HSPC Articles

Articles Library

05/25/2020
Review Article

Identifying patterns in COVID-19: Morbidity, recovery and the aftermath

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The infectivity and pathogenesis: SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of Covid-19, involves Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors on type II alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells in lungs. Apart from, the upper and lower respiratory tracts, the disease affects the...

05/25/2020
Research Article

Risk taking sexual behaviors among young adults – findings from a cross sectional population based survey in Barbados

Alok Kumar*, Nicole Drakes, Shawna Crichlow, Keagan Mohammed and Jacqueline Wiltshire

Abstract

Background: The National Strategic Plan for HIV Prevention and Control 2014-2018 recognized the need for the utilization of research findings to guide the development of HIV policies, programs and interventions for the general population and key population gr...

05/21/2020
Review Article

COVID-19: Targeting the cytokine storm via cholinergic anti-inflammatory (Pyridostigmine)

Ahmed H Osman*

Abstract

Background: The development of COVID-19 having been set apart as the third presentation of an exceptionally pathogenic coronavirus into the human populace after the extreme intense SARS-COV and MERS-COV in the twenty-first century. The infection itself doesn&...

05/22/2020
Letter to the Editor

South Asia is more vulnerable to COVID-19 pandemic

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which originated in China spread progressively all over the world [1]. On 11th March 2020 WHO declared COVID-19 outbreaks as a pandemic [2].

05/11/2020
Research Article

Role of community health fairs in providing health services, improving health of rural residents

Justine Jobman, Trina Aguirre*, Ann Koehler, Leeza Struwe and Wendy Wells

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg m-2) is epidemic globally and is associated with increased risk for a wide range of physical and mental health comorbidities. This is a particular concern for rural residents who have a greater rate of obesity than urban ...

05/19/2020
Case Report

Case reports of observed significant improvement in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19 and maximum ventilatory support after inhalation of sodium bicarbonate

Wardeh A*, Conklin J and Ko M

The emergence of COVID-19 worldwide in an unprecedented pandemic. COVID-19 has a significant mortality, mostly from acute lung injury. We reviewed the available literature from China and Europe in regard to the behavior of SARS-Cov2 and ability to adhere to the cell wall [1,2]. The evidence based...

05/12/2020
Research Article

DSM algorithm to determine the decentralized bases of the SAMU natal through the use of simulation

Eric Lucas dos Santos Cabral, Wilkson Ricardo Silva Castro, Davidson Rogério de Medeiros Florentino, João Florêncio da Costa Jr., Talita Dias Chagas Frazão, Claudia Aparecida Cavalheiro Francisco, Ricardo Pires de Souza, Amália Cinthia Meneses Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho* and Marco Antônio Leandro Cabral

Abstract

The growth of the urban population exerts considerable pressure on municipalities’ public managers to focus their attention on providing emergency medical care that meets the growing demand for emergency pre-hospital medical care. It is estimated that, by 2050, urban ar...

05/18/2020
Review Article

Contemporary American stupidity

James F Welles*

The American character is filled with contradictions and paradoxes [1], so it is understandable that, being susceptible to the imperfections, weakness and evils afflicting all peoples [2], it features its share and many types of injustices and stupidity.

05/15/2020
Opinion

Determination of calcium in the tooth structure by using flame emission spectrophotometer

Şükrü Kalaycı*

018Calcium is the most common element in the tooth’s structure. In addition, calcium is one of the elements that are effective in maintaining dental health. As a result of calcium deficiency, the tooth becomes brittle and begins to rot. Calcium deficiency usually occurs in acidic beverage c...

05/07/2020
Research Article

Gene polymorphisms CVPDr on some plants citrus in Bali Island

I Gusti Ayu Diah Yuniti and I Ketut Widnyana*

Abstract

Citrus Vein Phloem Degeneration (CVPD) is the main disease of citrus plants in Indonesia. This disease is caused by Gram negative bacteria, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. Almost all citrus plants are susceptible to this disease and only a few citrus plants such as seedless ...

05/05/2020
Mini Review

Incidence and disease control of Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) was first identified in northern Italy. It likes other species of the family Potyuiridue. ZYMV has been recorded in many countries since 1981. The efficient intercontinental spread of the virus can be explained by international trading ...

05/04/2020
Case Report

Acute and post burn reconstructive surgery of the female trunk with artificial dermis to facilitate healthy pregnancy

Dantzer E*, Campech G and Mazanovich M

The sequelae of deep and extensive burns to the abdomen can lead to serious complications during pregnancy. Studies and publications covering this subject are scarce and outdated. The complications described arise during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, and surgical treatments to address these com...

05/04/2020
Review Article

The benefits of biochemical bone markers

Sek Aksaranugraha*

To improve efficiency in Osteoporosis treatment
To adjust the dosage of medication for osteoporosis with BMK
To adjust bone life cycle as needed
To prevent bone necrosis which dentists have been worried.
To reduce cost of treatment

05/06/2020
Review Article

Exploring pathophysiology of COVID-19 infection: Faux espoir and dormant therapeutic options

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

COVID-19 virus structural components: The 2019-nCoV, also called SARS-CoV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The disease was named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the virus responsible for it as the COVID-19 virus, respectively, b...

04/29/2020
Short Review

Yemen is free of COVID-19

Hussein O Kadi*

Among all the countries, Yemen is free of corona virus, and no single case has been recorded till today. Yemen is characterized by its mother geographical location on the Red Sea and its population is approximately 30 million people and an area of ​​555,000 square kilometers.

04/30/2020
Research Article

Zinc oxide nanoparticles attenuate the oxidative damage and disturbance in antioxidant defense system induced by cyclophosphamide in male albino rats

Karema El M Shkal, Azab Elsayed Azab*, Ahmed M Attia, Sabah G El-Banna and Rabia AM Yahya

Abstract

Background: Cyclophosphamide is used for the treatment of malignant and non-malignant diseases, but, it induces oxidative damage and disturbance in the antioxidant defense system. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in biomedical applications and cons...

04/30/2020
Research Article

3D software reconstruction for planning robotic assisted radical nephrectomy with level III caval thrombus

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Ricardo JF de Bragança, Rafael Tourinho-Barbosa Aurus M Dourado and Hamilton C Zampolli

Inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement by intraluminal extension of tumor is infrequent, occuring in 4% to 10% of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [1-5]. Based on the cephalic extension of the thrombus, Mayo [6] described a classification of inferior vena cava thrombi in 4 categories, which...

04/30/2020
Research Article

“Maximum Preservation Radical Prostatectomy”: Oncological, functional and other contemporary aspects of Retzius Sparing Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Edgar O Sarmento, Igor Nunes-Silva and Hamilton C Zampolli

The surgical treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) had as its initial milestone the first prostatectomy, performed by H.H. Young at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, in 1904 [1], however, the procedure only reached a fundamental role after 1982, based on a better understanding and description of the male ...

04/29/2020
Research Article

Electrocoagulation with greased lidocaine gel 2% as hemostatic maneuver after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy: Experimental and preliminary clinical results

Vinicius JA Panico, Lucila H Simardi, Eliney F Faria, Rene Sotelo, Ruben Suarez, Diego Abreu, Andre Meirelles, Edison Schneider, Hamilton C Zampolli and Marcos Tobias-Machado*

Abstract

Methods: Experimental phase: Performed a partial nephrectomy off clamp in pig model followed by cauterization of lidocaine gel 2% with different power (control, 30W, 50W and 100W) in the kidney resection bed to evaluate efficacy and deep injury extension.

...

04/23/2020
Research Article

Minimally invasive gracilis muscle transposition: Initial report

Tobias Machado* and Anis Taha

Rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a divesting complication after prostate cancer treatment. The RUF incidence after radical prostatectomy is about 0.5% to 2%, [1,2]. Radiotherapy, criotherapy and high intensity focused ultrasound are other more severe causes [3,4].

05/11/2020
Review Article

Neutrophils, NETs, NETosis and their paradoxical roles in COVID-19

Al-Anazi KA*, Al-Anazi WK and Al-Jasser AM

Abstract

The pandemic of COVID-19 has adversely affected the world in many aspects. The health and economic sectors suffer most of the repercussions of this disease. The search for a cure for this rapidly spreading virus which is causing massive life losses worldwide requires clear un...

05/13/2020
Review Article

Impact of Community Oriented Ear Care (COEC) on national programme for control of deafness in India: A critical look

Sanjeev Davey*, Anuradha Davey and Rajesh Jain

Abstract

The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPCD) was launched in 2006 by Government of India, but despite its phase wise implementation, the community oriented ear care has not been properly realized in view of existing IPHS Standards 2012 at PHC Level. So...

05/06/2020
Review Article

8 Gy single dose radiotherapy for bone metastasis in COVID-19 pandemia period: Review

Bora Uysal*, Hakan Gamsız, Ferrat Dincoglan, Omer Sager, Selcuk Demiral and Murat Beyzadeoglu

Abstract

Bone metastases in cancer patients are highly painful and decrease the quality of life for these group of population. Covid-19 pandemia is a global challenging issue that mostly affect the patients with immune suppression or having comorbid diseases older than 65 years old. T...

04/28/2020
Review Article

Obesity Surgery in Spain

Aniceto Baltasar*

Overview

Obesity or bariatric surgery, from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1972. Its greatest development occurs after the foundation of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is to reflect the chan...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Neuroticism and BMI: The role of genetic tendency, behavior and environment on body weight

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Introduction: Recent research has explored the role that personality traits play in health and weight determination. This study extends current research by evaluating the extent to which behavior mediates the impact of neuroticism and body weight using polyge...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Molecular analysis of immunoglobulins related to salmonella typhi in pediatric patients

Farah Qudsia, Muhammad Rehan and Samreen Riaz*

Abstract

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. It is of major concern in tropical regions of the world. Highest episodes of typhoid fever occur in Asia i.e.93%. Early diagnosis of the disease is mandatory to lower the mortality rate associ...

04/28/2020
Editorial

Behaviour management during dental treatment!!!

Rohit Kulshrestha*

Behavioral dentistry is an interdisciplinary science, which needs to be learned, practiced and reinforced in the context of clinical care and within the community oral health care system. The objective of this science is to develop in a dental practitioner an understanding of the interpersonal, i...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Reasons why new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 infections are likely to spread

Takuma Hayashi*, Takashi Ura, Kaoru Abiko, Masaki Mandan, Nobuo Yaegashi and Ikuo Konishi

The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) originally emerged in China during December 2019 and had become a global pandemic by March 2020. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Two other coronaviruses have c...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Comparison of resting-state functional and effective connectivity between default mode network and memory encoding related areas

Supat Saetia, Fernando Rosas, Yousuke Ogata, Natsue Yoshimura and Yasuharu Koike

Abstract

Currently brain connectivity modelling, constructed from data acquired by non-invasive technique such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), is a well-received approach to illustrate brain function. However, not all connectivity models contains equal amount of infor...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Is beta 2 urinary microglobulin a biomarker of topographical discrimination between high and low urinary tract infection?

Richard Loumingou*

Urinary tract infections are common affection in the general population.
Diagnosis is often easy in the presence of evocative clinical signs.

