05/25/2020
Research Article

Measurement of background ionizing radiation in the federal university of technology owerri, Nigeria using calibrated digital geiger counter

Eke BC* and Emelue HU

Abstract

The measurement of the natural ionizing radiation in the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria was carried out using a well calibrated Digital Geiger Muller counter models GCA – 04w. Measurements were taken randomly in thirty (30) diff erent locations outside...

05/22/2020
Review Article

Review on impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on life animals and dairy product processing industries of the world

Lammifyad Chimde*

Abstract

This review was conducted for the objective of assessing causes of COVID-19 pandemic impacts on life animals and dairy product processing industry of the world. Since its outbreak in Wuhan town of China, the newly emerged strains of corona virus COVID-19 causes incredible cri...

05/25/2020
Case Report

Anaesthetic management of an elderly patient with ischaemic heart disease and previous MI undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair: Case report

Khaleel Ahmad Najar*

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease may occur in isolation, or in combination with the pathological process of vascular ageing, arteriosclerosis. These two conditions have differing impacts on the haemodynamic changes in response to anaesthesia and surgery. Hypertension is not a feature o...

05/21/2020
Case Report

Acute pancreatitis with uncommon presentation of myocardial infarction

Zubin Sharma*, Ravindra Pradeep Sharma and Divya Sharma

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that may be accompanied by a systemic inflammatory response which results in impairment of the functioning of various organs, systems. Pancreatitis associated vascular complications very often cause morbidity and mortality. T...

05/29/2020
Research Article

Preventive treatment in an osteoporotic femoral upper metaphysis-A clinical case: Me Louise V…

Yves Cirotteau*

In 1992, a patient, born July 10, 1910, aged 82, with major osteoporosis [1-3], was operated on her left hip. The surgeon performs a biomaterial transplant using natural coral [4]. Follow-up is two years. She died in 1994 of acute respiratory failure. Three bone graft osteodensitometry [5] shows ...

05/29/2020
Opinion

Demystifying the power of magnesium

Anjana Agarwal*

Epsom salts was inadvertently discovered in Epson spring in England and used as magnesium salt in 1697. It is simply the magnesium sulphate, a commonly used ingredient in beauty and wellness kiosks for soothing joints, muscles and mind. Richard Martin Willstatter working on plant pigments begged ...

05/30/2020
Research Article

Dysfunctional breathing in children

Amanda MP Trompenaars#, Aalt PJ Van Roest# and Anja APH Vaessen-Verberne*

Abstract

Objective: Dysfunctional breathing (DB) refers to abnormal patterns of breathing. No gold standard exists for diagnosis. In clinical practice we regularly see children with functional breathing problems. We collected data from this patient group to gain more ...

05/29/2020
Review Article

Maternal, neonatal and children´s health in Sub-Saharan East Africa

Josef Donát*

Summary

The Czech model for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality for countries in sub-Saharan East Africa was created on the basis of the Archdiocesan Charity Prague project for a specific region-subcounty Buikwe, Diocese of Lugazi, Mukono Region in Uganda, a region with about 30,...

05/29/2020
Short Review

Levosimendan in sepsis  

Ugur Koca* and Burcu Tanay Demirdöven

Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer and its inotropic effect is mainly attributed to the troponin C of the myocardial fine filaments with calcium. Levosimendan also inhibits phosphodiesterase III. In contrast to inotropic effects, this does not increase calcium entry into the cell, which explain...

05/28/2020
Clinical Image

Opera-glass hand with arthritis mutilans in psoriatic arthritis

Gautam Mullick*, Ajay Handa and Vikas Chauhan

A 42 years old gentleman who was a known case of  Psoriasis vulgaris since last 5 years presented to the Rheumatology clinic with inflammatory arthritis predominantly involving the joints of the upper extremities. Musculoskeletal examination of both hands revealed dactylitis and distal inter...

05/27/2020
Opinion

Management of gestational diabetes during ‘COVID19 time’

Nicolina Di Biase*

Abstract

The measures put in place by many governments around the world to fight the spread of COVID-19 have drastically reduced visits to diabetes centres. To keep providing people with diabetes the professional support they need and reduce the inconvenience caused by the interruptio...

05/21/2020
Research Article

Risk Factors Associated to Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Lahore District

Snobia Munir*, Samreen Riaz, Tooba Arshad and Aasma Riaz

Abstract

Our research aimed to check the impact of some significant risk variables on diabetes growth and the specific goal of this study was to evaluate the connection of industrial fields with diabetes risk variables. The current research also informs us about the most important ris...

