Case Report

A Rare case of synchronous primary malignancies of gall bladder and ovary

Ridhi Narang*, T Das, M Dagar, M Srivastava, S Bhalla and I Ganguli


A malignant tumor has the capacity to grow rapidly and to metastasize to the other parts of the body. Ovary has been a common organ for secondaries caused by hematological spread of the tumor and exhibits the same histopathology as that of the primary tumor.


A flow perfusion bioreactor with controlled mechanical stimulation: Application in cartilage tissue engineering and beyond

Arshan Nazempour and Bernard J Van Wie*

To repair articular cartilage (AC) defects in osteoarthritic patients, one approach is to engineer threedimensional grafts with physicochemical properties similar to endogenous AC. Such grafts can be grown in bioreactors that provide environmental conditions favoring chondrogenesis.Studies sho...

Review Article

Discrepancy in Microglia and Peripheral Monocytic Cells - A scope in the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric maladies

Jes Paul*

Broad medleys of research have recognized the microglial activation in perilous psychiatric maladies such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. There is a scenario of enlivening of peripheral monocytic cells along with the microglial interactions within the body

Research Article

Preparation, solid state characterization and evaluation of ketoprofenglucosamine HCl solid dispersions

Abdul Wahab, Gul Majid Khan*, Mohsen Sharifi, Ahmad Khan, Amjad Khan and Naqab Khan

In this investigation, solid dispersions were prepared and characterized to improve the solubility and dissolution of poorly water soluble drug Ketoprofen, using glucosamine HCl as a carrier. For the improvement of the solubility and dissolution rate of poorly water soluble drugs different tec...

Case Report

Low vision due to persistent Cloquet’s canal

Ayse Gul Kocak Altintas* and Cagri Ilhan

The Cloquet’s canal (CC) is the remnant of the primary vitreous and it disappears in the intrauterine developmental period of an eye. Rarely it can persist in mature eyes and cause low visual acuity. We detected a persistent CC and low visual acuity in a 36 year-old patient. Fundus fluoresce...

Review Article

Use of Geosynthetic materials in solid waste landfill design: A review of geosynthetic related stability issues

Lin Zhao and MA Karim*


Geosynthetics used in landfills provides a technical and economic advantages over traditional clay liners. It may create stability issue and even lead to landfill failure due to its low interface or internal shear strength if improperly designed and/or constructed. The most c...

Letter to the Editor

The Essential Role of Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Prior to bariatric surgery

Reza Ebrahimi, Mohammad Kermansaravi and Abdolreza Pazouki*

We read with interest the case report entitled “Dieulafoy’s Lesion related massive Intraoperative Gastrointestinal Bleeding during Single Anastomosis Gastric Bypass necessitating total Gastrectomy: A Case Repor't published in Archives of Surgery and Clinical Research b Ashraf Imam et a...

Research Article

Pathological Effects of Cypermethrin on the Testes and Accessory Sexual Glands of Yankasa Rams

Ubah Simon*, Ogwu David, Rekwot Peter, Rwuaan Joseph, Chibuogwu Ijeoma and Njoku Celestine

An investigation into the pathological lesions of Cypermethrin on the testes, accessory sexual and pituitary glands of Yankasa rams was carried out. Sixteen Yankasa rams aged 18 - 30 months and weighing between 21.5 - 46.5kg were used. The 16 rams were divided equally into two groups (A and B)...

Research Article

Exercise preserves pancreatic β-cell mass and function in obese OLETF rats

Jiawei Zhao, Zhihong Yang, Min He, Qinghua Wang and Renming Hu*

Although exercise has been proposed to be beneficial to type 2 diabetes, its effects on β-cell function and mass remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of long-term swimming training on the function and mass of β-cells in diabetic OLETF rats were examined. At 44 weeks of age after...

Research Article

Detection of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis in tomato and chili seeds and farming area of Sinaloa, Mexico

Ruiz Alvarado Cristina*, Soto Ortiz Roberto, Cervantes Diaz Lourdes, Nunez Ramirez Fidel, Celaya-Michel Hernán and Rueda Puente Edgar O

Phytosanitary inspectors play an important role in diagnosing diseases in foreign plant material. However, some deficiencies have been detected in the detectionc ausing the entrance of many microorganisms.Therefore, it was of great interest to detect the presence of Clavibacter michiganensis s...

Research Article

Similarity between Some Biological Systems, Organotropism and Metastatic Process: Active Role Played By Secondary Organ?

Luisetto M*, Behzad Nili-Ahmadabadi, Hossein Nili-Ahmadabadi, Ghulam Rasool Mashori, Gamal Abdul Hamid, Kausar Rehman Khan, Behrooz Nili-Ahmadabadi, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa and Luca Cabianca

According to literature, about 90% of death from cancer is related to metastasis. Metastatic process present many similarity to some other biological processes. Once we have examined some relevant biomedical literature, by understanding the real causes of metastasis, it would become much more ...

Research Article

Perceptive and Rehabilitative Muscle Recruitment Facilitation Secondary to the use of a Dynamic and Asymmetric Spine Brace in the treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)

Maurizio Falso*, Laura Forti, Silvia Iezzi, Gloria Cottali, Eleonora Cattaneo, Marco Zucchini and Franco Zucchini

Background: Supporting our adolescent people in realizing his/her self ability to reorganize and to establish a cross-linked paraspinal muscle control can be considered the most effective approach for muscle rehabilitation in adolescents affected by “AIS. Aim of this study w...