05/02/2020
Review Article

Our experience with single patch repair of complete atrioventricular septal defects

Can Vuran*, Uygar Yoruker, Oguz Omay, Bulent Saritas, Canan Ayabakan, Ozlem Sarisoy and Riza Turkoz

Abstract

Background: Various surgical methods have been utilized in the management of complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD). Early intervention and achievement of a competent left atrioventricular valve are the key factors for successful treatment.

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04/30/2020
Research Article

Conservative treatment versus invasive approach in elderly patients with myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation

Alexandra Cozma, Adriana Ardelean, Katalin Babes and Mircea Ioachim Popescu

Myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation is one of the most common causes of hospitalization of the elderly patient [1]. Coronarography followed by revascularization, is performed in the vast majority of cases of myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation, in the regions with a ...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Influence of implantation access on complication rates in pacemaker implantation: An analysis of quality insurance data

Kristina Droth, Ali El-Armouche, Dietrich Andresen and Kurt Bestehorn*

Abstract

Purpose: According to older reports for implantation of pacemakers the access via vena cephalica (VC) is associated with less complications than the access via vena subclavia (VS), but the VS is still preferred. Valid data on head-to head comparisons between ...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Effects of highest dose of sacubitril/valsartan association compared to lower doses on mortality and ventricular arrhythmias

Florent Allain, Damien Legallois, Katrien Blanchart, Laure Champ-Rigot, Arnaud Pellissier, Pierre Ollitrault, Mathieu Chequel1, Rémi Sabatier, Alain Lebon, Sophie Gomes, Olivier Citerne, Farzin Beygui and Paul Milliez*

Abstract

Background: Sudden cardiac death is a major healthcare issue in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients. Recently, the new association of sacubitril/valsartan showed a reduction of both ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and mortality even at low d...

05/02/2020
Review Article

Parabens: The love - hate molecule

PD Gupta* and K Pushkala

Parabens are the esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid [1], mimicking oestrogen, the hormone which makes a woman a woman; women love it and men hate it. However, with an excess use of this compound, even women can develop cancers of oestrogen responsive organs.

05/05/2020
Research Article

‘Rotational alignment on patients’ clinical outcome of total knee arthroplasty: Distal femur axillary X-ray view to qualify rotation of the femoral component

S Magersky*

Abstract

Background: Rotation of the femoral component in total knee replacement (TKR) is very important for good long-term results. Malrotation of the femoral component usually requires subsequent reimplantation. We performed X-ray projections of the knee at 90° ...

04/21/2020
Research Article

Shoulder muscle weakness effects on muscle hardness around the shoulder joint and scapula

Kubota Atsushi*, Takayanagi Chiho and Kishimoto Kohei

Abstract

Purpose: The time course of muscle stiffness of muscles around the shoulder joint and the scapula was investigated according to the degree of muscle weakness. This study was conducted to clarify the recovery process of muscle hardness of the muscles surroundi...

05/05/2020
Review Article

Implications on mental health by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: The role of general practitioner

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gives rise to a significant number of psychological consequences and health problems. The GP must recognize the feelings generated in their patients and address them. This task includes 4 areas: 1. Knowing and managing the epidemic...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Immune system and quality of life following aerobic exercise versus resistance exercise training among Alzheimer’s

Fadwah M Al-Sharif*

Abstract

Background: Globally, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) affects millions of elderly individuals are affected with AD who suffer from decline in cognitive ability. However, immune system dysfunction has a role in AD pathogenesis. However, pharmacological therapeu...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Tooth erosion and the role of pepsin reflux

Jeanine Fisher, Graham Porter, Stuart Graham, Christos Ziaras, Andrew D Woodcock and Peter W Dettmar*

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate if there is a link between salivary pepsin levels and tooth erosion. Also, to determine if gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is responsible for much of the tooth erosion seen by dentists.

04/20/2020
Research Article

Glycosaminoglycans as Novel Targets for in vivo Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Atherosclerosis

Yavuz O Uca* and Matthias Taupitz

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is an important promoter of cardiovascular disease potentiating myocardial infarction or stroke. Current demand in biomedical imaging necessitates noninvasive characterization of arterial changes responsible for transition of stable plaque into rupture-prone v...

04/20/2020
Case Report

Laparoscopic-Assisted Transumbilical Extracorporeal Resection of Meckel’s Diverticulum in 10 years old boy with symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding

Karavdić K*, Firdus A, Mešić A, Rahmanović S, Milardović R and Đuran A

Abstract

The Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most common anomaly of ductus omphaloentericus that surgeon encounters in clinical practice. The accurate incidence is unknown because most patients with the Meckel’s diverticulum are asymptomatic. Most studies report an incid...

05/16/2020
Short Communication

Detection limit of a lutetium based non-paralizable PET-like detector

Emmanuel Busato* and Édouard Roux

Abstract

The effect of the intrinsic lutetium radioactivity on the detection performances of a LYSO based in-beam PET-like prototype used for quality control of hadrontherapy treatments is studied. This radioactivity leads to a background that degrades the measurement of the β+ s...

04/27/2020
Short Communication

Problems shared in psychiatry helpline of a teaching hospital in eastern Nepal during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown

Dhana Ratna Shakya*

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic soon apparently proved to be havoc and a great stressor. During such a stressful time, mental health is in threat. Here, we intend to review the presenting problems/ symptoms as shared in psychiatry helpline of a Teaching Hospital in eastern Nepal during the...

04/15/2020
Case Report

Primary anal malignant melanoma: A case report

Harsumeet S Sidhu* and Sonia Sandeep

Anal melanoma is a rare and highly aggressive mucosal melanocytic malignancy. It is the third most common after melanomas of the skin and retina. The peak incidence in seen in the sixth and seventh decades. The clinical symptoms are pain, anal mass, bleeding per rectum, tenesmus or change in the ...

04/17/2020
Research Article

A comparative study of solid waste management in the United States, Europe and Asia

MA Karim* and John Taylor Wetterhan

Abstract

Managing municipal solid waste correctly is critical to the success of a society. Many regions and countries in the world are behind others in the context of solid waste management. In order to compare three such regions within this context, a meta-analysis was conducted in o...

04/15/2020
Short Review

Alps and climate

Khalidullin Oleg*

Pines have been discovered to die in the Alps. In any place of skiing, you can find dried pine trees from 2x to 20 meters high. In each zone of visibility of the forest mass of such pines, there are from 1 to 90%. I wonder if science deals with this issue?

04/30/2020
Review Article

Evolutive immunologic and toxicologic approach in some neuroinflammatory and degenerative disease like SM, DA, PD: Imaging and Brain Wasting System clearance efficacy

Mauro Luisetto*, Akram Muhamad, G Ibrahim, Behzad Nili Ahmadabadi, Farhan Ahmad Khan, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa and Oleg yurevich latyshev

Abstract

In order to better understand some neurologic degenerative process is fundamental to use also an evolutionary approach of vertebrates and especially in mammalians. Aim of this work is to verify if an objective measure of brain wasting system can help in this kind of disease. ...

04/14/2020
Opinion

How can we develop immunity against COVID-19 and defeat it

Pramod Stephen*

Summary

We know that Corona Virus develops in animals, birds and humans’ body. Now it is a pandemic and many people are dying with each passing day and a number of patients are increasing every hours. If we do not control it then it is dangerous for humanity. As we know that inc...

04/29/2020
Case Report

Diagnostic imaging in congenital adrenal hyperplasia – how does it help?

Gul Bano*, Claudette Phillips, Sarah Tang, Anup Sharma and Nigel Beharry

Summary

The phenotypic manifestation of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is variable, and this largely depends on the extent of 21-Hydroxylase enzyme deficiency. In non- classic CAH (NCCAH), the clinical features predominantly reflect the androgen excess rather than adrenal insuff...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Rural adolescent health: Issues, behaviors and self-reported awareness

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the health status of rural adolescents and young adults in the United States through a comprehensive review of detailed health information, behavior and health awareness. The disparity in health awareness betwe...

04/27/2020
Opinion

COVID-19 situation in Nepal

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which first appeared in China spread gradually all over the world within three months [1]. China was the only country mainly affected by Covid-19 until February 2020, but from the beginning of March, the disease started to spread rapidly to South Korea. It reac...

04/27/2020
Research Article

Staff experiences of the REFOCUS intervention to support recovery in mental health: A qualitative study nested within a cluster randomized controlled trial

E Clarke, M Leamy*, V Bird, M Janosik, H Jordan, C Le Boutillier, R Macpherson, G Riley, K Sanger, J Williams and M Slade

Abstract

Background: The REFOCUS intervention was a whole team, complex intervention, designed to increase the recovery support offered by community based, mental health staff. The intervention consisted of two components: Recovery promoting relationships, which focus...

04/14/2020
Research Article

In vitro antimicrobial activity of a black currant oil based shampoo versus a chlorhexidine 4% shampoo on bacteria strains isolated from canine pyoderma: A comparative study

Antonio Corona*, Paola Persico, Antonella Vercelli, Alessandro Gramenzi and Luisa Cornegliani

Summary

Over the last few years, antimicrobial shampoo therapy has been increasingly used to treat skin infections in order to reduce systemic use of antibiotics. This study was aimed to compare the in vitro bactericidal effect of a black currant oil based shampoo (S1) to a chlorhexid...

04/20/2020
Short Review

The Psychology of the Common Cold and Influenza: Implications for COVID-19

Andrew P Smith*

Abstract

Research on psychological risk factors for upper respiratory tract illnesses (URTIs) has been conducted for over fifty years. Early studies failed to control for exposure and also often relied on self-report rather than clinical and virological assessment. A universal policy ...

04/16/2020
Research Article

Atypical manifestations of pulmonary embolism

Oscar MP Jolobe*

Abstract

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an age-related disorder which is potentially fatal, but frequently misdiagnosed. However, the true prevalence of pulmonary embolism is unknown. Inaccurate estimates of PE prevalence might, in part, be attributable to underrecognition of atypical pre...

04/17/2020
Case Report

First cure case of 2019 novel coronavirus in Ningxia, China

Yifan Wang, Pan Zhou, Xingcang Tian, Shuping Meng, Xiao Sun, Ting Li and Li Zhu*

On January 19, 2020, a 28-year-old male presented to the hospital with a 2-day history of fever, occasional cough and headache. He disclosed that he worked in Wuhan [1], China (the center of novel coronavirus outbreak) and flew to Yinchuan on the day of admission.

04/13/2020
Research Article

Persistent hydronephrosis after pyeloplasty: Is it a true obstruction? The role of endourology

Ermelinda Mele, Michele Innocenzi, Laura Del Prete and Nicola Capozza*

Abstract

Introduction: Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty remains the gold standard in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The diagnostic criteria for defining the failure of pyeloplasty are not well-defined or even arbitrary. Likewise, the ideal treatment of...

04/13/2020
Letter to the Editor

Meanings of microalbuminuria in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children

Richard Loumingou*

Abstract

We investigated the existence of microalbuminuria in children with corticosteroid-sensitive idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in complete remission. In the study of a series of 18 cases, we noted a clearly different evolution depending on the existence or absence of pathological ...

02/26/2020
Case Report

A remote cause of anuria in a child

Mehtap Çelakıl*, Zelal Ekinci and Kürşat Demir Yıldız

Abstract

Acute renal injury is a rare complication of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with mesPGN. Here we present a 2-year-old male patient with 4 days history of anuria, generalized edema and hypervolemia. Any evidence other than proteinuria and renal failure could not be identified w...

