02/26/2020
Case Report

A remote cause of anuria in a child

Mehtap Çelakıl*, Zelal Ekinci and Kürşat Demir Yıldız

Abstract

Acute renal injury is a rare complication of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with mesPGN. Here we present a 2-year-old male patient with 4 days history of anuria, generalized edema and hypervolemia. Any evidence other than proteinuria and renal failure could not be identified w...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Transference and countertransference are linked to placebo-nocebo effects and they are an auxiliary resource of unparalleled value in general medicine: Recommendations for general practitioners

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

Psychological phenomena of the doctor-patient relationship influence the therapeutic process. Among these phenomena are the transference (the emotions of the patient towards the doctor), and the countertransference (the emotional reactions of the doctor towards the patient). ...

02/28/2020
Research Article

Analysis of factors influencing participation of farm households in watermelon production in some selected local government areas of Sokoto State, Nigeria

Salihu Abdullahi Abubakar*, Binta Muhammed Manga, Maryam Bello Ali, Abdullahi Muazu and Dalha Magaji

Abstract

The study analyzed the factors influencing participation of farm households’ in watermelon production in the study areas. Three local government areas out of Sokoto state were purposively selected. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Multistage of sampling technique...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Pseudoephedrine protects mice from infection of H1N1 virus

Li Deng, Chengzhi Chu, Xiaoyin Chen* and Zhongping Wu*

Abstract

Ephedra, an ancient herb, is applied to treat common cold and influenza for such a long time in China. Pseudoephedrine is a main active ingredient from Ephedra which is used for relieving nasal congestion clinically. We previously reported that pseudoephedrine showed a potent...

02/28/2020
Case Report

A case of Pulmonary Tuberculosis complicated by Pulmonary Thromboembolism

Jiawen Wang, Changwu Wan, Yuanhe Wang, Mingjie Li, Le Chen and Wang Jie*

Abstract

We report a case of pulmonary embolism complicated with pulmonary tuberculosis. A 48-year-old woman suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis more than 6 years without formal treatment. Recently, she went to hospital because of “chest tightness and dyspnea”, and died i...

02/27/2020
Editorial

Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in systemic sclerosis patients

Eleftherios Pelechas* and Panagiota Karagianni

Editorial

Systemic sclerosis (SScl) is an autoimmune disorder of unknown aetiology, characterised by fibrosis and microvascular injury of the affected organs. The hallmark of the disease is thickening and tightness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. SScl can affect virtually any...

02/28/2020
Review Article

Type 2 diabetes and cancer

Snobia Munir* and Samreen Riaz

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus increases the possibility of different cancers. Scientists have substantiated the link of diabetes with increased prevalence, augmented progression and improved cancer aggression. Research has strengthened link of diabetes with the colorectal cancer risk amo...

02/27/2020
Research Article

Production and evaluation of enzyme-modified lighvan cheese using different levels of commercial enzymes

Mohammad B Habibi Najafi* and Mohammad Amin Miri

Abstract

Enzyme-modified cheeses are concentrated cheese flavors produced enzymatically from dairy substrates in order to provide an intense source of cheese flavor with broad applications. Lighvan cheese is an Iranian traditional cheese with a pleasant taste and flavor generated afte...

02/26/2020
Research Article

In silico discovery of potential inhibitors against Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4: A major biological target of Type-2 diabetes mellitus

Andleeb Subhani, Nadia Arif, Waqar Hussain and Nouman Rasool*

Abstract

Objectives: Type-2 diabetes mellitus, caused by impaired secretion of insulin, is becoming one of the health hazardous threats to human lives across the world. Its prevalence is rising with time. In this study, 2750 phytochemicals, that are considered to have...

02/27/2020
Case Report

Management of temporomandibudar joint ankylosis with costo-chondral graft application: Case report and review of literature

Nikolaos Kolomvos*, Agamemnon Chliaoutakis and Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis

Abstract

Introduction: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is one of the most disruptive anomaly that affects the masticatory system and is referred as permanent movement disfunction of the mandible caused by bilateral or unilateral fibrous or bony adhesions and c...

