Case Report

Avoiding confusion in high flow oxygen therapy concepts

García G, Agosta M, Valencia P, Mercedes E, Sarhane Y and Díaz-Lobato S*

Oxygen therapy is the main supportive treatment in hypoxemic respiratory failure and has traditionally been delivered using low and high flow devices. However, the maximal flow rates that these devices can deliver are limited because of the insufficient heat and humidity provided to the gas ad...

Research Article

Use of Hand Rehabilitation Board (Dominic’s Board) in Post Traumatic/Stroke Rehabilitation of the Upper Limbs

Dominic Essien and Christopher Ekpenyong*


In recent years, the increasing number of patients with upper limb musculoskeletal disorders seeking timely, intensive, prolonged and task oriented hospital- and home- based physical rehabilitation, and the decreasing numbers of trained therapist to provide the needed care, h...

Research Article

Features of Interferon and Cytokine Status in Atopic Dermatitis

Ospelnikova TP*, Gevorkyan OV, Mironova TV, Andreeva SA, Kolodyazhnaya LV and Ershov FI

The insufficiency of interferon production and the cytokine imbalance in patients with atopic dermatitis, especially in combination with persistent herpes virus infection, has been identified. The expediency of the use of interferon inducer Cycloferon in the treatm...

Mini Review

Multi-factorial Depressive Disorders Need Multi-dimensional Interventions

Mustafa Melih Bilgi*

Depressive disorders are so frequent and disabling health conditions which have been inarguably accepted to be a public health concern [1]. Many drugs have been developed to treat depression, however the efficacy of the antidepressants are inadequate particularly for mild or moderate depressio...

Short Communication

Cardiac Autonomic Modulation in children and Preadolescents obese

Mario Augusto Paschoal*

Alterations in cardiac autonomic modulation of children and obese preadolescents have attracted the attention of researchers around the world. These alterations cause disorders in the cardiac autonomic control and can interfere in cardiac output and in the homeostatic actions that depends of t...

Research Article

Photocatalytic Degradation of Microcystins-LR over Mesoporous graphitic Carbon Nitride (mpg-CN)

Laiyan Wu, Jirong Lan, Anping Yang, Yanxi Zhao, Songbo Wang and Junjiang Zhu*


Mesoporous graphitic carbon nitrides (mpg-CN) were synthesized by a templating method using Ludox (SiO2) as hard template and guanidine hydrochloride (GndCl) as precursor, and were used as metal-free photocatalysts for microcystin-LR (MC-LR) degradation in aqueous solution. B...

Research Article

Phytochemical content of leaf and stem of Marsilea quadrifolia (L.)

Karikalan Gopalakrishnan and Rajangam Udayakumar*

The present study was aimed to screen and quantify the phytochemicals by qualitative and quantitative analysis in methanol and aqueous leaf and stem extracts of Marsilea quadrifolia (L.). In qualitative analysis, the phytochemical compounds such as tannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, ter...

Review Article

Caring Difficulties of Parents’ Towards Children with Cerebral Palsy

Melike Ertem*

Children with cerebral palsy may have one or more of mental, psychomotor, visual, audio or speech problems. Not being a well-defined disease with clear boundaries, it is regarded as a set of conditions caused by various reasons. In this regard, children with CP have to depend on their families...

Research Article

The lifestyle modification effectiveness in reducing Hypertension in a Brazilian Community: From the epigenetic basis of Ancestral Survival to the Contemporary Lifestyle and Public Health Initiatives

Roberto Carlos Burini*, Hugo Tadashi Kano, Mariana Santoro Nakagaki, Caroline das Neves Mendes Nunes and Franz Homero Paganini Burini

High blood pressure (HBP) is a strong, independent and etiologically relevant risk factor for cardiovascular and therefore, the leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide. Hypertension has high medical and social costs. Due to its many associated complications, the use of medical services c...

