04/29/2020
Research Article

Influence of adverse socio-emotional risk factors on the physical and mental health needs of children and young people in public care of a South-West England local authority

Michael O Ogundele*

Abstract

Introduction: There is increasing published evidence confirming the long-term adult mental and physical health impact of childhood exposure to adverse events including different forms of abuse and family dysfunction. Looked-after Children and young people (LA...

04/29/2020
Short Review

Yemen is free of COVID-19

Hussein O Kadi*

Among all the countries, Yemen is free of corona virus, and no single case has been recorded till today. Yemen is characterized by its mother geographical location on the Red Sea and its population is approximately 30 million people and an area of ​​555,000 square kilometers.

04/30/2020
Research Article

Zinc oxide nanoparticles attenuate the oxidative damage and disturbance in antioxidant defense system induced by cyclophosphamide in male albino rats

Karema El M Shkal, Azab Elsayed Azab*, Ahmed M Attia, Sabah G El-Banna and Rabia AM Yahya

Abstract

Background: Cyclophosphamide is used for the treatment of malignant and non-malignant diseases, but, it induces oxidative damage and disturbance in the antioxidant defense system. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in biomedical applications and cons...

04/30/2020
Research Article

3D software reconstruction for planning robotic assisted radical nephrectomy with level III caval thrombus

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Ricardo JF de Bragança, Rafael Tourinho-Barbosa Aurus M Dourado and Hamilton C Zampolli

Inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement by intraluminal extension of tumor is infrequent, occuring in 4% to 10% of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [1-5]. Based on the cephalic extension of the thrombus, Mayo [6] described a classification of inferior vena cava thrombi in 4 categories, which...

04/30/2020
Research Article

“Maximum Preservation Radical Prostatectomy”: Oncological, functional and other contemporary aspects of Retzius Sparing Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

Marcos Tobias-Machado*, Edgar O Sarmento, Igor Nunes-Silva and Hamilton C Zampolli

The surgical treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) had as its initial milestone the first prostatectomy, performed by H.H. Young at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, in 1904 [1], however, the procedure only reached a fundamental role after 1982, based on a better understanding and description of the male ...

04/29/2020
Research Article

Electrocoagulation with greased lidocaine gel 2% as hemostatic maneuver after minimally invasive partial nephrectomy: Experimental and preliminary clinical results

Vinicius JA Panico, Lucila H Simardi, Eliney F Faria, Rene Sotelo, Ruben Suarez, Diego Abreu, Andre Meirelles, Edison Schneider, Hamilton C Zampolli and Marcos Tobias-Machado*

Abstract

Methods: Experimental phase: Performed a partial nephrectomy off clamp in pig model followed by cauterization of lidocaine gel 2% with different power (control, 30W, 50W and 100W) in the kidney resection bed to evaluate efficacy and deep injury extension.

...

04/23/2020
Research Article

Minimally invasive gracilis muscle transposition: Initial report

Tobias Machado* and Anis Taha

Rectourethral fistula (RUF) is a divesting complication after prostate cancer treatment. The RUF incidence after radical prostatectomy is about 0.5% to 2%, [1,2]. Radiotherapy, criotherapy and high intensity focused ultrasound are other more severe causes [3,4].

04/28/2020
Review Article

Obesity Surgery in Spain

Aniceto Baltasar*

Overview

Obesity or bariatric surgery, from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1972. Its greatest development occurs after the foundation of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is to reflect the chan...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Neuroticism and BMI: The role of genetic tendency, behavior and environment on body weight

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Introduction: Recent research has explored the role that personality traits play in health and weight determination. This study extends current research by evaluating the extent to which behavior mediates the impact of neuroticism and body weight using polyge...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Molecular analysis of immunoglobulins related to salmonella typhi in pediatric patients

Farah Qudsia, Muhammad Rehan and Samreen Riaz*

Abstract

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. It is of major concern in tropical regions of the world. Highest episodes of typhoid fever occur in Asia i.e.93%. Early diagnosis of the disease is mandatory to lower the mortality rate associ...

