10/31/2019
Research Article

Gynaecological malignancies after breast cancer diagnosis: A population-based study

Maria Pilar Barretina-Ginesta, Jaume Galceran*, Helena Pla, Cristina Meléndez, Anna Carbo Bague, Alberto Ameijide, Marià Carulla, Jordi Barretina, Angel Izquierdo and Rafael Marcos-Gragera

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies. BC survivors have higher risk of second primary cancers than the general population. There is an increased interest in BC survivor management, including the prevention of these second c...

10/31/2019
Research Article

Renal function effects of FDS, a saponin isolated from Filicium decipiens seeds: Biochemical and Histopathological studies

Romero MP Brandao-Costa*, Juanize Matias S Batistaa, Thiago Pajeu Nascimento and Ana LF Porto

Physicochemical and pharmacological studies indicated that Filicium decipiens seeds contained various specialized metabolites, including saponins. The aim of this work is to reveal the nephrotoxicity of FDS, a saponin isolated from Filicium decipiens seeds on male Wistar rats histopathological...

10/28/2019
Case Report

Stercoral perforation: A rare case and review

Lava Krishna Kannappa*, Muhammad Sufian Khalid, May Hnin Lwin Ko, Mohsin Hussein, Jia Hui Choong, Ameer Omar Rawal-Pangarkar, Danaradja Armugam and Yahya Salama

We present a 54-year-old male with abdominal pain, Vomiting and weight loss since 5 months. Perforation was noted at recto-sigmoid junction and underwent Hartman’s procedure with end colostomy. Histology of sigmoid colon confirmed a Stercoral perforation without any evidence of dysplasia or ...

10/28/2019
Research Article

Evaluation of the predictive value of CHA2DS2-VASc Score for no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Mahmoud Shawky Abd El-Moneum*

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the predictive clinical value of CHA2DS2-VASc score for no-reflow phenomena in patients having ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who applied to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

10/25/2019
Research Article

Age Estimation Reports: Where do we stand?

Sakher Al Qahtani*

Age estimations process is not standardized worldwide. However, there is a wide agreement about the most suitable methods currently available. Up until now, the procedure of creating expert reports and to implement quality assurance in age estimation are variable.

Aim:

10/23/2019
Research Article

Compliance of hypertensive patients with antihypertensive drug therapy at the Renaissance Hospital of N’Djamena, Chad

Adam Ahamat Ali*, Guillaume Mahamat Abderraman*, Zeinabou Maiga Moussa Tondi and Hissein Ali Mahamat

Introduction: High blood pressure is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In hypertension, non-compliance is frequent. The objective of this work is to evaluate the therapeutic observances and to identify the predictive factors of poor compliances in Chadian hypertensive patien...

10/22/2019
Commentary

We may need to reconsider when to apply sunscreen in our daily life

Win L Chiou*

Abstract

Broad-spectrum sunscreens are now widely used worldwide as an adjunct to help prevent sunburn, skin cancers and premature skin aging. In the United States, all persons older than 6 months are recommended to apply sunscreen to all sun-exposed skin from toes to head except eyes...

10/16/2019
Case Report

Intestinal malrotation presenting with midgut volvulus in an adult

Marta Alberich Prats*, Ricard Frago Montanuy and Sebastiano Biondo Aglio

A 36-year-old man without previous medical history presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting of acute onset. His vital signs were stable and he had no fever. Abdominal exploration revealed distention with pain at palpation. Laboratory tests were normal. Abdominal X...

10/18/2019
Case Report

Anterior Abdominal Wall Abscess: An unusual presentation of Carcinoma of the Colon

Keerthana Panchagnula, Poojitha Yalla, Badareesh Lakshminarayana*, Kshama Hegde and Ramesh Singaraddi

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer progresses without any symptoms early on, or those clinical symptoms are very discrete and so are undetected for long periods of time. The case reported is an unusual presentation of colorectal cancer.

Case Repo...

10/04/2019
Research Article

Nebulization as complementary therapy for dogs with respiratory tract infections

Stopyra Artur*, Sobiech Przemyslaw, Pomianowski Andrzej, Zarczynska Katarzyna and Edyta Kaczorek

Respiratory tract infections in dogs pose a significant problem and often require prolonged treatment. The effectiveness of pharmacological therapy can be improved through the administration of nebulized compounds to liquidize mucus and promote its evacuation from the respiratory tract. The ai...

10/21/2019
Research Article

Impact of Pacemaker Implantation on 12-Month Resource Utilization Following TAVR Hospitalization

Steven D Culler*, Aaron D Kugelmass, David J Cohen, Matthew R Reynolds, Phillip P Brown, April W Simon and Marc R Katz

Purpose: This study reports resource utilization during a Medicare Beneficiary’s (MBs) Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) index hospitalization and all subsequent encounters for 12 months and compares data between MBs who did or did not receive a pacemaker implant...

