12/30/2020
Opinion

Blood disorders: Touching of erythrocytes

Vyshnavi D*

In general, Erythrocytes may referred to as corpuscle (Red Blood Cells).These erythrocytes will play a significant role in our body. It carries the element round the body and produce dioxide back to lungs.

12/02/2020
Mini Review

Corrosive base neutralization process: Review

Jhansi Rani*

Summary

A balance response is the point at which a corrosive and a base respond to shape water and a salt and includes the mix of H+ particles and OH-particles to produce water. The balance of a solid corrosive and solid base has a pH equivalent to 7.

12/31/2020
Case Report

Laparoscopic approach for acute right iliac fossa pathology: Our experience

Luciano Onofrio* and Gianfausto Iarrobino

Abstract

Laparoscopic approach in emergency theatre is an irreplaceable tool to manage patients with acute surgical pathology. We retrospectively reviewed surgical access records from the Emergency Department for acute right iliac fossa pathology. We considered 51 patients (16 male, 3...

12/30/2020
Mini Review

Estimation of the level of alcohol consumption in Russia: A literature review

Razvodovsky YE*

Abstract

Background: the level of alcohol consumption per capita is an important indicator of the alcohol-related problems. However, it is difficult to estimate the real level of alcohol consumption, since part of the consumption comes from illegal sources.

Aim: an overview ...

12/30/2020
Letter to the Editor

Seasonal change and COVID-19: Will the harmattan season lead to an increase in COVID-19 cases in Nigeria?

Prince Chiagozie Ekoh*

Abstract

The harmattan season, which is a period characterized by low temperature, dry air and increased air pollution leads to widespread airborne disease and exacerbation of pre-existing conditions, should be recognized as a period of potential risk of high COVID-19 infection rates....

12/29/2020
Letter to the Editor

Facing biological risk in child and adolescence neuropsychiatric services during COVID-19 outbreak: Management of protection levels for the direct access

Teresa Sebastiani, Carlo Di Brina, Maria L Tossali*, Morena Tafuro and Marco Marcelli

COVID-19 emergency requests a new definition of security procedures adopted in Child and Adolescence Neuropsychiatric Services (CANS).

12/24/2020
Case Report

Stroke vs. SIADH: A case of symptomatic hyponatremia secondary to SIADH in association with COVID-19 infection

Shadi Bagherzadeh, Siamak M Seraj and Amirhossein Afshar

Abstract

A 66-year-old male with no known past medical history presented with history of two days of throbbing frontal headache associated with nausea, vomiting and left-sided facial droop. The patient also reported dizziness, subjective chills without cough, shortness of breath, or s...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Stability of facial soft tissue contour and bone wall at single maxillary tooth gap in early implant placement with contour augmentation: A case report

Cheng-Yi Wang and Jimmy LianPing Mau*

Summary

Stability of esthetic implant buccal soft and hard tissue contour using freeze-dried bone allograft in early implant placement with contour augmentation.

12/22/2020
Research Article

Role of HRCT Thorax in pre-operative assessment of RT-PCR COVID-19 negative oral cancer patients

Roopa Ganta, Shehnaz R Kantharia, Bhavin Bhupendra Shah, Rajinikant Mohan Vasava, Tushar Vishnuprasad Vaishnav and Rajesh A Kantharia*

Abstract

Background: Oral cancer accounts for 30% of all types of cancer in India. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment but due to the recent outbreak of COVID-19, there is a partial or complete disruption of health services in the country. The initial delay in the treatment was due to ...

12/22/2020
Case Report

Acute abdomen as complication of a knee arthroscopy: A case report

Jurin Martic Ana*, Nenad Vidanec, Joško Smilović, Matija Mavrić, Miljenko Novak and Petra Mustač Jambrešić

Abstract

A knee arthroscopy in spinal anaesthesia was performed on a 67 years old male patient. During the procedure the patient was hemodynamically stable, until he suddenly turned pale and started complaining of severe pain in lower abdomen with signs of guarding. The procedure was ...

12/22/2020
Case Report

Obesity may contribute to Japanese COVID-19 death rate

Tetsuo Fukawa*

Japan enjoys the longest expectation of life at birth among major developed countries, and one possible reason for this is that obesity is rare in Japan. Further, COVID-19 death rate is extremely low in South Korea and Japan compared to the other developed countries, and low obesity rate may be r...