04/28/2020
Editorial

Behaviour management during dental treatment!!!

Rohit Kulshrestha*

Behavioral dentistry is an interdisciplinary science, which needs to be learned, practiced and reinforced in the context of clinical care and within the community oral health care system. The objective of this science is to develop in a dental practitioner an understanding of the interpersonal, i...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Reasons why new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 infections are likely to spread

Takuma Hayashi*, Takashi Ura, Kaoru Abiko, Masaki Mandan, Nobuo Yaegashi and Ikuo Konishi

The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) originally emerged in China during December 2019 and had become a global pandemic by March 2020. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Two other coronaviruses have c...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Comparison of resting-state functional and effective connectivity between default mode network and memory encoding related areas

Supat Saetia, Fernando Rosas, Yousuke Ogata, Natsue Yoshimura and Yasuharu Koike

Abstract

Currently brain connectivity modelling, constructed from data acquired by non-invasive technique such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), is a well-received approach to illustrate brain function. However, not all connectivity models contains equal amount of infor...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Is beta 2 urinary microglobulin a biomarker of topographical discrimination between high and low urinary tract infection?

Richard Loumingou*

Urinary tract infections are common affection in the general population.
Diagnosis is often easy in the presence of evocative clinical signs.

04/30/2020
Research Article

Conservative treatment versus invasive approach in elderly patients with myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation

Alexandra Cozma, Adriana Ardelean, Katalin Babes and Mircea Ioachim Popescu

Myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation is one of the most common causes of hospitalization of the elderly patient [1]. Coronarography followed by revascularization, is performed in the vast majority of cases of myocardial infarction without ST segment elevation, in the regions with a ...

04/28/2020
Research Article

Influence of implantation access on complication rates in pacemaker implantation: An analysis of quality insurance data

Kristina Droth, Ali El-Armouche, Dietrich Andresen and Kurt Bestehorn*

Abstract

Purpose: According to older reports for implantation of pacemakers the access via vena cephalica (VC) is associated with less complications than the access via vena subclavia (VS), but the VS is still preferred. Valid data on head-to head comparisons between ...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Effects of highest dose of sacubitril/valsartan association compared to lower doses on mortality and ventricular arrhythmias

Florent Allain, Damien Legallois, Katrien Blanchart, Laure Champ-Rigot, Arnaud Pellissier, Pierre Ollitrault, Mathieu Chequel1, Rémi Sabatier, Alain Lebon, Sophie Gomes, Olivier Citerne, Farzin Beygui and Paul Milliez*

Abstract

Background: Sudden cardiac death is a major healthcare issue in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients. Recently, the new association of sacubitril/valsartan showed a reduction of both ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and mortality even at low d...

04/21/2020
Research Article

Shoulder muscle weakness effects on muscle hardness around the shoulder joint and scapula

Kubota Atsushi*, Takayanagi Chiho and Kishimoto Kohei

Abstract

Purpose: The time course of muscle stiffness of muscles around the shoulder joint and the scapula was investigated according to the degree of muscle weakness. This study was conducted to clarify the recovery process of muscle hardness of the muscles surroundi...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Immune system and quality of life following aerobic exercise versus resistance exercise training among Alzheimer’s

Fadwah M Al-Sharif*

Abstract

Background: Globally, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) affects millions of elderly individuals are affected with AD who suffer from decline in cognitive ability. However, immune system dysfunction has a role in AD pathogenesis. However, pharmacological therapeu...

04/24/2020
Research Article

Tooth erosion and the role of pepsin reflux

Jeanine Fisher, Graham Porter, Stuart Graham, Christos Ziaras, Andrew D Woodcock and Peter W Dettmar*

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate if there is a link between salivary pepsin levels and tooth erosion. Also, to determine if gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is responsible for much of the tooth erosion seen by dentists.