05/26/2020
Review Article

Role of yoga in Parkinson’s disease-A comprehensive update of the literature

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degenerative motor symptoms (e.g., tremors, impaired balance and gait) and nonmotor symptoms (e.g., fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain) that can negatively influence health and mental w...

05/25/2020
Case Report

Vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in young woman: A case report and literature review

Issam Lalya*, Sana Laatitioui, Ismail Essadi, Abdelhamid El Omrani and Mouna Khouchani

Abstract

Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most common soft tissue tumors of childhood. They are characterized by their poor prognosis. Vaginal location is very rare after puberty and exceptional in the post menopause. Treatment is based on several therapeutic measures combining neoadjuvant c...

05/14/2020
Research Article

Socio-demographic characteristics and other factors associated with depressive illness among medical students at the University of Port Harcourt

Asuquo EO*, Nkporbu AK*, Okechukwu C, Onoh I and Okafor NT

Abstract

Background: The burden of depression as a mental disorder has continued to increase and constituting an enormous public health concern among all age groups. A number of socio-demographic, and other factors including a stressful and rigorous academic programme...

05/18/2020
Short Communication

Contemporary learning or E-Learning in physiotherapy, pre and post COVID-19: Short communication

Mohammed Suhail*, Sharath C and Akhil Mathew

Since December 2019, an outbreak of novel corona virus disease was reported in Wuhan, which has subsequently affected more than 160 countries worldwide. The ongoing outbreak has been declared as a pandemic by WHO, a global public health emergency. Several countries are successfully fighting with ...

05/19/2020
Research Article

Prognosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy in sub-Saharan Africa (Burkina Faso South-West PPCM register)

Taryètba André Arthur Seghda*, Théodore Boro, Jean Eudes Bambara, Kadari Cisse, Andrés Miguel Lopez, André K Samadoulougou and Patrice Zabsonre

Abstract

Peripartum cardiomyopathy is one of the curable cardiomyopathy. It’s a severe and frequent disease arising among women of childbearing age. Its evolution in the long-term among some patients leads to chronic heart failure. Our study aims to determine from a prospective ...

05/16/2020
Case Report

Chronic subdural haematoma associated with arachnoid cyst of the middle fossa in a soccer player: Case report and review of the literature

Elena Beretta*, Michele Incerti, Giuseppe Raudino, Gaspare F Montemagno and Franco Servadei

Abstract

Introduction: Arachnoid cyst (AC) is a congenital, benign, extra-axial lesion often found incidentally on intracranial imaging and makes up almost 1% of all intracranial masses. It arises from the splitting of arachnoid membranes with components similar to the ...

05/29/2020
Review Article

Study of the influence of relay elements on the erosion process on the basis of GIS technology

ZH Aliyev* and TA Hajiyev

Annotation

Erosion has become widespread in the local climatic conditions of Azerbaijan. From this point of view, different types of erosion (washing, erosion, deflation, etc.) can often be found in many soil types formed in the territory of the republic. It should be taken into accou...

05/27/2020
Research Article

Risk evaluation and modeling of soils contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in parts of Bonny Island, Niger Delta, Nigeria

Nwankwoala HO*, Amadi AN, Omofuophu E and Ibrahim HA

Abstract

Environmental impact of a recent oil spill incident in Bonny terminal using soil media was studied using a risk-based modeling approach. The establishment of the presence of contaminants of concern (CoC), evaluation/assessment, modeling spilled volume and ascertaining potenti...

05/11/2020
Review Article

Studies of the possibility of determining amplifications in kinematic pairs

IH Aliyev*

Annotation

The article discusses approaches to solving problems of accurately determining strength in kinematic pairs. It is known that the nature of the bonds imposed by kinematic pairs is determined by the geometric shapes of the elements of the pairs. For what, here, the bonds acte...

05/26/2020
Review Article

PISA Syndrome-Orthopedic manifestation of a neurological disease?

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Pleurothotonus, commonly known as Pisa Syndrome (PS), is a rare neurological disorder characterized by lateral bending of the trunk with a tendency to lean to one side. This is typically mobile and resolves in supine position. It often presents as an incapacitating symptom of...