12/21/2020
Review Article

Hypertension and sex related differences in mortality of COVID-19 infection: A systematic review and Meta-analysis

Probir Kumar Ghosh*, Mohammad Manir Hossain Mollah, ABM Alauddin Chowdhury, Nazmul Alam and Golam Dostogir Harun

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and premature deaths. Hypertension plays a striking role in mortality and morbidity in case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection; however, numerous studies have reported contradictory finding...

12/30/2020
Research Article

Impact of mandibular advancement device in quantitative electroencephalogram and sleep quality in mild to severe obstructive sleep apnea

Cuspineda-Bravo ER*, García- Menéndez M, Castro-Batista F, Barquín-García SM, Cadelo-Casado D, Rodríguez AJ and Sharkey KM

Sleep related breathing disorders (SRBD) are among seven well-established major categories of sleep disorders defined in the third edition of The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3), and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common SRBD [1,2].

12/30/2020
Case Report

High suspicion of paradoxical embolism due to atrial septal Defect: A rare cause of ischemic stroke

Zahide Betul Gunduz* and Turgut Uygun

Abstract

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is common among adult congenital heart diseases but rarely causes paradoxical cerebral embolism. By sharing the ASD diagnosed after the first ischemic stroke attack at the age of 49 and a case of paradoxical cerebral embolism developing accordingly,...

12/16/2020
Case Report

Primary intracranial Hodgkin’s lymphoma after a blunt trauma: A case report

Luca Riccioni, Anna Maria Cremonini and Manlio Gessaroli

Abstract

We report a case of 30-year-old immunocompetent man, with a previous history of cranial-facial trauma, who presented with progressive left exophthalmos due to an intracranial left frontal-ethmoidal-orbital mass. Histology of the resected tumor revealed a classical Hodgkin&rsq...

12/23/2020
Research Article

Ivabradine versus carvedilol in the management of palpitation with sinus tachycardia among recovered COVID-19 patients

Kartik Pandurang Jadhav* and Pankaj V Jariwala

Abstract

Introduction: One of the major complications among COVID-19 patients include cardiac arrhythmias. Commonest arrhythmia is sinus tachycardia which is usually associated with palpitation causing discomfort to patients. In this study, we present a comparative st...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Acute ischemic stroke management in a patient with ventricular assist device

Çisil İrem Özgenç Biçer*, Işıl Kalyoncu Aslan, Irmak Salt and Eren Gözke

Ventricular assist device is a portable machine which is also called an artificial heart for the patients who have terminal heart failure. The device maintains the heart’s vital functions until the suitable donor is found for the heart transplantation. It can be applied to either ventricles...

12/16/2020
Research Article

Post-extrasystolic potentiation differentiates “true” from “pseudo” Low-flow, Low-gradient aortic stenosis

Marc Vanderheyden*, Sofie Verstreken and Marc Goethals

Abstract

Post-extrasystolic potentiation (PESP) is a marker of contractile reserve and refers to the augmentation of left ventricular contractility due to preload recruitment and rise in intracellular calcium following a premature beat. In this case report we show that PESP might be a...

12/29/2020
Research Article

Effect of ginger flour supplementation on fermented millet flour ‘ibyer’ anti-diabetic and biochemical properties

Adakole MI, Ikya JK, Girgih AT, Ogori AF* and Upev V

Abstract

COVID-19 is a mucoso-respiratory highly contagious disease that has leaded to a tremendous globFermented millet flour (ibyer) is an indigenous non-alcoholic gruel made from cereals either (maize, sorghum and millet). It is prepared by cooking reconstituted cereal flour or wet...

12/15/2020
Short Communication

A new applied protocol concerning COVID-19`s pandemic control: “Outdoor Access Approach” remodel of living for ensuring better ventilation

Nasser Alidadi*

Abstract

COVID-19 is a mucoso-respiratory highly contagious disease that has leaded to a tremendous global pandemic wide spreading throughout nations of all continents with successive waves of high morbidities and mortalities. However, several independent vaccine production projects a...