04/20/2020
Research Article

Glycosaminoglycans as Novel Targets for in vivo Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Atherosclerosis

Yavuz O Uca* and Matthias Taupitz

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is an important promoter of cardiovascular disease potentiating myocardial infarction or stroke. Current demand in biomedical imaging necessitates noninvasive characterization of arterial changes responsible for transition of stable plaque into rupture-prone v...

04/20/2020
Case Report

Laparoscopic-Assisted Transumbilical Extracorporeal Resection of Meckel’s Diverticulum in 10 years old boy with symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding

Karavdić K*, Firdus A, Mešić A, Rahmanović S, Milardović R and Đuran A

Abstract

The Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most common anomaly of ductus omphaloentericus that surgeon encounters in clinical practice. The accurate incidence is unknown because most patients with the Meckel’s diverticulum are asymptomatic. Most studies report an incid...

04/20/2020
Research Article

Natural infection of squash fruits (Cucurbita pepo) by Zucchini Yellow Mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) in Alexandria governorate

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

Abstract

An isolate of zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) was obtained from naturally infected squash fruits were grown in Abees region, Alexandria governorate. Disease symptoms were Showing mosaic, yellowing and blistering and absis symptoms. The identification was based on the symp...

04/27/2020
Short Communication

Problems shared in psychiatry helpline of a teaching hospital in eastern Nepal during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown

Dhana Ratna Shakya*

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic soon apparently proved to be havoc and a great stressor. During such a stressful time, mental health is in threat. Here, we intend to review the presenting problems/ symptoms as shared in psychiatry helpline of a Teaching Hospital in eastern Nepal during the...

04/15/2020
Case Report

Primary anal malignant melanoma: A case report

Harsumeet S Sidhu* and Sonia Sandeep

Anal melanoma is a rare and highly aggressive mucosal melanocytic malignancy. It is the third most common after melanomas of the skin and retina. The peak incidence in seen in the sixth and seventh decades. The clinical symptoms are pain, anal mass, bleeding per rectum, tenesmus or change in the ...

04/17/2020
Research Article

A comparative study of solid waste management in the United States, Europe and Asia

MA Karim* and John Taylor Wetterhan

Abstract

Managing municipal solid waste correctly is critical to the success of a society. Many regions and countries in the world are behind others in the context of solid waste management. In order to compare three such regions within this context, a meta-analysis was conducted in o...

04/15/2020
Short Review

Alps and climate

Khalidullin Oleg*

Pines have been discovered to die in the Alps. In any place of skiing, you can find dried pine trees from 2x to 20 meters high. In each zone of visibility of the forest mass of such pines, there are from 1 to 90%. I wonder if science deals with this issue?

04/30/2020
Review Article

Evolutive immunologic and toxicologic approach in some neuroinflammatory and degenerative disease like SM, DA, PD: Imaging and Brain Wasting System clearance efficacy

Mauro Luisetto*, Akram Muhamad, G Ibrahim, Behzad Nili Ahmadabadi, Farhan Ahmad Khan, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa and Oleg yurevich latyshev

Abstract

In order to better understand some neurologic degenerative process is fundamental to use also an evolutionary approach of vertebrates and especially in mammalians. Aim of this work is to verify if an objective measure of brain wasting system can help in this kind of disease. ...

04/14/2020
Opinion

How can we develop immunity against COVID-19 and defeat it

Pramod Stephen*

Summary

We know that Corona Virus develops in animals, birds and humans’ body. Now it is a pandemic and many people are dying with each passing day and a number of patients are increasing every hours. If we do not control it then it is dangerous for humanity. As we know that inc...

04/29/2020
Case Report

Diagnostic imaging in congenital adrenal hyperplasia – how does it help?

Gul Bano*, Claudette Phillips, Sarah Tang, Anup Sharma and Nigel Beharry

Summary

The phenotypic manifestation of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is variable, and this largely depends on the extent of 21-Hydroxylase enzyme deficiency. In non- classic CAH (NCCAH), the clinical features predominantly reflect the androgen excess rather than adrenal insuff...

