03/18/2021
Review Article

Explicating the presentations of Acanthamoeba keratitis with special concern in the COVID-19 pandemic ambient

Chrysanthus Chukwuma, Sr*

Abstract

This article presents an overview of information regarding Acanthamoeba keratitis per epidemiology, host-pathogen interactions, clinical manifestations, risk factors, environmental implications, diagnosis, treatment and management as well as COVID-19 characteristics which may...

03/01/2021
Research Article

Evaluation of endothelial function in obese children and adolescents

Hacer Efnan Melek, Ayça Törel Ergür* and Gökçe Kaan Ataç

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity defined as increased fatty mass is progressively rising in recently, even though its affects begins to all systems in childhood and adolescence periods, the most important morbidity and mortality reason of obesity is its effects on the cardiovascular sys...

03/31/2021
Research Article

Which women uses social Internet networks during pregnancy?

Sylvie Viaux-Savelon*, Catherine Fouillet, Nicolas Bodeau and Jacky Nizard

Abstract

Internet has become an important part of our life, including during pregnancy where it is broadly used to find information (84%). The aims of this study were (1) to describe the proportion of women using Internet Social Networks (ISN) concerning their pregnancy, during pre or...

03/17/2021
Review Article

Laparoscopic staging of borderline ovarian tumours – Technique and results

Klimatsouda M, Donoudis C, Kontopoulos G and Daponte A*

Abstract

Borderline Ovarian Tumors (BOT) tend to present more frequently nowadays, especially in younger women. Furthermore fertility preservation and laparoscopic management is often desired and therefore appropriate counselling is challenging and the treatment selection must be made...

03/29/2021
Review Article

Rationality and irrationality in the use of antibiotics in the epiclatino Latin American Neonatal Units

Angela B Hoyos*

Abstract

Background: Recent years have seen chaos in the neonatology use of antibiotics with diverse opinions and recommendations in international guidelines and societies. This has created great uncertainty in which cases to use, for how long, and which tests apply to make these deci...

03/29/2021
Short Communication

Atypical presentation of congenital pneumonia: Value of lung ultrasound

Virginie Meau-Petit* and Grenville F Fox

A term neonate was transferred from a Local Neonatal Unit to our surgical Neonatal Intensive Care Unit on Day 2 due to abdominal distension with radiological appearances suggestive of intestinal obstruction. He was born by Caesarean section with no risk factors for sepsis.

03/25/2021
Research Article

Factors associated with zinc prescription practice among children with diarrhea who visited public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Abenezer Woldegebriel*, Mesfin Beyero and Alemneh Kabeta Daba

Abstract

Background: Diarrhea and nutrient deficiency worsen each other, and zinc is recommended to be included in clinical management of diarrhea. Therefore, this investigation was done to assess zinc prescription practice to children with diarrhea, identify factors associated with z...

03/25/2021
Research Article

An Audit on the implementation of administering Ondansetron in children with acute gastroenteritis and its effect on admission rate

Saskia D’Sa*, Ahad Hussain, Mushtaq Hussain, Zahir Afridi, John Twomey and Irfan Ahmed

Abstract

Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common presenting complaint in paediatrics. Most often, the reason for admission into hospital is to initiate intravenous rehydration in patients with severe dehydration and inability to tolerate oral intake. We found that Ondansetron acts as ...

03/23/2021
Research Article

An experimental study on effects of fluoridated water on Abelmoschus esculentus var. Soh-198 (Lady Finger)

Arshi Iram*

Abstract

An experimental study of fluoride (F) accumulation in Abelmoschus esculentus var. Soh-198 and its effect on the growth and crop yield was conducted in a pot experiment. Eight different concentrations of F in the water were used for irrigation ranging from 2 to 14 ppm with dis...

03/23/2021
Mini Review

Phytochemicals candidates as promising preventives and/or curatives for COVID-19 Infection: A brief review

Selma Hamimed*, Nejib Jebli, Rayene Hamimed, Ahmed Landoulsi and Abdelwaheb Chatti

Abstract

The outbreak of new coronavirus acute respiratory disease (SARS-CoV-2) has been a major global challenge for the scientific community to save humanity. While, the unviability of the vaccine keeps most classes of society, especially African countries, suffer from the healthcar...

