09/28/2018
Research Article

Impact of four obesity interventions on biometric measures of individuals positive and negative for food addiction

Trina Aguirre*, Leeza Struwe, Ann Koehler, Rebecca Kreman, Rebecca Bowman, Erica Schulte, Kayla Pierce, Molly Bloodgood and Jeffrey Holloway

Abstract

Obesity is a major contributor to ill health and numerous comorbidities globally. Recent studies suggest that addictive-like tendencies toward foods, especially highly processed foods, contribute to this epidemic. Therefore, interventions used to treat substance-use disorders...

09/25/2018
Research Article

The Impact of Adenotonsillectomy on Health-Related Quality of Life in Paediatric Patients

Shuaib Kayode Aremu*

Abstract

Objective: To determine the impact of Adenotonsillectomy on Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children’s before and after surgery.

Study Design: Prospective, Observational, before and after the trial. 142 children who ...

09/21/2018
Research Article

Effect of spiritual health (Sound Heart) on the other dimensions of health at different levels of prevention

Minoo Asadzandi*

Abstract

Introduction and goal: From the perspective of Islam, spiritual health means having a Sound Heart (a calm, confident and optimistic soul, with hope for God’s mercy, satisfaction with destiny and vitality). The way to achieve spiritual health is strength...

09/21/2018
Opinion

Medical bioethics vs. Medical ethics*

Jose Ma Barrio Maestre*

Opinion

The current situation of bioethics illustrates what has become known as “the anthropological halt”, described with great lucidity by C. S. Lewis in his book The Abolition of Man as the neglect of the “Tao”, a not very extensive body of basic axioms whic...

09/20/2018
Research Article

Sounding procedure for characterization of big fusion reactor chambers by means of a compact neutron source with a nanosecond pulse duration

Gribkov VA, Bienkowska B, Jednorog S, Paduch M, Tomaszewski K

Abstract

In the paper a methodology that is elaborated for characterization of big-sized chambers of modern and future nuclear fusion reactors is described. It gives an opportunity to define distortions introduced by surroundings, systems and elements of the chamber into the neutron f...

09/17/2018
Case Report

Successful management of disseminated Fusarium infection in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia

AlShammasi S, AlNujaidi D, Bakhit K, Algarni A and AlAnazi KA*

Abstract

Background: Invasive fungal infections cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hematologic malignancies and in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Case: We report a patient with relapsed acute m...

09/13/2018
Review Article

Diagnosis of Asthma in Childhood Age

Ibrahim A Ali*, Elia Adil Nabih and Ahmed MS Eltohami

Abstract

Background: Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disorder in childhood. Asthmatic attacks are described and classified according to the type of wheezing to Non –atopic and Atopic asthma (IgE mediated wheezing). The aim of this review is to dete...

09/13/2018
Research Article

Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Hydroxychloroquine and Teneligliptin in Type 2 Diabetes Patients who are Inadequately Controlled with Glimepiride, Metformin and Insulin therapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial with Parallel Group Design

Prakash Ranjan, Sajjad Ahsan*, Rabi Bhushan, Bipin Kumar, Tushar, Anup Kumar Gupta, Anand Kumar Verma and Mukesh Jain

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy and safety of Hydroxychloroquine in comparison with Teneligliptin in type 2 diabetes patients whose blood glucose levels were inadequately controlled with metformin, Glimepiride and insulin therapy.<...

09/13/2018
Research Article

Adaptive planning and toxicities of uniform scanning proton therapy for lung Cancer patients

Yuanshui Zheng*, Hardev Singh, Suresh Rana, Gary Larson, Prabhu Kiran, Lucius Doh and James Wong

Abstract

Purpose: Adaptive planning is often needed in lung cancer proton therapy to account for geometrical variations, such as tumor shrinkage and other anatomical changes.The purpose of this study is to present our findings in adaptive radiotherapy for lung cancer ...