04/22/2020
Research Article

Rural adolescent health: Issues, behaviors and self-reported awareness

Molly Jacobs*

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the health status of rural adolescents and young adults in the United States through a comprehensive review of detailed health information, behavior and health awareness. The disparity in health awareness betwe...

04/27/2020
Opinion

COVID-19 situation in Nepal

Hom Nath Chalise*

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which first appeared in China spread gradually all over the world within three months [1]. China was the only country mainly affected by Covid-19 until February 2020, but from the beginning of March, the disease started to spread rapidly to South Korea. It reac...

04/27/2020
Research Article

Staff experiences of the REFOCUS intervention to support recovery in mental health: A qualitative study nested within a cluster randomized controlled trial

E Clarke, M Leamy*, V Bird, M Janosik, H Jordan, C Le Boutillier, R Macpherson, G Riley, K Sanger, J Williams and M Slade

Abstract

Background: The REFOCUS intervention was a whole team, complex intervention, designed to increase the recovery support offered by community based, mental health staff. The intervention consisted of two components: Recovery promoting relationships, which focus...

04/14/2020
Research Article

In vitro antimicrobial activity of a black currant oil based shampoo versus a chlorhexidine 4% shampoo on bacteria strains isolated from canine pyoderma: A comparative study

Antonio Corona*, Paola Persico, Antonella Vercelli, Alessandro Gramenzi and Luisa Cornegliani

Summary

Over the last few years, antimicrobial shampoo therapy has been increasingly used to treat skin infections in order to reduce systemic use of antibiotics. This study was aimed to compare the in vitro bactericidal effect of a black currant oil based shampoo (S1) to a chlorhexid...

04/20/2020
Short Review

The Psychology of the Common Cold and Influenza: Implications for COVID-19

Andrew P Smith*

Abstract

Research on psychological risk factors for upper respiratory tract illnesses (URTIs) has been conducted for over fifty years. Early studies failed to control for exposure and also often relied on self-report rather than clinical and virological assessment. A universal policy ...

04/16/2020
Research Article

Atypical manifestations of pulmonary embolism

Oscar MP Jolobe*

Abstract

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an age-related disorder which is potentially fatal, but frequently misdiagnosed. However, the true prevalence of pulmonary embolism is unknown. Inaccurate estimates of PE prevalence might, in part, be attributable to underrecognition of atypical pre...

04/17/2020
Case Report

First cure case of 2019 novel coronavirus in Ningxia, China

Yifan Wang, Pan Zhou, Xingcang Tian, Shuping Meng, Xiao Sun, Ting Li and Li Zhu*

On January 19, 2020, a 28-year-old male presented to the hospital with a 2-day history of fever, occasional cough and headache. He disclosed that he worked in Wuhan [1], China (the center of novel coronavirus outbreak) and flew to Yinchuan on the day of admission.

04/13/2020
Research Article

Persistent hydronephrosis after pyeloplasty: Is it a true obstruction? The role of endourology

Ermelinda Mele, Michele Innocenzi, Laura Del Prete and Nicola Capozza*

Abstract

Introduction: Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty remains the gold standard in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. The diagnostic criteria for defining the failure of pyeloplasty are not well-defined or even arbitrary. Likewise, the ideal treatment of...

04/13/2020
Letter to the Editor

Meanings of microalbuminuria in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children

Richard Loumingou*

Abstract

We investigated the existence of microalbuminuria in children with corticosteroid-sensitive idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in complete remission. In the study of a series of 18 cases, we noted a clearly different evolution depending on the existence or absence of pathological ...

04/13/2020
Review Article

Foam Sclerotherapy versus surgery in treatment of chronic venous disease

Fatih Islamoglu*

Abstract

Although the classical surgical treatment methods of chronic venous insufficiency are successful to relieve perfectly the cause (reflux) and result (varicose veins), the new ablation techniques such as endogenous laser ablation therapy (EVLT), radiofrequency (RF) and foam abl...

