08/27/2019
Research Article

The place of health innovation in space to improve the lives of earthlings

Brigitte Godard

For over twenty years, following the creation of space stations, MIR first and then the ISS (International Space Station) men (3 to 6) live and succeed each other continuously about 300 - 400 km of altitude to make scientific experiments. For this reason sending men into space has become an ac...

08/27/2019
Research Article

Evaluating cortical bone porosity using Hr-Pqct

Rique AM, Madeira M, Luis L, Fleius MLde F, Paranhos NF and Lima I*

This work aims to evaluate cortical porosity through a high-resolution peripheral quantitative micro-tomography in a group of 47 patients. All patients, in vivo, were subjected to the medical care protocol of the University Hospital Clementino Fraga, 020-213. Patients were women aged from 37 t...

08/22/2019
Review Article

Management of Ischemic Stroke during cardiac catheterization: A case report and review of literature

Naoufal Chouaib*, Said Jidane, Mounir Lekhlit, Ahmed Belkouch, Tahir Nebhani, Saad Zidouh and Lahcen Belyamani

Stroke following coronary interventions is a devastating and most dreaded complication with signiβicant morbidity and mortality. Various factors have been ascribed for this complication including the technical errors [1]. A small percentage of strokes are iatrogenic, including those associate...

08/21/2019
Research Article

Risk factors of survival in breast cancer

Akram Yazdani*

Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of prognostic factors on breast cancer survival in Iran.

Methods: This study was carried out using data from 500 participants with breast cancer. Data were gathered from medical records of ...

08/22/2019
Case Report

Unilateral retinitis pigmentosa: Case report and review of the literature

Denise Goodwin*, Amanda M Olsen and Karl Citek

Significance: Due to the limited number of reported cases little is known about the characteristics of unilateral retinitis pigmentosa. Information from additional case reports can aid in learning more about the condition. We report a case of retinitis pigmentosa that has rema...

08/26/2019
Case Report

Carotid artery disease: AngioCT features

Joana Ferreira*, Olinda Miranda, Alexandre Lima Carneiro, Sandrina Braga, Joao Correia Simoes, Celso Carrilho, Amílcar Mesquita and Jorge Cotter

The objective of this paper is to emphasis the AngioCT features of carotid dissection/mural hematoma. The image show an internal carotid artery with narrowly eccentric lumen surrounded by a crescent-shaped hypodense mural thickening, with a visibly enhancing vessel wall. The carotid hematoma i...

08/28/2019
Case Report

The Pierre Marie-Sainton syndrome: Report of a family

Salem Y*, Omar Y, Dorsaf S, Sonia M, Samir B and Olfa B

Pierre Maria and Sainton syndrome or cleido-cranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare syndrome presenting an autosomal pattern of inheritance, characterized by characterized by a triad: clavicular aplasia, delayed ossification of the fontanelles and sutures of the vault of the skull. To these may be a...

08/26/2019
Research Article

Gender and left ventricular structural and functional differences in pulmonary hypertension among end stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis

Daniel B Levin, Umar Malik, Ihab Ajaaj, Jon P Blaschke, Betty Skipper, Sandra L McClelland, Kathleen Fagan, Antonia M Harford, Philip G Zager and Veena Raizada*

Abstract

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD). In the general population, more women than men have PH due to left ventricular (LV) disease with preserved ejection fraction (EF). Little is known about the gender-specific prevalenc...

08/20/2019
Research Article

Colour keys to emotion in management of children and intellectual distraction using coloured games in dental environment for children

Rajakumar S*, Kavitha Ramar and Revanth MP

Aim and objective: Dentistry for children is not difficult but is different from what is practiced for adults. The children reacts to differently to people and places around them. Anxiety is an emotional state that helps normal individual defend themselves against a variety of...

08/22/2019
Research Article

Role of novel cardiac biomarkers for the diagnosis, risk stratifi cation, and prognostication among patients with heart failure

Jennifer Miao, Joel Estis, Yan Ru Su, John A Todd and Daniel J Lenihan*

Background: Current guidelines for diagnosis and management of heart failure (HF) rely on clinical findings and natriuretic peptide values, but evidence suggests that recently identified cardiac biomarkers may aid in early detection of HF and improve risk stratification. The a...

