05/31/2021
Short Communication

Finite element method in equine orthopedics

Anderson Fernando de Souza* and André Luis do Valle De Zoppa

The finite element method (FEM) is an engineering resource used to predict the stresses in structures that have complex geometries, specific material properties and are subject to complex loading patterns, being widely used in medical and biological research. It has the advantage of being a nonin...

05/26/2021
Case Report

Minimal treatment options with one-piece implants

Jimoh Olubanwo Agbaje, El Moheb Mohamad and Henri Diederich*

Aim

The aim of this publication is to present case reports to show what is possible with pterygoid implants for the rehabilitation of edentulous space in the jaw (maxilla) while avoiding sinus lifts and bone grafting procedures. In addition, the added value of one-piece implants for s...

05/26/2021
Research Article

The epidemiology, evaluation, and assessment of lateral ankle sprains in athletes

G Javier Cavazos Jr.* and Lawrence B Harkless

Summary

Approximately 30,000 ankle injuries occur every day in the United States. With the incidence estimated at more than 3 million a year and at a rate of 2.15/1,000 in the U.S. alone, medical specialists and other healthcare providers caring for the foot and ankle must take notice...

05/24/2021
Research Article

Working process of steam turbine and establishment of start-up model

Chao Dong and Yongjian Sun*

Abstract

In the research of steam turbine rotor, start-up optimization is a very key research problem. A series of start-up optimization research can greatly improve the start-up efficiency of steam turbine and the safety performance of the unit. The start-up optimization of steam tur...

05/22/2021
Research Article

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stability of wendelstein7-X reactor with resistive wall (RWMs)

Ali Pazirandeh* and Mehrnaz Sadat Shariati

Abstract

Plasma stability is the biggest challenge facing the nuclear fusion industry. One of the best methods of stability study is magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations, which has two linear and nonlinear states. Usually linear stability analysis is used to describe the MHD state, whi...

05/26/2021
Research Article

Ion transporters and their molecular regulation mechanism in plants

Walid Saibi and Faiçal Brini*

Abstract

With the global population predicted to grow by at least 25% by 2050, the need for sustainable production of nutritious foods is important for human and environmental health. Recent progress demonstrate that membrane transporters can be used to improve yields of staple crops,...

05/20/2021
Case Report

A rare cause of neonatal diarrhoea: Microvillositary inclusion disease: about a case report

M Akhrif*, M Sabib, L Rouas, T Meskini and N Mouane

Abstract

Microvillositary inclusion disease also known as microvillositary atrophy is a rare congenital enteropathy containing a border abnormality in the brushes of enterocytes, manifesting as severe rebellious diarrhea in newborns and infants. It was first described in 1978 by David...

05/17/2021
Case Report

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma associated with Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome

Rosalia Ballona*, Jean Zevallos and Jeanette Núñez

Abstract

Background: Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) is a rare vascular tumor that is present at birth and involutes during the first year of life. Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is a complication of some vascular tumors such as kaposiform hemangioendothelioma and tuf...

05/19/2021
Review Article

A review article on artificial intelligence

Nagendraswamy C* and Amogh Salis

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the emulation of human intelligence in computers that have been trained to think and behave like humans. The word may also refer to any computer that exhibits human-like characteristics like learning and problem-solving. Artificial intelligence...

05/13/2021
Research Article

Clinical picture of pulmonary plague observed in the paediatric wards of antananarivo

Rivo Lova Herilanto Rakotomalala*, Lovasoa Randriamanga, Mihary Soa Karol, Mioramalala Sedera Aurélien and Annick Lalaina Robinson

Abstract

Introduction: In Madagascar, plague is a highly contagious acute endemic infectious disease. The diagnosis of the most severe form of pneumonic plague remains difficult in children, hence the objectives of the present study; which is to identify the clinical signs of this cli...

05/12/2021
Review Article

Orofacial manifestations of COVID-19

Hariharan Ramakrishnan* and Maniamuthu Ragupathi

Abstract

Oral cavity is the gateway of the human body, and also provides vital clues of our systemic health. Here in this COVID-19 pandemic, oral manifestations such as dysgeusia, ulcers, xerostomia are noticed and are an an important predictors of this viral disease. This short revie...

05/13/2021
Research Article

Medicinal plant Potentilla fulgens and its effect in vitro against Fasciola gigantica

Pradeep Kumar*

Abstract

Fascioliasis is a one of the most important serious parasitic zoonotic disease which caused by trematode giant liver fluke Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica among cattle’s and humans. The infection of Fasciola can be control by the use of phytochemicals as anthelmintic...

05/12/2021
Letter to the Editor

Follicular psoriasis: a poorly known presentation

Khallaayoune M*, Mansouri S, Sialiti S and Hassam B

Abstract

Follicular psoriasis is an uncommon diagnosis and probably the least well-known subtype of psoriasis. Hence, we report the clinical and histological findings of follicular psoriasis in one patient to raise awareness of this rare entity.