04/13/2020
Review Article

Foam Sclerotherapy versus surgery in treatment of chronic venous disease

Fatih Islamoglu*

Abstract

Although the classical surgical treatment methods of chronic venous insufficiency are successful to relieve perfectly the cause (reflux) and result (varicose veins), the new ablation techniques such as endogenous laser ablation therapy (EVLT), radiofrequency (RF) and foam abl...

04/07/2020
Opinion

PR and QT intervals short on the same electrocardiogram

Francisco R Breijo-Márquez*

In 2007, Professor Breijo-Márquez described an electrocardiographic pattern, consisting of the presence of a short PR interval (or PQ) together with a short QT interval in the same individual. It was published with the headline “Decrease in cardiac electrical systole” in Intern...

04/07/2020
Short Communication

Vitamin D produce antibodies in pandemic response to gripal viruses? A critical analysis

Eliza Miranda Ramos*, Francisco José Mendes dos Reis, Hugo Vieira Ramos, Igor Domingos de Souza, Liliane de Mello Santos Bochenek, Alessandro Carvalho da Fonseca and Valter Aragão do Nascimento

Abstract

In the evolutionary journey of humanity, it is possible to verify an analysis of pandemics with high occurrences. This study aims to conduct a critical analysis of the role of Vitamin D as an endogenous vaccine in the main viruses present in humanity over the decades. To cons...

04/07/2020
Case Report

Hyperparathyroidism in celiac disease: A case study from UAE

Makki H Fayadh*, Salim Awadh, Loai El Kiwisney, Abdul Hadi Quadri, Prasad K Shetty and Mervat Naguib

Abstract

Celiac disease affects 1% of the world population; however it is under diagnosed in UAE. The disease has many clinical manifestations, ranging from severe malabsorption to minimally symptomatic or non-symptomatic presentation. Hypocalcaemia is a common finding in celiac disea...

04/06/2020
Research Article

Laparoscopic anterior transgastric cystogastrostomy for the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts

Fahri Yetisir* and Kerim Güzel

Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) are mostly delayed complications of acute or chronic pancreatitis and trauma. Pancreatic pseudocysts are usually managed by supportive medical treatment without surgical procedure. All the surgical interventions (per...

04/02/2020
Review Article

Role of pollen morphology in taxonomy and detection of adulterations in crud drugs

Kshirsagar Sanjay Ragho*

Abstract

Present paper communicates 42 species of angiosperms depicting characteristics of pollen grains as shape, color, exine ornamentations, and type of apertures. Pollen morphological characters are very important in plant identifications in field. Pollen surface features plays si...

04/13/2020
Research Article

The alterations effects in phosphorus of erythropoietin and U-74389G

C Τsompos, C Panoulis, A Triantafyllou, CG Zografos, K Tsarea, M Karamperi and A Papalois

Abstract

Aim: This study calculated the effects on serum phosphorus (P) levels, after treatment with either of 2 drugs: the erythropoietin (Epo) and the antioxidant lazaroid (L) drug U-74389G. The calculation was based on the results of 2 preliminary studies, each one...

04/03/2020
Review Article

Novel European Asiatic Clinical, Laboratory, Molecular and Pathobiological (2015-2020 CLMP) criteria for JAK2V617F trilinear polycythemia vera (PV), JAK2exon12 PV and JAK2V617F, CALR and MPL515 thrombocythemias: From Dameshek to Constantinescu-Vainchenker, Kralovics and Michiels

Jan Jacques Michiels*, King H Lam, Fibo Ten Kate, Dong-Wook Kim, Myungshin Kim, Vasily Shuvaev, Francisca Valster, Vincent Potters, Wilfried Schroyens, Mihaela Andreescu, Adrian Trifa, Achille Pich and Hendrik De Raeve

Abstract

The Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) of trilinear polycythemia vera (PV) and megakaryocytic leukemia (ML = primary megakaryocytic granulocytic myeloproliferation: PMGM) and Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) in the studies of Dameshek and Michiels are caused by the MPN driver m...

04/09/2020
Review Article

The Trans-zoonotic Virome interface: Measures to balance, control and treat epidemics

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The global virome: The viruses have a global distribution, phylogenetic diversity and host specificity. They are obligate intracellular parasites with single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA genomes, and afflict bacteria, plants, animals and human population. T...

04/02/2020
Research Article

Pharmaco-economic study and cost of care for chronic diseases: Case of Haemophilia in Morocco

Khairoun C*, Khorassani M, Kili A, Hssissen L, Kababri M and Khattab M

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to enrich the literature about the role that can play some economic approaches, such as cost-effectiveness analysis, in order to help medical stuffs to decide about the treatment to adopt in case of a chronic disease such as Haemophilia. Data from mor...

04/03/2020
Mini Review

Bifid Mandibular Canals: A case report and mini review

Sourav Sarkar* and Saini Mondal

The presence of bifid mandibu¬lar canals is an unusual but not rare occurrence. The mandibular canal containing the inferior alveolar artery, vein, and nerve, originates from the mandibular foramen and terminates at mental foramen [1-4]. In radiology, mandibular canal’s appearance has b...

03/26/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of Uranium in Organs of Residents from an Uranium-Rich Region using Teeth as Bioindicators

João DT Arruda-Neto*, Fermin Garcia and Henriette Righi

Abstract

The Uranium extraction and processing plant of INB (Brazilian Nuclear Industries) is in Caetité, a city located in a region hosting the largest Uranium reserve of the country. The degree of Uranium contamination in the Caetité population was investigated before ...

04/09/2020
Case Report

The role of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in better delineating the extent of Diffuse Axonal Injury in a pediatric patient: A case report and brief review of the literature

Aikaterini Solomou*, Pantelis Kraniotis and Vasileios Patriarcheas

Abstract

Introduction: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a major cause of disability in the pediatric patient. Herein we describe the MRI/DWI findings in a case with DAI. We also discuss the current role of CT and MRI with DWI in the evaluation of DAI.

...

03/31/2020
Case Report

CT perfusion-guided endovascular treatment of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm in a patient with perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Andrea Saletti*, Andrea Bernardoni, Luca Borgatti, Giuseppe Carità, Marco Farneti, Onofrio Marcello and Enrico Fainardi

Symptomatic vasospasm represents an uncommon complication of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) which is a benign form of SAH without any recognizable source of bleeding accounting for about 15% of non-traumatic SAH [1,2].

04/03/2020
Research Article

Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein isolation, should we change the energy and technique?

Jorge Toquero Ramos, Alejandro Durante-López, Jesús González Mirelis, Víctor Castro Urda, Eusebio García Izquierdo, Diego Jiménez Sánchez and Ignacio Fernández-Lozano

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the accepted standard nowadays for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The most widespread ablation techniques are cryoballoon (CB) and point-by-point radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Comparative studies between both ...

03/30/2020
Review Article

Primary prevention of SCD with ICD in the elderly

Fabio Maria Gemelli*, Lucia Mancinelli, Olga Protic, Lorenzo Pimpini and Roberto Antonicelli

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are electronic devices that can prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by arrhythmic events in patients.

04/03/2020
Opinion

To be and not to be: With wisdom and grace or stupidity and disgrace after the SARS-CoV2 outbreak

Yue Zhang*

The day before yesterday, it was shameful for some politicians, especially President Trump, to label SARS-CoV2 virus as discriminatory “Chinese Virus”. Politicians should be more professional and graceful, and distance themselves from the independence of the academy if something remai...

04/09/2020
Review Article

Amenorrhea-An abnormal cessation of normal menstrual cycle

Nida Tabassum Khan* and Namra Jameel

Abstract

Amenorrhea is the absence or abnormal cessation of menstrual cycles in a woman of reproductive age. Prolonged cessation of menstrual cycles might results in complications such as infertility, psychosocial developmental delays, Osteoporosis, fractures etc. Better understanding...

04/09/2020
Research Article

Timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Gunchire Town, Southern Ethiopia 2019

Ephrem Yohannes* and Tsegaye Tesfaye

Abstract

Background: Timely starting of breastfeeding is defined as the starting of breastfeeding within one hour after childbirth. Globally mothers who practiced breastfeeding within one hour were less than half in percent. In least developed countries like Eastern a...

04/08/2020
Review Article

Psychological phenomena in the doctor- Elderly patient relationship

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

The doctor-patient communication and the aging of the patients attended by the general practitioner are two important concepts that constantly impact medical consultations. This article raises some reflections and conceptualizations about the main psychological phenomena that h...

03/31/2020
Research Article

Gender and side effects of group cognitive behavior psychotherapy

Michael Linden*, Beate Muschalla and Mara Walter

Abstract

Males and females are different in their interactional behavior, their way of suffering, and their way of expressing themselves. It is therefore supposed that they react differently in group settings. This includes the degree to which they experience burdens and side effects ...

04/06/2020
Research Article

Obesity may increase the prevalence of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) while PD may reduce obesity index in patients

Li Xue Zhong*, Muslimat Kehinde Adebisi, Liuyi, Mzee Said Abdulraman Salim, Abdul Nazif Mahmud, Aaron Gia Kanton and Abdullateef Taiye Mustapha

Abstract

Objective: Currently, Parkinson’s disease (PD) is becoming more common among younger people of ages from 30 – 40 years. The incidence is higher among patients with higher body mass index (BMI), and some reports had it that Obesity is a risk factor...

03/27/2020
Case Report

Effectiveness of prenatal intensive counselling on knowledge, attitude and acceptance of post placental intrauterine contraceptive device among mothers

M Shanthini, Manjubala Dash*, A Felicia Chitra, S Jayanthi and P Sujatha

Abstract

Introduction: Contraception is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. In the first year of postpartum period around 65% of women are having unmet need of family planning. Post Placental Intrauterine Contraceptive Device is not only advantageous to the ...

03/31/2020
Editorial

Palliative care approach to oncological patient – Main points

Muhammed Emin Göktepe, Onur Öztürk* and Mustafa Ünal

Dear Editor

According to the World Health Organization definition, palliative care is an approach aimed at increasing the quality of life of patients and their relatives by addressing physical, psychosocial and spiritual needs and treating conditions early, such as pain while they are...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Development of ELISA based detection system against C. botulinum type B

Arti Sharma* and S Ponmariappan

Abstract

Botulism is the disease caused by botulinum neurotoxins. It is produced by an obligate anaerobic bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. There is no immuno-detection system available in the world for the detection of C. botulinum. Secretory proteins of cooked meat media grown ...

03/27/2020
Opinion

Hypothesis about pathogenic action of Sars-COV-2

Marasco Daniela, Del Prete Salvatore* and Sabetta Rosalaura

Abstract

The Hypothesis born on a simple clinical data noted by some Chinese Reserchers during the starting point of epidemic began in the dicember of the 2019, for the novel member of human coronavirus, officially named as SARS‐CoV‐2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus...

03/26/2020
Research Article

Neuroanatomical profile of hemineglect in patient’s body image modification

Maurizio Falso* and Eleonora Cattaneo Psy

Abstract

Background: NSU is generally caused by right cerebral hemisphere lesions with a preeminent localization on the frontoparietal lobe.

Aim: To assess the correlation between the typology and the brain lesion site and the consensual con...