08/19/2019
Case Report

Late discover of a traumatic cardiac injury: Case report

Benlafqih C, Bouhdadi H*, Bakkali A, Rhissassi J, Sayah R and Laaroussi M

Blunt chest trauma leads to a wide range of lesions, relatively minor parietal injuries to potentially fatal cardiac lesions, making diagnosis and management difficult. The diagnosis is currently facilitated by imaging, however, these lesions may go unnoticed and be discovered late through com...

08/28/2019
Review Article

Biologic therapy in severe asthma: An update

Maha A Al Ammari*

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, reversible airflow obstruction and recurrent symptoms. Patients often present with coughing, wheezing, dyspnea, and chest tightness, were they usually responds to the ma...

08/16/2019
Letter to the Editor

Serum MicroRNA-155 in Acute Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (aGVHD)

Yvonne A Efebera*, Amy S Ruppert, Apollinaire Ngankeu, Sabrina Garman, Prasanthi Kumchala, Alan Howard, Steven M Devine, Parvathi Ranganathan and Ramiro Garzon

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) is a curative treatment for many hematologic malignancies. Unfortunately, about  30-50% of all recipients undergoing alloHSCT develop acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD), which is associated with high morbidity and mortality [1,2].T...

08/15/2019
Research Article

Discovering the right treatments for diabetes (2), blood’s pressure, and relating diseases

Alaa Hussein Al-Darraji*

For last decades diabetes type 2, blood’s pressure (especially hypertension) and relating diseases are most serious problems for much people over the world. These diseases are not like other different diseases then for studying them very accuracy, this research choose sample from different s...

08/13/2019
Research Article

Validation of the Omron HBP-9031C blood pressure monitor for clinics and hospitals according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol

Kanako Saito, Yukiko Hishiki and Hakuo Takahashi*

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Omron HBP-9031C automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure (BP) measurement device for blood pressure monitoring, according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol (ANSI/AAMI/ISO).

P...

08/13/2019
Research Article

Assessment of the effect of cigarette smoking on the different denture base material

Ashish Pandey*, Neeraja B, Himanshu Joshi, Deepti Upadhyay and Sonam Pandey

Background: The present study was conducted to assess effect of cigarette smoking on different denture base material.

Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted in the department of Prosthodontics. A total of sixty wax specimens in the sha...

08/12/2019
Research Article

Wound architectural analysis of 1.8mm microincision cataract surgery using spectral domain OCT

Benedito Antonio de Sousa, Anderson Teixeira*, Camila Salaroli, Nonato Souza and Lucy Gomes

Purpose: Analyze Microincision Cataract surgery wound using Fourier-Domain optical coherence tomography.

Setting: Medical School of Medicine, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil.

Design: Prospective compara...

08/09/2019
Review Article

Timing of cardiac surgery and other intervention among children with congenital heart disease: A review article

Chinawa JM*, Adiele KD, Ujunwa FA, Onukwuli VO, Arodiwe I, Chinawa AT, Obidike EO and Chukwu BF

Background: Early diagnosis and improved facilities are necessary for determining the optimal timing of surgery and other interventions in children with congenital heart diseases in Nigeria. This is because late presentation, late diagnosis and delayed surgery can lead to mort...

08/16/2019
Research Article

Comparison of selected lower limb biomechanical variables between university of ibadan sportsmen with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome

Ayodeji Ayodele Fabunmi* and Samson Oluwaseyi Oladipupo

Abstract

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is common among athletes who participate in jumping, running and pivoting sports. The aim of this study was to compare selected lower limb biomechanical variables between University of Ibadan students (athletes) with and without patellofemoral pai...

08/09/2019
Research Article

Assessment of shoulder pain and somatic dysfunction in young competitive swimmers: Preventive Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment

Fanny Granger, Marion Etevenard, Jean-Pascal Kily and Martin Garet*

Abstract

Context: Shoulder pain is one of the most frequent reported complaints in intensive competitive swimming. The so-called ‘swimmers’ shoulder’ has been widely explored and has been reported sometimes without specific reference to contributing ...

08/08/2019
Research Article

Relation of Arachnophobia with ABO blood group system

Muhammad Imran Qadir and Sani E Zahra*

In 1901, ABO system of blood groups was determined by Karl Landsteiner. It is present in different organisms like rodents, primates that includes chimpanzees, bonobos etc. The blood groups type in this system depends on some genes that are specific ABO gene. Arachnophobia is the dread of creep...

