4]. For e...

06/26/2020
Review Article

The “Follow-up Factor” in management development

Marshall Goldsmith*

Leadership is not just for leaders anymore. Top companies are beginning to understand that sustaining peak performance requires a firm-wide commitment to developing leaders that is tightly aligned to organizational objectives — a commitment much easier to understand than to achieve. Organiz...

06/24/2020
Research Article

Targeted community outreach events to deliver healthcare to diverse rural populations

Trina Aguirre*, Nancy Meier, Kelly Betts and Ann Koehler

Abstract

Introduction: Rural populations often experience disparities in health and access to and quality of healthcare. Such disparities may differ among subpopulations. Community outreach events provide an opportunity for rural residents to receive health services a...

06/17/2020
Case Report

Specific meningoencephalitis in patients with transplanted kidney

Mithat Tabakovic*, Senaid Trnacevic and Maida Dugonjic Taletovic

Abstract

We described a case of specific (tuberculous) encephalitis in a patient after kidney transplantation. Immunosuppressive therapy, continuously required in post-tranplant period, may cause various complications, such as infections. Specific meningoencephalitis is an infection t...

05/25/2020
Research Article

Measurement of background ionizing radiation in the federal university of technology owerri, Nigeria using calibrated digital geiger counter

Eke BC* and Emelue HU

Abstract

The measurement of the natural ionizing radiation in the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria was carried out using a well calibrated Digital Geiger Muller counter models GCA – 04w. Measurements were taken randomly in thirty (30) diff erent locations outside...

05/22/2020
Review Article

Review on impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on life animals and dairy product processing industries of the world

Lammifyad Chimde*

Abstract

This review was conducted for the objective of assessing causes of COVID-19 pandemic impacts on life animals and dairy product processing industry of the world. Since its outbreak in Wuhan town of China, the newly emerged strains of corona virus COVID-19 causes incredible cri...

06/15/2020
Research Article

The choice of optimal modern muscle relaxants (rocuronium bromide, atracurium besilate and cisatracurius besilate) in one-day surgery in children

Nasibova EM*

Abstract

The choice of the optimal muscle relaxant in one-day surgery in children with “small” surgical interventions remains relevant to this day. In modern pediatric surgery, the requirements for the quality of muscle relaxation are highest. However, along with the effec...

05/25/2020
Case Report

Anaesthetic management of an elderly patient with ischaemic heart disease and previous MI undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair: Case report

Khaleel Ahmad Najar* Anka Amin, Mohammad Ommid

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease may occur in isolation, or in combination with the pathological process of vascular ageing, arteriosclerosis. These two conditions have differing impacts on the haemodynamic changes in response to anaesthesia and surgery. Hypertension is not a feature o...

06/16/2020
Case Report

Ependymomas with extraneural metastasis to lung in children: A case report and literature review

Shunnan Ge#, Miao Lou#, Jiarui Zhang, Min Chao, Yang Jiao, Guodong Gao, Yan Qu and Liang Wang*

Abstract

Ependymomas, which account for 10% of pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors,  arise from the ependymal cells that line the cerebral ventricles and the central canal of the spinal cord. Extraneural metastasis to lung is rare for ependymomas primary tumors. Repeate...

06/15/2020
Case Report

Epiphora as a sign of unexpected underlying squamous cell carcinoma within sinonasal inverted papilloma

Alessandra Di Maria, Filippo Confalonieri*, Raffaele Piscopo, Laura Balia and Luca Malvezzi

Sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) is a benign tumor which originates from the sinonasal Schneiderian mucosa and accounts for 0.5% to 4% of all nasal and sinus neoplasm [1]. Pathologically, SIP epithelium inverts into submucosal stroma, which is different from other types of nasal papilloma. Unli...

06/12/2020
Mini Review

Applications to reduce the amount of excess cement for cement-retained implant supported prostheses: Mini review

Zühre Belde Akkaya* and Bahadir Ersu

Cement-retained implant-supported restorations has been preferred by many clinicians due to its ease of production, low cost and similarity to dental supported restorations [1].  In the literature, many complications caused by residual cement, ranging from acute severe bone resorption to imp...

06/18/2020
Research Article

Femoral venous closure: A single-centre retrospective analysis in real world all comers with MynxGrip® vascular closure device

Alexander Harvard, Shamin Thirunavukarasu, Afzal Hayat, Abid Ullah, Reza Aghamohammadzadeh, Cathy Mary Holt and Nadim Malik*

Abstract

Background: Vascular closure devices (VCD) are routinely used to achieve haemostasis following percutaneous arterial procedures. The extravascular polyethylene-glycol based MynxGrip® device (Cardinal Health) received FDA approval for use in the closure of...

06/16/2020
Review Article

Fibrinolytic therapy with tPA failed because it was based on a flawed concept

Victor Gurewich*

Abstract

Fibrinolytic therapy has become synonymous with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) based on the belief that tPA alone was responsible for natural fibrinolysis. Although this assumption was belied from the outset by disappointing clinical results, it persisted, eventually caus...

06/12/2020
Review Article

Inhaled statins to combat COVID-19 – prophylactic and treatment approach

Archana P Iyer* and Maryam A Al-Ghamdi

The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread around the world (WHO, 2020). The genome of the SARS-CoV-2 has been reported over 80% ide...

06/11/2020
Mini Review

Can house flies mechanically carry and/or transport sars-cov-2?

Alfredo Montes*, Wilfrido Coronell and Rosa Baldiris

Abstract

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 that causes different infections in humans has become a challenge for humanity because it has caused many deaths worldwide. This new virus is considered as a zoonotic infectious particle, the clear mechanisms of the pathogenicity and transmissib...

06/09/2020
Review Article

COVID-19: The possible medical strategies

Mohamed SA Mohamed*

Abstract

In late 2019, a pandemic crisis started in Wuhan, China, swept the whole world. The disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-19 virus that belongs to the corona family of viruses. The virus mainly caused failure of respiration, and led to many deaths worldwide. The main focus of res...

06/15/2020
Research Article

Long-term results for post-interventional systemic heparinization following angioplasty of peripheral vessels

Masoud Mirzaie*, Zaur Guliyev and Mohammed Dakna

Abstract

Objective: The long-term outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasties is mainly determined by restenoses, either by progression of the underlying disease or by intimal hyperplasia. Pharmacological substances on the one hand and the implantation of stent...

06/09/2020
Research Article

Assessment of cardiovascular and renal functions during treatment with Desmodium adscendens therapy

Seriki Samuel Adinoyi*

Abstract

Desmodium adscendens is a rain forest medicinal herb used in managing quite a number of medical conditions. Its efficacy in the treatment of several diseases has made it a first line herb for doctors, especially in managing all forms of spasm. It is however common knowledge t...

