01/30/2018
Case Report

A rare case: Congenital Megalourethra in prune belly syndrome

Ismail Selvi, Numan Baydilli* and Emre Can Akınsal

Introduction: Prune Belly syndrome is a disease characterized by abdominal muscle defect, bilateral cryptorchidsim and urinary system anomalies (reflux megaureter, hydronephrosis, etc.). Pulmonary, cardiac, and gastrointestinal anomalies may also be present. Management of thes...

01/30/2018
Research Article

Comorbidity of alcohol dependence with attention-defi cit/hyperactivity disorder and the role of executive dysfunctions

Gloria Tosi, Giovanni Vittadini, Ines Giorgi, Caterina Pistarini*, Elena Fiabane and Paola Palladino

Abstract

Background: This study aims to retrospectively investigate the comorbidity of ADHD multiple symptoms (behavioral) with alcohol addiction in a sample of adult alcohol-dependent patients and to test their current attentional skills (behavioral and cognitive).

01/31/2018
Editorial

Indian spices and Caffeine treatment for Obesity and Cardiovascular disease

Ian James Martins*

Editorial

The global obesity epidemic that was previously reported [1,2] is now to worsen with obesity to double in 73 countries around the world [3,4]. Improving the health of obese individuals by dietary restriction, anti-obese foods and increased physical activity [1] has not reduc...

01/18/2018
Opinion

For professionals working on the topic of cochlear implantation: Opinions of readers of “Instruction” and participants of MIMIC

Petrov SM*

Abstract

To facilitate understanding some issues of cochlear implantation for new beginners we wrote 1- “The Instruction for audiologists and cochlear implanted patients” and created 2-Demo-program MIMIC. Here are opinions of readers of “The Instruction” and pa...

01/25/2018
Letter to the Editor

Alcohol-related poisonings in Russia: Obfuscated facts

Sergei V Jargin*

Letter to Editor

The problem of the alcohol misuse in Russia is well known; but there is a tendency to exaggerate it, which seems to be used to disguise shortages of the healthcare and public assistance.In this way, responsibility for the relatively low life expectancy is shifted onto...

01/30/2018
Research Article

The impact of two different doses of Dexmedetomidine to Local Anesthetic Mixture on the quality of single injection Peribulbar Block in Vitreoretinal operations

Nagat S EL-Shmaa*, Mohamed El-Kashlan and Eman Ramadan Salama

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of adding two different doses of dexmedetomidine to local anesthetic mixture on the quality of single injection peribulbar block in vitreoretinal operations.

Design: A prospective, double-blinded an...

01/23/2018
Research Article

Evaluation of Desmin, α-SMA and hTERT expression in pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer

Farahnaz Fallahian*, Seyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Frouzandeh Mahjoubi, Samira Shabani, Pegah Babaheidarian and Tayebeh Majidzadeh

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary fibrosis is a clinical problem with an enigmatic etiology with no effective therapy. Current therapies for lung fibrosis are ineffective for progression of lung fibrosis and preventing respiratory failure.

Objectives

01/22/2018
Short Communication

Heart disease new hypothesis: under endogenous toxicological aspect

luisetto M*, Behzad Nili-Ahmadabadi and Ghulam Rasool Mashori

Introduction

In order to suggest new pathogenetic hypotesys in some heart disease we think is interesting to observe some biomedical literature: Can we think some endogenus toxicologic movens in some heart pathologies?

Activated platelet can trigger coronay artery spasm in s...

01/25/2018
Short Communication

Stem cells in heart failure some considerations

Federico Benetti*, Natalia Scialacomo and Bruno Benetti

Short Communication

Stem cell treatments depend not only on the type of cell to be used but also on the different implantation techniques. Intravascular cell injections are known to rapidly separate from the vessels. On the other hand, it is also well known that direct injection into ...