08/07/2019
Case Report

Daub, Discolouration, Pigmentation-Solar Lentigo

Anubha Bajaj

Solar lentigo is defined as an alteration in cutaneous pigment deposition on account of exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Solar lentigo is a benign, pigmented lesion with a characteristic increment in the quantification of pigmented keratinocytes. It can manifest as a dark brown spot on the s...

08/08/2019
Research Article

Prevalence of ESBL urinary tract infection in children

Galia ZA Awean, Khalil Salameh*, Hala Elmohamed, Hoor Alshmayt and Mohamed Riad Bur Omer

Background

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the extremely popular causes of febrile illness in children, demanding antimicrobial therapy [1]. Overall, 8% of females and 2% of males, experience at least one incident of UTI by seven years of age, and recurrence takes place in up ...

08/08/2019
Review Article

A Belgian program to fight child maltreatment: The “SOS children” teams

Emmanuel de Becker and Sophie Dechene*

Child abuse remains a complex issue affecting individuals, families, groups and society, and one which WHO prevalence figures show as a significant ongoing problem. The nature of the abuse, be it physical, sexual, psychological, or neglect, places the child at high risk of experiencing the mul...

08/06/2019
Research Article

Effectiveness of ethinyl oestradiol /cyproterone acetate and ethinyl oestradiol/ desogestrel with or without low-dose metformin on perceived health-related quality of life in hirsute women with polycystic ovary disease: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Sanjeewani Fonseka*, B Subhani, V Alahakoon, CN Wijeyaratne, IB Gawarammana, NS Kalupahana, N Ratnatunga, S Rosairo and PVR Kumarasiri

Background: Polycystic ovary disease (PCOD) is an endocrine disorder. It leads to menstrual disturbances, infertility, obesity and dermatological manifestations such as hirsutism and acne which leads to impaired health-related quality of life (QOL).

Aims:

08/05/2019
Case Report

Clinical, histopathological and surgical evaluations of persistent oropharyngeal membrane case in a calf

Vehbi Gunes*, Gultekin Atalan, Latife Cakir Bayram, Kemal Varol, Hanifi Erol, Ihsan Keles and Ali C Onmaz

A male, 4 days old and 20 kg Simmental calf was evaluated for regurgitation and hyper salivation since birth. The mother became pregnant by artificial insemination and the pregnancy was the second of the mother. A membrane closed the pharynx and a diverticulum on dorsal of this membrane was se...

08/02/2019
Case Report

Type II myocardial infarction and latent LVOT obstruction due to Systolic Anterior Motion of mitral valve

Makrides Constantinos*

Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a well-recognized feature in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but can occur in other clinical scenarios when anatomically susceptible heart is subjected to permissive physiological conditions that provoke systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SA...

08/02/2019
Research Article

Effect of Khaya Senegalensis Bark and Oil on Post-Harvest Fungal Agents of Groundnut Seeds Rot in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Channya FK*, Asama P and Anjili SM

Standardized method of seed treatment is of prime importance in the production of groundnut. The study was to carry out control trial using bark extract (aqueous and ethanol) and oil (seed) of mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) on seven (7) isolated fungi from two groundnut varieties (peruvian and ...

08/07/2019
Research Article

Prognostic implications of vitamin D deficiency in chronic kidney disease

D Martinez-Lopez, D Jover-Rios, P Esteve-Atienzar, J Mendez-Mora, A Mendez-Jover, F Caparros-Hernandez, V Jorda-Climent, C Segui-Perez, M Segui-Perez, C García-Cervera, JM Nunez-Cruz, J Guzman-Martinez, I Hernandez-Isasi, D Bonet-Tur, S Banon-Escandell, J Peris-García, P Roig-Rico, A Perez-Fullana and JM Seguí-Ripoll*

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent disease, imposing high mortality rates worldwide, and it is closely related to cardiovascular events. Vitamin D deficiency is very prevalent in patients with CKD from the earliest stages of the disease, and it has been associated with higher m...

08/01/2019
Research Article

Carbonic Anhydrase I modifies SOD1-induced motor neuron toxicity in Drosophila via ER stress pathway

Deyi Lu, Xiao Peng, Xuejiao Jia, Guiyi Li, Na Tan, Zhen Wei, Xinzhu Fei, Xiaochen Liu, Tatsuhiko Kadowaki and Jian Liu*

Background: Drosophila models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been widely used in understanding molecular mechanisms of ALS pathogenesis as well as discovering potential targets for therapeutic drugs. Mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause A...