03/19/2021
Short Communication

Patterns of drugs and alcohol abuse among youth

Tamar Ruth Orowitz*

Abstract

The study attempted to answer several questions: Does the cultural and social background of immigrant youth from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) affect their use of addictive substances? Do these youth show distinctive patterns of drug and alcohol abuse? Do the addictive substa...

03/19/2021
Case Report

Regeneration of deep intrabony periodontal defects with enamel matrix derivative: A case report

Lopes Otão P and Mascarenhas P1*

Summary

A clinical case of treatment of two severe intrabony defects on the aesthetic zone is reported and followed for one year.

The biomaterial of choice was enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain®; Straumann™) alone with a preservation papilla flap and a minimally i...

03/23/2021
Review Article

Cortical spreading depolarizations in the context of subarachnoid hemorrhage and the role of ketamine

Leandro Custódio do Amaral*

Abstract

Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is one of the main complications of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage and one of its causes is the cortical spreading depolarizations (CSDs). Cortical spreading depolarizations are waves of neuronal and glial depolarizations in which there i...

03/26/2021
Research Article

Ambivalent sexist attitudes of young adolescents from the province of Jaén: Regarding the use of sexual and/or pornographic content on the internet

María José Calero*, Ana Raquel Ortega Martínez and José Luis Castillo Galán

Abstract

Knowing the possible origin of sexist attitudes in adolescents is essential when educating them to avoid gender violence derived from them. Nurses have an important role in education for the health of children and adolescents, so we must study the risk factors that lead to th...

03/23/2021
Research Article

Experiences of patients with lung cancer receiving concurrent chemo-radiotherapy

Eunsook Choi* and Sunhee Park

Abstract

Purpose: In an aspect of qualitative treatment, this research gathered lung cancer patients’ actual experiences to understand deeply, such as their expectation for treatment results, their difficulties during treatment, and their various requests to their family and med...

03/16/2021
Review Article

Evidence-based primary care approach to treating people with COVID-19 infection to prevent life-threatening complications: A review of the evidence for practical application in a clinical setting

Thomas A Sharon*

Abstract

The NIH has published treatment guidelines for treating COVID-19 patients in the hospital. However, as of this writing, there are no established protocols for treating COVID-19 positive patients in primary care. Accordingly, this investigator has taken on the task of reviewin...

03/26/2021
Research Article

Environmental influence on blood serum detection using ultraviolet 365

Kelly P Kearse*

Summary

The major use of alternative light sources (ALS) in the evaluation of bloodstains has been primarily focused on detection of whole blood, with relatively little attention to visualization of blood serum. Serum may become separated from blood pools during clotting, and because ...

03/16/2021
Research Article

Economic disparities and suicides: The dynamic panel data analyses of 50 states in the United States

Bruce Q Swan*

Abstract

The economic inequalities associated with suicide risks among 50 states in the United States were identified in this paper to form the dynamic panel data set from 1981 to 2016. The effects of growing income inequalities on suicides in the Unites States were estimated using th...

03/12/2021
Research Article

Sequence-independent single-primer-amplification (SISPA) as a screening technique for detecting unexpected RNA viral adventitious agents in cell cultures

Davood Bahador, Ashraf Mohammadi, Abolhasan Foroughi and Behnam Alirezaie*

Abstract

The sequence-independent, single-primer amplification (SISPA) enables the random amplification of nucleic acids, allowing the detection and genome sequencing of different viral agents. This feature of SISPA method provides evidence for application of it in monitoring the presen...

03/18/2021
Clinical Image

Aortic dissection complicating carotid dissection and myocardial infarction

Chun-Cheng Chen, Hung-Wen Tsai and Sung-Yuan Hu*

A 58-year-old hypertensive man presented to our insti-tution with acute chest pain and dizziness. Electrocardiogram revealed inferior wall myocardial infarction with suspected right ventricular involvement (Figure 1A).

03/18/2021
Clinical Image

Ketamine-related uropathy and cholangiopathy

Yi-Hsuan Chen, Shian-Shiang Wang and Sung-Yuan Hu*

A 23-year-old man had a 2-year history of ketamine abuse and presented intermittent abdominal pain, urinary urgency and dysuria for one year.

