10/12/2017
Review Article

Wifi and health: Perspectives and risks

Myriam Ben Salah*, Hafedh Abdelmelek and Manef Abderraba

Abstract

Increased exposure to electromagnetic fields such as radio frequencies used by Wifi technology raise questions and concerns about their impact on health. For answer these questions, several scientific studies have carried out followed by results publication in prestigious sci...

10/30/2017
Research Article

Ocular surface Rose Bengal staining in normal dogs and dogs with Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca: Preliminary fi ndings

Williams DL* and Griffiths A

Dry eye or keratoconjunctivitis sicca, is commonly seen in the dog. Veterinary ophthalmologists diagnose this aqueous tear deficiency using the Schirmer tear test (STT), but this measures tear production and does not indicate ocular surface pathology. The vital dye Rose Bengal is commonly used...

10/26/2017
Case Report

Corticotomy facilitated correction of skeletal class II malocclusion

Arif Yezdani A*

Selective alveolar decortication and periodontal augmentation with a bone graft were the two procedures used for the correction of the skeletal class II malocclusion in the case reported.A 25-year-old male patient presented with a skeletal class II malocclusion with increased bi-maxillary dent...

10/31/2017
Research Article

Upper gut bacterial overgrowth is a potential mechanism for Glucose Malabsorption after Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy

Matthew E Sharbaugh, Timothy R Shope and Timothy R Koch*

In 1955, nutrient malabsorption following upper gut surgery was shown to be related to altered upper gut microbiome. In individuals with abdominal symptoms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, we have reported that small intestinal glucose malabsorption is associated with upper gut bacterial overgr...

10/31/2017
Research Article

Brain changes in Hypothermia: Surface-versus Core-cooling in pigs

Hammersborg SM, Husby P, Morild I, and Lilleng PK

The process of hypothermia in the clinical setting has been practiced for 50 years and is known for its neuroprotective properties. This paper describes histopathological changes either by an ice sludge mimicking accidental hypothermia (S-group n=7) or by endovascular core-cooling (C-group n=7...

10/30/2017
Research Article

Cytokine Modulatory Effects of Sesamum Indicum Seeds Oil Ameliorate Mice with Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis

Mohammad Reza Javan*, Mohammad Reza Zamani, Saeed Aslani, Ghader Dargahi Abbasabad, Masoud Beirami Khalaj and Hamed Serati-Nour

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nerve system (CNS), which affects the brain and spinal cord. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the most commonly applied experimental model for studying the MS. The aim of this study ...

10/27/2017
Case Report

Seroma formation as a rare complication of lateral epicondylitis release: A case report

Parth B Patel, Allison L Boden*, Bryan J Sirmon, Spero G Karas and Michael B Gottschalk

Abstract

Case: A 45 year old male, >1 year status post left elbow lateral debridement for lateral epicondylitis, presented with a two week history of a progressive, tender mass on the lateral aspect of his left elbow.MRI showed evidence of a defect in the joint cap...

10/24/2017
Research Article

Thirty days post-operative complications after Sleeve Gastrectomy, Gastric Bypass and Mini Gastric Bypass/one Anastomosis Gastric Bypass. Analysis of the Italian Society for Bariatric Surgery and Metabolic Disorders (S.I.C.OB.) database of 7 years time frame

Maurizio De Luca*, Nicola Clemente, Cristiana Visentin, Natale Pellicano, Cesare Lunardi, Alberto Sartori, Gianni Segato, Luigi Angrisani, Marcello Lucchese and Nicola Di Lorenzo

Background: To date, the scientific community has mainly focused on outcomes of obesity surgery such as weight loss and resolution of associated complications. Adverse post-operative events and reoperation rates have been poorly reported even if they are a marker of surgical s...

10/23/2017
Review Article

Lack of applicability of the Enterocyte Chloride ion secretion paradigm to the Pathology of Cystic Fibrosis

Michael L Lucas*

This review examines of the concept of a defective chloride channel in epithelial cells being a major cause of cystic fibrotic pathophysiology. The central concept of the defective chloride ion channel paradigm is that faulty CFTR protein or failed delivery of CFTR protein to the mucosal membr...

10/24/2017
Research Article

Detection of Ganglion Cell Loss in Preperimetric Glaucoma by Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

Suneeta Dubey*, Baswati Prasanth, Lokesh Chauhan and Saptarshi Mukherjee

Background: Glaucoma is a multi-factorial optic neuropathy characterized by a loss of retinal ganglion cells with subsequent loss of the retinal nerve fibers ultimately resulting in visual impairment. The macula region has a high density of retinal ganglion cells thereby being...

10/20/2017
Commentary

Comments for the Nuremberg Code 70 Years Later

Jie Zhang, Chao-Jun Kong and Zhong Jia*

The story of Nuremberg code in human experiments was evolved by a 70-year old historical link, aiming to provide an alert message for scientists in case of nonprovisional disaster caused by immoral human experiment. It played a safeguard role standing on the front line [1].