05/29/2020
Mini Review

Patients suffer when healthcare stocks rise

Deane Waldman*

When a stock price rises or has a better P/E ratio, this is generally considered a measure of success. Is this true for health insurance stocks? Stock holders certainly are happy, but what about the purchasers of the carriers’ policies? Are patients smiling when the stock price goes up?

05/27/2020
Review Article

Role of nanotechnology in diagnosing and treating COVID-19 during the Pandemic

Abdul Waris, Muhammad Ali, Atta Ullah Khan, Asmat Ali and Abdul Baset*

Abstract

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), began in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. To date, the virus has infected roughly 5,000,000 people and caused approximately 345,000 deaths worldwide, an...

05/21/2020
Review Article

Microbiome and Gastroesophageal Disease: Pathogenesis and Implications for Therapy

Steve M D’Souza, Lindsey B Cundra, Byung Soo Yoo, Parth J Parekh and David A Johnson*

Abstract

There is growing evidence that gastroesophageal disease is influenced by the esophageal microbiome, and that commensal bacteria of the oropharynx, stomach, and colon are thought to have a role in modulatiing pathogenesis. These emerging hypotheses are based on observed change...

05/13/2020
Case Report

Frequent, Genetic Polyps-Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Anubha Bajaj*

Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant syndrome of variable penetration and constitutes the second frequent inherited syndrome enunciating the emergence of a colorectal carcinoma.

05/15/2020
Opinion

Fever is not a symptom in COVID-19: None of the diseases require fever as its symptom

KM Yacob*

We have been hearing for centuries that ‘fever is not a disease but a symptom’. Physicians say that fever is a symptom of diseases like flu to cancer.

 

05/28/2020
Case Report

Twin-stage technique for occlusal rehabilitation of a mutilated dentition – A case report

Gita Rani and Amarjeet Gambhir*

Summary

Functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of an extremely worn dentition is one of the most challenging aspects of Prosthodontics. A thorough examination and diagnosis & selection of appropriate occlusal scheme are key factors to achieve optimal clinical outcome. Among the v...

05/28/2020
Research Article

Characterization of plastic degrading bacteria isolated from landfill sites

Afreen Bakht, Nouman Rasool* and Saima Iftikhar

Abstract

The plastic pollution is threatening the environment because it has very slow degradation rate and high usage in regular activities. The present study aims at the isolation of novel microorganisms that would assist faster degradation process of polyethylene. The waste samples...

05/11/2020
Mini Review

Role of T-Helper cells (CD4+ T Cells) in human immune system against some microbial infection: A mini review

Ali M*, Lurwan M, Halliru SN and Salihi AM

Abstract

The human immune system consists of innate and adaptive immune responses which both provide protective immunity to microbial infection. The adaptive immune system consists of T and B cell which act as second line defense through production of neutralizing antibody by B cells ...

05/11/2020
Research Article

Physicochemical and microbiological quality of tanker waters in Bengaluru urban for safe water supply

Justin Joseph and Sibi G*

Abstract

This study investigated the water quality of tanker waters that was collected from Bengaluru urban areas to assess its suitability for domestic purpose. A total of 50 samples were collected in dry (March 2019) season. All samples were analyzed for various hydrochemical parame...

05/06/2020
Research Article

Trial of labor after cesarean outcomes with excessive gestational weight gain

Sophia Halassy* and Angela Marras

Summary

The success of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) has been correlated with a variety of maternal characteristics such as age, ethnicity, and body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared). The patient’s BMI just prio...

05/25/2020
Research Article

The evaluation of bandage soft contact lenses as a primary treatment for traumatic corneal abrasions

Hashim Thiab Hassan*

Abstract

Background: Corneal abrasions are a common result of eye trauma. Corneal injuries are very common in both the adult and pediatric population and account for a significant proportion of the workload of most emergency departments. Although abrasion heals well w...

05/22/2020
Research Article

Can we predict Alzheimer’s Disease through the eye lens?

Sandeep CS*, Vijayakumar N and Sukesh Kumar A

Abstract

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a common dementia problem of the old population. The two main hallmarks of AD are tau protein and amyloid-beta protein. The relevant investigations on AD suggest that these proteins are also seen in the eye. There are many tests and imaging m...

05/20/2020
Research Article

Evaluation of the efficacy of transcorneal electric stimulation therapy in retinitis pigmentosa patients with electrophysiological and structural tests

Mualla Sahin Hamurcu*, Sema Akkan Aydogmuş and M. Sinan SARICAOĞLU

Abstract

A Statement of Significance: This study shows that the effect of transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) therapy as a stimulator device in retinitis pigmentosa (RP)patients with have a significant increase in visual acuity and shortening of p100 latency in ...