Research Article

Procedure utilization, latency and mortality: Weekend versus Weekday admission for Myocardial Infarction

Nader Makki, David M Kline, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Hansie Mathelier, Satya Shreenivas and Scott M Lilly*

Background: Due to variations in hospital protocols and personnel availability, individuals with myocardial infarction admitted on the weekend may be less likely to receive invasive procedures, or may receive them with a greater latency than those admitted during the week. Whe...

Review Article

Heat transfer investigation of Non- Newtonian Fluid between two vertically infinite fl at plates by numerical and analytical solutions

Pourmehran O*, Rahimi-Gorji M, Tavana M, Gorji-Bandpy M and Ganji DD


In natural convection, the fluid motion occurs by natural means such as buoyancy. Heat transfer by natural convection happens in many physical problems and engineering applications such as geothermal systems, heat exchangers, petroleum reservoirs and nuclear waste repositorie...

Research Article

A Preliminary Laboratory Investigation of Methane Generation Potential from Brewery Wastewater using UASB Reactor

MA Karim* and Benjamin L Moss


A preliminary laboratory study was conducted using upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor to investigate the potential of methane generation from brewery wastewater. Brewery wastewater from a local brewery company was collected and used in the experiments. The experim...

Review Article

Bruxism: Its multiple causes and its effects on Dental Implants: A Review

Sameera Singh Deo, Devinder Preet Singh* and Nitya Dogra

The rehabilitation of partially or completely edentulous patients with implant supported prostheses has been widely used, achieving high success rates. However, many studies consider the presence of bruxism as a contraindication for this treatment modality. The purpose of this study was to rev...

Research Article

Effects of a short Cardiovascular Rehabilitation program in Hypertensive subjects: A Pilot Study

Juliana Bassalobre Carvalho Borges, Debora Tazinaffo Bueno, Monique Fernandes Peres, Ana Paula Aparecida Mantuani, Andreia Maria Silva and Giovane Galdino*


Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is considered an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to verify the effects of a short cardiovascular rehabilitation program (CR) in hypertensive subjects. The clinical pilo...

Research Article

Changes in Serum Markers of Atherogenesis and Hematological Profile after the consumption of Quail eggs

Ekpenyong CE*, Patrick ES and Akpan KS

Previous studies suggest that diets with more eggs than is recommended may be used as part of a healthy diet in some countries. However, whether quail egg diets could form part of such diet has not been explored. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of quail egg consum...

Review Article

Clown language training in Dental education: Dental Student’s Perspective

Siddharth Tevatia*, Richa Dua, Vinita Dahiya, Nikhil Sharma, Rahul Chopra and Vidya Dodwad

Clowning is a form of humour. It is an art form that invites play, interaction, and laughter. Clown Care is a programme in hospitals and medical centres involving visits from specially trained hospital clowns. Clowning helps patients to focus on something other than their illness. Olsson et al...


Metallic Ureteric Stents a cost-effective alternative in the management of Obstructed Distal Ureters

Erich K Lang*

Management of obstruction of the distal-pelvic ureters by minimally invasive procedures such as antigrade or retrograde double “J” stents has generally been unsatisfactory. ...

Short Communication

The effects of EMF (ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS) on the Bone and Cartilage Tissue

Cemil Sert*

Environmental electromagnetic fields are nowadays available in all environments today. These areas affect the biological system. Controlled interactions with elecrtomagnetic fields can have positive effects when unrestricted interactions have negative effects.Uncontrolled exposure to low-frequ...

Review Article

The Bacterial Heterotrimeric Amidotransferase GatCAB: functions, structures and mechanism-based inhibitors

Van Hau Pham* and Jacques Lapointe

tRNA-dependent amidotransferases (AdT) are essential enzymes for protein biosynthesis in many bacteria and in all archaea. As AdT is essential for a number of pathogenic bacteria, and it is absent from mammalian cytoplasm, it is considered as a putative target for novel inhibitors that could b...

Letter to the Editor

The Daring of Biosimilars

Nuris Ledon* and Agustin Lage

The so-called “biotechnological revolution” is changing the structure of the Pharmacopoeia [1]. The space of biological products, previously limited to blood products and vaccines, grew from the introduction of first recombinant therapeutics in the 1980s until attaining a 25% by value of t...