10/18/2017
Research Article

Clinical significance of Vibration Anesthesia on reducing pain of Ring- Block (Subcutaneous Injections) in the patients undergoing Hair Restoration Surgery

Muhammad Ahmad* and Mohammad Humayun Mohmand

Pain is a complex phenomenon which is unpleasant. Different cosmetic procedures are associated with varying degrees of pain. Various modalities are adopted to decrease the severity of pain. The commonly used is the administration of analgesics (opioid or non-steroidal).

10/19/2017
Research Article

Comparison of Cardiovascular Risks following Smoking Cessation Treatments Using Varenicline vs. NRT among Schizophrenic Smokers

I-Hsuan Wu, Hua Chen, Patrick Bordnick, Ekere James Essien Michael Johnson, Ronald J Peters and Susan Abughosh*

Background: Schizophrenic patients have a lot higher smoking rates when compared to people in the general population. A variety of pharmaceutical cessation aids are available, which include nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), Bupropion SR, and Varenicline. Our objective was to...

10/17/2017
Review Article

Hyperthermia and Breast cancer: A short review

Bora Uysal*

The main goal of hyperthermia is to elevate the tumor temperature to kill tumor cells and improve local control. The usage of hyperthermia is combination with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Hyperthermia is delivered in different types of cancers like breast cancer, melanoma and sarcoma.Breast c...

10/17/2017
Research Article

Vertebral pain syndrome and physical performance assessing in older women with vertebral fractures

Grygorieva Nataliia*, Povorozyuk Vladyslav and Rybina Olena

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the peculiarities of vertebral pain syndrome, parameters of physical performance and quality of life indices in women of older age depending on the presence of vertebral fractures (VF). This study was performed with participation of 215...

10/17/2017
Research Article

Combinatorial Therapeutic Approaches to DNA/RNA and Benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G), Fluoxetine Hydrochloride (Prozac and Sarafem), Propofol (Diprivan), Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA) (Aspirin), Naproxen Sodium (Aleve and Naprosyn) and Dextromethamphetamine Nanocapsules with Surface Conjugated DNA/RNA to Targeted Nano Drugs for Enhanced Anti-Cancer Effi cacy and Targeted Cancer Therapy Using Nano Drugs Delivery Systems

Alireza Heidari* and Christopher Brown

Abstract

In the current study, combinatorial therapeutic approaches to DNA/RNA of human cancer cells and Benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G), Fluoxetine Hydrochloride (Prozac and Sarafem), Propofol (Diprivan), Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA) (Aspirin), Naproxen Sodium (Aleve and Naprosyn) and ...

10/13/2017
Research Article

Antiviral activity of Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves ethanolic extract on herpes viruses infection

Aya Abu-Jafar and Mahmoud Huleihel*

Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Ec) is considered as a traditional medicinal plant with valuable therapeutic effects. Here we evaluated the antiviral activity of its ethanolic leave extract on different herpes viruses. Vero cells were infected with either of the tested viruses [herpes simplex virus ...

10/13/2017
Case Report

Focal Ab-amyloid deposition precedes cerebral microbleeds and Superfi cial siderosis: a case report

Parnesh Raniga, Patricia Desmond, Paul Yates, Olivier Salvado, Pierrick Bourgeat, Jurgen Fripp, Svetlana Pejoska, Michael Woodward, Colin L Masters, Christopher C Rowe and Victor L Villemagne*

This case report presents in-vivo findings on the spatial and temporal relationship between focal Ab-amyloid deposition, cerebral micro-haemorrhages and superfi cial siderosis.A 65-year-old woman underwent 11C-PiB PET scans that revealed an atypical focal and asymmetrical pattern of A...

10/13/2017
Research Article

Comparison of Lung Function of normal and persons with chronic low back pain and its relation with duration and severity of Chronic Low Back Pain

Amit Baruaa, Monalisa Pattnaik and Patitapaban Mohanty*

Introduction: Chronic low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders. Studies have shown certain relations between physical fi tness and chronic low back pain (CLBP) by examine some measures of physical fi tness. The aim of study was to measure lung funct...

10/11/2017
Case Report

Enclosure asphyxia as a cause of death in 3 Nigerian children trapped at the boot of car-Case reports and review of literature

Martin A Nzegwu *, FMCPath Nig, DB Olusina Francis Ikechukwu Ukekwe and Victor Nzegwu

The paper reviews enclosure asphyxia as a cause of death of three Nigerian children aged three years, five years and seven years respectively, who were found dead and locked in the boot of a Mercedes Benz 200E Sedan car a day after they were declared missing. The first two were siblings of the...

10/12/2017
Review Article

Wifi and health: Perspectives and risks

Myriam Ben Salah*, Hafedh Abdelmelek and Manef Abderraba

Abstract

Increased exposure to electromagnetic fields such as radio frequencies used by Wifi technology raise questions and concerns about their impact on health. For answer these questions, several scientific studies have carried out followed by results publication in prestigious sci...

