08/30/2018
Research Article

Three year outcomes following positive cross match renal transplantation despite failure to convert to Negative Flow Cross Match after Desensitization

Shree Patel*, Jamie Benken, Patricia West Thielke, Sanjeev Akkina, Enrico Benedetti and James Thielke

Abstract

Desensitization allows successful transplantation of patients with a positive crossmatch (PXM) against their live donor. We evaluated outcomes following PXM renal transplant despite failure to convert to negative flow cytometric crossmatch (FCXM) after desensitization. Patien...

08/30/2018
Case Report

Congenital poisoning after maternal parenteral mercury administration

Benjamin Courchia*, Leventer Roberts Maya, Meyer John, Galvez Maida, Herrera Jaime and Rauch Daniel

This is the case of a full-term baby girl, born to a mother with a history of parenteral inorganic mercury administration. Thirteen years prior, this mother injected 1mL of inorganic mercury in her right forearm, was subsequently hospitalized, but never received chelation treatment. Her first tri...

08/28/2018
Research Article

Histological clonal change - A feature for dysplasia diagnosis

Lewei Zhang*, Tarinee Lubpairee, Denise M Laronde, Martial Guillaud, Calum E MacAulay and Miriam P Rosin

Abstract

Aims: Histological diagnostic criteria are used for the assessment of the degree of dysplasia and hence the risk of cancer progression for premalignant lesions. Clonal changes in the form of hyperorthokeratosis and hyperchromasia that are sharply demarcated f...

08/29/2018
Research Article

Life history strategies of the armored scale, Aulacaspis alisiana (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae) on the Japanese silver tree Neolitsea sericea (Bl.) Koidz. (Lauraceae) in Fukuoka, Japan

Charles AO Midega* and Keiji Takasu

Abstract

The armored scale Aulacaspis alisiana, is a serious invasive pest of the Japanese silver tree, Neolitsea sericea, causing serious damage to the tree in Japan. However there are currently no control approaches available for it, complicated by shortage of information on the pes...

08/29/2018
Research Article

Effect of diabetes mellitus on the Pulmonary Function Tests in Sudanese Diabetic Patients

Elmutaz H Taha, Ibrahim A Ali* and Omer A Musa

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of illness and death. Pulmonary function test PFT has assumed a key role in epidemiological studies investigating the incidence, natural history and causality of lung disease.

Methods...

08/28/2018
Research Article

Preliminary Report on the Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy in Patients with Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction

Cesar A Keller*, Thomas A Gonwa, Athena L Russell, David O Hodge, David B Erasmus and Abba C Zubair

Abstract

Background: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) effects can shift immune responses toward anti-inflammatory and tolerogenic phenotypes, potentially helping patients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS).

Methods: We evaluated the eff...

08/22/2018
Research Article

Expression of C-type Natriuretic Peptide and its Specific Guanylyl Cyclase-Coupled Receptor in Pig Ovarian Granulosa Cells

Soo Mi Kim, Suhn Hee Kim, Kyung Woo Cho, Sun Young Kim and Sung Zoo Kim*

Abstract

Background: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) was isolated from porcine brain and is a 22-amino acid peptide which belongs to the natriuretic peptide (NP) family. Even though this peptide shares structural similarity to other endogenous NPs including atrial na...

08/21/2018
Review Article

Cyberbullying: A narrative review

Tiffany Field*

Abstract

A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsycINFO to locate cyberbullying research that was published during the last 4 years. In this narrative review, cyberbullying research is briefly summarized and critiqued. The review is focused on the varying definitions and ...

08/17/2018
Case Report

A Case-Study of the Anatomy of a Miscommunication: Why colleagues as patients develop complications?

Colin Pritchard* and Jeremy Latham

Abstract

This is an anatomy of a miscommunication, written by the patient, a medical school professor and his orthopaedic consultant, who was also a colleague leading to a series of misunderstandings. This raises the practical question of who is responsible for effective communication...

08/17/2018
Research Article

The influence of physical activities on biological age parameters of females from 17 to 18 years old

Dao Chanh Thuc*

Abstract

The effect of weekly physical activity on biological age (BA) parameters, we have conducted a study 215 females from 17 to 18 years old who were divided into the experimental (EG, n=105) and control (CG, n=110) groups. It was established that if at the end of the experim...

08/17/2018
Research Article

Successful treatment of late-onset pulmonary hypertension after atrial septal defect operation with macitentan: Our center experience

Tarik Kivrak*, Zeynep Ulutas, Sena Sert and Bulent Mutlu

Abstract

Background: Macitentan signifi cantly improves pulmonary hemodynamics and survival in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). Its beneficial effect, however, may be blunted due to the adverse impacts such as anemia and peripheral edema.Pulmonary a...