03/19/2020
Research Article

Educational strategy to increase knowledge and risk perception about sexually transmitted infection in polytechnic students

Alba Cortes Alfaro* and Damarys Chacón O’farrill

Summary

Introduction: The incidence of STI-HIV/AIDS is on the rise, making adolescents a vulnerable group at risk.

Objective: To increase the knowledge and perception of risk about STI-HIV/AIDS, through Educational Intervent...

03/17/2020
Research Article

A comparative study between ultrasound guided and landmarks guided intraarticular sacroiliac injections in spondyloarthritis patients

Plamen Todorov* and Anastas Batalov

Abstract

Purpose: Sacroiliac joints (SIJ) inflammation and pain is particularly common in patients with Spondyloarthritis. Intraarticular SIJs injections represent a valuable therapeutic option in this condition. In the rheumatological outpatient clinics this procedur...

03/17/2020
Review Article

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders – What does it mean?

Rajeev Gupta*

Prenatal alcohol exposure is one of the most important causes of preventable cognitive impairment in the world. The developing neurological system is exquisitely sensitive to harm from alcohol and there is now also substantial evidence that alcohol-related harm can extend...

03/18/2020
Short Communication

Trends in Teledentistry

Rudrakshi C*

Abstract

Socioeconomic barriers appears to be the greatest threat to dental care apart from considering the geographic location of the population. Access to need of care becomes primary consideration and through teleconsultation it is possible to overcome these barriers. As oral cavit...

03/13/2020
Mini Review

Progress of chemical components and biological activities of Fructus Amomi

Yuchen Xiao, Olagoke Zacchaeus Olatunde, Jianping Yong* and Canzhong Lu*

Abstract

Fructus Amomi is “one of the top four south authentic Traditional Chinese Plant Medicines”, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical districts of China, such as Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, etc., which has ever been used in clinical for treatment of t...

03/11/2020
Research Article

Mesoscopic irreversible thermodynamics of morphological evolution kinetics of helical conformation in bioproteins ‘DNA’ under the isothermal isobaric conditions

Tarik Omer Ogurtani* and Ersin Emre Oren

Abstract

The morphological evolution kinetics and instabilities of alpha helical peptide 3.613, which involves large amount of stored torsional elastic deformation energy (3-40 eV/molecule), is formulated by the variational method based on the connection between the rates of internal ...

03/10/2020
Short Review

“Syndrome of Contractures and Deformities” according Prof. Hans Mau. Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment: Recommendations for parents

Tomasz Karski* and Jacek Karski

Abstract

In development of movement apparatus in small children, youth and – if not cured – in adults play the role two factors. First is connected with small disorders in brain – and in Pediatrics Orthopedic Departments we see very often children with the symptoms o...

03/25/2020
Review Article

Dapt Review

KARACA Özkan, KARASU Mehdi, KOBAT Mehmet A and KIVRAK Tarık

Abstract

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) combining aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor has been consistently shown to reduce recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) f...

03/25/2020
Research Article

A study on pacemaker pocket infection

Goutam Datta*

Abstract

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) combining aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor has been consistently shown to reduce recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) f...

03/06/2020
Research Article

Clinical relevance linked to echocardiography diagnosis in Bland, White and Garland syndrome

Mariela Céspedes Almira*, Adel Eladio González Morejón, Giselle Serrano Ricardo and Tania Rosa González Rodríguez

Abstract

Introduction: Bland, White and Garland syndrome is a coronary anomaly with high mortality without treatment. Its clinical presentation is varied which makes epidemiological documentation difficult. Echocardiography is a useful non-invasive tool for diagnosis.

03/03/2020
Case Report

Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy and outflow tract obstruction in an infant of a diabetic mother: A case report

Ujuanbi AS*, Onyeka CA, Yeibake WS, Oremodu T, Kunle-Olowu OE and Otaigbe BE

Abstract

Background: Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at increased risk of developing congenital anomalies including cardiac defects. Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy, asymmetrical septal hypertrophy and outflow tract obstruction is a rare but known cardi...

03/03/2020
Review Article

His bundle pacing in heart failure: A review of current literature

Rahul Chaudhary* and Jalaj Garg

Abstract

Biventricular (BiV) pacing revolutionized the heart failure management in patients with sinus rhythm and left bundle branch block; however, left ventricular-lead placement is not always technically possible. Also, BiV pacing does not fully normalize ventricular activation and...

03/10/2020
Research Article

Therapeutic application of herbal essential oil and its bioactive compounds as complementary and alternative medicine in cardiovascular-associated diseases

Ahmad Firdaus B Lajis* and Noor Hanis Ismail

Abstract

Background: Herbal essential oil contains pharmacological benefits for intervention treatment of various diseases. Studies have demonstrated its antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effect involving in vitro cell culture and preclinical animal mode...

03/27/2020
Research Article

ECHO…for a change!!

Manish Motwani*, Rajeev Palvia, Bhavesh Nanda, Mahek Motwani, Bhakti Chaubal, Jyoti Kesarkar, Bhakti Mange and Sneha Shukla

Introduction

The childhood obesity is increased more than three folds in last two decades in developed world. There is nutritional transition seen in the developing world including India. The westernization in diet of the Indian population along with prosperity brings the brunt of ove...

03/18/2020
Case Report

Epstein-Barr infection causing toxic epidermal necrolysis, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and cerebritis in a pediatric patient

Aikaterini Solomou, Vasileios Patriarcheas, Pantelis Kraniotis and Andreas Eliades

Abstract

Toxic epidermal necrolysis -the most serious variant of Steven Johnson Syndrome -arises as the result of cell-mediated cytotoxic reaction against keratinocytes. Most common inciting factors include drugs, and infections. On the other hand, Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (...

03/16/2020
Case Report

Giant prolactinoma case with side effects due to cabergoline

Semiha Çalkaya*, Fahri Bayram, Ali Kurtsoy and Hüseyin Dursun

Abstract

Dopamine agonists should usually be the first treatment for patients with prolactinomas of all sizes, because these drugs decrease serum prolactin concentrations and decrease the size of most lactotroph adenomas. Cabergoline is preferred first. When cabergoline develops side ...

03/04/2020
Case Report

Zoon’s Vulvitis: A case report

S Murphy and A Das

Background

Zoon’s vulvitis or plasma cell vulvitis (PCV) is a rare, benign inflammatory condition of the vulvar mucosa [1].  PCV can present with an asymptomatic lesion, or can cause discomfort, dyspareunia and pruritus [2]. In this way, PCV can mimic other lesions of the v...

03/20/2020
Review Article

Artificial Intelligence in the healthcare of older people

Elizabeta B Mukaetova-Ladinska*, Tracy Harwood and John Maltby

Abstract

Clinical applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in healthcare are relatively rare. The high expectations in relation to data analysis influencing general healthcare have not materialized, with few exceptions, and then predominantly in the field of rare diseases, oncolog...

03/10/2020
Review Article

Bioactive components of tea

Gargi Sen*, Nilanjan Sarkar, Moutusi Nath and Subhasis Maity

Abstract

Tea (Black tea and Green tea) are one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. However, with the increasing interest in the health properties of tea and a significant rise in scientific investigation, this review covers some of the recent findings on the health ben...

03/19/2020
Review Article

Vegetables associated with reduced risk of cancer

Robert Skopec*

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate and identify the association between the intake of allium vegetables and colorectal cancer (CRC) in population. A hospital‐based matched case‐control study was conducted between June 2009 and November 2011 in three hospitals. Eight h...

03/09/2020
Research Article

A quantum mechanical model for hole transport through DNA: predicting conditions for oscillatory/non-oscillatory behavior

ATM Golam Sarwar, M Rezwan Khan and Arshad Khan*

Abstract

A quantum mechanical model that considers tunneling and inelastic scattering has been applied to explain the hole transfer reaction from a G (Guanine) base to a GGG base cluster through a barrier of Adenine bases, (A)n (n = 1-16). For n = 1, the ratio of tun...

03/05/2020
Review Article

Do genes matter in sleep?-A comprehensive update

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Sleep is considered as a complex process in human beings and is least understood mechanism. Role of sleep in synaptic plasticity remains a debatable topic till date. Sleep is influenced by genetic background of the individual. EEG done in human sleep showed strong influence o...

03/09/2020
Research Article

Non-force electromagnetic fields

VV Aksenov*

Introduction

The non-force magnetic fields were first predicted by Chandrasekhar in 1956 in his well-known published work [1]. Since then there have appeared a large number of theoretical studies [5,6,15,17] with the research into various aspects of physical manifestations of non-forc...

03/12/2020
Research Article

Using correlative microscopy for studying and treatment of Mycoplasma infections of the ophtalmic mucosa

Del Prete Salvatore*, Marasco Daniela, De Gennaro Roberto and Del Prete Antonio

Abstract

Purpose: We have studied in 18-month 21 patients showing kerato-conjunctivitis and/or dermato-blefaritis, where we will find a constant presence of mycoplasma in SEM optical cytology samples. The 21 patients were divided as follows: 7 allergic, 7 alleged alle...

03/12/2020
Research Article

Prevalence of premarital sexual practice and associated factors among Goba town high school students, South East-Ethiopia

Shemsu Nuriye Hagisso* and Tilahun Beyene Handiso

Abstract

Background: Premarital sexual practice significantly attributes for increase adolescent’s risk of unintended pregnancy, early marriage, abortion and STIs. In Ethiopia adolescents were intended to engage at early initiation to sexual intercourse without ...

03/10/2020
Review Article

So-called idiopathic scoliosis – disfiguring deformity in children, pain problems in adults. Information about biomechanical etiology, classification and therapy

Tomasz Karski*

Abstract

In the article presented the etiology of the so-called idiopathic scoliosis (Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis [AIS]), new classification, there are given rules of therapy and causal prophylaxis. This knowledge is based on observations from 1984, but essentially from the years ...

03/09/2020
Research Article

Impact of Christian meditation and biofeedback on the mental health of graduate students in seminary: A pilot study

Paul Ratanasiripong* and Sun Tsai

Abstract

With increasing awareness of the mental health issues among the clergy and seminary students, it is important to explore possible interventions to help address their mental health concerns. This pilot study examined the impact of Christian meditation and biofeedback on levels...

03/05/2020
Research Article

The different levels of depression and anxiety among Pakistani professionals

Sehrish Hassan* and Waqar Husain

Abstract

The present study was conducted to examine the relationship between work-stress, depression and anxiety among six major professionals (doctors, engineers, bankers, nurses, teachers, and lawyers). The inquiry included 260 professionals from different private and governmental s...

03/05/2020
Research Article

Dairy cattle producers’ perception on Oestrus Synchronization and mass artificial insemination services in Waliso and Ilu Districts of South West Shoa Zone of Oromia, Ethiopia

Abera Fekata*, Ulfina Galmessa, Lemma Fita, Chala Merera and Amanuel Bekuma

Abstract

The study was conducted in Ilu and Waliso districs of South West Shoa Zone to investigate the perception of dairy cattle producers on oestrus synchronization and mass artificial insemination services. A total of 122 respondents (38 from Ilu and 84 from Waliso districts) ownin...