01/18/2018
Review Article

The bio-energy transport in the protein molecules and its experimental validations of correctness

Pang Xiao-Feng*

Abstract

The bio-energy released by the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate, which relate to plenty of life activities and is transported in a solution, and its theory of transport are first stated and built in helix protein molecule. In order to confirm and verify the correctness of...

01/25/2018
Research Article

Management of Popliteal Artery aneurysms: Experience in our center

Michiels Thirsa and Vleeschauwer De Philippe*

Abstract

Background: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) are rare, but the diagnosis should not be missed because of the limb and life threatening complications. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus about the management of PAA based on our own experience a...

01/25/2018
Editorial

Chemo-cytokines network is main target for control of Allergic asthma

Seyyede Masoume Athari and Seyyed Shamsadin Athari*

Editorial

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which characterized by recurrent airflow obstruction, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing. Management of allergic asthma especially in children, is main problem for industrial world. Immunological factors have critical role in patho...

01/26/2018
Research Article

Body mass index in a group of security forces (policemen). Crosssectional study

Guillermo Padron Arredondo*

Summary

Introduction: Most police officers work long hours in day and night shifts and this exposure can harm your health.

Objective: Know the Body Mass Index (BMI) of a group of policemen of both sexes chosen at random to calculate the degr...

01/26/2018
Research Article

Treating Blood Hypertension in a Brazilian Community: Moving from Reactive Homeostatic Model to Proactive Allostatic Healthcare

Roberto Carlos Burini*, Mariana Santoro Nakagaki, Edilaine Michelin and Franz Homero Paganini Burini

Abstract

The responsiveness of hypertensive subjects to different types of physical exercises and length of intervention, has been investigated in samples of our dynamic cohort study (“Move for Health” program) based on spontaneous demand for healthy lifestyle with supervi...

01/24/2018
Case Report

Ultrasound conjugated with Laser Therapy in treatment of osteoarthritis: A case study

Ana Elisa Serafim Jorge, Michele Luise de Souza Simao, Ana Carolina Fernades, Aline Chiari, Antonio Eduardo de Aquino Junior*, Anderson Luis Zanchin and Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato*

Abstract

Osteoarthritis of the hand is a chronic condition that involves hand joints, but receives less attention. Few studies have investigated the use of ultrasound therapy and laser therapy for the treatment of hand osteoarthritis.The objective was to evaluate the effect of the con...

01/17/2018
Research Article

Correlate alcohol and toxicology analysis with Urinary Bladder Distension on Post-mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT): A Validation Study

Lai Poh Soon*, Mohamad Helmee Mohamad Noor, Nor Fadhilah Madon, Mohd Hilmi Saidin, Mansharan Kaur Chainche Singh and Kunasilan Subramaniam

Abstract

Urinary bladder distension is traditionally regarded as a sign of intoxication at autopsy, however, to date there is very little literature available to support this hypothesis. The purposes of our study were to correlate alcohol and/or toxicological analysis with calculated ur...

01/19/2018
Editorial

Unveiling the gut virome in human health and diseases

Tao Zuo*

Introduction

Due to the advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies, the gut vriome is increasingly being perceived as one important component of the gut microbiome, where the number of viral biological entities is believed to far outcompetes that of the bacterial populations ...

01/19/2018
Letter to the Editor

Importance of prevention-A letter to the editor

Rathi A

Letter to Editor

Over 50% of all deaths are because of chronic diseases, that we call lifestyle diseases. It means, 50% of the deaths can be prevented by lifestyle modifications. Even 40% of cancer, the disease which is the dreaded the most, can be prevented through healthy lifestyle....

01/19/2018
Research Article

Evaluation of the effects of Leech Salivary Extract (LSE) on Haematological parameters in Rats

Hausatu Babayi*, Ojo Olufunmilola Praise, Labake Fadipe Ajoke, Israel Kayode Olayemi, Elisha Baba and Oladosun Oluwale Peter

Summary

The effects of Leech Salivary Extract (LSE) on some haematological, immunological and organ weight parameters in rats, during a twenty eight days oral administration of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight doses, was investigated. LD50 and sub chronic toxicity was determined using...