06/08/2020
Short Communication

A trial of conservative care for restoring scapular dyskinesis: A clinical series

S Thiruvarangan*, P Srigrishna and B Thileebphan

Abstract

The shoulder is the greatest movable joint in the human body. Its anatomical design allows a wide range of motion in all directions, leading to an insubstantial balance between stability and mobility. Conservative treatments are suggested by a number of authors for restoring ...

06/05/2020
Review Article

How does urine pH effect the tooth decay?

Muhammad Imran Qadir and Yasmeen Mureed*

Abstract

The basic aim of the present study was to relate tooth decay with the pH of the urine. pH is very important aspect which affects and depends upon the urine specificity .The glomerulus is a necessary part in the structure of kidney .The glomerulus is involved in the filtration...

06/03/2020
Review Article

Impact of mineralformation on restoration of the soil structure in nakhchivan AR and geographical spreading legitimacy

ZH Aliyev*

Abstract

The silt fractions have a great impact in soil structural formation. If the soil forming rocks don’t disturb, crush and weather, the soil forming processes on them occur weakly, the organic substances cause formation of the loamy stratums without completely turning. Thi...

06/03/2020
Review Article

Methods of identification models of soil humidity

ZH Aliyev*

For the operational forecasting of the dynamics of moisture reserves, it is reduced to the prediction of precipitation and total evaporation (E). The remaining elements of the balance either do not change over time, are either known or are defined as functions of P and E.

06/03/2020
Research Article

Anticancer activity of novel surface functionalized metal doped hydroxyapatite

Saheli Pradhan*, Shouvik Mitra and Arunava Goswami

Abstract

In this manuscript it has been described a novel synthesis of mercury doped hydroxyapatite (Hap) and its application on human liver carcinoma cell line (Hep G2) and human lung fibroblast carcinoma cell line (MRC 5). Nano-sized hydroxyapatite doped with Hg2+ was synthesized by...

06/04/2020
Research Article

Biomarkers in Enteropathic Arthritis

Luis Arturo Gutiérrez-Gonzalez*, Eillen Macias, Freddy Herrera-Vivas, Franz Otaiza, Juan Carlos Gonzalez Duran and Guillermo Veitia

Abstract

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)-associated arthritis is called Enteropathic Arthritis (EA) which is classified among the group of Spondyloarthritis (SpA), because its presentation is variable. The current trend is to classify them as autoinflammatory rather than autoimmune d...

06/02/2020
Case Report

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization combined with molecular targeted therapy for a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma with intrahepatic metastasis and main portal vein tumor thrombus: A case report and literature review

Yu Zhong Wen, Shi Jie Dai, Su Fen Cheng, Jun Shi and Jun Hua Ai*

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by high morbidity, high recurrence, and high mortality rates. In China, the morbidity of HCC is fifth among all malignant tumors and HCC is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Most HCC patients also have liver ...

05/21/2020
Case Report

Acute pancreatitis with uncommon presentation of myocardial infarction

Zubin Sharma*, Ravindra Pradeep Sharma and Divya Sharma

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that may be accompanied by a systemic inflammatory response which results in impairment of the functioning of various organs, systems. Pancreatitis associated vascular complications very often cause morbidity and mortality. T...

05/29/2020
Research Article

Preventive treatment in an osteoporotic femoral upper metaphysis-A clinical case: Me Louise V…

Yves Cirotteau*

In 1992, a patient, born July 10, 1910, aged 82, with major osteoporosis [1-3], was operated on her left hip. The surgeon performs a biomaterial transplant using natural coral [4]. Follow-up is two years. She died in 1994 of acute respiratory failure. Three bone graft osteodensitometry [5] shows ...

06/01/2020
Review Article

Complicated grief in the DSM-5: Problems and solutions

Colin Murray Parkes*

The Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders volume 5 (DSM-5) is the influential textbook published in 2013, by the American Psychiatric Association, as a guide to psychiatric diagnosis. It helps to ensure that doctors are consistent in their use of diagnostic terms.

06/03/2020
Research Article

Quality Evaluation of Sorghum bicolor Stem Sheath Enriched with Spondias mombin Extract

Adedeji TO*

Abstract

The nutritional compositions of sorghum stem sheath-Spondias mombin extract were evaluated. The enriched stem sheath extract were obtained by mixing sorghum stem sheath and Spondias mombin (iyeye) extract in varied proportions at 100:0; 0:100; 95:5; 90:10 and 85:15. The five ...

05/29/2020
Opinion

Demystifying the power of magnesium

Anjana Agarwal*

Epsom salts was inadvertently discovered in Epson spring in England and used as magnesium salt in 1697. It is simply the magnesium sulphate, a commonly used ingredient in beauty and wellness kiosks for soothing joints, muscles and mind. Richard Martin Willstatter working on plant pigments begged ...

05/30/2020
Research Article

Dysfunctional breathing in children

Amanda MP Trompenaars#, Aalt PJ Van Roest# and Anja APH Vaessen-Verberne*

Abstract

Objective: Dysfunctional breathing (DB) refers to abnormal patterns of breathing. No gold standard exists for diagnosis. In clinical practice we regularly see children with functional breathing problems. We collected data from this patient group to gain more ...

05/29/2020
Review Article

Maternal, neonatal and children´s health in Sub-Saharan East Africa

Josef Donát*

Summary

The Czech model for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality for countries in sub-Saharan East Africa was created on the basis of the Archdiocesan Charity Prague project for a specific region-subcounty Buikwe, Diocese of Lugazi, Mukono Region in Uganda, a region with about 30,...

06/04/2020
Commentary

Effective COVID-19 prevention and control in areas of ultra-dense population: Lessons from Macau SAR

Xueni Bian, Lan Yao and Ying Bian*

Abstract

In this paper we summarise, in chronological order, all COVID-19 preventive measures undertaken by the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) government during the first quarter of 2020. The information and narrative contained herein may be of useful to other parts of the ...

05/29/2020
Short Review

Levosimendan in sepsis  

Ugur Koca* and Burcu Tanay Demirdöven

Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer and its inotropic effect is mainly attributed to the troponin C of the myocardial fine filaments with calcium. Levosimendan also inhibits phosphodiesterase III. In contrast to inotropic effects, this does not increase calcium entry into the cell, which explain...

05/28/2020
Clinical Image

Opera-glass hand with arthritis mutilans in psoriatic arthritis

Gautam Mullick*, Ajay Handa and Vikas Chauhan

A 42 years old gentleman who was a known case of  Psoriasis vulgaris since last 5 years presented to the Rheumatology clinic with inflammatory arthritis predominantly involving the joints of the upper extremities. Musculoskeletal examination of both hands revealed dactylitis and distal inter...

05/27/2020
Opinion

Management of gestational diabetes during ‘COVID19 time’

Nicolina Di Biase*

Abstract

The measures put in place by many governments around the world to fight the spread of COVID-19 have drastically reduced visits to diabetes centres. To keep providing people with diabetes the professional support they need and reduce the inconvenience caused by the interruptio...