05/11/2021
Research Article

Factors associated with mortality after decompressive craniectomy in large basal ganglia bleeds

Amit Kumar Thotakura*, Nageswara Rao Marabathina, Rama Krishnareddy Mareddy and Sivaramanjaneyulu Yeddanapudi

Abstract

Aim: To assess the efficacy of decompressive craniectomy in patients with large basal ganglia (BG) bleed. To establish predictive criteria of mortality after surgery in patients with BG bleed.

Materials: This prospective study includes all patients of large spontane...

05/07/2021
Research Article

Suicide in teenagers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Cuba: actions for its prevention

Claudia Elvira Casamayor Leiza, Julio César Pérez Yero, Maydell Pérez Inerárity* and Brayan Chávez Miguel

Abstract

Introduction: Suicidal behavior in teenagers constitutes a health problem that, given the necessary measures of social isolation taken by the global emergency of the COVID-19 pandemic, must generate timely actions for its prevention and control from the public health services...

05/07/2021
Research Article

Mestranol moieties clicked to Zn(II)phthalocyanine for controllable photosensitized oxidation of cholesterol

Vanya Mantareva*, Meliha Syuleyman, Adriana Slavova-Kazakova, Ivan Angelov and Mahmut Durmus

Abstract

Four mestranol moieties were chemically linked to Zn(II) phthalocyanine (4) by cycloaddition “Click” reaction using a tetra-azidoethoxy substituted Zn(II)-phthalocyanine (3). The alkyl-azido coupling reaction was realized between azido groups of 3 and alkyl group of...

05/05/2021
Research Article

In vitro beneficial effects of a flax extract on papillary fibroblasts define it as an anti-aging candidate

PAGEON Hervé*, ZUCCHI Hélène, RICOIS Sylvie, BASTIEN Philippe and ASSELINEAU Daniel

Abstract

Objective: During aging, skin undergoes structural, cellular and molecular changes, which not only alter skin mechanical properties but also biological and physiological functions. Structurally the epidermis becomes thinner, the dermal epidermal junction flattens and the extr...

05/05/2021
Research Article

Impact of a multidisciplinary pre-dialysis program on renal treatment modalities choice

Luis Miguel Castro Fonseca dos Santos Oliveira*, Rui Arlindo dos Santos Alves de Castro and Teresa Margarida Ribeiro Pinto Morgado

In Portugal, around 2500 patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD stage 5) start a renal replacement therapy (RRT) for the first time each year [1]. They have four main treatment options: kidney transplantation (TX); haemodialysis (HD); peritoneal dialysis (PD) and conservative treatme...

05/05/2021
Case Report

Unusual and severe peripartum cardiomyopathy: A case report

Lamanna B, Vinciguerra M, Crupano F, Cicinelli R, Cicinelli E and Vimercati A

Abstract

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a relatively rare cardiac disease that manifests in the final stage of pregnancy and in the first months after delivery in women with no preexisting heart disease. Many etiological processes have been suggested: viral myocarditis, abnormal ...

05/05/2021
Clinical Image

Vulvar lipoma: A rare tumour

Aarti Chitkara*

A 26 year nulliparous woman presented to the OPD with complaint of painless swelling in the vulva for the last 1.5 years which gradually increased in size causing difficulty in walking. Physical examination revealed a well-defined soft, non-tender ellipsoidal swelling with smooth margins in vulva...

05/05/2021
Case Report

Menstruating primary umbilicus cutaneous endometriosis: A case report and review of literature

Idowu Pius Ade-Ojo* and Oluwadare Martins Ipinnimo

Abstract

Primary umbilical cutaneous endometriosis is a rare umbilical endometrioma that affects women who are within the reproductive age group. It may be associated with infertility and severe dysmenorrhea and can be difficult to diagnosed in an asymptomatic patient.

We re...

05/05/2021
Case Report

Pneumocephalus following labour epidural analgesia, a rare case report

Shagufta Rafiq*, Ibrahim Abbasher, Sadia Anwar, Ammara Ahmad, Bushra Aziz and Branko Denona

Abstract

The lumbar epidural analgesia is commonly used for labour analgesia. The “loss of resistance to air” LORA technique is commonly used for recognition of epidural space. One of the rare complications of this technique is Pneumocephalus (PC). We want to present a cas...

05/04/2021
Research Article

Determinants of health seeking behaviour of women with obstetric fistula in south- south and south east, Nigeria: A review of the impact of availability and quality of health care services through a cross-sectional study

Peters Grace E*, Ononokpono Dorathy N, Willson Nsikanabasi U, Oko Nnabuike I and Peters EJ

Abstract

Background: Obstetric fistula is a condition that results from obstructed labour, which occurs when the baby cannot pass through the mother’s birth canal because it either does not come head first or is too large for her pelvis. Prompt medical intervention, often includ...