Review Article

Obesity Surgery in Spain

<h2>Overview</h2> <p>Obesity or bariatric surgery, from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1972. Its greatest development occurs after the foundation of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is t...

Review Article

Implications on mental health by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: The role of general practitioner

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gives rise to a significant number of psychological consequences and health problems. The GP must recognize the feelings generated in their patients and address them. This task includes 4 areas: 1. Knowing and man...

Research Article

Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein isolation, should we change the energy and technique?

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the accepted standard nowadays for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The most widespread ablation techniques are cryoballoon (CB) and point-by-point radiofrequency (RF) ablation. Com...

Review Article

Psychological phenomena in the doctor- Elderly patient relationship

<p>Abstract</p> <p>The doctor-patient communication and the aging of the patients attended by the general practitioner are two important concepts that constantly impact medical consultations. This article raises some reflections and conceptualizations about the main psychologica...

Review Article

Transference and countertransference are linked to placebo-nocebo effects and they are an auxiliary resource of unparalleled value in general medicine: Recommendations for general practitioners

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Psychological phenomena of the doctor-patient relationship influence the therapeutic process. Among these phenomena are the transference (the emotions of the patient towards the doctor), and the countertransference (the emotional reactions of the doctor towa...

Research Article

Effect of hemodialysis session on acute changes in inflammatory and cardiovascular risk biomarkers

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Inflammation is associated with enhanced cardiovascular risk profile and increased cardiovascular mortality in end-stage kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. Mechanisms of activated acute phase reaction in...

Research Article

Beginnings of bariatric and metabolic surgery in Spain

<h2>Overview</h2> <p>Bariatric Surgery (BS) from the Greek bari = weight and iatrein = cure) treats obesity and began in Spain in 1973. Its greatest development occurs after the founding of SECO (Spanish Society of Obesity Surgery) in 1997. The purpose of this work is to reflect...

Research Article

Anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of professional soccer players by position

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The anthropometric characteristics are decisive for an optimal physical level and, therefore, a good level in the game; and they can be different depending on the game position.</p> <p>The aim of this study was to identify the physical charact...

Research Article

Gynaecological malignancies after breast cancer diagnosis: A population-based study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies. BC survivors have higher risk of second primary cancers than the general population. There is an increased interest in BC survivor management, including th...

Case Report

Intestinal malrotation presenting with midgut volvulus in an adult

A 36-year-old man without previous medical history presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting of acute onset. His vital signs were stable and he had no fever. Abdominal exploration revealed distention with pain at palpation. Laboratory tests were normal. Abdominal X...

Case Report

Scintigraphic non-invasive diagnosis of amyloid cardiomyopathy

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Amyloidosis encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by extracellular deposition of insoluble abnormal amyloid aggregates, due to a failure in protein quality control. Cardiac amyloidosis is a disorder in which proteins misfold and d...

Research Article

Prognostic implications of vitamin D deficiency in chronic kidney disease

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent disease, imposing high mortality rates worldwide, and it is closely related to cardiovascular events. Vitamin D deficiency is very prevalent in patients with CKD from the earliest stages of the disease, and ...

Review Article

Renal function during exercise and recovery

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This review paper analyzes the response of renal function during two types of exercise: 1) exercise of increasing intensity and 2) exercise of submaximal intensity and prolonged duration. During an effort of increasing intensity there is a decrease in renal ...

Case Report

McArdle’s Disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V): A Clinical Case

McArdle’s Disease, or Glycogen Storage Disease Type V, is the result of a deficiency in one of the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of glycogen in the body. Individuals with this disease, lack or produce very small concentrations of the myophosphorylase or glycogen phosphorylase en...

Opinion

Medical bioethics vs. Medical ethics*

<h2>Opinion</h2> <p>The current situation of bioethics illustrates what has become known as &ldquo;the anthropological halt&rdquo;, described with great lucidity by C. S. Lewis in his book The Abolition of Man as the neglect of the &ldquo;Tao&rdquo;, a not very e...

Case Report

Meige Trofoedema: A form of primary lymphedema

The lymphatic system consists of small non-contractile lymph vessels which collect fluid from the interstitial space and carry it to the major contractile lymphatic vessels with valves that maintain a unidirectional flow to the lymph nodes and is responsible for returning proteins, lipids and ...

Research Article

Differences between traditional Visualization and Virtual reality on motor performance in novel climbers

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This paper analyses the effect of virtual reality visualization (VRV) on climbers, with respect to the traditional visualization methodology. The study sample was made up of 21 novel climbers: Control Group CG (N=7), Traditional Visualization Group TVG (N=7)...

Research Article

Analysis of Pyogenic Liver Abscesses

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) are frequent in immunosuppressed patients. We review the characteristics of patients with PLA at a tertiary academic Spanish hospital in Asturias.</p> <p><strong>Met...

Research Article

The effect of cognitive strategies of association and dissociation on central nervous activation: A controlled trial with long distance runners

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>The purpose of the present study was to experimentally assess the effect of cognitive strategies of association and dissociation while running on central nervous activation. A total of 30 long distance runners volunteered for the study. The study protocol con...

Case Report

Avoiding confusion in high flow oxygen therapy concepts

<h2>Case Report</h2> <p>Oxygen therapy is the main supportive treatment in hypoxemic respiratory failure and has traditionally been delivered using low and high flow devices. However, the maximal flow rates that these devices can deliver are limited because of the insufficient h...

Case Report

Intestinal obstruction complicated by large Morgagni hernia

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Morgagni hernia represents 2-4% of congenital diaphragmatic hernias. Only one-third of them are symptomatic, due to the hernia of abdominal viscera in the thoracic cavity, causing respiratory and digestive problems, some of them serious ones, such as intesti...

Case Report

Tumours of the Uterine Corpus: A Histopathological and Prognostic Evaluation Preliminary of 429 Patients

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>A histopathological review preliminary of 429 patients diagnosed with tumours of the uterine corpus (TUC) cancer between 1984- 2010 in the Vigo University Hospital Complex (Spain) were evaluated prospectively for over 5 years. Of these 403 (93.9%) were epith...

Case Report

Atopic Conjunctivitis in Children: Influence of Treatment with Topical Cyclosporin 0.05% in the Quality of Life

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Forty-six per cent children have allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (Allergologica 2005).</p> <p><strong>Working hypothesis:</strong> Ocular topical cyclosporine improves the quality of life for...