02/27/2020
Case Report

Symptomatic cluster-like headache in Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) and possible arteritis: Case report and an overview of the literature on secondary cluster-like headaches

Stefania Peruzzo and Carlo Lovati*

Background

Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache belonging to the group of trigeminal-autonomic cephalalgias, characterized by short attacks of very severe headache, always involving the same side of the head, more frequently localized to the periorbital and temporal area, assoc...

02/25/2020
Research Article

Translation, adaptation and validation of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu

Waqar Husain* and Amir Gulzar

Abstract

The current study was carried out to translate, adapt and validate Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu language and in Pakistani culture. The current translation was aimed to produce a more user friendly and clinically applied version of DASS. The systematic procedur...

02/26/2020
Case Report

Acrometastasis as first sign of adenocarcinoma of the lung

Zuhat URAKCI*, Senar EBİNC, Mehmet KUCUKONER, Suat MORKUZU, Ozge YAMAN COSKUN, Zeynep ORUC, Yasin SEZGİN, Erkan BİLEN, Ogur KARHAN, Nadiye AKDENİZ, Muhammet Ali KAPLAN and Abdurrahman ISIKDOGAN

Abstract

Lung cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Metastasis can be seen in many organs in advanced-stage disease. Acral metastasis rate in cancer is quite low. However, because of the direct opening of the arterial circulation, the risk of acral metastasis s...

02/25/2020
Editorial

Convalescent plasma: a valid option in the treatment of COVID-19?

Genjiao Liu and Shuang Li*

In the late of 2019, there is an outbreak of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. The patients appear respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, ki...

02/21/2020
Research Article

Leprosy persistence in the health district of Kenieba despite its elimination as a public health problem at the national level in Mali

Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Ilo Dicko*, Modibo Keita, Housseini Dolo, Modibo Sangaré, Abdoulaye Fomba, Mamoudou Kodio, Nouhou Diarra, Mamadou Sidibé, Oumar Maiga, Moussa Brema Sangaré, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Michel Emmanuel Coulibaly, Mamadou Dolo, Sory Ibrahima Fomba, Abdallah Amadou Diallo, Floribert Fossuo Thotchum, Ousmane Faye and Samba Ousmane Sow

Abstract

WHO defined leprosy elimination as reaching a prevalence < 1 case of leprosy per 10,000 inhabitants. Mali eliminated the disease since 2001 but in 2011, it recorded 226 new cases. This has a serious involvement in term of disease spreading. Therefore, we undertook a cross ...

02/19/2020
Short Communication

Raw materials criticalities in material selection & design

Paolo Ferro*

Abstract

Circular Economy, Sustainability, Design for Environment are some of the keywords that identify new formidable challenges to be faced in the next years. Raw materials have a dominant role in reaching that goal. Green energy, electric vehicles, communication, etc. depends on r...

02/25/2020
Research Article

Two different patterns and outcome of neodymium YAG capsulotomy

Sudeep Navule Siddappa*, Darshan Shivaura Mahalingu, Rakesha Anjenappa and Tintu Susan Joy

Introduction

Visual impairment is a global health problem. Cataract is responsible for 50% of blindness worldwide [1].

Posterior capsular opacification is the most common late complication of cataract surgery as a result of proliferation of residual lens epithelial cells ove...

02/19/2020
Research Article

Retinopathy of prematurity - Intersibling divergence of risk factors among twins

Sudeep Navule Siddappa*, Kavitha Chikknayakanahalli Venugopal, Pavana Acharya and Tintu Susan Joy

Introduction

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a consequence of an arrest in normal retinal neural and vascular development, which determines the aberrant retinal regeneration [1,2].

ROP is a disease process mostly reported in preterm neonates ranging from mild, transient ...

02/19/2020
Review Article

The Importance of Potato virus Y Potyvirus

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

Potato virus Y potyvirus (PVY) is one of the most important aphid transmitted viral pathogen of potato worldwide. PVY affects potato plant (Solanum tuberosum L.), which is an important economic crop. PVY infection with potato viruses usually causing severe economic damage aff...

02/25/2020
Research Article

A retrospective study for Colorectal Cancer in Vlore, Albania-suggestions for further implications

Fatjona Kamberi* and Jerina Jaho

Abstract

Objective: Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in men and women worldwide as well as one of the most common causes of death from cancer. It has a higher prevalence in men than women. The treatment of colorectal cancer (surgically o...