03/04/2020
Research Article

Anatomical changes of the development of red Sokoto goat stomach

Bello A*, Joseph OA, Onua JE, Onyeanusib BI, Umaru MA and Bodinga HA

Abstract

This study is aimed at investigating the age related changes in postnatal development of red Sokoto goat stomach. In this study, a total of ten red Sokoto goat digestive tract samples were used and they were grouped into five (5) age categories (group A to E). The goat ages w...

03/03/2020
Research Article

Common reproductive problem associated with one humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in West Africa

Bello A* and Bodinga HA

Abstract

The problems of reproduction in the camel are not extensively investigated as in the bovine, caprine and ovine species. There is need to elucidate the problem in detailed in order to overcome the problem of production and genetic multiplication. The information collected on t...

03/02/2020
Mini Review

Depression as a civilization-deformed adaptation and defence mechanism

Bohdan Wasilewski*, Olha Yourtsenyuk and Eugene Egan

Abstract

Depression is currently one of the main barriers to further civilizational development. Despite intensive efforts, it is a growing health, social and economic problem. We still lack clarity regarding the ethology of depression and treatment is still mainly symptomatic. The au...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Transference and countertransference are linked to placebo-nocebo effects and they are an auxiliary resource of unparalleled value in general medicine: Recommendations for general practitioners

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

Psychological phenomena of the doctor-patient relationship influence the therapeutic process. Among these phenomena are the transference (the emotions of the patient towards the doctor), and the countertransference (the emotional reactions of the doctor towards the patient). ...

02/28/2020
Research Article

Analysis of factors influencing participation of farm households in watermelon production in some selected local government areas of Sokoto State, Nigeria

Salihu Abdullahi Abubakar*, Binta Muhammed Manga, Maryam Bello Ali, Abdullahi Muazu and Dalha Magaji

Abstract

The study analyzed the factors influencing participation of farm households’ in watermelon production in the study areas. Three local government areas out of Sokoto state were purposively selected. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Multistage of sampling technique...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Pseudoephedrine protects mice from infection of H1N1 virus

Li Deng, Chengzhi Chu, Xiaoyin Chen* and Zhongping Wu*

Abstract

Ephedra, an ancient herb, is applied to treat common cold and influenza for such a long time in China. Pseudoephedrine is a main active ingredient from Ephedra which is used for relieving nasal congestion clinically. We previously reported that pseudoephedrine showed a potent...

02/28/2020
Case Report

A case of Pulmonary Tuberculosis complicated by Pulmonary Thromboembolism

Jiawen Wang, Changwu Wan, Yuanhe Wang, Mingjie Li, Le Chen and Wang Jie*

Abstract

We report a case of pulmonary embolism complicated with pulmonary tuberculosis. A 48-year-old woman suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis more than 6 years without formal treatment. Recently, she went to hospital because of “chest tightness and dyspnea”, and died i...

02/27/2020
Editorial

Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in systemic sclerosis patients

Eleftherios Pelechas* and Panagiota Karagianni

Editorial

Systemic sclerosis (SScl) is an autoimmune disorder of unknown aetiology, characterised by fibrosis and microvascular injury of the affected organs. The hallmark of the disease is thickening and tightness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. SScl can affect virtually any...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Type 2 diabetes and cancer

Snobia Munir* and Samreen Riaz

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus increases the possibility of different cancers. Scientists have substantiated the link of diabetes with increased prevalence, augmented progression and improved cancer aggression. Research has strengthened link of diabetes with the colorectal cancer risk amo...

02/27/2020
Research Article

Production and evaluation of enzyme-modified lighvan cheese using different levels of commercial enzymes

Mohammad B Habibi Najafi* and Mohammad Amin Miri

Abstract

Enzyme-modified cheeses are concentrated cheese flavors produced enzymatically from dairy substrates in order to provide an intense source of cheese flavor with broad applications. Lighvan cheese is an Iranian traditional cheese with a pleasant taste and flavor generated afte...

02/26/2020
Research Article

In silico discovery of potential inhibitors against Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4: A major biological target of Type-2 diabetes mellitus

Andleeb Subhani, Nadia Arif, Waqar Hussain and Nouman Rasool*

Abstract

Objectives: Type-2 diabetes mellitus, caused by impaired secretion of insulin, is becoming one of the health hazardous threats to human lives across the world. Its prevalence is rising with time. In this study, 2750 phytochemicals, that are considered to have...

02/27/2020
Case Report

Management of temporomandibudar joint ankylosis with costo-chondral graft application: Case report and review of literature

Nikolaos Kolomvos*, Agamemnon Chliaoutakis and Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis

Abstract

Introduction: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the most disruptive anomaly that affects the masticatory system and is referred as permanent movement disfunction of the mandible caused by bilateral or unilateral fibrous or bony adhesions and c...

02/27/2020
Case Report

Symptomatic cluster-like headache in Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) and possible arteritis: Case report and an overview of the literature on secondary cluster-like headaches

Stefania Peruzzo and Carlo Lovati*

Background

Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache belonging to the group of trigeminal-autonomic cephalalgias, characterized by short attacks of very severe headache, always involving the same side of the head, more frequently localized to the periorbital and temporal area, assoc...

02/25/2020
Research Article

Translation, adaptation and validation of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu

Waqar Husain* and Amir Gulzar

Abstract

The current study was carried out to translate, adapt and validate Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu language and in Pakistani culture. The current translation was aimed to produce a more user friendly and clinically applied version of DASS. The systematic procedur...

02/26/2020
Case Report

Acrometastasis as first sign of adenocarcinoma of the lung

Zuhat URAKCI*, Senar EBİNC, Mehmet KUCUKONER, Suat MORKUZU, Ozge YAMAN COSKUN, Zeynep ORUC, Yasin SEZGİN, Erkan BİLEN, Ogur KARHAN, Nadiye AKDENİZ, Muhammet Ali KAPLAN and Abdurrahman ISIKDOGAN

Abstract

Lung cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Metastasis can be seen in many organs in advanced-stage disease. Acral metastasis rate in cancer is quite low. However, because of the direct opening of the arterial circulation, the risk of acral metastasis s...

02/25/2020
Editorial

Convalescent plasma: a valid option in the treatment of COVID-19?

Genjiao Liu and Shuang Li*

In the late of 2019, there is an outbreak of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. The patients appear respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, ki...

02/21/2020
Research Article

Leprosy persistence in the health district of Kenieba despite its elimination as a public health problem at the national level in Mali

Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Ilo Dicko*, Modibo Keita, Housseini Dolo, Modibo Sangaré, Abdoulaye Fomba, Mamoudou Kodio, Nouhou Diarra, Mamadou Sidibé, Oumar Maiga, Moussa Brema Sangaré, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Michel Emmanuel Coulibaly, Mamadou Dolo, Sory Ibrahima Fomba, Abdallah Amadou Diallo, Floribert Fossuo Thotchum, Ousmane Faye and Samba Ousmane Sow

Abstract

WHO defined leprosy elimination as reaching a prevalence < 1 case of leprosy per 10,000 inhabitants. Mali eliminated the disease since 2001 but in 2011, it recorded 226 new cases. This has a serious involvement in term of disease spreading. Therefore, we undertook a cross ...

02/19/2020
Short Communication

Raw materials criticalities in material selection & design

Paolo Ferro*

Abstract

Circular Economy, Sustainability, Design for Environment are some of the keywords that identify new formidable challenges to be faced in the next years. Raw materials have a dominant role in reaching that goal. Green energy, electric vehicles, communication, etc. depends on r...

02/25/2020
Research Article

Two different patterns and outcome of neodymium YAG capsulotomy

Sudeep Navule Siddappa*, Darshan Shivaura Mahalingu, Rakesha Anjenappa and Tintu Susan Joy

Introduction

Visual impairment is a global health problem. Cataract is responsible for 50% of blindness worldwide [1].

Posterior capsular opacification is the most common late complication of cataract surgery as a result of proliferation of residual lens epithelial cells ove...

02/19/2020
Research Article

Retinopathy of prematurity - Intersibling divergence of risk factors among twins

Sudeep Navule Siddappa*, Kavitha Chikknayakanahalli Venugopal, Pavana Acharya and Tintu Susan Joy

Introduction

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a consequence of an arrest in normal retinal neural and vascular development, which determines the aberrant retinal regeneration [1,2].

ROP is a disease process mostly reported in preterm neonates ranging from mild, transient ...

02/19/2020
Review Article

The Importance of Potato virus Y Potyvirus

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

Potato virus Y potyvirus (PVY) is one of the most important aphid transmitted viral pathogen of potato worldwide. PVY affects potato plant (Solanum tuberosum L.), which is an important economic crop. PVY infection with potato viruses usually causing severe economic damage aff...

02/25/2020
Research Article

A retrospective study for Colorectal Cancer in Vlore, Albania-suggestions for further implications

Fatjona Kamberi* and Jerina Jaho

Abstract

Objective: Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in men and women worldwide as well as one of the most common causes of death from cancer. It has a higher prevalence in men than women. The treatment of colorectal cancer (surgically o...

02/18/2020
Review Article

ECG interpretation and commentary

Samir Rafla*, Ahmed Mokhtar and Amr Kamal

Abstract

This is demonstration of selected ECGs for learning or for exams; guided by lessons from great teachers as Prof. Hein Wellens MD. Here we provide advanced examples with comment and analysis.

02/18/2020
Review Article

Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction

Samir Rafla* and Amr Kamal

Abstract

This is a review of features in ECG to diagnose the culprit artery responsible for the infarction. Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction is important for many reasons: to know which artery is to dilate and stent; to assess the severity of the lesi...

02/18/2020
Clinical Image

An unusual case of a maxillary sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinoma

Touimi SH*, Daoudi S, Mbarki I, Adrif I, Elkacemi H, Elmajjaoui S, Kebdani T, Errihani H and Benjaafar N

Abstract

It’s a 24 years old female patient who presented with rhinological burning pain evolving since 1 year. She didn’t consult until a blistering lesion filled half of the oral cavity. The initial biopsy of the tumor was interpreted as a round cell tumor process.

02/14/2020
Research Article

Peptide-based antifouling aptasensor for cardiac troponin I detection by surface plasmon resonance applied in medium sized Myocardial Infarction

Jia Xin Che, Yi Wu, Shwu Jen Chang, Ching-Jung Chen* and Jen-Tsai Liu*

Abstract

Highly selective and sensitive detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a powerful complement to clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, a strategy for cTnI detection was developed by constructing a universal biosensing interface composed of z...

02/18/2020
Research Article

Molecular profiles of hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity markers in dysmenorrheic (on treatment or not) students

Ongbayokolak N Sylvie, Djeudong Geraldo, Bilim B Joseph and Telefo Phelix Bruno*

Abstract

Background: Dysmenorrhea is menstrual disorder that affects about 40% - 90% of women worldwide, it is associated with oxidative stress. The current treatment of this condition is administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which when frequently u...

02/13/2020
Research Article

Anal cytology in immunocompetent patients with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN II and CIN III)

Marcio Erik Franco Ribeiro*, Lyliana Coutinho Resende Barbosa and Taylor Brandão Schnaider

Abstract

Introduction: Anal cancer is directly related to the presence of high-grade HPV. Immunocompromised patients have defined conducts, something which is not observed in immunocompetent patients.

Objective: To study the anal cytology of...