12/15/2020
Research Article

Awareness level on the role of forensic DNA database in criminal investigation in Nigeria: A case study of Benin city

Nwawuba Stanley Udogadi* and Akpata Chinyere Blessing Nkiruka

Summary

Pieces of evidence have continued to emerge, demonstrating the extensive efficiency and effectiveness of the DNA database in assisting criminal investigations around the world. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the awareness level on the prominent role of Forensi...

12/21/2020
Research Article

Parents’ perception of the school nurse’s role

Diane Gillooly*, Ganga Mahat and Patricia Paradiso

Abstract

Background: School nurses possess an essential role in treating and helping children maintain health. However, the full scope of their role has not been identified by parents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore parents’ perceptions of the role of the scho...

12/15/2020
Research Article

Determination of antibiotics susceptibility profile of Shigella species isolated from children with acute diarrhea

Muhammad Ali*, Sani U Diso, Muhammad S Abdullah, Lurwan Mu’azu and Farouk S Nas

Abstract

Diarrheal diseases continue to be the major cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years. This study aimed to isolate, identify and determining the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Shigella sp associated with acute diarrhea among children i...

12/23/2020
Case Report

Maculopapular delayed exanthema due to ranitidine

Pilar Hernández Alfonso*, Idoia González Mahave, Irene Vidal Oribe, Mª Dolores del Pozo Gil, Mónica Venturini Díaz and Teófilo Lobera Labairu

Abstract

Ranitidine is a widely used drug in Europe and its intake is usually well tolerated. Hypersensitivity reactions due to ranitidine are uncommon. The immediate mild reactions type are the most prevalent. In some special cases a delayed type reaction such as contact dermatitis o...

12/15/2020
Review Article

The blubbery protrusions: Lipoma arborescens

Anubha Bajaj*

Lipoma arborescens is an exceptional condition comprised of frond-like excrescences of mature adipose tissue. The condition was originally described by Albert Hoffa in 1904 with characteristic morphology of macroscopic, villous, frond- like excrescences recapitulating a tree-like appearance, as d...

12/22/2020
Review Article

Stages in COVID-19 vaccine development: The Nemesis, the Hubris and the Elpis

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The nemesis: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Leaving in its wake millions of infections, accompanied by an immense magnitude of morbidity and multitude of mortality, and an unfathomable economic toll, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a global calamity. An effective and safe COVID-19 vac...

12/14/2020
Mini Review

Nurse as a court expert in Poland

Ryszard Szozda*

The nurse in Poland may have a secondary level of education (secondary school or post-secondary) or high level (BSc and MSc). She can have a specialization of one the parts of medicine.

12/14/2020
Editorial

Brown fat tissue: Therapeutic potential for insulin resistance, new hopes for tomorrow

Arefhosseini Seyedrafie and Alijani Sepideh*

The well recognized white adipose tissue is an endocrinal organ secreting various hormones and this article simply indicates to the physiologic concepts brown fat tissues (BAT) which are extremely active endocrine organs and play various metabolic active roles in intermediate metabolism.

12/11/2020
Research Article

Characterization of Salmonella spp. isolated from small turtles and human in Republic of Korea

Su-Jin Chae, Jin-Suk Lim and Deog-Yong Lee*

Abstract

In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that small, pet turtles had caused multistate Salmonella outbreaks in the United States, from where small turtles were subsequently exported into the Republic of Korea. We investigated cases of salmonellosis in South Korea...

12/11/2020
Mini Review

Metal-carbon mesocomposites application possibilities as the medicine magnetic transport within an organism

VI Kodolov*, VV Kodolova-Chukhontseva, IN Shabanova and NS Terebova

Abstract

The paper is dedicated to the consideration of the metal-carbon mesocomposites application possibilities for the medicine magnetic transport. This trend is determined by correspondent peculiarities of content and structure of mesoscopic composites. The main peculiarities of t...

12/08/2020
Case Report

A rare case of acute necrotising pancreatitis in a paediatric patient

Lizeri Jansen*, Gabrielle Colleran, Ikechukwu Okafor and Nuala Quinn

Abstract

The diagnosis of acute necrotising pancreatitis is a rare event in the Paediatric Emergency Department (ED).

We report a case of acute pancreatitis in a paediatric patient, diagnosed in our ED, a tertiary level paediatric hospital.

