08/31/2020
Research Article

Incidence and outcome of no flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction

Goutam Datta

Abstract

Background: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) is the most effective treatment modality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Incidence of no flow is 8.8-10% in primary PCI of STEMI patients. ...

08/31/2020
Research Article

Universal testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 upon admission to three labor and delivery units in Santa Clara County, CA

Sophia Yang, Rishi Bhatnagar, James Byrne and Andrea Jelks*

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in labor and delivery units in one of the epicentres of the West Coast.

Study Design: This was a retrospective char...

08/31/2020
Review Article

Pregnancy complicated with deficiency of antithrombin: Review of current literature

Miroslava Gojnic, Zoran Vilendecic, Stefan Dugalic, Igor Pantic, Jovana Todorovic, Milan Perovic, Mirjana Kovac, Irena Djunic, Predrag Miljic and Jelena Dotlic*

Abstract

Antithrombin deficiency, although the rarest thrombophilia, carries the highest risk of thromboembolism. This risk is increased especially for pregnant women due to physiological coagulation changes in pregnancy. Therefore, in cases of positive personal and/or family history ...

08/28/2020
Review Article

Veterinary vaccine development: The helical project

Iyasu Angani Dereja*

Summary

Vaccine production process have been fuzzy journey to the public and, in some degrees, to those in the setting. By clearly showing the lengthy and challenging journey of vaccine development process, thereby suggesting the economic and health implication of improper use of vete...

08/26/2020
Research Article

Lipid profile of antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-infected patients attending infectious diseases service of University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

MMK Mbula*, HNT Situakibanza, GM Lelo, B Longo Mbenza, JRR Makulo, MM Longokolo, MN Mandina, NN Mayasi, MM Mbula, B Bepouka, GL Mvumbi, BT Buasa, EN Amaela, DN Thilumba, O Odio and A Nkodila

Abstract

Introduction: HIV infection leads to metabolic disorders. The objective of this work was to study the lipid profile of HIV + patients followed at the University Teaching Hospital of Kinshasa (UTHK).

Methods: This study analyzes the ...

08/26/2020
Review Article

The relationship of cell phone use and aggression among young adults with moderating roles of gender and marital status

Asma Naseer and Waqar Husain*

Abstract

The use of cell phones has remarkably increased in the last two decades with several pros and cons. The negative consequences of cell phones on mental health have not been studied widely. Aggression, in this regard was a completely neglected area. The present study, therefore...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Psychological studies of stress experienced by seamen during a long-distance sea voyage#

Mieczysław Plopa*

Abstract

The issues investigated in the current study pertain to selected psychological aspects of human functioning in long-term stress conditions. Results of the analyses performed in this study have submitted evidence to confirm the hypothesis in which it is stated that staying on ...

08/25/2020
Research Article

Central nervous system diseases associated with blood brain barrier breakdown - A Comprehensive update of existing literatures

Rajib Dutta*

Abstract

Blood vessels that supply and feed the central nervous system (CNS) possess unique and exclusive properties, named as blood–brain barrier (BBB). It is responsible for tight regulation of the movement of ions, molecules, and cells between the blood and the brain thereby ...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Antiviral and Antinematodal potentials of chitosan: Review

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz and Mohamed Salah Khalil*

Abstract

For many years, chemical pesticides have been performed to control different pests and diseases and this may be due to their broad spectrum of action, easy of application and the relatively low cost. But these chemicals have environmental risks, thus alternative control agent...

08/07/2020
Research Article

COVID-19 disease with persistently negative RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2

Sánchez Ríos Carla Paola*, Jiménez Cabrera Oscar Gabriel, Oropeza Lutzow Rebeca, Vázquez Rojas Hazel, Barreto Rodríguez José Omar, Guzmán-Casta Jordi, Guzmán-Huesca Jorge, Riera-Sala Rodrigo and Centeno Sáenz Gustavo Iván

Summary

Introduction: The disease outbreak of COVID-19 has had a great clinical and microbiological impact in the last few months. In the preanalytical phase, the collection a sample from of a respiratory tract at the adequate moment and from the correct anatomical si...

08/14/2020
Review Article

Video-assisted thoracic surgery in advanced non-small cell lung cancer treatment

Anil Gokce* and Celal Bugra Sezen

Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite recent advances in adjuvant treatments, surgical resection is basis of treatment. With the development of minimally invasive surgery in thoracic surgery, surgeons work on mi...

08/21/2020
Review Article

SGLT2 Inhibitors and nephroprotection in diabetic kidney disease: From mechanisms of action to the latest evidence in the literature

Jorge Rico-Fontalvo, Rodrigo Daza-Arnedo, Maria Ximena Cardona-Blanco, Victor Leal-Martínez, Emilio Abuabara-Franco, Nehomar Pajaro-Galvis, Jose Cabrales, José Correa, Manuel Cueto, Amable Duran, Alejandro Castellanos, Javier Enamorado, José Bohórquez, Isabella Uparella, Julio Zuñiga, Abraham Chagui, Alfonso Ramos and Luis Lara

Summary

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus constitutes a major problem in public health worldwide. The disease poses a high risk of severe microvascular and macrovascular complications. Diabetic kidney disease is the most common cause of end-stage chronic kidney disease and contributes to the i...