01/19/2018
Research Article

Status of protection against Hepatitis B infection among healthcare workers (HCW) in a tertiary healthcare center in India: results can’t be ignored!

Pandey Prashant, Agarwal Nitin*, Das Suryasanta and Dharmendra Kumar

Summary

Background and Aims: the Aim of the study was to find the level of protection among the healthcare workers (nurses, doctors, housekeeping staff and general duty assistants) by doing Anti-HBsAb titer and vaccinate those who were not properly immunized against H...

01/19/2018
Research Article

Analysis of Pyogenic Liver Abscesses

Eva Barreiro Alonso*

Abstract

Background: Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) are frequent in immunosuppressed patients. We review the characteristics of patients with PLA at a tertiary academic Spanish hospital in Asturias.

Methods: A retrospective observational stu...

01/16/2018
Research Article

Growth Promoting Potential and Colonization Ability of Probiotics (Bacillus coagulans and Bacillus subtilis) on the Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii Post-Larvae

Karthik M, Saravana Bhavan P* and Manjula T

Abstract

The probiotic effects of Bacillus coagulans and Bacillus subtilis were studied on survival, growth, concentrations of basic biochemical constituents, activities of digestive enzymes, and their colony establishments in the gut of Macrobrachium rosenbergii post-larvae (PL). Ele...

01/12/2018
Short Communication

Erectile Dysfunction and Coronary Artery Disease: Two manifestations, one same underlying mechanism

Jonathan Cardona-Velez* and Laura Ceballos-Naranjo

Abstract

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disorder whose prevalence increases with age. Over time a strong correlation between erectile dysfunction and cardiovascular disease has been established as the result of the same pathophysiological process: endothelial dysfunction and at...

01/11/2018
Case Report

Implications of entomological evidence during the investigation of five cases of violent death in Southern Brazil

Patrícia J Thyssen*, Marina FK Aquino, Natane CS Purgato, Edmilson Martins, Alexandre A Costa, Carolina GP Lima and Claudemir R Dias

Abstract

In homicide cases, knowledge about time of death is important as it directs police investigation towards the discovery of authorship, including or excluding suspects of a crime, and determining nature of death. In Brazil, entomological evidence is still neglected by official ...

01/12/2018
Review Article

Open bite malocclusion: An overview

Mohamed Abdul Wajid, Pratik Chandra, Rohit Kulshrestha*, Kamlesh Singh, Ramji Rastogi and Vinay Umale

Abstract

The term open bite is referred as no contact between anterior or posterior teeth. The complexity of open bite is attributed to a combination of skeletal, dental and habitual factors. Etiology of open bite can be attributed to genetics, anatomic and environmental factors.Howev...

01/10/2018
Review Article

Fixed functional Appliances in Orthodontics-A review

Devinder Preet Singh* and Ramanpreet Kaur

Abstract

Correcting class II malocclusion has always challenged an orthodontist owing to the complex and multifactorial aetiology. Age of patient and selection of the appliance plays an important role in the outcome of the treatment. Growth modification using functional appliance...

01/10/2018
Case Report

Role of Helicobacter pylori in causing repeated Reinfection from Oral cavity in Chronic Prostatitis

Pankaj Garg*

Abstract

Introduction: The refractoriness in treatment of chronic prostatitis (CP) could be due to repeated infection. This reinfection could be caused by Helicobacter Pylori present in human saliva.

Methods: The oral cavities seem to be the...

01/08/2018
Research Article

Diabetes and red blood parameters

Md. Sadikuj Jaman*, Md. Sohanur Rahman, Rubaiya Rafique Swarna, Joyanto Mahato, Md. Milon Miah and Mosa. Ayshasiddeka

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a common disease in these days and day by day it is arising. The main focus of the study was to investigate association of packed cell volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MPV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Red Cell Distribution Width...