05/21/2020
Research Article

Risk Factors Associated to Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Lahore District

Snobia Munir*, Samreen Riaz, Tooba Arshad and Aasma Riaz

Abstract

Our research aimed to check the impact of some significant risk variables on diabetes growth and the specific goal of this study was to evaluate the connection of industrial fields with diabetes risk variables. The current research also informs us about the most important ris...

05/26/2020
Review Article

Role of yoga in Parkinson’s disease-A comprehensive update of the literature

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degenerative motor symptoms (e.g., tremors, impaired balance and gait) and nonmotor symptoms (e.g., fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain) that can negatively influence health and mental w...

05/25/2020
Case Report

Vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in young woman: A case report and literature review

Issam Lalya*, Sana Laatitioui, Ismail Essadi, Abdelhamid El Omrani and Mouna Khouchani

Abstract

Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most common soft tissue tumors of childhood. They are characterized by their poor prognosis. Vaginal location is very rare after puberty and exceptional in the post menopause. Treatment is based on several therapeutic measures combining neoadjuvant c...

05/14/2020
Research Article

Socio-demographic characteristics and other factors associated with depressive illness among medical students at the University of Port Harcourt

Asuquo EO*, Nkporbu AK*, Okechukwu C, Onoh I and Okafor NT

Abstract

Background: The burden of depression as a mental disorder has continued to increase and constituting an enormous public health concern among all age groups. A number of socio-demographic, and other factors including a stressful and rigorous academic programme...

05/18/2020
Short Communication

Contemporary learning or E-Learning in physiotherapy, pre and post COVID-19: Short communication

Mohammed Suhail*, Sharath C and Akhil Mathew

Since December 2019, an outbreak of novel corona virus disease was reported in Wuhan, which has subsequently affected more than 160 countries worldwide. The ongoing outbreak has been declared as a pandemic by WHO, a global public health emergency. Several countries are successfully fighting with ...

05/19/2020
Research Article

Prognosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy in sub-Saharan Africa (Burkina Faso South-West PPCM register)

Taryètba André Arthur Seghda*, Théodore Boro, Jean Eudes Bambara, Kadari Cisse, Andrés Miguel Lopez, André K Samadoulougou and Patrice Zabsonre

Abstract

Peripartum cardiomyopathy is one of the curable cardiomyopathy. It’s a severe and frequent disease arising among women of childbearing age. Its evolution in the long-term among some patients leads to chronic heart failure. Our study aims to determine from a prospective ...

05/16/2020
Case Report

Chronic subdural haematoma associated with arachnoid cyst of the middle fossa in a soccer player: Case report and review of the literature

Elena Beretta*, Michele Incerti, Giuseppe Raudino, Gaspare F Montemagno and Franco Servadei

Abstract

Introduction: Arachnoid cyst (AC) is a congenital, benign, extra-axial lesion often found incidentally on intracranial imaging and makes up almost 1% of all intracranial masses. It arises from the splitting of arachnoid membranes with components similar to th...

05/29/2020
Review Article

Study of the influence of relay elements on the erosion process on the basis of GIS technology

ZH Aliyev* and TA Hajiyev

Annotation

Erosion has become widespread in the local climatic conditions of Azerbaijan. From this point of view, different types of erosion (washing, erosion, deflation, etc.) can often be found in many soil types formed in the territory of the republic. It should be taken into accou...

06/29/2020
Review Article

Therapeutic benefits of lemongrass and tea tree

Nida Tabassum Khan*

Abstract

Lemongrass is a culinary herb with a lemony aroma.it is mostly cultivated in Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and India. It is conventionally used for relieving anxiety, stress and pain. Because of the presence of limonene and citral, lemongrass extracts exhibits antimicr...

05/27/2020
Research Article

Risk evaluation and modeling of soils contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in parts of Bonny Island, Niger Delta, Nigeria

Nwankwoala HO*, Amadi AN, Omofuophu E and Ibrahim HA

Abstract

Environmental impact of a recent oil spill incident in Bonny terminal using soil media was studied using a risk-based modeling approach. The establishment of the presence of contaminants of concern (CoC), evaluation/assessment, modeling spilled volume and ascertaining potenti...

05/11/2020
Review Article

Studies of the possibility of determining amplifications in kinematic pairs

IH Aliyev*

Annotation

The article discusses approaches to solving problems of accurately determining strength in kinematic pairs. It is known that the nature of the bonds imposed by kinematic pairs is determined by the geometric shapes of the elements of the pairs. For what, here, the bonds acte...

05/26/2020
Review Article

PISA Syndrome-Orthopedic manifestation of a neurological disease?

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Pleurothotonus, commonly known as Pisa Syndrome (PS), is a rare neurological disorder characterized by lateral bending of the trunk with a tendency to lean to one side. This is typically mobile and resolves in supine position. It often presents as an incapacitating symptom of...

05/29/2020
Mini Review

Patients suffer when healthcare stocks rise

Deane Waldman*

When a stock price rises or has a better P/E ratio, this is generally considered a measure of success. Is this true for health insurance stocks? Stock holders certainly are happy, but what about the purchasers of the carriers’ policies? Are patients smiling when the stock price goes up?

04/29/2020
Research Article

Influence of adverse socio-emotional risk factors on the physical and mental health needs of children and young people in public care of a South-West England local authority

Michael O Ogundele*

Abstract

Introduction: There is increasing published evidence confirming the long-term adult mental and physical health impact of childhood exposure to adverse events including different forms of abuse and family dysfunction. Looked-after Children and young people (LA...

05/27/2020
Review Article

Role of nanotechnology in diagnosing and treating COVID-19 during the Pandemic

Abdul Waris, Muhammad Ali, Atta Ullah Khan, Asmat Ali and Abdul Baset*

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), began in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. To date, the virus has infected roughly 5,000,000 people and caused approximately 345,000 deaths worldwide, an...

05/21/2020
Review Article

Microbiome and Gastroesophageal Disease: Pathogenesis and Implications for Therapy

Steve M D’Souza, Lindsey B Cundra, Byung Soo Yoo, Parth J Parekh and David A Johnson*

Abstract

There is growing evidence that gastroesophageal disease is influenced by the esophageal microbiome, and that commensal bacteria of the oropharynx, stomach, and colon are thought to have a role in modulatiing pathogenesis. These emerging hypotheses are based on observed change...

05/13/2020
Case Report

Frequent, Genetic Polyps-Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Anubha Bajaj*

Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant syndrome of variable penetration and constitutes the second frequent inherited syndrome enunciating the emergence of a colorectal carcinoma.

05/15/2020
Opinion

Fever is not a symptom in COVID-19: None of the diseases require fever as its symptom

KM Yacob*

We have been hearing for centuries that ‘fever is not a disease but a symptom’. Physicians say that fever is a symptom of diseases like flu to cancer.