08/14/2020
Research Article

High energy lasers and new applications

Victor V Apollonov*

In the beginning of 1973 in the USSR the study of possibility of LJE designing was conducted. The reflector, located in the tail of the rocket prototype, concentrated the obtained radiation in air and ensured micro-burst that the reactive thrust was created.

08/13/2020
Opinion

Entropy via Art

Abraham Tamir*

From the energy involved in a physical or chemical process, part of it cannot be utilised as work. Entropy S is the thermodynamic quantity that is the measure of this energy where the concept of entropy was first introduced by Rudolf Clausius (1822-1888) in 1865.

08/13/2020
Research Article

Silent cerebrovascular disease in hypertensive adults is frequent and age-dependent

Marta Brown-Martínez*, Zenaida Hernández, Yamile Valdés, Edilberto González, Emelina Despaigne and Evelio Gonzalez

Abstract

Background: Cerebral small vessel disease and extracranial atherosclerotic carotid disease are manifestations of silent cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Information on these two pathologies in hypertensive population with low cardiovascular risk (CVR) is scarce...

08/11/2020
Review Article

Protecting teeth and gums during rigid endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract: Our experience with a disposable, mouldable and rigid thermoplastic mouthguard

Bradish T, Kaushal S, Shakeel M* and Ahmad Z

Direct rigid pharyngoscopy, laryngoscopy and oesophagoscopy are very common procedures in the Otolaryngology-Head & Neck department, both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

08/14/2020
Research Article

The influence of HBV or HCV infections on the pregnancy course

Tadeusz Wojciech Lapiński*

Abstract

The incidence of HBV infections among the pregnant in Europe falls within the range of 1% - 7%,

whereas it is 1.7% - 4.3% for HCV.

The aim was to assess the course of pregnancy among women infected with HBV or HCV, and the condition of neonates in the fift...

08/12/2020
Review Article

Endometriosis as a risk factor for colorectal cancer

Víctor Manuel Vargas-Hernández*, José María Tovar- Rodríguez and Víctor Manuel Vargas-Aguilar

Abstract

Endometriosis is a common benign disease in women of reproductive age, it has been associated with an increased risk of various malignancies that is defined by certain histological criteria mainly 80% in ovary and 20% in extragonadal sites such as intestine, rectovaginal sept...

08/12/2020
Case Report

A case series review of patients with Thrombocytopenia and Absent-Radii syndrome (TARS) and their management during pregnancy

Daniel Halperin*, Sue Pavord and Bethan Myers

Abstract

Bleeding diatheses due to platelet-related disorders can present challenges to treating clinicians especially in the context of peri- and post-partum patients in the obstetric setting. TARS is an inherited disorder characterised by reduced bone marrow platelet production, ske...

08/11/2020
Case Report

A mild form of Familial Mediterranean Fever associated with a polymorphisms C.NT 1588,-69G>

Francesco Arcoleo, Carmelo Fabiano, Stefania Leto Barone and Enrico Cillari*

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease caused by mutation(s) in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV, pyrinmarenostrin) gene [1,2].

08/11/2020
Research Article

Visual evoked potentials: Normative values from healthy Senegalese adults

Marcellin Bugeme, Olivier Mukuku*, Marième Soda Diop-Sène, Daniel Gams Massi and Lala Bouna Seck

Abstract

Introduction: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are potential differences recorded on the scalp in response to visual stimulation. They are obtained with slowly repeated stimuli. The aim of this study was to determine the normative values of the visual evoked p...

08/10/2020
Research Article

Consequence of birth year, type, sex, season and flock on birth weight trait of Kajli sheep

Farmanullah*, Khalid Javed, Mohammad Salim, Momen Khan, Sajid Ali, Talpur Hira Sajjad, Muhammad Altaf Hussain, Ihsanullah Kakar, Inayat Ur Rehman, Asma Babar, Sajjad Ahmad, Bhunesh and Sami Ullah Khan

Abstract

The liaison of birth weight to neonatal and mature vigor is especially given important if have the acquaintance of factors distressing in birth weight. Unbiased Best linear prediction of breeding values was estimated from pedigree birth weight records of 13715 Kajli sheep of ...

08/11/2020
Research Article

Estimating global case fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

Manisha Mandal and Shyamapada Mandal*

Abstract

Background: There is a huge global loss of lives due to COVID-19 pandemic, the primary epicentre of which is China, where the causative agent of the disease, SARS-CoV-2 was first emerged in December 2019. This study aims to explore the severity, in terms of c...