01/10/2018
Research Article

Effect of foot posture on foot-specific health-related quality of life

Bahar Kulunkoglu*, Yasemin Akkubak and Afra Alkan

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Navicular drop (ND) and Hallux valgus (HV) angles and their effects on foot-specific health related quality of life. Sixty female patients with bilateral HV aged between 32-60 participated in this study. The ...

01/09/2018
Research Article

Injuries of the shoulder sustained by Surfboard riders

Simon Dimmick*, Jillian Patterson, Patrick Sheehan, Suzanne Anderson and Graeme MacDougal

Summary

Background: To determine the spectrum of shoulder pathologies suffered by surfers.

Methods: Prospective descriptive study. Surfers with shoulder injuries who were referred to a sub-speciality orthopaedic shoulder private practice sit...

01/08/2018
Case Report

Physical Therapy for Transverse Myelitis: A Case Report

Allison Buchanan, Kelli J Wilkerson and Han-Hung Huang*

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare neurological diagnosis found in 1-4 per million people. Rehabilitation is recommended secondary to steroid treatment.There is limited clinical research on physical therapy (PT) for TM. The purpose of ...

01/08/2018
Research Article

Diazepam Withdrawal Expression is related to Hippocampal NOS-1 Upregulation

Emilce Artur de la Villarmois, Maria Florencia Constantin, Claudia Bregonzio and Mariela Fernanda Perez*

Abstract

Background: Benzodiazepines are usually prescribed for anxiety and sleep disorders in a long-term fashion that may cause drug dependence. Discontinuation after prolonged administration may lead to withdrawal expression, being anxiety the most predominant sign...

01/03/2018
Opinion

What can Mathematics say about unsolved problems in Medicine?

Marco P Soares dos Santos*

Opinion

Nobody doubts that mathematics plays a crucial role in medical achievements. It is certain that is being mainly used in statistics and physics for biomedical problems [1]. For sure that we have already heard about how mathematics can improve the anticancer arsenal [2].Quantita...

01/03/2018
Review Article

Studies of Grafts in vegetables, an alternative for agricultural production under stress conditions: Physiological responses

Jose Bernal Alzate, Edgar Omar Rueda Puente*, Onecimo Grimaldo Juarez, Daniel Gonzalez Mendoza, Lourdes Cervantes Diaz and Alejandro García Lopez

Abstract

Vegetable production by grafting is a technique which it has made possible to resume agricultural soils which previously could not be produced due to stress generated by various abiotic factors, like a lack of water,stress by high or low temperatures, and or heavy metal conta...

01/03/2018
Mini Review

Common transcriptional regulation of ABA and ethylene

Ravi Valluru*

Review

Plant hormones are versatile chemical regulators of plant growth. The concept of hormone ‘interaction’ [1] has gained much importance and several key players of hormonal network are uncovered for major plant hormones.The fact that hormones are structurally unrelated...

01/05/2018
Review Article

Progresses of the Badminton equipment relate to exercise: Some training aspects

Zhi Qiang Liang and Jian She Li*

Abstract

Background: With the development of sports science and badminton equipment, the roles of badminton shoes, such as to alter lower - extremity biomechanical parameters, prevent sports injuries and enhance performance, were confirmed by a mass of studies.

...

01/05/2018
Research Article

Effectiveness of Soft Tissue Mobilisation as an adjunct to the Conventional Therapy in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

Patitapaban Mohanty*

Abstract

Introduction: The HRMT (Human Resting Myofasial Tone) factor plays an important role to initiate the trigger the inflammation at the disease site in Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) as in all spondyloarthropathies. The incidence of fibromyalgia is higher in AS and...

01/05/2018
Mini Review

ABC and MFS Transporters: A reason for Antifungal drug resistance

Neelabh* and Karuna Singh

Abstract

Fungi cause a variety of diseases and are difficult to treat owing to their eukaryotic nature resulting in dearth of antifungal targets at hand. This problem is further elevated many folds due to the resistance mechanisms of fungi through which they circumvent the antifungal ...