04/07/2020
Opinion

PR and QT intervals short on the same electrocardiogram

Francisco R Breijo-Márquez*

In 2007, Professor Breijo-Márquez described an electrocardiographic pattern, consisting of the presence of a short PR interval (or PQ) together with a short QT interval in the same individual. It was published with the headline “Decrease in cardiac electrical systole” in Intern...

04/07/2020
Short Communication

Vitamin D produce antibodies in pandemic response to gripal viruses? A critical analysis

Eliza Miranda Ramos*, Francisco José Mendes dos Reis, Hugo Vieira Ramos, Igor Domingos de Souza, Liliane de Mello Santos Bochenek, Alessandro Carvalho da Fonseca and Valter Aragão do Nascimento

Abstract

In the evolutionary journey of humanity, it is possible to verify an analysis of pandemics with high occurrences. This study aims to conduct a critical analysis of the role of Vitamin D as an endogenous vaccine in the main viruses present in humanity over the decades. To cons...

04/07/2020
Case Report

Hyperparathyroidism in celiac disease: A case study from UAE

Makki H Fayadh*, Salim Awadh, Loai El Kiwisney, Abdul Hadi Quadri, Prasad K Shetty and Mervat Naguib

Abstract

Celiac disease affects 1% of the world population; however it is under diagnosed in UAE. The disease has many clinical manifestations, ranging from severe malabsorption to minimally symptomatic or non-symptomatic presentation. Hypocalcaemia is a common finding in celiac disea...

04/06/2020
Research Article

Laparoscopic anterior transgastric cystogastrostomy for the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts

Fahri Yetisir* and Kerim Güzel

Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) are mostly delayed complications of acute or chronic pancreatitis and trauma. Pancreatic pseudocysts are usually managed by supportive medical treatment without surgical procedure. All the surgical interventions (per...

04/02/2020
Review Article

Role of pollen morphology in taxonomy and detection of adulterations in crud drugs

Kshirsagar Sanjay Ragho*

Abstract

Present paper communicates 42 species of angiosperms depicting characteristics of pollen grains as shape, color, exine ornamentations, and type of apertures. Pollen morphological characters are very important in plant identifications in field. Pollen surface features plays si...

04/13/2020
Research Article

The alterations effects in phosphorus of erythropoietin and U-74389G

C Τsompos, C Panoulis, A Triantafyllou, CG Zografos, K Tsarea, M Karamperi and A Papalois

Abstract

Aim: This study calculated the effects on serum phosphorus (P) levels, after treatment with either of 2 drugs: the erythropoietin (Epo) and the antioxidant lazaroid (L) drug U-74389G. The calculation was based on the results of 2 preliminary studies, each one...

04/03/2020
Review Article

Novel European Asiatic Clinical, Laboratory, Molecular and Pathobiological (2015-2020 CLMP) criteria for JAK2V617F trilinear polycythemia vera (PV), JAK2exon12 PV and JAK2V617F, CALR and MPL515 thrombocythemias: From Dameshek to Constantinescu-Vainchenker, Kralovics and Michiels

Jan Jacques Michiels*, King H Lam, Fibo Ten Kate, Dong-Wook Kim, Myungshin Kim, Vasily Shuvaev, Francisca Valster, Vincent Potters, Wilfried Schroyens, Mihaela Andreescu, Adrian Trifa, Achille Pich and Hendrik De Raeve

Abstract

The Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) of trilinear polycythemia vera (PV) and megakaryocytic leukemia (ML = primary megakaryocytic granulocytic myeloproliferation: PMGM) and Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) in the studies of Dameshek and Michiels are caused by the MPN driver m...

04/09/2020
Review Article

The Trans-zoonotic Virome interface: Measures to balance, control and treat epidemics

Vinod Nikhra*

Abstract

The global virome: The viruses have a global distribution, phylogenetic diversity and host specificity. They are obligate intracellular parasites with single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA genomes, and afflict bacteria, plants, animals and human population. T...