 

05/28/2020
Case Report

Twin-stage technique for occlusal rehabilitation of a mutilated dentition – A case report

Gita Rani and Amarjeet Gambhir*

Summary

Functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of an extremely worn dentition is one of the most challenging aspects of Prosthodontics. A thorough examination and diagnosis & selection of appropriate occlusal scheme are key factors to achieve optimal clinical outcome. Among the v...

05/28/2020
Research Article

Characterization of plastic degrading bacteria isolated from landfill sites

Afreen Bakht, Nouman Rasool* and Saima Iftikhar

Abstract

The plastic pollution is threatening the environment because it has very slow degradation rate and high usage in regular activities. The present study aims at the isolation of novel microorganisms that would assist faster degradation process of polyethylene. The waste samples...

05/11/2020
Mini Review

Role of T-Helper cells (CD4+ T Cells) in human immune system against some microbial infection: A mini review

Ali M*, Lurwan M, Halliru SN and Salihi AM

Abstract

The human immune system consists of innate and adaptive immune responses which both provide protective immunity to microbial infection. The adaptive immune system consists of T and B cell which act as second line defense through production of neutralizing antibody by B cells ...

05/11/2020
Research Article

Physicochemical and microbiological quality of tanker waters in Bengaluru urban for safe water supply

Justin Joseph and Sibi G*

Abstract

This study investigated the water quality of tanker waters that was collected from Bengaluru urban areas to assess its suitability for domestic purpose. A total of 50 samples were collected in dry (March 2019) season. All samples were analyzed for various hydrochemical parame...

05/06/2020
Research Article

Trial of labor after cesarean outcomes with excessive gestational weight gain

Sophia Halassy* and Angela Marras

Summary

The success of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) has been correlated with a variety of maternal characteristics such as age, ethnicity, and body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared). The patient’s BMI just prio...

05/25/2020
Research Article

The evaluation of bandage soft contact lenses as a primary treatment for traumatic corneal abrasions

Hashim Thiab Hassan*

Abstract

Background: Corneal abrasions are a common result of eye trauma. Corneal injuries are very common in both the adult and pediatric population and account for a significant proportion of the workload of most emergency departments. Although abrasion heals well w...

05/22/2020
Research Article

Can we predict Alzheimer’s Disease through the eye lens?

Sandeep CS*, Vijayakumar N and Sukesh Kumar A

Abstract

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a common dementia problem of the old population. The two main hallmarks of AD are tau protein and amyloid-beta protein. The relevant investigations on AD suggest that these proteins are also seen in the eye. There are many tests and imaging m...

05/20/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of the efficacy of transcorneal electric stimulation therapy in retinitis pigmentosa patients with electrophysiological and structural tests

Mualla Sahin Hamurcu*, Sema Akkan Aydogmuş and M. Sinan SARICAOĞLU

Abstract

A Statement of Significance: This study shows that the effect of transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) therapy as a stimulator device in retinitis pigmentosa (RP)patients with have a significant increase in visual acuity and shortening of p100 latency in ...

05/20/2020
Research Article

Changes in intraocular pressure after ND-yag laser posterior capsulotomy

Hashim Thiab Hassan*

Abstract

Background: The posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is also known as after cataract is a common complication after planned extra capsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate t...

05/25/2020
Review Article

Identifying patterns in COVID-19: Morbidity, recovery and the aftermath

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The infectivity and pathogenesis: SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of Covid-19, involves Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors on type II alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells in lungs. Apart from, the upper and lower respiratory tracts, the disease affects the...

05/25/2020
Research Article

Risk taking sexual behaviors among young adults – findings from a cross sectional population based survey in Barbados

Alok Kumar*, Nicole Drakes, Shawna Crichlow, Keagan Mohammed and Jacqueline Wiltshire

Abstract

Background: The National Strategic Plan for HIV Prevention and Control 2014-2018 recognized the need for the utilization of research findings to guide the development of HIV policies, programs and interventions for the general population and key population gr...

05/21/2020
Review Article

COVID-19: Targeting the cytokine storm via cholinergic anti-inflammatory (Pyridostigmine)

Ahmed H Osman*

Abstract

Background: The development of COVID-19 having been set apart as the third presentation of an exceptionally pathogenic coronavirus into the human populace after the extreme intense SARS-COV and MERS-COV in the twenty-first century. The infection itself doesn&...

05/22/2020
Letter to the Editor

South Asia is more vulnerable to COVID-19 pandemic

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which originated in China spread progressively all over the world [1]. On 11th March 2020 WHO declared COVID-19 outbreaks as a pandemic [2].

05/11/2020
Research Article

Role of community health fairs in providing health services, improving health of rural residents

Justine Jobman, Trina Aguirre*, Ann Koehler, Leeza Struwe and Wendy Wells

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg m-2) is epidemic globally and is associated with increased risk for a wide range of physical and mental health comorbidities. This is a particular concern for rural residents who have a greater rate of obesity than urban ...

05/19/2020
Case Report

Case reports of observed significant improvement in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19 and maximum ventilatory support after inhalation of sodium bicarbonate

Wardeh A*, Conklin J and Ko M

The emergence of COVID-19 worldwide in an unprecedented pandemic. COVID-19 has a significant mortality, mostly from acute lung injury. We reviewed the available literature from China and Europe in regard to the behavior of SARS-Cov2 and ability to adhere to the cell wall [1,2]. The evidence based...

05/18/2020
Review Article

Contemporary American stupidity

James F Welles*

The American character is filled with contradictions and paradoxes [1], so it is understandable that, being susceptible to the imperfections, weakness and evils afflicting all peoples [2], it features its share and many types of injustices and stupidity.

05/15/2020
Opinion

Determination of calcium in the tooth structure by using flame emission spectrophotometer

Şükrü Kalaycı*

018Calcium is the most common element in the tooth’s structure. In addition, calcium is one of the elements that are effective in maintaining dental health. As a result of calcium deficiency, the tooth becomes brittle and begins to rot. Calcium deficiency usually occurs in acidic beverage c...

05/07/2020
Research Article

Gene polymorphisms CVPDr on some plants citrus in Bali Island

I Gusti Ayu Diah Yuniti, I Ketut Widnyana*, I Gede Putu Wirawan, I Nyoman Wijaya and Made Sritamin

Abstract

Citrus Vein Phloem Degeneration (CVPD) is the main disease of citrus plants in Indonesia. This disease is caused by Gram negative bacteria, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. Almost all citrus plants are susceptible to this disease and only a few citrus plants such as seedles...

05/05/2020
Mini Review

Incidence and disease control of Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) was first identified in northern Italy. It likes other species of the family Potyuiridue. ZYMV has been recorded in many countries since 1981. The efficient intercontinental spread of the virus can be explained by international trading ...