10/17/2019
Research Article

The effect of anemia on serum hepcidin levels in patients with heart failure

Betul Borku Uysal*, Feray Akbas, Esma Altunoglu, Gulhan Ipek Denız, Duygu Uysal, Harun Uysal, Hanife Usta Atmaca, Yasin Yuksel, Hale Aral, Guven Cetın, Cem Ar M and Fusun Erdenen

Background: Anemia is an accelerating problem among patients with heart failure (HF) and its presence is associated with more symptoms. In this study, we investigated whether anemia in heart failure was related to hepcidin concentration.

Methods: 50...

10/12/2019
Research Article

Synthesis of NaYF4:Yb,Er@SiO2@Ag core-shell nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced upconversion luminescence in bio-applications

Grigory Arzumanyan*, Dmitriy Linnik*, Kahramon Mamatkulov, Maria Vorobyeva, Anastasia Korsun, Valentina Glasunova and Anka Jevremovic

Abstract

The present report highlights our results on synthesis of NaYF4:Yb,Er@SiO2@Ag core–shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) for plasmon-enhanced upconversion luminescence (UCL). Hydrophilic surface UCL nanoparticles (UCLNPs) as cores were obtained by precipitation of Rare Earth Elem...

10/01/2019
Research Article

Tamsulosin and Dementia in old age: Is there any relationship?

Rebecca Renata Lapenda do Monte, Karina de Andrade Vidal Costa, Arnaldo Santiago Nunes Junior, Amalia Cinthia Meneses Rego and Irami Araujo-Filho*

Tamsulosin is used to treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), prescribed annually to about 12.6 million patients worldwide. It is an alpha-adrenergic antagonist that reduces the tone of the prostate smooth muscle involved in the pathophysiology of BPH. By acting on alpha 1A receptors, predom...

10/02/2019
Case Report

Fatal agranulocytosis associated with Metamizole treatment in a 16-year-old girl

Packo Dieu-le-veut Saint-Cyr Sylvestre*, Nanho Danho Clotaire, N’dhatz Comoe Emeraude, Boidy Kouakou, Camengo Police Serge Magloire, Diakite Mamady, Mbelesso Pascal and Koffi Kouassi Gustave

Agranulocytosis is one of the common reasons of consultation in hematology. It’s life-threatening because of an infection risk. The metamizole is a drug, known for its potential rare danger of inducing a severe agranulocytosis. However, it remains widely used because of its beneficial effect...

10/10/2019
Review Article

Three modern serological methods to detect plant viruses

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz*

The use of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of plant viruses is well documented. It proved to be a very valuable detection tools for the plant viruses. The efficiency of the ELISA technique was for practical purpose independent of the ratio of antibodies to antigen. ...

10/04/2019
Research Article

Comprehensive phenotypic characterization and genetic distinction of distinct goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. Gaertn.) ecotypes

Robert A Kerr*, Tatyana Zhebentyayeva, Christopher Saski and Lambert B McCarty

Goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. Gaertn.) is a troublesome weed in turfgrass systems throughout the world. The development of herbicide resistant ecotypes has occurred to multiple modes of action. Goosegrass is a prolific seed producer (~50,000 per plant), fast growing and diverse weed. Such gro...

10/01/2019
Research Article

Serological and molecular characterization of two seed born cowpea mosaic Comovirus isolates affecting cowpea plants (Vigna unguiculata L.) in northern Egypt

Mahmoud Hamdy Abd El-Aziz* and Hosny Aly Younes

Cowpea plants naturally infected with cowpea mosaic comovirus (CPMV) showed different mosaic, mottle, dwarfing, and vain clearing symptoms. Diseased plants were ollected from certain locations of Alexandria and El-Beheira governorates during the growing seasons from 2011 to 2012. CPMV was dete...

10/01/2019
Editorial

The rising role of natural killer cells in patients with malignant hematological disorders and in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi*

Natural killer (NK) cells, the third population of lymphoid cells, comprise 5%-25% of peripheral blood (PB) lymphocytes and represent the first line of defense against infections and tumors [1-7]. They can be derived from: bone marrow, PB, cryopreserved umbilical cord blood (UCB), human embryo...

10/04/2019
Research Article

Plaque morphology in diabetic vs. non diabetic patients assessed by Multi-Slice Computed Tomography coronary angiography

Hesham Mohamed Aboul-Enein, Amr Elsayed El Naggar, Shereen Ibrahim Farag, Waleed Atef Ahmed Hassan*

Background and Objectives: Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) provides high accuracy for noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). The introduction of the latest computed tomography technology allows comprehensive evaluation of various aspects of CAD, includ...

10/04/2019
Case Report

Scintigraphic non-invasive diagnosis of amyloid cardiomyopathy

Laroussi Mohamed-Salem*, Tomas E Rodríguez-Locarno, Tatiana Moreno-Monsalve, Isabel Castellon-Sanchez, Jose F Contreras-Gutierrez and Antonia Claver-Valderas

Amyloidosis encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by extracellular deposition of insoluble abnormal amyloid aggregates, due to a failure in protein quality control. Cardiac amyloidosis is a disorder in which proteins misfold and deposit as amyloid fibrils that infiltr...