03/09/2021
Clinical Image

Millian´s ear sign: Bilateral ear erythema

Roberto Benavides Arenas* and Juan Camilo Jaramillo

A 79 years old woman presented with one-day history of pain, redness, pain and swelling without discharge in her left ear, later her right ear started with the same symptoms as in her contralateral ear spreading around the scalp and the forehead (Figure 1), she denied fever, or other constitution...

03/24/2021
Research Article

Abdominal obesity in predicting myocardial infarction risk. Waist-to-Hip Ratio: The metric that confused cardiology worldwide for a long time

Angel Martin Castellanos*

Important differences has been found in assessing the effects of obesity on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk [1]. Interestingly, accurate estimation of the body composition (BC) is highly relevant from a public health perspective [2], and it has the importance of being essential in establishing ...

03/19/2021
Review Article

Management of hypertension in Nigeria: The barriers and challenges

Nelson I Oguanobi*

Abstract

In recent years there has been increasing concern about the growing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in developing countries. Systemic hypertension remains the commonest form of CVD and is identified as a key modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and morta...

03/26/2021
Letter to the Editor

Criteria for paediatric oral liquid form

Daniela Gavrus, Ferran Bossacoma Busquets*, Josep Maria Català, Joan Lluis Vinent Genestar and Miquel Villaronga Flaque

Paediatric hospitals frequently have to face the lack of commercially available medicines suitable or even licensed for their use in paediatrics. Thus, only one-third of all medicines approved by the European Medicines Agency over the period of 1995 to 2005 were licensed for use in children [1].<...

03/25/2021
Research Article

COVID-19 immunologic and toxicological implication: Innate immune sensor and immune escape

Luisetto M*, Ahnaf Ilman, Farhan Ahmad Khan, Khaled Edbey, Gamal Abdul Hamid, Mashori GR, Nili BA, Fiazza C, YesvI R and Latishev Yu O

Abstract

Related COVID-19 and new Variant and treatment like vaccine it is relevant to deeply verify the immunologic implication and in a special way regarding the innate immune sensor system and the evasion of the immune system.

This can be crucial to search for new strateg...

03/08/2021
Case Report

Prostate cancer-associated thrombotic microangiopathy: A case report and review of the literature

HHS Kharagjitsing*, PAW te Boekhorst and Nazik Durdu-Rayman

Abstract

Background: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare and life-threatening complication of prostate carcinoma. Whether plasma exchange has a role in treatment remains a subject of debate. Here we present a case followed by a systematic review of the literature on this subjec...

03/17/2021
Case Report

Giant hepatic cystadenoma mimicking a hydatid cyst: A challenging preoperative diagnosis

Mosaab Ghannouchi, Amina Chaka*, Seifeddine Ben Hammouda, Mohamed Ben Khalifa, Asma Chaouech, Karim Nacef, Kamel Hleli and Moez Boudokhane

Abstract

Biliary cystadenoma is a rare cystic tumor of the liver. It has a high recurrence rate and malignant transformation risk in middle-aged women. Pre-operative diagnosis is difficult because of the lack of clinical, biological and radiological specificity. The confirmation of th...

03/17/2021
Review Article

Prognostic significance of the Central Tumor Size (CTS) in Cervical Cancer (CC) stages IIb and IIIb: What should we do with the FIGO staging system and therapeutic strategies?

Alejandro Soderini*, Alejandro Aragona, Agustin Quintaie, Horacio Moschen and Martín Mendez

Abstract

Cervical cancer constitutes an issue in public health, becoming the leading cause of death by cancer in women between 20-40 years of age in Latin America. In Argentina 5000 new cases are diagnosed each year, where more than 56% are in advanced stages. The aim of the present c...

03/19/2021
Case Report

Cerebral arterial air embolism with anterior spinal cord syndrome after CT-guided hook-wire localization of Lung mass and pulmonary nodule

Noor Sameh Darwich*, Umran Ugur, Mark P Anstadt and Michael J Pedoto

Abstract

Systemic arterial air embolism (SAAE) is a rare but serious complication of CT-guided hook wire localization of pulmonary nodule usually with catastrophic and poor outcome. Hook wire needle localization is done pre-operatively by placing wire around or into the pulmonary nodu...