05/04/2020
Case Report

Acute and post burn reconstructive surgery of the female trunk with artificial dermis to facilitate healthy pregnancy

Dantzer E*, Campech G and Mazanovich M

The sequelae of deep and extensive burns to the abdomen can lead to serious complications during pregnancy. Studies and publications covering this subject are scarce and outdated. The complications described arise during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, and surgical treatments to address these com...

05/04/2020
Review Article

The benefits of biochemical bone markers

Sek Aksaranugraha*

To improve efficiency in Osteoporosis treatment
To adjust the dosage of medication for osteoporosis with BMK
To adjust bone life cycle as needed
To prevent bone necrosis which dentists have been worried.
To reduce cost of treatment

05/06/2020
Review Article

Exploring pathophysiology of COVID-19 infection: Faux espoir and dormant therapeutic options

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

COVID-19 virus structural components: The 2019-nCoV, also called SARS-CoV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The disease was named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the virus responsible for it as the COVID-19 virus, respectively, b...

04/29/2020
Short Review

Yemen is free of COVID-19

Hussein O Kadi*

Among all the countries, Yemen is free of corona virus, and no single case has been recorded till today. Yemen is characterized by its mother geographical location on the Red Sea and its population is approximately 30 million people and an area of ​​555,000 square kilometers.

04/30/2020
Research Article

Zinc oxide nanoparticles attenuate the oxidative damage and disturbance in antioxidant defense system induced by cyclophosphamide in male albino rats

Karema El M Shkal, Azab Elsayed Azab*, Ahmed M Attia, Sabah G El-Banna and Rabia AM Yahya

Abstract

Background: Cyclophosphamide is used for the treatment of malignant and non-malignant diseases, but, it induces oxidative damage and disturbance in the antioxidant defense system. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in biomedical applications and cons...

04/30/2020
Research Article

3D software reconstruction for planning robotic assisted radical nephrectomy with level III caval thrombus

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Ricardo JF de Bragança, Rafael Tourinho-Barbosa Aurus M Dourado and Hamilton C Zampolli

Inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement by intraluminal extension of tumor is infrequent, occuring in 4% to 10% of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [1-5]. Based on the cephalic extension of the thrombus, Mayo [6] described a classification of inferior vena cava thrombi in 4 categories, which...

04/30/2020
Research Article

“Maximum Preservation Radical Prostatectomy”: Oncological, functional and other contemporary aspects of Retzius Sparing Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Edgar O Sarmento, Igor Nunes-Silva and Hamilton C Zampolli

The surgical treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) had as its initial milestone the first prostatectomy, performed by H.H. Young at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, in 1904 [1], however, the procedure only reached a fundamental role after 1982, based on a better understanding and description of the male ...

04/29/2020
Research Article

Electrocoagulation with greased lidocaine gel 2% as hemostatic maneuver after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy: Experimental and preliminary clinical results

Vinicius JA Panico, Lucila H Simardi, Eliney F Faria, Rene Sotelo, Ruben Suarez, Diego Abreu, Andre Meirelles, Edison Schneider, Hamilton C Zampolli and Marcos Tobias-Machado*

Abstract

Methods: Experimental phase: Performed a partial nephrectomy off clamp in pig model followed by cauterization of lidocaine gel 2% with different power (control, 30W, 50W and 100W) in the kidney resection bed to evaluate efficacy and deep injury extension.

...

04/23/2020
Research Article

Minimally invasive gracilis muscle transposition: Initial report

Tobias Machado* and Anis Taha

Rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a divesting complication after prostate cancer treatment. The RUF incidence after radical prostatectomy is about 0.5% to 2%, [1,2]. Radiotherapy, criotherapy and high intensity focused ultrasound are other more severe causes [3,4].

05/11/2020
Review Article

Neutrophils, NETs, NETosis and their paradoxical roles in COVID-19

Al-Anazi KA*, Al-Anazi WK and Al-Jasser AM

Abstract

The pandemic of COVID-19 has adversely affected the world in many aspects. The health and economic sectors suffer most of the repercussions of this disease. The search for a cure for this rapidly spreading virus which is causing massive life losses worldwide requires clear un...

05/13/2020
Review Article

Impact of Community Oriented Ear Care (COEC) on national programme for control of deafness in India: A critical look

Sanjeev Davey*, Anuradha Davey and Rajesh Jain

Abstract

The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPCD) was launched in 2006 by Government of India, but despite its phase wise implementation, the community oriented ear care has not been properly realized in view of existing IPHS Standards 2012 at PHC Level. So...

05/06/2020
Review Article

8 Gy single dose radiotherapy for bone metastasis in COVID-19 pandemia period: Review

Bora Uysal*, Hakan Gamsız, Ferrat Dincoglan, Omer Sager, Selcuk Demiral and Murat Beyzadeoglu

Abstract

Bone metastases in cancer patients are highly painful and decrease the quality of life for these group of population. Covid-19 pandemia is a global challenging issue that mostly affect the patients with immune suppression or having comorbid diseases older than 65 years old. T...

04/28/2020
Review Article

Obesity Surgery in Spain

Aniceto Baltasar*

Overview

Obesity or bariatric surgery, from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1972. Its greatest development occurs after the foundation of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is to reflect the chan...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Neuroticism and BMI: The role of genetic tendency, behavior and environment on body weight

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Introduction: Recent research has explored the role that personality traits play in health and weight determination. This study extends current research by evaluating the extent to which behavior mediates the impact of neuroticism and body weight using polyge...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Molecular analysis of immunoglobulins related to salmonella typhi in pediatric patients

Farah Qudsia, Muhammad Rehan and Samreen Riaz*

Abstract

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. It is of major concern in tropical regions of the world. Highest episodes of typhoid fever occur in Asia i.e.93%. Early diagnosis of the disease is mandatory to lower the mortality rate associ...

04/28/2020
Editorial

Behaviour management during dental treatment!!!

Rohit Kulshrestha*

Behavioral dentistry is an interdisciplinary science, which needs to be learned, practiced and reinforced in the context of clinical care and within the community oral health care system. The objective of this science is to develop in a dental practitioner an understanding of the interpersonal, i...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Reasons why new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 infections are likely to spread

Takuma Hayashi*, Takashi Ura, Kaoru Abiko, Masaki Mandan, Nobuo Yaegashi and Ikuo Konishi

The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) originally emerged in China during December 2019 and had become a global pandemic by March 2020. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Two other coronaviruses have c...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Comparison of resting-state functional and effective connectivity between default mode network and memory encoding related areas

Supat Saetia, Fernando Rosas, Yousuke Ogata, Natsue Yoshimura and Yasuharu Koike

Abstract

Currently brain connectivity modelling, constructed from data acquired by non-invasive technique such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), is a well-received approach to illustrate brain function. However, not all connectivity models contains equal amount of infor...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Is beta 2 urinary microglobulin a biomarker of topographical discrimination between high and low urinary tract infection?