This child presented wit...

12/08/2020
Mini Review

A girl with a stiff neck

G Carlone, A Prisco, F Vittoria, E Barbi and M Carbone

Abstract

Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare form of non-Langherans cell histiocytosis (non-LCH) observed almost exclusively in infants and young children. It is rarely systemic, involving extracutaneous sites, such as the liver, lungs, spleen, kidney, pancreas, bone or central n...

12/07/2020
Rapid Communication

Utilization of midwives service scheme among women farmers in Southwestern Nigeria

Oluwasusi JO*, Thomas KA, Olujide MG and Oluwasusi YO

Abstract

Maternal mortality accounts for most deaths in agrarian communities of Nigeria due to poor access to midwives services and inadequate Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs). The Midwives Service Scheme (MSS) was established to engage more SBAs and advocate better utilization of pre ...

12/07/2020
Research Article

Assessment of knowledge, practice and associated factors towards prevention of novel corona virus among clients attending at Debre Tabor General Hospital, Debre Tabor Town, North West Ethiopia, 2020: Institutional based cross-sectional study

Tigabu Desie Emiru*, Tekalign Amera Birlie, Sheganew Fetene Tasew, Abraham Tsedalu Amare, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu and Chalie Marew Tiruneh

Abstract

Background: Corona virus disease is a highly infectious disease caused by the newly innovated corona virus. An emerging respiratory disease was abbreviated as COVID-19, after it has been first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan city of China. Ethiopia Ministry of health initi...

12/04/2020
Review Article

Industrial control systems: The biggest cyber threat

Christos P Beretas*

Abstract

Industrial control systems (ICS) are critical, as in these systems, cyber threats have the potential to affect, disorganize, change their mode of operation, act as an information extraction vehicle, and ultimately turn against itself. Creating risks to the system itself, infr...

12/04/2020
Research Article

A review on efficacy of Cissus quadrangularis in pharmacological mechanisms

Sadiya Zaki, R Malathi, V Latha and Sibi G*

Abstract

Cissus quadrangularis a succulent vine belongs to Vitaceae family is widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world and used frequently to various disorders. The plant has been reported to contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, phytosterols, glycoside...

12/03/2020
Review Article

The relationship between IT consumption and anxiety in Pakistani youth

Waqar Husain* and Sehrish Mobeen

Abstract

The present study was designed to measure the relationship between the consumption of Information Technology (IT) and anxiety among Pakistani youth. The inquiry included 200 conveniently selected Pakistani youth aged 16 to 24 years from 4 cities. The anxiety subscale of Depre...

12/03/2020
Research Article

Efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation and over-ground walking task on functional mobility and quality of life of stroke survivors

Caleb A Adeagbo*, Caleb AO Gbiri And Olajide A Olawale

Abstract

Introduction: High proportion of stroke survivors have impaired functional mobility and decrease in overall quality of life (QoL). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (non-invasive brain stimulation) and over-ground walking task (OGWT) (functional task-oriented tra...

12/01/2020
Case Report

Unilateral pleural effusion as the sole presentation of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)

Tarique Salman*, Suruchi Mohan and Yasmin Sana

A 44-year-old G4P2+1 presented to the emergency department on the 10th day following embryo transfer (with two fresh, day 5, blastocysts transferred in a hospital abroad) with the complaints of difficulty breathing, chest discomfort and cough for one day.

12/01/2020
Research Article

Chronic endometritis in in vitro fertilization failure patients

Afaf T Elnashar* and Mohamed Sabry

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a common cause of infertility in asymptomatic patients and its diagnosis and treatments improved assisted reproduction technique outcome in most of the specialized centers. Diagnosis of CE in endometrial biopsy by Hematoxylin and Eos...

12/01/2020
Research Article

Experience with trans radial uterine artery embolisation for uterine fibroids in a tertiary center in Saudi Arabia

Gehan Farid*, Reem Kamal, Mohammed Thani Al-Shammari, Mohamed Swaraldahab and Hassan Swaraldahab

Abstract

Trans-radial uterine artery embolization (UAE) is acknowledged as a non- invasive, cost-effective and safe procedure for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids. However, it is associated with the recurrence of symptoms like abnormal uterine bleeding and pressure symptom in som...