03/19/2021
Research Article

Higher venom-specific IgE levels differentiate children with previous local large reactions from children with previous systemic reactions of different severity

Pastorello Elide Anna*, Borgonovo Linda, Piantanida Marta, Schroeder Jan Walter, Pravettoni Valerio, Pastori Stefano, Bilo’ Maria Beatrice, Toniato Andrea, Nichelatti Michele, Preziosi Donatella, Aversano Maria Gloria and Farioli Laura

Abstract

Introduction: Risk factors for systemic reactions (SRs) from hymenoptera venom (HV) allergy are well known in the adult population but they have been little studied in the pediatric one.

Method: The aim of our study was to identify risk factors for SRs in a populati...

03/12/2021
Review Article

Mild to moderate iodine deficiency in pregnancy: A matter of debate

Hossein Delshad and Fereidoun Azizi*

Abstract

During the last few decades painstaking efforts have been made to eliminate iodine deficiency through the world. Nowadays in regions where dietary iodine intake is adequate or borderline, the main focus is increasing dietary iodine supply in the target population during pregn...

03/08/2021
Research Article

Risk of developing eating disorders through the misperception of the body image and the adoption of bad eating habits in a sample of young volleyball athletes

Ramona Fochesato, Sara Guidotti and Carlo Pruneti*

Abstract

Objective: This preliminary study focused on the description of some dysfunctional perceptions of the body image and eating habits in a sample of young.

Methods: The results obtained by 55 amateur and professional volleyball players belonging to volleyball sports cl...

03/02/2021
Research Article

Muscle growth and control of production of sarcomere components

Gerry A Smith*

Abstract

This presentation gives a description of the muscle and sarcomere followed by the main content summarized.

 

03/04/2021
Review Article

Imaging modalities delivery of RNAi therapeutics in cancer therapy and clinical applications

Loutfy H Madkour*

Abstract

The RNA interference (RNAi) technique is a new modality for cancer therapy, and several candidates are being tested clinically. Nanotheranostics is a rapidly growing field combining disease diagnosis and therapy, which ultimately may add in the development of ‘personali...

03/03/2021
Letter to the Editor

Alone in the face of adversity

Francisco Javier Torres-Gómez*

From my desk I could be watching the wind blow or the horses running. Practicing Medicine in a rural setting has these advantages: from time to time you can take the time to admire the beauty that surrounds you in the form of an obligatory pause within a marathon working day, and rest helps refre...

03/03/2021
Case Report

The creative self in anorexics

Dalmotto M* and Fassino S

Abstract

The article describes the interaction of anorexic patients, hospitalized in the Regional Pilot Psychiatric Service for the treatment of Anorexia in the Molinette Hospital of Turin, with the reading volunteering group. On the basis of said interaction, the Creative Self is sea...

03/08/2021
Research Article

Incidence and risk factors of vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury in a single center: Retrospective study

Tanuja Yalamarti, Shahrzad Zonoozi*, Kwabena Adu Ntoso and Pooneh Alborzi

Abstract

Background: There is enough evidence to suggest that vancomycin increases the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) but the exact mechanism is not well understood. This study aims to understand the incidence of vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury (VA-AKI) among hospitalized...

03/08/2021
Research Article

Forensic analysis of private browsing mechanisms: Tracing internet activities

Hasan Fayyad-Kazan*, Sondos Kassem-Moussa, Hussin J Hejase and Ale J Hejase

Abstract

Forensic analysts are more than ever facing challenges upon conducting their deep investigative analysis on digital devices due to the technological progression. Of these are the difficulties present upon analyzing web browser artefacts as this became more complicated when we...

03/03/2021
Mini Review

Bleeding complications at the access sites during catheter directed thrombolysis for acute limb ischaemia: Mini review

Elias Noory*, Tanja Böhme, Ulrich Beschorner and Thomas Zeller

Abstract

Acute and subacute ischemia of the lower limbs represents a major emergency with a high in-hospital mortality, complication, and leg amputation rates.

Treatment options for acute limb ischemia include systemic anticoagulation, followed by various catheter based opti...

03/02/2021
Research Article

Experimental research on the mechanism of chemical energy conversion to light energy under thermal induction

Jiping Liu*, Zhuqing Fang, Yinjie Wang and Jia Han

Abstract

Since the discovery of glare illuminators, considerable efforts have been devoted to achieving a breakthrough of high light intensity on the order of magnitude. In this paper, we prepared strong flash blinding agents for the first time by using aluminum powder, oxidant, and a...