Richard Loumingou*

Urinary tract infections are common affection in the general population.
Diagnosis is often easy in the presence of evocative clinical signs.

05/02/2020
Review Article

Our experience with single patch repair of complete atrioventricular septal defects

Can Vuran*, Uygar Yoruker, Oguz Omay, Bulent Saritas, Canan Ayabakan, Ozlem Sarisoy and Riza Turkoz

Abstract

Background: Various surgical methods have been utilized in the management of complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD). Early intervention and achievement of a competent left atrioventricular valve are the key factors for successful treatment.

<...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Conservative treatment versus invasive approach in elderly patients with myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation

Alexandra Cozma, Adriana Ardelean, Katalin Babes and Mircea Ioachim Popescu

Myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation is one of the most common causes of hospitalization of the elderly patient [1]. Coronarography followed by revascularization, is performed in the vast majority of cases of myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation, in the regions with a ...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Influence of implantation access on complication rates in pacemaker implantation: An analysis of quality insurance data

Kristina Droth, Ali El-Armouche, Dietrich Andresen and Kurt Bestehorn*

Abstract

Purpose: According to older reports for implantation of pacemakers the access via vena cephalica (VC) is associated with less complications than the access via vena subclavia (VS), but the VS is still preferred. Valid data on head-to head comparisons between ...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Effects of highest dose of sacubitril/valsartan association compared to lower doses on mortality and ventricular arrhythmias

Florent Allain, Damien Legallois, Katrien Blanchart, Laure Champ-Rigot, Arnaud Pellissier, Pierre Ollitrault, Mathieu Chequel1, Rémi Sabatier, Alain Lebon, Sophie Gomes, Olivier Citerne, Farzin Beygui and Paul Milliez*

Abstract

Background: Sudden cardiac death is a major healthcare issue in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients. Recently, the new association of sacubitril/valsartan showed a reduction of both ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and mortality even at low d...

05/02/2020
Review Article

Parabens: The love - hate molecule

PD Gupta* and K Pushkala

Parabens are the esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid [1], mimicking oestrogen, the hormone which makes a woman a woman; women love it and men hate it. However, with an excess use of this compound, even women can develop cancers of oestrogen responsive organs.

05/05/2020
Research Article

‘Rotational alignment on patients’ clinical outcome of total knee arthroplasty: Distal femur axillary X-ray view to qualify rotation of the femoral component

S Magersky*

Abstract

Background: Rotation of the femoral component in total knee replacement (TKR) is very important for good long-term results. Malrotation of the femoral component usually requires subsequent reimplantation. We performed X-ray projections of the knee at 90° ...

04/21/2020
Research Article

Shoulder muscle weakness effects on muscle hardness around the shoulder joint and scapula

Kubota Atsushi*, Takayanagi Chiho and Kishimoto Kohei

Abstract

Purpose: The time course of muscle stiffness of muscles around the shoulder joint and the scapula was investigated according to the degree of muscle weakness. This study was conducted to clarify the recovery process of muscle hardness of the muscles surroundi...

05/05/2020
Review Article

Implications on mental health by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: The role of general practitioner

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gives rise to a significant number of psychological consequences and health problems. The GP must recognize the feelings generated in their patients and address them. This task includes 4 areas: 1. Knowing and managing the epidemic...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Immune system and quality of life following aerobic exercise versus resistance exercise training among Alzheimer’s

Fadwah M Al-Sharif*

Abstract

Background: Globally, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) affects millions of elderly individuals are affected with AD who suffer from decline in cognitive ability. However, immune system dysfunction has a role in AD pathogenesis. However, pharmacological therapeu...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Tooth erosion and the role of pepsin reflux

Jeanine Fisher, Graham Porter, Stuart Graham, Christos Ziaras, Andrew D Woodcock and Peter W Dettmar*

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate if there is a link between salivary pepsin levels and tooth erosion. Also, to determine if gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is responsible for much of the tooth erosion seen by dentists.

04/20/2020
Research Article

Glycosaminoglycans as Novel Targets for in vivo Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Atherosclerosis

Yavuz O Uca* and Matthias Taupitz

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is an important promoter of cardiovascular disease potentiating myocardial infarction or stroke. Current demand in biomedical imaging necessitates noninvasive characterization of arterial changes responsible for transition of stable plaque into rupture-prone v...

04/20/2020
Case Report

Laparoscopic-Assisted Transumbilical Extracorporeal Resection of Meckel’s Diverticulum in 10 years old boy with symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding

Karavdić K*, Firdus A, Mešić A, Rahmanović S, Milardović R and Đuran A

Abstract

The Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most common anomaly of ductus omphaloentericus that surgeon encounters in clinical practice. The accurate incidence is unknown because most patients with the Meckel’s diverticulum are asymptomatic. Most studies report an incid...

05/16/2020
Short Communication

Detection limit of a lutetium based non-paralizable PET-like detector

Emmanuel Busato* and Édouard Roux

Abstract

The effect of the intrinsic lutetium radioactivity on the detection performances of a LYSO based in-beam PET-like prototype used for quality control of hadrontherapy treatments is studied. This radioactivity leads to a background that degrades the measurement of the β+ s...

04/27/2020
Short Communication

Problems shared in psychiatry helpline of a teaching hospital in eastern Nepal during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown

Dhana Ratna Shakya*

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic soon apparently proved to be havoc and a great stressor. During such a stressful time, mental health is in threat. Here, we intend to review the presenting problems/ symptoms as shared in psychiatry helpline of a Teaching Hospital in eastern Nepal during the...

04/15/2020
Case Report

Primary anal malignant melanoma: A case report

Harsumeet S Sidhu* and Sonia Sandeep

Anal melanoma is a rare and highly aggressive mucosal melanocytic malignancy. It is the third most common after melanomas of the skin and retina. The peak incidence in seen in the sixth and seventh decades. The clinical symptoms are pain, anal mass, bleeding per rectum, tenesmus or change in the ...

04/17/2020
Research Article

A comparative study of solid waste management in the United States, Europe and Asia

MA Karim* and John Taylor Wetterhan

Abstract

Managing municipal solid waste correctly is critical to the success of a society. Many regions and countries in the world are behind others in the context of solid waste management. In order to compare three such regions within this context, a meta-analysis was conducted in o...

04/15/2020
Short Review

Alps and climate

Khalidullin Oleg*

Pines have been discovered to die in the Alps. In any place of skiing, you can find dried pine trees from 2x to 20 meters high. In each zone of visibility of the forest mass of such pines, there are from 1 to 90%. I wonder if science deals with this issue?

04/30/2020
Review Article

Evolutive immunologic and toxicologic approach in some neuroinflammatory and degenerative disease like SM, DA, PD: Imaging and Brain Wasting System clearance efficacy

Mauro Luisetto*, Akram Muhamad, G Ibrahim, Behzad Nili Ahmadabadi, Farhan Ahmad Khan, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa and Oleg yurevich latyshev

Abstract

In order to better understand some neurologic degenerative process is fundamental to use also an evolutionary approach of vertebrates and especially in mammalians. Aim of this work is to verify if an objective measure of brain wasting system can help in this kind of disease. ...