02/18/2020
Review Article

ECG interpretation and commentary

Samir Rafla*, Ahmed Mokhtar and Amr Kamal

Abstract

This is demonstration of selected ECGs for learning or for exams; guided by lessons from great teachers as Prof. Hein Wellens MD. Here we provide advanced examples with comment and analysis.

02/18/2020
Review Article

Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction

Samir Rafla* and Amr Kamal

Abstract

This is a review of features in ECG to diagnose the culprit artery responsible for the infarction. Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction is important for many reasons: to know which artery is to dilate and stent; to assess the severity of the lesi...

02/18/2020
Clinical Image

An unusual case of a maxillary sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinoma

Touimi SH*, Daoudi S, Mbarki I, Adrif I, Elkacemi H, Elmajjaoui S, Kebdani T, Errihani H and Benjaafar N

Abstract

It’s a 24 years old female patient who presented with rhinological burning pain evolving since 1 year. She didn’t consult until a blistering lesion filled half of the oral cavity. The initial biopsy of the tumor was interpreted as a round cell tumor process.

02/14/2020
Research Article

Peptide-based antifouling aptasensor for cardiac troponin I detection by surface plasmon resonance applied in medium sized Myocardial Infarction

Jia Xin Che, Yi Wu, Shwu Jen Chang, Ching-Jung Chen* and Jen-Tsai Liu*

Abstract

Highly selective and sensitive detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a powerful complement to clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, a strategy for cTnI detection was developed by constructing a universal biosensing interface composed of z...

02/18/2020
Research Article

Molecular profiles of hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity markers in dysmenorrheic (on treatment or not) students

Ongbayokolak N Sylvie, Djeudong Geraldo, Bilim B Joseph and Telefo Phelix Bruno*

Abstract

Background: Dysmenorrhea is menstrual disorder that affects about 40% - 90% of women worldwide, it is associated with oxidative stress. The current treatment of this condition is administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which when frequently u...

02/13/2020
Research Article

Anal cytology in immunocompetent patients with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN II and CIN III)

Marcio Erik Franco Ribeiro*, Lyliana Coutinho Resende Barbosa and Taylor Brandão Schnaider

Abstract

Introduction: Anal cancer is directly related to the presence of high-grade HPV. Immunocompromised patients have defined conducts, something which is not observed in immunocompetent patients.

Objective: To study the anal cytology of...

02/12/2020
Research Article

Sensitivity and Intertextile variance of amylase paper for saliva detection

Alexander Lotozynski*

Summary

Contemporary forensic science hinges on DNA analysis to link an individual to a crime scene. Sources of DNA include bodily fluids, including saliva. Amylase is a primary enzyme in human saliva and thus, if detected, indicates possible presence of human saliva. Amylase paper ca...

02/11/2020
Research Article

Improving cancer diseases classification using a hybrid filter and wrapper feature subset selection

Noor Muhammed Noori* and Omar Saber Qasim

Abstract

In the classification of cancer data sets, we note that they contain a number of additional features that influence the classification accuracy. There are many evolutionary algorithms that are used to define the feature and reduce dimensional patterns such as the gray wolf al...

02/20/2020
Research Article

Sexual addiction, self-esteem and personality dimensions

Badii Amamou*, Cyrine Missaoui, Amjed Ben Haouala, Ahmad Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane and Lotfi Gaha

Abstract

Sexual addiction is a growing reality. The acknowledgment of this disorder requires to identify vulnerability factors. Besides, it would improve the management and treatment of these people. We used a cross-sectional study with a sample of voluntary subjects recruited online ...

02/11/2020
Research Article

Assessment of physicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding smoking cessation management in the Gaza Strip

Khaled Hani Alkhodari*, Bakr Khadr Abo Jarad, Ahmed Ismail Al-Bahbhani, Sadi Yehia Nkhala, Ali Naim Al-Buhisi and Khamis Abdelkarim Elessi

Abstract

Background: Despite its negative effects, approximately 23% of Palestinians (≥ 18 years) smoke cigarettes. Studies have shown physicians to be an important channel for smoking cessation intervention. This investigation examines physicians’ smoking-re...