05/20/2020
Research Article

Changes in intraocular pressure after ND-yag laser posterior capsulotomy

Hashim Thiab Hassan*

Abstract

Background: The posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is also known as after cataract is a common complication after planned extra capsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate t...

05/25/2020
Review Article

Identifying patterns in COVID-19: Morbidity, recovery and the aftermath

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The infectivity and pathogenesis: SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of Covid-19, involves Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors on type II alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells in lungs. Apart from, the upper and lower respiratory tracts, the disease affects the...

05/25/2020
Research Article

Risk taking sexual behaviors among young adults – findings from a cross sectional population based survey in Barbados

Alok Kumar*, Nicole Drakes, Shawna Crichlow, Keagan Mohammed and Jacqueline Wiltshire

Abstract

Background: The National Strategic Plan for HIV Prevention and Control 2014-2018 recognized the need for the utilization of research findings to guide the development of HIV policies, programs and interventions for the general population and key population gr...

05/21/2020
Review Article

COVID-19: Targeting the cytokine storm via cholinergic anti-inflammatory (Pyridostigmine)

Ahmed H Osman*

Abstract

Background: The development of COVID-19 having been set apart as the third presentation of an exceptionally pathogenic coronavirus into the human populace after the extreme intense SARS-COV and MERS-COV in the twenty-first century. The infection itself doesn&...

05/22/2020
Letter to the Editor

South Asia is more vulnerable to COVID-19 pandemic

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which originated in China spread progressively all over the world [1]. On 11th March 2020 WHO declared COVID-19 outbreaks as a pandemic [2].

05/11/2020
Research Article

Role of community health fairs in providing health services, improving health of rural residents

Justine Jobman, Trina Aguirre*, Ann Koehler, Leeza Struwe and Wendy Wells

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg m-2) is epidemic globally and is associated with increased risk for a wide range of physical and mental health comorbidities. This is a particular concern for rural residents who have a greater rate of obesity than urban ...

05/19/2020
Case Report

Case reports of observed significant improvement in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19 and maximum ventilatory support after inhalation of sodium bicarbonate

Wardeh A*, Conklin J and Ko M

The emergence of COVID-19 worldwide in an unprecedented pandemic. COVID-19 has a significant mortality, mostly from acute lung injury. We reviewed the available literature from China and Europe in regard to the behavior of SARS-Cov2 and ability to adhere to the cell wall [1,2]. The evidence based...

05/12/2020
Research Article

DSM algorithm to determine the decentralized bases of the SAMU natal through the use of simulation

Eric Lucas dos Santos Cabral, Wilkson Ricardo Silva Castro, Davidson Rogério de Medeiros Florentino, João Florêncio da Costa Jr., Talita Dias Chagas Frazão, Claudia Aparecida Cavalheiro Francisco, Ricardo Pires de Souza, Amália Cinthia Meneses Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho* and Marco Antônio Leandro Cabral

Abstract

The growth of the urban population exerts considerable pressure on municipalities’ public managers to focus their attention on providing emergency medical care that meets the growing demand for emergency pre-hospital medical care. It is estimated that, by 2050, urban ar...

05/18/2020
Review Article

Contemporary American stupidity

James F Welles*

The American character is filled with contradictions and paradoxes [1], so it is understandable that, being susceptible to the imperfections, weakness and evils afflicting all peoples [2], it features its share and many types of injustices and stupidity.

05/15/2020
Opinion

Determination of calcium in the tooth structure by using flame emission spectrophotometer

Şükrü Kalaycı*

018Calcium is the most common element in the tooth’s structure. In addition, calcium is one of the elements that are effective in maintaining dental health. As a result of calcium deficiency, the tooth becomes brittle and begins to rot. Calcium deficiency usually occurs in acidic beverage c...

05/07/2020
Research Article

Gene polymorphisms CVPDr on some plants citrus in Bali Island

I Gusti Ayu Diah Yuniti, I Ketut Widnyana*, I Gede Putu Wirawan, I Nyoman Wijaya and Made Sritamin

Abstract

Citrus Vein Phloem Degeneration (CVPD) is the main disease of citrus plants in Indonesia. This disease is caused by Gram negative bacteria, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. Almost all citrus plants are susceptible to this disease and only a few citrus plants such as seedles...