10/11/2017
Research Article

In silico analysis and characterization of fresh water fi sh ATPases and homology modelling

Rumpi Ghosh, AD Upadhayay and AK Roy*

ATPases is known to be a crucial in many biological activities of organisms. In this study, physicochemical properties and modeling of ATPases protein of fish was analysed using In silico approach. ATPases a protein selected from fish species, including Gold fish (Carassius auratus auratus), Z...

10/11/2017
Research Article

The effect of cognitive strategies of association and dissociation on central nervous activation: A controlled trial with long distance runners

Oswaldo Rivera Rodriguez, Juan Jose Ramos Alvarez, Juan Carlos Segovia Martínez, Francisco Javier Lopez-Silvarrey Varela and Ricardo De la Vega Marcos*

Summary

The purpose of the present study was to experimentally assess the effect of cognitive strategies of association and dissociation while running on central nervous activation. A total of 30 long distance runners volunteered for the study. The study protocol consisted on three se...

10/11/2017
Opinion

Practical implementation of the SWEEP-session of Stimulation- Registration in CI fitting

Petrov SM*

Abstract

Levels of electrically evoked stapedial reflex thresholds (eESRTs) are frequently used as most comfortable levels (MCL) in cochlear implant fitting. The problem of routine one-channel-technique of reflexometry is long duration of this procedure. In order to “compress th...

10/09/2017
Research Article

Cumulative Effect Assessment: preliminary evaluation for Environmental Impact Assessment procedure and for environmental damage estimation

Marco Ostoich* and Andrea Wolf

Abstract

The paper presents and develops the issue of Cumulative Effect Assessment (CEA) in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) screening procedure established by the State and Regional regulations In Italy. In the period 2001-15 in the territory of the Venice province (north ea...

10/11/2017
Research Article

Chlorophylls and xanthophylls of crop plants as dyes for Dye- Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC)

Rossi M, Matteocci F, Di Carlo A and Forni C*

Natural dyes have become a viable alternative to expensive and rare organic sensitizers because of their low cost, easy attainability, abundance of supply of raw materials and environmental friendliness.Chlorophyll, the most abundant pigment, can be extracted from plant leaves with simple and ...

10/10/2017
Research Article

Laparoscopic partial nephrectomydoes tumor profi le infl uence the operative performance?

Krishanu Das*, George P Abraham, Kishnamohan Ramaswai, Datson George P, Jisha J Abraham, Thomas Thachill and Oppukeril S Thampan

Introduction: Laparoscopic approach is emerging as a standard of care approach for management of masses amenable to partial nephrectomy. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a challenging surgery and its successful performance depends on various factors. We aim to evaluate the ...

10/06/2017
Research Article

Rapid Microbial Growth in Reusable Drinking Water Bottles

Hongjun Liu and Qishan Liu*

Summary

Bacteria has been known to grow in pipes of water distribution systems and bottled drinking water. Its growth in reusable drinking water bottles is not clear even though they have become more popular and used by children and adults daily everywhere. This study found that there...

10/06/2017
Research Article

Experimental ‘hindbrain related’ syringomyelia: some mechanisms of spinal cord damage

Sergey N Larionov*, Sorokovikov VA and Rudakova AV

Syringomyelia in combination with inherent or acquired hindbrain abnormalities is the non seldom and at the same time controversial issue.

Purpose: The etiology and pathogenesis creates a lot of discussion.

Methods: Experimental syringomy...

10/05/2017
Research Article

Drawings as learning aid for the human anatomy students’ based evaluation

Faaiz Y Alhamdani and Hatem A Hatem

Introduction: One of the essential requirements for efficient oral and maxillofacial surgeon is comprehensive knowledge in anatomy of head and neck regions. Authors believe that asking students to draw anatomical
sketches will assist them to improve their imaginary mem...

10/04/2017
Research Article

Efficacies of 11% Lactoferricin and 0.05% Chlorhexidine Otological Solution compared, in the treatment of microbialotic overgrowth: A randomized single blinded study

Luisa Cornegliani*, Federico Leone, Francesco Albanese, Mauro Bigliati, Natalia Fanton and Antonella Vercelli

Background: Topical therapy with antimicrobial agents is used in otitis treatment. Due to increase of antibiotic resistance, new strategies are needed. Antiseptics are used but they may induce contact dermatitis. Natural antimicrobial peptides may represent future effective d...

10/03/2017
Review Article

Determining the use and value of social support in Telerehabiliation Interventions for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis: A narrative synthesis review

Lucinda Pidgeon, Trudy Pelton and Andrew Soundy*

Background: Telerehabilitation has been identified as an effective treatment that promotes exercise rehabilitation in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Social support is recognised as a core element of such interventions. However further research is needed to consider ...