02/12/2020
Research Article

Sensitivity and Intertextile variance of amylase paper for saliva detection

Alexander Lotozynski*

Summary

Contemporary forensic science hinges on DNA analysis to link an individual to a crime scene. Sources of DNA include bodily fluids, including saliva. Amylase is a primary enzyme in human saliva and thus, if detected, indicates possible presence of human saliva. Amylase paper ca...

02/11/2020
Research Article

Improving cancer diseases classification using a hybrid filter and wrapper feature subset selection

Noor Muhammed Noori* and Omar Saber Qasim

Abstract

In the classification of cancer data sets, we note that they contain a number of additional features that influence the classification accuracy. There are many evolutionary algorithms that are used to define the feature and reduce dimensional patterns such as the gray wolf al...

02/20/2020
Research Article

Sexual addiction, self-esteem and personality dimensions

Badii Amamou*, Cyrine Missaoui, Amjed Ben Haouala, Ahmad Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane and Lotfi Gaha

Abstract

Sexual addiction is a growing reality. The acknowledgment of this disorder requires to identify vulnerability factors. Besides, it would improve the management and treatment of these people. We used a cross-sectional study with a sample of voluntary subjects recruited online ...

02/11/2020
Research Article

Assessment of physicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding smoking cessation management in the Gaza Strip

Khaled Hani Alkhodari*, Bakr Khadr Abo Jarad, Ahmed Ismail Al-Bahbhani, Sadi Yehia Nkhala, Ali Naim Al-Buhisi and Khamis Abdelkarim Elessi

Abstract

Background: Despite its negative effects, approximately 23% of Palestinians (≥ 18 years) smoke cigarettes. Studies have shown physicians to be an important channel for smoking cessation intervention. This investigation examines physicians’ smoking-re...

02/24/2020
Research Article

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) and microvasculitis: A comparative study between nasal cytology and pathology

Armone Caruso Arturo*, Del Prete Salvatore*, Marasco Daniela, Veronica Viola, Sabato Leo, Andrea Fulgione, Daniele Naviglio and Monica Gallo

Abstract

Purpose: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent peripheral vertigo syndrome in otoneurological clinical practice and is characterized by short and paroxysmal objective vertigo crises caused by changes in the position of the head on s...

02/18/2020
Short Review

Chlorhexidine and oral cancer: A short review

Shrivardhan R Kalghatgi*, Mahesh R Khairnar and Tanushri Dalvi

Owing to the ever westernizing lifestyles in developing countries like India, the escalation of oral cancer patients are in need of urgent plan of action. With tobacco being the commonest cause for causation of oral cancer, Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2016-17 revealed that almost 28% of whole po...

02/17/2020
Mini Review

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor and the activation of Myosin Light-Chain Kinase and Protein Kinase C-βII: Mini Review

Gerry A Smith*

Summary

The involvement of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor in the Frank-Starling Law of the Heart, where the various activations are very limited, allows simple analysis of the kinase systems involved and thence extrapolation of the mechanism to that of angiotensin control of activ...

02/06/2020
Case Report

Delayed penile prosthesis implantation in the delayed presentation of ischemic priapism

IRZI Mohamed*, MHANNA Tarik, EL HOUMAIDI Amine, Mohammed Aynaou, Mehdi Chennoufi, OURAGHI Abdelghani, ALAOUI MHAMMEDI Wassim and Ali Barki

Abstract

Priapism is currently defined as a prolonged painful erection without sexual stimuli, if priapism persists > 36 hours, conservative treatment does not lead to detumescence.
The most common etiologies are: medications into corpora cavernosa, anti-psychotics, anti-hyp...

02/06/2020
Research Article

In vitro and preventative field evaluations of potential biological control agents and synthetic fungicides for control of Clarireedia jacksonii sp. nov.

Jeffery W Marvin, Robert A Kerr*, Lambert B McCarty, William C Bridges, S Bruce Martin and Christina E Wells

Abstract

Clarireedia jacksonii sp. nov. Formerly Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, the causal agent of dollar spot (DS), is the most destructive pathogen in turfgrass. Symptoms appear as circular patches 10-40 mm in diameter with small tan lesions surrounded by a darker band, some...

02/05/2020
Research Article

Heterotopic Gastric Mucosa of the Proximal Esophagus: An Under recognized Entity

Sarhani Asmae*, Paupard Thierry, Ghani Sara, Salihoun Mouna and Kabbaj Nawal

Abstract

Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is an islet of gastric mucosa within the esophageal mucosa. These lesions can sit throughout the digestive tract and rarely in the upper third of the esophagus. The pathophysiology of HGM remains poorly understood.

Our study aims to ...

02/04/2020
Review Article

Rubella infection: Advances and challenges in the diagnosis and prevention of Congenital Rubella Syndrome

Amelia Nkutxi Vueba* and Maria do Ceu Sousa

Abstract

Rubella remains an important pathogen worldwide, with many cases of congenital rubella syndrome per year. Rubella vaccination is included in the vaccination program of many countries. WHO has set goals for the elimination of measles and rubella and prevention of congenital ru...

02/04/2020
Research Article

Medicinal plant extract associated with bacterial cellulose membrane: Antibacterial activity and physicochemical properties

Fernando Batain, Kessi Crescencio, Thais Alves, Juliana Ferreira Souza, Venâncio Amaral, Juliana Castro, Carolina Santos, Angela Jozala, Luciane Lopes* and Marco Chaud*

Abstract

Burns injuries induce a state of immunodepression that predisposes to a bacterial infectious complication that leads to several comorbid diseases and high mortality rate. Previous studies about anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Aloe vera (L.) Burm...

02/05/2020
Research Article

Case-based education to improve learning and faculty teaching of residents and students in a clinical setting

Elizabeth A Wetzel and Diane E Lorant*

Abstract

Introduction: Current pediatric residents spend less time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and as a result, resident exposure to neonatal pathophysiology has decreased. Engaging learners efficiently while balancing clinical demands is challenging. P...

01/31/2020
Research Article

Gender-specific associations of anthropometric measures of adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension in young Chinese Medical College Students

Navin Kumar Sah†, Qing-Tao Zhang†, Yong-Gang Li, Xue-Yan Yin and Li-Hua Li*

Abstract

Purpose: There are uncertainties about whether general or central obesity is the more important determinant for blood pressure and hypertension in young Chinese. We aim to investigate the association between adiposity measures and blood pressure and hypertens...

01/30/2020
Research Article

Low sensitivity of the careHPV™ Assay for detection of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus in cervical samples from HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Kenyan women

Titus M, Ermel A, Moormann A, Cu-Uvin S, Orang’o O, Tonui P, Chelimo K, Rosen B, Itsura P, Muthoka K, Loehrer P, Ong’echa JM and Brown DR*

Abstract

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer (CC), a common malignancy among Kenyan women. New CC screening methods rely on oncogenic HPV (“high-risk”, or HR-HPV) detection, but most have not been evaluated in swabs from...

01/29/2020
Research Article

Demographic pattern of refractive anomalies in Niger Delta presbyopes - Implications for preventive eye care practice

Ireju Onyinye Chukwuka* and Chinyere Nnenne Pedro-Egbe

Abstract

Background/Aim: In spite of global initiatives to provide sight for all by the year 2020, many middle-aged to elderly people in the Niger Delta still have significant visual impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors. The aim of this study is to assess t...

01/31/2020
Research Article

Aripiprazole-induced seizures in children with autism spectrum disorder and epilepsy

Mohammed MS Jan*

Abstract

Purpose: Children with autism spectrum disorder are at an increased risk for developing seizures, which can be triggered by classical antipsychotics. Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic that has a safer drug profile. The objective is to present the expe...

01/29/2020
Research Article

Current childhood cancer survivor long-term follow-up practices in South Africa

Anel van Zyl*, Paul C Rogers and Mariana Kruger

Summary

Background: The number of childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) is increasing due to improved survival. Most suffer at least one treatment-related late effect, even decades after treatment, thus lifelong long-term follow-up (LTFU) care is a necessity. Currently no...

01/28/2020
Research Article

Lateral Pancreato-Jejunostomy in Chronic Pancreatitis: An appraisal of 32 cases

Sardar Rezaul Islam*, Shafiqur Rahman, Shaurav Talukdar, Shah Alam Sarkar, Shah Poran and Mushfiqur Rahman

Abstract

Background: Lateral Pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) has recognized applications in the management of Chronic Pancreatitis (CP). It is done for patients with severe pain, obstructed and dilated pancreatic duct. Ductal obstruction by stone or stricture causes rise...

01/30/2020
Review Article

Classification of diseases using a hybrid fuzzy mutual information technique with binary bat algorithm

Firas Ahmed Yonis AL-Taie* and Omar Saber Qasim

Abstract

Genetic datasets have a large number of features that may significantly affect the disease classification process, especially datasets related to cancer diseases. Evolutionary algorithms (EA) are used to find the fastest and best way to perform these calculations, such as the...

01/24/2020
Review Article

Brain washing systems and other circulating factors in some neurological condition like Parkinson (Pd) and vascular and diabetic dementia: How dynamics- saturation of clearance can act on toxic molecule?

Mauro Luisetto*, Farhan Ahmad Khan, Akram Muhamad, Ghulam Rasool Mashori, Behzad Nili Ahmadabadi and Oleg Yurevich Latiyshev

Abstract

Observing the epidemiology of some neurodegenerative disease is interesting to verify some similarity and also related advanced or non-advanced countries and related diet habits. There are relationship between this conditions and diet habits? Some neurological condition relat...

01/31/2020
Editorial

Biological markers of oxidative stress in exhaled air

Chrsitian Sarbach and Eric Postaire*

Editorial

Oxidation reactions produce, through complex intermediate steps, small energy packages that are more easily stored than a sudden combustion oxidation. The slow and controlled production of energy in a nuclear power plant allows its use, a massive explosion produces the resul...

01/22/2020
Research Article

Antiuropathogenic and antioxidant activities of Hypoxis hemerocallidea Lam. extracts, and compounds from its taxonomically related species

Kokoette Bassey* and Sekelwa Cosa

Abstract

Hypoxis hemerocallidea Lam is one of the 43 Hypoxis species in South Africa, marketed extensively as over the counter herbal product for the management of several diseases. The plant commercial products link efficacy to hypoxoside 4, its aglycone (rooperol), or β-sitoste...

01/20/2020
Case Report

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in a 76-year old woman presenting with pulmonary nodule and accelerating acute kidney injury

Noor Sameh Darwich, Melissa Schnell and L. Nicholas Cossey

Abstract

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), a form of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), is a rare disease with an often-occult presentation. It is more common in 4th and 5th decades of life but can be seen in all ages.

This case report details a 76-year-old female prese...

01/14/2020
Research Article

Uterine precursor lesions in patients with incidental nodal lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A report of 4 cases

Charles M Lombard*

Abstract

Uterine sections from 6 patients with incidental nodal lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) were examined for LAM lesions by screening these sections with cathepsin K immunohistochemistry (IHC) stains. The hysterectomy specimens were all concurrent with the lymph node dissections i...

01/13/2020
Review Article

The Neppe-Close triadic dimensional vortical paradigm: An invited summary

Vernon M Neppe* and Edward R Close

Abstract

Physicists are generally trained in the Standard Model of Physics (SMP). This implies that they perceive and account for only 3 dimensions of space in a moment in time (3S-1t) (a 4-dimensional [4D] model). However, applying the SMP, more than fifty significant conundrums have...