02/24/2020
Research Article

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) and microvasculitis: A comparative study between nasal cytology and pathology

Armone Caruso Arturo*, Del Prete Salvatore*, Marasco Daniela, Veronica Viola, Sabato Leo, Andrea Fulgione, Daniele Naviglio and Monica Gallo

Abstract

Purpose: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent peripheral vertigo syndrome in otoneurological clinical practice and is characterized by short and paroxysmal objective vertigo crises caused by changes in the position of the head on s...

02/18/2020
Short Review

Chlorhexidine and oral cancer: A short review

Shrivardhan R Kalghatgi*, Mahesh R Khairnar and Tanushri Dalvi

Owing to the ever westernizing lifestyles in developing countries like India, the escalation of oral cancer patients are in need of urgent plan of action. With tobacco being the commonest cause for causation of oral cancer, Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2016-17 revealed that almost 28% of whole po...

02/17/2020
Mini Review

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor and the activation of Myosin Light-Chain Kinase and Protein Kinase C-βII: Mini Review

Gerry A Smith*

Summary

The involvement of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor in the Frank-Starling Law of the Heart, where the various activations are very limited, allows simple analysis of the kinase systems involved and thence extrapolation of the mechanism to that of angiotensin control of activ...

02/06/2020
Case Report

Delayed penile prosthesis implantation in the delayed presentation of ischemic priapism

IRZI Mohamed*, MHANNA Tarik, EL HOUMAIDI Amine, Mohammed Aynaou, Mehdi Chennoufi, OURAGHI Abdelghani, ALAOUI MHAMMEDI Wassim and Ali Barki

Abstract

Priapism is currently defined as a prolonged painful erection without sexual stimuli, if priapism persists > 36 hours, conservative treatment does not lead to detumescence.
The most common etiologies are: medications into corpora cavernosa, anti-psychotics, anti-hyp...

02/06/2020
Research Article

In vitro and preventative field evaluations of potential biological control agents and synthetic fungicides for control of Clarireedia jacksonii sp. nov.

Jeffery W Marvin, Robert A Kerr*, Lambert B McCarty, William C Bridges, S Bruce Martin and Christina E Wells

Abstract

Clarireedia jacksonii sp. nov. Formerly Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, the causal agent of dollar spot (DS), is the most destructive pathogen in turfgrass. Symptoms appear as circular patches 10-40 mm in diameter with small tan lesions surrounded by a darker band, some...

02/05/2020
Research Article

Heterotopic Gastric Mucosa of the Proximal Esophagus: An Under recognized Entity

Sarhani Asmae*, Paupard Thierry, Ghani Sara, Salihoun Mouna and Kabbaj Nawal

Abstract

Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is an islet of gastric mucosa within the esophageal mucosa. These lesions can sit throughout the digestive tract and rarely in the upper third of the esophagus. The pathophysiology of HGM remains poorly understood.

Our study aims to ...

02/04/2020
Review Article

Rubella infection: Advances and challenges in the diagnosis and prevention of Congenital Rubella Syndrome

Amelia Nkutxi Vueba* and Maria do Ceu Sousa

Abstract

Rubella remains an important pathogen worldwide, with many cases of congenital rubella syndrome per year. Rubella vaccination is included in the vaccination program of many countries. WHO has set goals for the elimination of measles and rubella and prevention of congenital ru...

02/04/2020
Research Article

Medicinal plant extract associated with bacterial cellulose membrane: Antibacterial activity and physicochemical properties

Fernando Batain, Kessi Crescencio, Thais Alves, Juliana Ferreira Souza, Venâncio Amaral, Juliana Castro, Carolina Santos, Angela Jozala, Luciane Lopes* and Marco Chaud*

Abstract

Burns injuries induce a state of immunodepression that predisposes to a bacterial infectious complication that leads to several comorbid diseases and high mortality rate. Previous studies about anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Aloe vera (L.) Burm...

02/05/2020
Research Article

Case-based education to improve learning and faculty teaching of residents and students in a clinical setting

Elizabeth A Wetzel and Diane E Lorant*

Abstract

Introduction: Current pediatric residents spend less time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and as a result, resident exposure to neonatal pathophysiology has decreased. Engaging learners efficiently while balancing clinical demands is challenging. P...