04/02/2020
Research Article

Pharmaco-economic study and cost of care for chronic diseases: Case of Haemophilia in Morocco

Khairoun C*, Khorassani M, Kili A, Hssissen L, Kababri M and Khattab M

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to enrich the literature about the role that can play some economic approaches, such as cost-effectiveness analysis, in order to help medical stuffs to decide about the treatment to adopt in case of a chronic disease such as Haemophilia. Data from mor...

04/03/2020
Mini Review

Bifid Mandibular Canals: A case report and mini review

Sourav Sarkar* and Saini Mondal

The presence of bifid mandibu¬lar canals is an unusual but not rare occurrence. The mandibular canal containing the inferior alveolar artery, vein, and nerve, originates from the mandibular foramen and terminates at mental foramen [1-4]. In radiology, mandibular canal’s appearance has b...

04/09/2020
Case Report

The role of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in better delineating the extent of Diffuse Axonal Injury in a pediatric patient: A case report and brief review of the literature

Aikaterini Solomou*, Pantelis Kraniotis and Vasileios Patriarcheas

Abstract

Introduction: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a major cause of disability in the pediatric patient. Herein we describe the MRI/DWI findings in a case with DAI. We also discuss the current role of CT and MRI with DWI in the evaluation of DAI.

...

04/03/2020
Research Article

Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein isolation, should we change the energy and technique?

Jorge Toquero Ramos, Alejandro Durante-López, Jesús González Mirelis, Víctor Castro Urda, Eusebio García Izquierdo, Diego Jiménez Sánchez and Ignacio Fernández-Lozano

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the accepted standard nowadays for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The most widespread ablation techniques are cryoballoon (CB) and point-by-point radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Comparative studies between both ...

04/03/2020
Opinion

To be and not to be: With wisdom and grace or stupidity and disgrace after the SARS-CoV2 outbreak

Yue Zhang*

The day before yesterday, it was shameful for some politicians, especially President Trump, to label SARS-CoV2 virus as discriminatory “Chinese Virus”. Politicians should be more professional and graceful, and distance themselves from the independence of the academy if something remai...

04/09/2020
Review Article

Amenorrhea-An abnormal cessation of normal menstrual cycle

Nida Tabassum Khan* and Namra Jameel

Abstract

Amenorrhea is the absence or abnormal cessation of menstrual cycles in a woman of reproductive age. Prolonged cessation of menstrual cycles might results in complications such as infertility, psychosocial developmental delays, Osteoporosis, fractures etc. Better understanding...

04/09/2020
Research Article

Timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers who have infants less than six months of age in Gunchire Town, Southern Ethiopia 2019

Ephrem Yohannes* and Tsegaye Tesfaye

Abstract

Background: Timely starting of breastfeeding is defined as the starting of breastfeeding within one hour after childbirth. Globally mothers who practiced breastfeeding within one hour were less than half in percent. In least developed countries like Eastern a...

04/08/2020
Review Article

Psychological phenomena in the doctor- Elderly patient relationship

Jose Luis Turabian*

Abstract

The doctor-patient communication and the aging of the patients attended by the general practitioner are two important concepts that constantly impact medical consultations. This article raises some reflections and conceptualizations about the main psychological phenomena that h...

04/06/2020
Research Article

Obesity may increase the prevalence of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) while PD may reduce obesity index in patients

Li Xue Zhong*, Muslimat Kehinde Adebisi, Liuyi, Mzee Said Abdulraman Salim, Abdul Nazif Mahmud, Aaron Gia Kanton and Abdullateef Taiye Mustapha

Abstract

Objective: Currently, Parkinson’s disease (PD) is becoming more common among younger people of ages from 30 – 40 years. The incidence is higher among patients with higher body mass index (BMI), and some reports had it that Obesity is a risk factor...

04/30/2020
Research Article

Development of ELISA based detection system against C. botulinum type B

Arti Sharma* and S Ponmariappan

Abstract

Botulism is the disease caused by botulinum neurotoxins. It is produced by an obligate anaerobic bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. There is no immuno-detection system available in the world for the detection of C. botulinum. Secretory proteins of cooked meat media grown ...