08/14/2018
Review Article

Neurobiology of Common Sleep Disorders

Zhao Liu*, Abdullah Tolaymat and Sreenivas K Avula

Abstract

Sleep disorders in human are common and detrimental to general health of all age groups. While the neurobiological mechanisms of sleep disorders are not yet fully understood, recent advances in research on the sleep-wake regulation mechanism, genetic and epigenetic factors, c...

08/14/2018
Case Report

A Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor with an Unusual Flush

Nathania Sutandi* and Steven White

Summary

A 60-year-old man presented with an unusual history of lower limb flushing. A CT scan suggested a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. After a robotic distal pancreatectomy, his symptoms completely resolved. The tumor was positive for synaptophysin and chromogranin. This case emph...

08/13/2018
Review Article

Effect of cement solidification on strength and leaching properties of Heavy Metals Contaminated Soil

Syed Taseer Abbas Jaffar*, Sajjad Yousefi Oderji, Si-an Zhang and Long-zhu Chen

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of Portland cement on stabilization of heavy metal contaminated clayey soils that may give range of geo environemntal benefits. The absolute concentration of heavy metals: Lead (Pb), Zinc (Zn), Chromium (Cr), Cadmium (Cd) and Copper (Cu) wer...

08/14/2018
Research Article

Evaluation of novel culture media prepared from plant substrates for isolation and identification of Cryptococcus Neoformans Species Complex

Krema ZA, Mokthar ES, El Magrahi HS, Eshwika A, Ellabib M* and Cogliati M

Abstract

Background: Melanin production due to phenoloxidase activity is a distinctive property of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species complex yeasts. Therefore, an agar medium containing a precursor of melanin pigment is potentially useful to iden...

08/03/2018
Research Article

Oral Candida colonization in HIV infected patients: Species and antifungal susceptibility in Tripoli/Libya

Mohamed H, Krema Z, Mokthar E, Ellabib M*, El Magrahi H and Eshwika A

Abstract

Introduction: Candidiasis is more frequent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and knowledge about the distribution and antifungal susceptibility of oral Candida species is important for effective management of candidiasis.

08/04/2018
Review Article

Investigation of radiation attenuation parameters of some drugs used in Chemotherapy in Wide Energy Region

Ferdi Akman* and Mustafa Recep Kacal

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to compute the radiation attenuation parameters such as mass attenuation coeffi cient, linear attenuation coefficient, half value layer, mean free path, and effective atomic number for some selected chemotherapy drugs such...

08/05/2018
Review Article

Microdialysis technique for in-vivo monitoring of •OH generation on myocardial injury in the rat

Toshio Obata*

Abstract

The micro dialysis procedure is a technique that has been established for some years. Although free radical reaction is a part of normal metabolism, sustained elevation of noradrenaline (NA) in the extracellular fluid can be autoxidized, which in turn leads (possibly by an in...

08/23/2018
Research Article

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Challenges faced by beginners our perspective

Kunal Chowdhary, Gurinder Kaur, Kapil Sindhu, Muzzafar Zaman*, Aliya Shah, Rohit Dang, Ashish Kumar, Jose John Maiakal and Ashutosh Bawa

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is gold standard and most widely performed surgery for gallstone disease all over the world. Surgeons entering into the field of laparoscopic surgery for the first time faces challenges that are different from those wi...

08/14/2018
Case Report

Gossypiboma due to a retained surgical sponge following abdominal hysterectomy, complicated by intestinal migration and small bowel obstruction- A Case Report

Vivek Agrawal and Praroop Gupta*

A gossypiboma is a mass of cotton material from any source, left in a body cavity after a surgical procedure. This enhances the morbidity, cost of treatment and potential mortality to the patient with the addition of medicolegal issues. We report a case of a 32 year old lady who presented with...

08/17/2018
Review Article

Magnetohydrodynamic CNTs Casson Nanofluid and Radiative heat transfer in a Rotating Channels

Abdullah Dawar, Zahir Shah*, Saeed Islam, Muhammad Idress and Waris Khan

Abstract

The main purpose of this investigation is to inspect the innovative conception of the magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) nanoparticles of single wall carbon nanotubes base on the fluids (water, engine oil, and ethylene, glycol and kerosene oil) between two rotating parallel plates. C...

08/17/2018
Review Article

High energy HF (DF) lasers

Victor V Apollonov*

Introduction

Non-chain HF (DF) lasers are the most suitable and ecologically safe source of powerful and energetic coherent radiation in the 2.6-3.1 cm (HF laser) and 3.5-4.1 cm (DF laser) spectral regions. Among the different methods of HF (DF) pulse and pulseperiodic laser creation ...

08/02/2018
Review Article

Parental Role in Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention

Shelby Miller*

Abstract

Background: There is a huge gap in the U.S. health care system when it comes to the prevention of substance abuse and addiction, specifically involving adolescents. It has been determined through literature review that parents in Utah are not informed about/k...