01/13/2020
Case Report

Occluded superior vena cava and failed epicardial pacing: An unorthodox solution

Ranjit K Nath* and Satyam Rajvanshi

Abstract

Permanent pacemaker implantation is conventionally done via upper limb veins. But in 1% - 6% cases, usual sub clavicular approach is either not possible or contraindicated due to complete occlusion of superior vena cava (SVC) or bilateral subclavian vein and/or bilateral impl...

01/13/2020
Case Report

Coronary-intercostal steal syndrome, a rare connection between the left circumflex coronary artery and intercostal arteries: A case report

Mohammed H Habib and Khaled H Alkhodari*

Abstract

A 60-year-old female patient presented with typical anginal pain on exertion and relieved by rest for about one month. Percutaneous coronary angiography was done and showed an abnormal left circumflex coronary artery connecting to intercostal artery. Embolization of that abno...

01/10/2020
Editorial

Retrosternal goiter mimicking asthma: A diagnostic challenge

Yiannakopoulou Eugenia*

Editorial

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Common manifestations of asthma include wheezing, chest tightness, cough, shortness of breath. Diagnosis of asthma requires clinical documentation of respiratory symptoms, exacerbation of s...

01/10/2020
Research Article

Oral Clindamycin and Metronidazole in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant black women: Comparison of efficacy and pregnancy outcome

Ijeoma CC*, Nyengidiki TK, Bassey G, Ogu RN, Alegbeleye JO and Wariso KT

Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes with various treatment options.

Objective: To compare the efficacy and effect on pregnancy outcome of Metronidazole and Clindamycin in women with bacterial vaginosis in Port Harc...

12/31/2019
Opinion

Obesity-Treatment by drugs

Sahithi G*

Opinion

The main disturbing situation faced by any individual is obesity nowadays. Obesity occurs because of overweight and this has several reasons to gain weight like hereditary, diabetes, diet, aging, PCOS in women, stress, and tiredness. It is a major, sustaining, worsening condit...

01/09/2020
Research Article

An evaluation of hardness of commercially available provisional restorative materials: An in vitro study

Nimra Mehraj, Samarth Kumar Agarwal*, Romil Singhal and Kanesha Abrol

Abstract

Statement of problem: Provisional restorations play a critical role in the success of restorative treatment so they must maintain their integrity in the oral environment throughout the diagnostic and restorative phases.

Purpose: The...

01/09/2020
Research Article

Effect of hemodialysis session on acute changes in inflammatory and cardiovascular risk biomarkers

Bernardo-Alio Lavin Gomez*, Maria-Teresa García Unzueta, Armando-Raul Guerra Ruiz, Sonia Perez San-Martin, Ana Berja, Natalia Fananas Rodriguez, Sara Diez Espejo and Domingo Gonzalez-Lamuno Leguina

Abstract

Background: Inflammation is associated with enhanced cardiovascular risk profile and increased cardiovascular mortality in end-stage kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. Mechanisms of activated acute phase reaction in patients on chronic hemodialy...

01/08/2020
Review Article

A proposed mechanism to explain increases in intracranial pressure: The concept of cerebral artery wedge pressure

DR Hamilton*, A Mitha, MG Hamilton and JV Tyberg

Abstract

We hypothesize that, with elevated cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) pressure, cerebral micro-vascular obstruction and congestion may occur despite (subdural) large-vein pressures being normal. Smaller veins emptying into these larger, dura-enveloped veins are not immune to the com...

12/31/2019
Research Article

The importance of gestational age in first trimester, maternal urine MALDI-Tof MS screening tests for Down Syndrome

Ray K Iles*, Nicolaides K, Pais RJ, Zmuidinaite R, Keshavarz S, Poon LCY and Butler SA

Abstract

Background: The proposal that MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry could be used as a direct, rapid and affordable diagnostic tool in clinical laboratory medicine has moved from a theoretical possibility to a reality for Microbiology. Several studies have proposed the...

12/31/2019
Research Article

Burden of hearing loss in Subsaharan Africa: Snapshot from an ENT clinic in Nigeria

Ogunkeyede SA*, Adebola SO, Daniel A and Adeyemo AA

Summary

Background: Disabling hearing loss is a prevalent public health issue, with significant impact on patients’ communication. The disability associated with hearing loss depends on the severity of the hearing loss. There are limited rehabilitative measures ...

01/06/2020
Case Report

A case study on Erdheim ‐ Chester Disease

Jakob Erdheim and Harald Koeck*

Abstract

In this brief essay, Harald Koeck offers an introduction to Professor Jakob Erdheim, an eminent pathologist of Vienna. Koeck is an independent researcher at different Pathology Departments (Department of Pathology St. Poelten with Prof. Hans Bank MD, Department of Pathology M...

12/17/2019
Clinical Image

A rare case of abdominal pain and hematuria from retroaortic left renal vein

Perez J* and Pozo D

Clinical Image

A 62-year-old female with a history of arterial hypertension, attended the emergency department due to pain in the left flank. On physical examination no showed signs of peritoneal irritation. Urinalysis was indicated, that reported microscopic hematuria and negative ab...

12/30/2019
Research Article

Potential of Pleurotus sajor-caju compost for controlling Meloidogyne incognita and improve nutritional status of tomato plants

Doaa M Mostafa, Sherin FA Awd Allah* and Eman FA Awad-Allah

Abstract

The potential of spent compost of oyster mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju cultivated on rice (MCR) or wheat straws (MCW) was evaluated against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato plants under field conditions during two successive seasons (2016 and 2017). Th...

12/30/2019
Research Article

Evaluation of the effect of coronary artery bypass grafting on the right ventricular function using speckle tracking echocardiography

Mahmoud Shawky Abdelmoneum, Neama Ali Elmeligy, Elsayed Abdelkhalek Eldarky and Mohamad Mahmoud Mohamad*

Abstract

Purpose: This was a prospective study conducted at Benha University hospital and National Heart Institute on one hundred patients undwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to evaluate the effect of CABG on the right ventricular (RV) function using speckl...

12/30/2019
Case Report

Parry-Romberg syndrome: A case report of non-invasive treatment

Anahita Dehghani Soltani, Azita Tehranchi, Shiva Safari, Zahra Tehrani and Samin Ghaffari*

Abstract

Parry-Romberg syndrome is an uncommon condition, self-limiting with slow progressive hemifacial atrophy. This syndrome can lead to several progressive congenital and developmental deformities. It can cause severe facial asymmetry and subsequently lead to esthetic and psycholo...

12/27/2019
Research Article

Nutritional analysis of Sphenostylis Stenocarpa seeds partially included with soya bean meal in Heterobranchus Bidorsalis fingerling diet

Oluwaseyi Yanmife Mogaji*, Lenient Mercy Onivie Ibiyo and Felicia Oluwatoyin Joshua

Abstract

Five experimental feeding trials were conducted to investigate the performance of Heterobranchus bidorsalis fingerlings to graded levels (0, 25, 50,75 and 100%) of Sphenostylis stenocarpa seed meal diets. Complete randomized design with triplicate groups of fingerlings was us...

12/27/2019
Research Article

Beginnings of bariatric and metabolic surgery in Spain

Aniceto Baltasar*

Overview

Bariatric Surgery (BS) from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1973. Its greatest development occurs after the founding of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is to reflect the changes that ...

12/24/2019
Research Article

The effect of a European-based exercise program upon the health-related physical fitness of individuals with intellectual disabilities: The alive and kicking perspective

Skordilis Emmanouil*, Greenlees Iain, Chrysagis Nikolaos, Grammatopoulou Eirini, Arriaga Andres, Vaquero Fernandez Almudena, Gaillard Joel, Skordilis Antonios, Dias Joao, Papadopoulou Vassiliki and Serras Dionysios

Abstract

The present study examined the effect of the European-Based ‘Alive and Kicking’ exercise program on the health-related physical fitness of individuals with (Experimental Group: EG) and without (Control Group: CG) (Intellectual Disability: ID). The Self-Determinati...

12/24/2019
Research Article

Pregnancy and childbirth in women aged 40 and over at befelatanana maternity, Madagascar

Rakotomalala Nivoarimelina Zoly*, Rakotozanany Besaina, Razafindraibe Andriatompoina Felanarivo, Ramarokoto Malalafinaritra Patrick Marco, Rafamatanantsoa Jean Florent, Kapche Wato Edith and Randriambololona Domoina Malala Aurelia

Abstract

Objective: Pregnancy after age 40 remains a concern as it exposes to particular obstetrical complications. Our study aims to determine the risks of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth of women aged 40 and over.

Study design:

12/23/2019
Case Report

Orgasmic coitus triggered stillbirth via placental abruption: A case report

Márta Zsoldos, Márton Vezér, Henriette Pusztafalvi, Bianka Pencz, Dora Hargitai and Attila Pajor*

Summary

Sexual activity during healthy pregnancy is safe. There are little data on how coital activity affects outcome of the high-risk pregnancies. Hereby we report a case demonstrating that orgasmic coitus triggered placental abruption resulting in preterm stillbirth.

A 38...

12/31/2019
Research Article

Synthesis of Carbon Nano Fiber from Organic Waste and Activation of its Surface Area

Brijesh Gaud, Amrita Singh, Sandesh Jaybhaye and Himanshu Narayan*

Abstract

Carbon Nano fibers (CNFs) have recently attracted a lot of attention due to their widespread range of technological applications attributed to their unique physical and chemical properties, such as, small size, high strength, high adsorption linked with their large specific s...

12/18/2019
Mini Review

Could metabolic risk factors contribute to the development of cervical cancer?

Maydelín Frontela-Noda*, Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Maite Hernández-Menéndez and Raquel Duran-Bornot

Abstract

The role of human papillomavirus infection as etiological factor for cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer is well established. However, the presence of this virus is not sufficient condition for developing of cervical cancer. Currently, the contributi...

12/23/2019
Research Article

Snake envenomation during pregnancy

Denisse Martínez and Newton G Osborne*

Abstract

Background: We report our experience with management and treatment of pregnant women who were admitted at our institution for snake envenomation.

Methods: We reviewed the charts and recorded the management, treatment, and outcome of...

12/19/2019
Research Article

Theoretical study on binding interactions of laccase-enzyme from Ganoderma weberianum with multiples ligand substrates with environmental impact

Yosberto Cárdenas-Moreno*, Luis Ariel Espinosa, Julio Cesar Vieyto, Michael González-Durruthy, Alberto del Monte-Martinez, Gilda Guerra-Rivera and Maria Isabel Sánchez López

Abstract

Laccase catalyzes oxidation of lignin and aromatic compound with similar structure to this one. Their low substrate specificity results on degradation of similar phenolic compounds. In this context, Molecular Docking was performed with different ligands suggesting potential b...

12/18/2019
Review Article

A review on the occurrence of opportunistic infections after applications of stem cell techniques

Hasan Hosainzadegan*, Parviz Vahedi and Mortaza Hosainzadegan

Abstract

In recent years, stem cells technology have been used widely in basic and clinical science researches LIPUS (low-intensity pulsed ultrasound) is another technique commonly used in conjunction with stem cells that can have complications after applications. One of the important...