09/13/2018
Historical Vignette

Dr. Saul Hertz Discovers the Medical Uses of Radioiodine (RAI)

Barbara Hertz*

Primary sources document Dr. Saul Hertz (1905 - 1950) as conceiving and developing radioiodine (RAI) as a diagnostic tool and as a therapy for thyroid diseases. Dr. Hertz was the first and foremost person to develop the experimental data on RAI and apply it to the cl...

09/11/2018
Review Article

Anesthetic considerations for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

KH Kevin Luk* and Koichiro Nandate

Abstract

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) carries high morbidity and mortality. Advances in endovascular techniques in the last two decades allow for minimally invasive approach for repair of these aneurysms. A succinct but comprehensive pre-operative is essential for deliver...

09/11/2018
Research Article

Anti-anxiety effects in mice following acute administration of Ficus Thonningii (wild fig)

Aduema W*, Akunneh-Wariso C, Ejiofo DC and Amah AK

Abstract

The effect of acute administration of ethanol extract of F. thoningii on anxiety and fear in Swiss white mice was studied. 30 adult Swiss white mice of both sexes were randomly divided in to three groups of 10 mice each. Group1 served as the control and was administered norma...

09/11/2018
Research Article

Evaluation of unexplained clinical features of hepatic diseases through biopsies among hospitalized children: A cross-sectional study in Lahore, Pakistan

Ibtasam Ahmad, Muhammad Haris, Amnah Javed and Muhammad Azhar*

Abstract

Objectives: There are variations in therapeutic regimens of different liver diseases. The accurate diagnosis ensures prompt recovery from these diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate the underlying causes of unexplained signs and symptoms associated wi...

09/03/2018
Research Article

The failure to provide an effective veterinary service to sheep in Australia

Maxwell JAL

Introduction

Sheep are not native to Australia and were originally imported; 44 sheep were among the animals transported from Great Britain to the penal colony established on the east coast of Terra Australis in January 1788 http://firstfleetfelowshp.org.au.

The Australian M...

09/04/2018
Review Article

Women’s Mental Health and Mental retardation

Sharadha Ramesh*

Introduction

Mental illness is associated with a significant burden of morbidity and disability. Lifetime prevalence rates for any kind of psychological disorder are higher than previously thought, are increasing in recent cohorts and affect nearly half of the population. Overall rate...

09/04/2018
Research Article

Chromium Isotopes Detection in their Ores with Minimal Errors

Loai Aljerf* and Nuha AlMasri

Abstract

The industrial production and use of chromium have grown considerably during the past five decades. Abundances of the chromium isotopes in terrestrial samples are identical to 0.01%. Among the dominant species of chromium, the trivalent form widely occurs in nature in chromit...

09/03/2018
Review Article

A Gateway to Metal Resistance: Bacterial Response to Heavy Metal Toxicity in the Biological Environment

Loai Aljerf* and Nuha AlMasri

Abstract

Heavy metals and metalloids are dangerous because they have the tendency to bioaccumulate in biological organisms over a period of time. However, it is conceived that a number of phytochemical agents as well microorganism can act as heavy metal removing agent both from human ...

09/12/2018
Case Report

A case report of Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitic syndrome presenting with Renal failure

Amy M Hopkins, Angela M Gibbs, Ryan S Griffiths, Rupali S Avasare and Firas G Khoury*

Abstract

We present a case of hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitic syndrome (HUVS) who developed severe renal failure requiring ICU-level care. Our patient is a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, rash, confusion, oliguria, and shortness of breath. He was found to b...

09/11/2018
Research Article

Effects of KCl (rpm/Heat) on Bacterial Protease Production in E. coli, P. aeruginosa and E. faecalis

Canan Cennet Karaderi and Huseyin Kahraman*

Abstract

Background: Proteases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of peptide bonds in proteins found in nature. Microbial protease constitutes one of the most important for industrial aplications. Proteases play a crucial role in numerous pathologic pro...