04/14/2020
Opinion

How can we develop immunity against COVID-19 and defeat it

Pramod Stephen*

Summary

We know that Corona Virus develops in animals, birds and humans’ body. Now it is a pandemic and many people are dying with each passing day and a number of patients are increasing every hours. If we do not control it then it is dangerous for humanity. As we know that inc...

04/29/2020
Case Report

Diagnostic imaging in congenital adrenal hyperplasia – how does it help?

Gul Bano*, Claudette Phillips, Sarah Tang, Anup Sharma and Nigel Beharry

Summary

The phenotypic manifestation of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is variable, and this largely depends on the extent of 21-Hydroxylase enzyme deficiency. In non- classic CAH (NCCAH), the clinical features predominantly reflect the androgen excess rather than adrenal insuff...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Rural adolescent health: Issues, behaviors and self-reported awareness

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the health status of rural adolescents and young adults in the United States through a comprehensive review of detailed health information, behavior and health awareness. The disparity in health awareness betwe...

04/27/2020
Opinion

COVID-19 situation in Nepal

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which first appeared in China spread gradually all over the world within three months [1]. China was the only country mainly affected by Covid-19 until February 2020, but from the beginning of March, the disease started to spread rapidly to South Korea. It reac...

04/27/2020
Research Article

Staff experiences of the REFOCUS intervention to support recovery in mental health: A qualitative study nested within a cluster randomized controlled trial

E Clarke, M Leamy*, V Bird, M Janosik, H Jordan, C Le Boutillier, R Macpherson, G Riley, K Sanger, J Williams and M Slade

Abstract

Background: The REFOCUS intervention was a whole team, complex intervention, designed to increase the recovery support offered by community based, mental health staff. The intervention consisted of two components: Recovery promoting relationships, which focus...

04/14/2020
Research Article

In vitro antimicrobial activity of a black currant oil based shampoo versus a chlorhexidine 4% shampoo on bacteria strains isolated from canine pyoderma: A comparative study

Antonio Corona*, Paola Persico, Antonella Vercelli, Alessandro Gramenzi and Luisa Cornegliani

Summary

Over the last few years, antimicrobial shampoo therapy has been increasingly used to treat skin infections in order to reduce systemic use of antibiotics. This study was aimed to compare the in vitro bactericidal effect of a black currant oil based shampoo (S1) to a chlorhexid...

04/20/2020
Short Review

The Psychology of the Common Cold and Influenza: Implications for COVID-19

Andrew P Smith*

Abstract

Research on psychological risk factors for upper respiratory tract illnesses (URTIs) has been conducted for over fifty years. Early studies failed to control for exposure and also often relied on self-report rather than clinical and virological assessment. A universal policy ...

04/16/2020
Research Article

Atypical manifestations of pulmonary embolism

Oscar MP Jolobe*

Abstract

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an age-related disorder which is potentially fatal, but frequently misdiagnosed. However, the true prevalence of pulmonary embolism is unknown. Inaccurate estimates of PE prevalence might, in part, be attributable to underrecognition of atypical pre...

04/17/2020
Case Report

First cure case of 2019 novel coronavirus in Ningxia, China

Yifan Wang, Pan Zhou, Xingcang Tian, Shuping Meng, Xiao Sun, Ting Li and Li Zhu*

On January 19, 2020, a 28-year-old male presented to the hospital with a 2-day history of fever, occasional cough and headache. He disclosed that he worked in Wuhan [1], China (the center of novel coronavirus outbreak) and flew to Yinchuan on the day of admission.

04/13/2020
Research Article

Persistent hydronephrosis after pyeloplasty: Is it a true obstruction? The role of endourology

Ermelinda Mele, Michele Innocenzi, Laura Del Prete and Nicola Capozza*

Abstract

Introduction: Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty remains the gold standard in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The diagnostic criteria for defining the failure of pyeloplasty are not well-defined or even arbitrary. Likewise, the ideal treatment of...

04/13/2020
Letter to the Editor

Meanings of microalbuminuria in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children

Richard Loumingou*

Abstract

We investigated the existence of microalbuminuria in children with corticosteroid-sensitive idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in complete remission. In the study of a series of 18 cases, we noted a clearly different evolution depending on the existence or absence of pathological ...

02/26/2020
Case Report

A remote cause of anuria in a child

Mehtap Çelakıl*, Zelal Ekinci and Kürşat Demir Yıldız

Abstract

Acute renal injury is a rare complication of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with mesPGN. Here we present a 2-year-old male patient with 4 days history of anuria, generalized edema and hypervolemia. Any evidence other than proteinuria and renal failure could not be identified w...

04/13/2020
Review Article

Foam Sclerotherapy versus surgery in treatment of chronic venous disease

Fatih Islamoglu*

Abstract

Although the classical surgical treatment methods of chronic venous insufficiency are successful to relieve perfectly the cause (reflux) and result (varicose veins), the new ablation techniques such as endogenous laser ablation therapy (EVLT), radiofrequency (RF) and foam abl...

04/07/2020
Opinion

PR and QT intervals short on the same electrocardiogram

Francisco R Breijo-Márquez*

In 2007, Professor Breijo-Márquez described an electrocardiographic pattern, consisting of the presence of a short PR interval (or PQ) together with a short QT interval in the same individual. It was published with the headline “Decrease in cardiac electrical systole” in Intern...

04/07/2020
Short Communication

Vitamin D produce antibodies in pandemic response to gripal viruses? A critical analysis

Eliza Miranda Ramos*, Francisco José Mendes dos Reis, Hugo Vieira Ramos, Igor Domingos de Souza, Liliane de Mello Santos Bochenek, Alessandro Carvalho da Fonseca and Valter Aragão do Nascimento

Abstract

In the evolutionary journey of humanity, it is possible to verify an analysis of pandemics with high occurrences. This study aims to conduct a critical analysis of the role of Vitamin D as an endogenous vaccine in the main viruses present in humanity over the decades. To cons...

04/07/2020
Case Report

Hyperparathyroidism in celiac disease: A case study from UAE

Makki H Fayadh*, Salim Awadh, Loai El Kiwisney, Abdul Hadi Quadri, Prasad K Shetty and Mervat Naguib

Abstract

Celiac disease affects 1% of the world population; however it is under diagnosed in UAE. The disease has many clinical manifestations, ranging from severe malabsorption to minimally symptomatic or non-symptomatic presentation. Hypocalcaemia is a common finding in celiac disea...