12/17/2019
Research Article

Comparative effect of calcium supplementation on the incidence of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia among primigravid women

Assontsa Kafack Carole*, Essiben Felix, Tumasang Florence, Meka Esther Juliette, Tongo Sedrick Fofack and Mbu Robinson Enow

Abstract

Background: Pre-eclampsia is a frequent and serious pregnancy complication contributing for the increasing maternal morbi-mortality rates. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy, on the incidence of pre-ecla...

12/17/2019
Clinical Image

Cytomegalovirus infection in native kidney biopsy

Raquel M Moreira, Géssica SB Barbosa*, Cristiane B Dias, Luis Yu, Viktoria Woronik and Lívia B Cavalcante

Text

A 61-year-old Brazilian black woman consulted with a nephrologist due to proteinuria identified on a routine urine test. She has a personal history of thymoma resection five years ago, followed by multiple episodes of pulmonary infections including mycobacteriosis, recurrent muco...

12/12/2019
Research Article

Nematicidal effect of abamectin, boron, chitosan, hydrogen peroxide and Bacillus thuringiensis against citrus nematode on Valencia orange trees

MAM El-Saedy, Sandy E Hammad and Sherin FA Awd Allah*

Abstract

The nematicidal efficacy of abamectin, boron, chitosan, hydrogen peroxide, Bacillus thuringiensis and oxamyl 24% SL against citrus nematode, Tylenchulus semipenetrans were examined on Valencia orange trees under field condition for two successive seasons (2017 and 2018). The ...

12/12/2019
Research Article

Dry eye syndrome: Therapeutic challenges and future trends

Irami Araújo-Neto, Amália Cinhtia Meneses Rêgo and Irami Araújo-Filho*

Abstract

Introduction: Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is the therapeutic tool implemented in the treatment of dry eye, characterized by the emission of waves of 500-1200nm in the region of the upper and lower eyelids. Dry eye is a recurring complaint in ophthalmology offi...

12/11/2019
Letter to the Editor

Evaluation in real life of the impact of photo-protection counseling in patients with actinic keratosis

Khaled Ezzedine, Sophie Seité and Charles Taïeb*

Dear Editor

Actinic keratosis (AK) are scaly lesions caused by chronic ultraviolet-induced damage to the epidermis which are a proxy for excessive sun-exposure [1] that may evolve into squamous cell carcinoma [2-7]. Therefore,&nbs...

12/05/2019
Case Report

Localized intrapulmonary desmoplastic mesothelioma: A case report

Meng Liu, Kaifu Wu and Yongming Tan*

Abstract

Introduction: Desmoplastic Malignant Mesothelioma (DMM) is a rare histological subtype of sarcomatoid malignant mesothelioma arising most frequently in the pleura or peritoneum and less frequently in the lung parenchyma.

Patient concerns:

12/06/2019
Letter to the Editor

Achievement of cure following allogeneic HSCT with Flu-Bu regimen in a patient with severe mycosis fungoides and Sezary Syndrome

Mahmut Yeral*

Letter to Editor

Experience with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome (MF/SS) is limited to a small number of case reports and case series [1,2]. The advantage of allogeneic HSCT has been indicated in progressive dise...

12/09/2019
Research Article

A pilot study on treatment of infantile cystinosis with mesenchymal stem cells

Faysal Gok*, Cengiz Zeybek, Ayse Balat and Olcay Y Jones

Abstract

Infantile cystinosis is a lysosomal storage disease leading to end stage kidney disease at early ages. There is no effective treatment and patients require long term dialysis or kidney transplant for survival. We present our experience on three affected children who received ...

12/05/2019
Research Article

Aggressive hydration in early resuscitation phase does not provide mortality benefit in acute pancreatitis

Abu Omar Y*, Wang Y, Agrawal R, Randhawa T, Majeed M, Attar BM, Demetria MV and Simons-Linares CR

Abstract

Introduction: Fluid management is the cornerstone of treatment for acute pancreatitis (AP), but the proper rate and volume is still controversial. We aim to evaluate the role of aggressive hydration in AP patients.

Methods: We retro...

12/05/2019
Research Article

The motivational factors and adverse events experienced by healthy volunteers donating bone marrow for research

Mirella Ejiugwo, Georgina Shaw, Frank Barry, Janusz Krawczyk and Veronica McInerney*

Abstract

Background: With the advancement of cell therapy research, there is an increasing need for healthy volunteers (HV) to donate small volumes (30 ml) of human bone marrow (BM). The BM procedure required to procure small volumes is invasive, although short-lived ...

12/16/2019
Case Report

Aortic dissection causing 2 myocardial infarctions

Sebastian Szabo and Hans Martin Hoffmeister

Abstract

A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of right-sided thoracic pain. The ECG showed inferior ST segment elevations. He has been treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, unfractionated heparin and tenecteplase, and his symptoms resolved after 30 minut...

12/11/2019
Research Article

Co-extract mixture from Strophanthus hispidus (roots) and Aframomum meleguta (seeds) show phytochemical synergy in its anti-inflammatory activity

John Kenneth Mensah*, Amina Ibrahim and Yakubu Jibira

Abstract

Background: Combination of extracts from multiple plants are typically used in ethnomedicine to putatively offer more potent chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive effects than that of individual extracts from single plants. Aqueous extracts from two multipurpo...

12/10/2019
Research Article

To legalize cannabis in Ghana or not to legalize? Reviewing the pharmacological evidence

Kwesi Boadu Mensah* and Paa Kofi Tawiah Adu-Gyamfi

Summary

Background: Although illegal, Ghana has a long history of cannabis use. With changing perceptions, advocacy for legalization has increased globally. This study exams pharmacological evidence on the prospects and challenges of decriminalization and /or legaliza...

12/11/2019
Review Article

Risk factor of liver metastases in breast cancer

Akram Yazdani*

Abstract

Objective: The liver is the second most common site of distant metastases from breast cancer. We investigated the risk factor liver metastasis in patients with breast cancer.

Methods: We studied Age, Menopausal status, Histologic Ty...

12/10/2019
Review Article

Different optimization strategies for the optimal control of tumor growth

Sweilam NH, Tharwat AA and Abd El Moniem NK*

Abstract

In this article different numerical techniques for solving optimal control problems is introduced, the aim of this paper is to achieve the best accuracy for the Optimal Control Problem (OCP) which has the objective of minimizing the size of tumor cells by the end of the treat...

12/12/2019
Case Report

Embolic Septic Emboli with MRSA: A different source

Christian Castillo Latorre*, Mariela Rivera Agosto, Ilean Lamboy Hernandez, Mariana Mercader Perez, Dominic Sanchez Paredes, Marisol Santiago Irizarry, Jose Gutierrez Nuñez Onix, Cantres Fonseca, Alfonso Torres Palacios and William Rodriguez Cintron

Abstract

Septic Iliac vein thrombophlebitis with associated psoas abscess is a rare and severe entity, which diagnosis is challenging when no risk factor is clearly present. We are presenting a case of severe septic cavitary pulmonary emboli complicated with Acute Respiratory Distress...

12/09/2019
Case Report

Brainstem Death due to hypertension induced brain hemorrhage

Satyajit Patra* and Sreeraj Suresh

Introduction

Brain stem death is when a person has permanently lost the potential for consciousness and the capacity to breathe. When this happens, a machine called a ventilator keeps oxygen circulating through the person’s bloodstream - a person confirmed as being dead when the...

12/12/2019
Research Article

Postgraduate students’ perception of the educational environment of a wet lab training in Neurological Surgery Division, UCH, Ibadan

Malomo Adefolarin O*, Kafayat Bolaji Aminu, Adeolu Augustine A, Adeleye Amos O, Balogun James A, Badejo Oluwakemi A, Shokunbi Mathew T and Jegede Ayodele S

Summary

Objective: The importance of understanding the perceptions of medical students to their training environment cannot be overemphasized. The study evaluated the wet lab training organized for Senior Registrars in the Neurosurgery, Division of the University Coll...

12/05/2019
Research Article

Health care workers knowledge, attitude and practice towards hospital acquired infection prevention at Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

Hailemariam Gezie, Emebet Leta, Fikrte Admasu, Sisay Gedamu*, Abebe Dires and Debrnesh Goshiye

Abstract

Introduction: Contact of health care workers and patient at health facility lead to the transmission of pathogenic organisms to each other. Hospital acquired infection prevention is standardized guide lines contain multitude protocols needed to be implemented...

12/03/2019
Letter to the Editor

Effect evaluation of vitamin D level amongst patients with chronic hepatitis B

Freshteh Osmani*

Text

Vitamin D has immunomodulatory and antifibrotic properties, and therefore used for treatment of many of chronic liver disease [1]. Although there are many reports on the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels and chronic liver diseases, but the relationship betwee...

12/16/2019
Case Report

Intracerebral Hemorrhage of Brainstem in triple pregnancy after in vitro fertilization by receiving Ovum Donation: A case report and review

Andreas Suhartoyo Winarno*, Lukas Schloesser, Frederic Dietzel, Percy Balan, Thomas Hoehn, Monika Hampl and Tanja Natascha Fehm

Abstract

Deliveries prior to 28 weeks’ gestation (extreme preterm birth) pose a global health concern, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Extreme preterm birth is associated with several complications in the newborn and management in neonatal intensive care unit w...

12/11/2019
Research Article

The influence of opioid on the microstructural organization of the Wall OT the uterus of the white laboratory rat

Mateshuk-Vatseba LR, Ivankiv Ya T and Ivankiv TM*

Introduction

Drug addiction is one of the burning problems in the modern society. Annually there is a steady increase in the level of drug abuse. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime publishes “World Drugs Report 2018”, where it was reported that about 275 million peop...

12/04/2019
Research Article

Bio-moleculear thermal oscillator and constant heat current source

R Panahinia* and S Behnia

Abstract

The demand for materials and devices that are capable of controlling heat flux has attracted many interests due to desire to attain new sources of energy and on-chip cooling. Excellent properties of DNA make it as an interesting nanomaterial in future technologies. In this pa...

12/09/2019
Review Article

Natural killer cells in patients with hematologic malignancies, solid tumors and in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Al-Anazi KA*, Al-Jasser AM and Al-Anazi WK

Abstract

Natural killer cells represent the first line of defense against infections and tumors and can be derived from various sources including: bone marrow, peripheral blood, specific types of human stem cells, and certain cell lines. The functions of natural killer cells are influ...

12/06/2019
Case Report

Scraping cytology and scanning electron microscopy in diagnosis and therapy of corneal ulcer by mycobacterium infection

Del Prete Salvatore, Marasco Daniela1, Del Prete Antonio, Meloni Marisa, Capaldi Roberto, Grumetto Lucia and Russo Giacomo*

Purpose: This work is aimed at demonstrating that scraping cytology and scanning electron microscopy can successfully assist in the diagnosis of nontuberculous mycobacteria infection. For this purpose, we report the use of both these techniques in the diagnosis of cornel ulcer in...

12/06/2019
Case Report

Meckel Gruber Syndrome: A rare and lethal anomaly

Zana Zegarac*, Zeljko Duic and Katarina Bojanic

Case Report

We wish to present our case of the rare Meckel-Gruber syndrome, diagnosed prenatally at 18 weeks’ gestation. Informed consent was obtained from both parents for publishing this case and including photos.