05/05/2020
Mini Review

Incidence and disease control of Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) was first identified in northern Italy. It likes other species of the family Potyuiridue. ZYMV has been recorded in many countries since 1981. The efficient intercontinental spread of the virus can be explained by international trading ...

05/04/2020
Case Report

Acute and post burn reconstructive surgery of the female trunk with artificial dermis to facilitate healthy pregnancy

Dantzer E*, Campech G and Mazanovich M

The sequelae of deep and extensive burns to the abdomen can lead to serious complications during pregnancy. Studies and publications covering this subject are scarce and outdated. The complications described arise during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, and surgical treatments to address these com...

05/04/2020
Review Article

The benefits of biochemical bone markers

Sek Aksaranugraha*

To improve efficiency in Osteoporosis treatment
To adjust the dosage of medication for osteoporosis with BMK
To adjust bone life cycle as needed
To prevent bone necrosis which dentists have been worried.
To reduce cost of treatment

05/06/2020
Review Article

Exploring pathophysiology of COVID-19 infection: Faux espoir and dormant therapeutic options

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

COVID-19 virus structural components: The 2019-nCoV, also called SARS-CoV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The disease was named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the virus responsible for it as the COVID-19 virus, respectively, b...

05/11/2020
Review Article

Neutrophils, NETs, NETosis and their paradoxical roles in COVID-19

Al-Anazi KA*, Al-Anazi WK and Al-Jasser AM

Abstract

The pandemic of COVID-19 has adversely affected the world in many aspects. The health and economic sectors suffer most of the repercussions of this disease. The search for a cure for this rapidly spreading virus which is causing massive life losses worldwide requires clear un...

05/13/2020
Review Article

Impact of Community Oriented Ear Care (COEC) on national programme for control of deafness in India: A critical look

Sanjeev Davey*, Anuradha Davey and Rajesh Jain

Abstract

The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPCD) was launched in 2006 by Government of India, but despite its phase wise implementation, the community oriented ear care has not been properly realized in view of existing IPHS Standards 2012 at PHC Level. So...

05/06/2020
Review Article

8 Gy single dose radiotherapy for bone metastasis in COVID-19 pandemia period: Review

Bora Uysal*, Hakan Gamsız, Ferrat Dincoglan, Omer Sager, Selcuk Demiral and Murat Beyzadeoglu

Abstract

Bone metastases in cancer patients are highly painful and decrease the quality of life for these group of population. Covid-19 pandemia is a global challenging issue that mostly affect the patients with immune suppression or having comorbid diseases older than 65 years old. T...

05/02/2020
Review Article

Our experience with single patch repair of complete atrioventricular septal defects

Can Vuran*, Uygar Yoruker, Oguz Omay, Bulent Saritas, Canan Ayabakan, Ozlem Sarisoy and Riza Turkoz

Abstract

Background: Various surgical methods have been utilized in the management of complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD). Early intervention and achievement of a competent left atrioventricular valve are the key factors for successful treatment.

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05/02/2020
Review Article

Parabens: The love - hate molecule

PD Gupta* and K Pushkala

Parabens are the esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid [1], mimicking oestrogen, the hormone which makes a woman a woman; women love it and men hate it. However, with an excess use of this compound, even women can develop cancers of oestrogen responsive organs.

05/05/2020
Research Article

‘Rotational alignment on patients’ clinical outcome of total knee arthroplasty: Distal femur axillary X-ray view to qualify rotation of the femoral component

S Magersky*

Abstract

Background: Rotation of the femoral component in total knee replacement (TKR) is very important for good long-term results. Malrotation of the femoral component usually requires subsequent reimplantation. We performed X-ray projections of the knee at 90° ...

05/05/2020
Review Article

Implications on mental health by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: The role of general practitioner

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gives rise to a significant number of psychological consequences and health problems. The GP must recognize the feelings generated in their patients and address them. This task includes 4 areas: 1. Knowing and managing the epidemic...

05/16/2020
Short Communication

Detection limit of a lutetium based non-paralizable PET-like detector

Emmanuel Busato* and Édouard Roux

Abstract

The effect of the intrinsic lutetium radioactivity on the detection performances of a LYSO based in-beam PET-like prototype used for quality control of hadrontherapy treatments is studied. This radioactivity leads to a background that degrades the measurement of the β+ s...