04/06/2020
Research Article

Laparoscopic anterior transgastric cystogastrostomy for the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts

Fahri Yetisir* and Kerim Güzel

Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) are mostly delayed complications of acute or chronic pancreatitis and trauma. Pancreatic pseudocysts are usually managed by supportive medical treatment without surgical procedure. All the surgical interventions (per...

04/02/2020
Review Article

Role of pollen morphology in taxonomy and detection of adulterations in crud drugs

Kshirsagar Sanjay Ragho*

Abstract

Present paper communicates 42 species of angiosperms depicting characteristics of pollen grains as shape, color, exine ornamentations, and type of apertures. Pollen morphological characters are very important in plant identifications in field. Pollen surface features plays si...

04/13/2020
Research Article

The alterations effects in phosphorus of erythropoietin and U-74389G

C Τsompos, C Panoulis, A Triantafyllou, CG Zografos, K Tsarea, M Karamperi and A Papalois

Abstract

Aim: This study calculated the effects on serum phosphorus (P) levels, after treatment with either of 2 drugs: the erythropoietin (Epo) and the antioxidant lazaroid (L) drug U-74389G. The calculation was based on the results of 2 preliminary studies, each one...

04/03/2020
Review Article

Novel European Asiatic Clinical, Laboratory, Molecular and Pathobiological (2015-2020 CLMP) criteria for JAK2V617F trilinear polycythemia vera (PV), JAK2exon12 PV and JAK2V617F, CALR and MPL515 thrombocythemias: From Dameshek to Constantinescu-Vainchenker, Kralovics and Michiels

Jan Jacques Michiels*, King H Lam, Fibo Ten Kate, Dong-Wook Kim, Myungshin Kim, Vasily Shuvaev, Francisca Valster, Vincent Potters, Wilfried Schroyens, Mihaela Andreescu, Adrian Trifa, Achille Pich and Hendrik De Raeve

Abstract

The Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) of trilinear polycythemia vera (PV) and megakaryocytic leukemia (ML = primary megakaryocytic granulocytic myeloproliferation: PMGM) and Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) in the studies of Dameshek and Michiels are caused by the MPN driver m...

04/09/2020
Review Article

The Trans-zoonotic Virome interface: Measures to balance, control and treat epidemics

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The global virome: The viruses have a global distribution, phylogenetic diversity and host specificity. They are obligate intracellular parasites with single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA genomes, and afflict bacteria, plants, animals and human population. T...

04/02/2020
Research Article

Pharmaco-economic study and cost of care for chronic diseases: Case of Haemophilia in Morocco

Khairoun C*, Khorassani M, Kili A, Hssissen L, Kababri M and Khattab M

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to enrich the literature about the role that can play some economic approaches, such as cost-effectiveness analysis, in order to help medical stuffs to decide about the treatment to adopt in case of a chronic disease such as Haemophilia. Data from mor...

04/03/2020
Mini Review

Bifid Mandibular Canals: A case report and mini review

Sourav Sarkar* and Saini Mondal

The presence of bifid mandibu¬lar canals is an unusual but not rare occurrence. The mandibular canal containing the inferior alveolar artery, vein, and nerve, originates from the mandibular foramen and terminates at mental foramen [1-4]. In radiology, mandibular canal’s appearance has b...

03/26/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of Uranium in Organs of Residents from an Uranium-Rich Region using Teeth as Bioindicators

João DT Arruda-Neto*, Fermin Garcia and Henriette Righi

Abstract

The Uranium extraction and processing plant of INB (Brazilian Nuclear Industries) is in Caetité, a city located in a region hosting the largest Uranium reserve of the country. The degree of Uranium contamination in the Caetité population was investigated before ...

04/09/2020
Case Report

The role of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in better delineating the extent of Diffuse Axonal Injury in a pediatric patient: A case report and brief review of the literature

Aikaterini Solomou*, Pantelis Kraniotis and Vasileios Patriarcheas

Abstract

Introduction: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a major cause of disability in the pediatric patient. Herein we describe the MRI/DWI findings in a case with DAI. We also discuss the current role of CT and MRI with DWI in the evaluation of DAI.

...

03/31/2020
Case Report

CT perfusion-guided endovascular treatment of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm in a patient with perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Andrea Saletti*, Andrea Bernardoni, Luca Borgatti, Giuseppe Carità, Marco Farneti, Onofrio Marcello and Enrico Fainardi

Symptomatic vasospasm represents an uncommon complication of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) which is a benign form of SAH without any recognizable source of bleeding accounting for about 15% of non-traumatic SAH [1,2].

04/03/2020
Research Article

Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein isolation, should we change the energy and technique?

Jorge Toquero Ramos, Alejandro Durante-López, Jesús González Mirelis, Víctor Castro Urda, Eusebio García Izquierdo, Diego Jiménez Sánchez and Ignacio Fernández-Lozano

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the accepted standard nowadays for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The most widespread ablation techniques are cryoballoon (CB) and point-by-point radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Comparative studies between both ...

03/30/2020
Review Article

Primary prevention of SCD with ICD in the elderly

Fabio Maria Gemelli*, Lucia Mancinelli, Olga Protic, Lorenzo Pimpini and Roberto Antonicelli

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are electronic devices that can prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by arrhythmic events in patients.

04/03/2020
Opinion

To be and not to be: With wisdom and grace or stupidity and disgrace after the SARS-CoV2 outbreak

Yue Zhang*

The day before yesterday, it was shameful for some politicians, especially President Trump, to label SARS-CoV2 virus as discriminatory “Chinese Virus”. Politicians should be more professional and graceful, and distance themselves from the independence of the academy if something remai...

04/09/2020
Review Article

Amenorrhea-An abnormal cessation of normal menstrual cycle

Nida Tabassum Khan* and Namra Jameel

Abstract

Amenorrhea is the absence or abnormal cessation of menstrual cycles in a woman of reproductive age. Prolonged cessation of menstrual cycles might results in complications such as infertility, psychosocial developmental delays, Osteoporosis, fractures etc. Better understanding...

04/09/2020
Research Article

Timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Gunchire Town, Southern Ethiopia 2019

Ephrem Yohannes* and Tsegaye Tesfaye

Abstract

Background: Timely starting of breastfeeding is defined as the starting of breastfeeding within one hour after childbirth. Globally mothers who practiced breastfeeding within one hour were less than half in percent. In least developed countries like Eastern a...

04/08/2020
Review Article

Psychological phenomena in the doctor- Elderly patient relationship

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

The doctor-patient communication and the aging of the patients attended by the general practitioner are two important concepts that constantly impact medical consultations. This article raises some reflections and conceptualizations about the main psychological phenomena that h...

03/31/2020
Research Article

Gender and side effects of group cognitive behavior psychotherapy

Michael Linden*, Beate Muschalla and Mara Walter

Abstract

Males and females are different in their interactional behavior, their way of suffering, and their way of expressing themselves. It is therefore supposed that they react differently in group settings. This includes the degree to which they experience burdens and side effects ...