Review Article

How does urine pH effect the tooth decay?

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The basic aim of the present study was to relate tooth decay with the pH of the urine. pH is very important aspect which affects and depends upon the urine specificity .The glomerulus is a necessary part in the structure of kidney .The glomerulus is involved...

Research Article

Risk Factors Associated to Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Lahore District

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Our research aimed to check the impact of some significant risk variables on diabetes growth and the specific goal of this study was to evaluate the connection of industrial fields with diabetes risk variables. The current research also informs us about the ...

Review Article

Therapeutic benefits of lemongrass and tea tree

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Lemongrass is a culinary herb with a lemony aroma.it is mostly cultivated in Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and India. It is conventionally used for relieving anxiety, stress and pain. Because of the presence of limonene and citral, lemongrass extracts...

Review Article

Role of nanotechnology in diagnosing and treating COVID-19 during the Pandemic

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), began in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. To date, the virus has infected roughly 5,000,000 people and caused approximately 345,000 de...

Research Article

Characterization of plastic degrading bacteria isolated from landfill sites

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The plastic pollution is threatening the environment because it has very slow degradation rate and high usage in regular activities. The present study aims at the isolation of novel microorganisms that would assist faster degradation process of polyethylene....

Research Article

Molecular analysis of immunoglobulins related to salmonella typhi in pediatric patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. It is of major concern in tropical regions of the world. Highest episodes of typhoid fever occur in Asia i.e.93%. Early diagnosis of the disease is mandatory to lower the mor...

Review Article

Amenorrhea-An abnormal cessation of normal menstrual cycle

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Amenorrhea is the absence or abnormal cessation of menstrual cycles in a woman of reproductive age. Prolonged cessation of menstrual cycles might results in complications such as infertility, psychosocial developmental delays, Osteoporosis, fractures etc. Be...

Research Article

The different levels of depression and anxiety among Pakistani professionals

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The present study was conducted to examine the relationship between work-stress, depression and anxiety among six major professionals (doctors, engineers, bankers, nurses, teachers, and lawyers). The inquiry included 260 professionals from different private ...

Review Article

Type 2 diabetes and cancer

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Diabetes mellitus increases the possibility of different cancers. Scientists have substantiated the link of diabetes with increased prevalence, augmented progression and improved cancer aggression. Research has strengthened link of diabetes with the colorect...

Research Article

In silico discovery of potential inhibitors against Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4: A major biological target of Type-2 diabetes mellitus

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> Type-2 diabetes mellitus, caused by impaired secretion of insulin, is becoming one of the health hazardous threats to human lives across the world. Its prevalence is rising with time. In this study, 2750 phytochemical...

Research Article

Translation, adaptation and validation of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The current study was carried out to translate, adapt and validate Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale in Urdu language and in Pakistani culture. The current translation was aimed to produce a more user friendly and clinically applied version of DASS. The s...

Research Article

Relation of Arachnophobia with ABO blood group system

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>In 1901, ABO system of blood groups was determined by Karl Landsteiner. It is present in different organisms like rodents, primates that includes chimpanzees, bonobos etc. The blood groups type in this system depends on some genes that are specific ABO gene....

Research Article

Cognition and Memory Impairment among Patients of Depression in Pakistan-The Role of Conventional and Newer Anti-Depressants

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Antidepressant therapy is the most adopted treatment option for depression. The evaluation of cognitive effects related to antidepressant drug use is important for better selection of antidepressant drugs that leads t...

Research Article

Insilico investigation of TNFSF10 signaling cascade in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The ovarian serous Cystadenocarcinoma shared large number of deaths in gynecologic carcinoma. It has various numbers of molecular events from initiation to progression and at advance stage, surgery is the end product of such molecular signaling. We assess in...

Research Article

Causes of hospital admission of chronic kidney disease patient in a tertiary kidney care hospital

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background</strong>: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at the risk of increase hospital admission as compared to the general population, due to various reasons. They have increased vulnerability to cardiovascular diseases (CV...

Research Article

Peritonitis: Culprit for peritoneal dialysis decline

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Peritonitis is the main complication of peritoneal dialysis caused the withdrawal of treatment like peritoneal dialysis which was used as primary treatment modality few years back in Pakistan. With this motto to know the exact cause of peritonitis this retro...

Opinion

Managing epileptic women in pregnancy

<h2>Opinion</h2> <p>Epilepsy is commonly seen in women of reproductive age and it is affecting their reproductive and pregnancy outcomes in an adverse manner [1]. It has seen that there are increased numbers of maternal deaths of pregnant women with epilepsy than those who have ...

Research Article

Immediate postplacental insertion of intrauterine contraceptive device (copper 375) and its complications in term of expulsion, infection and perforation

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To determine the complications (infection, perforation and expulsion rate) of immediate postplacental insertion of intrauterine contraceptive device (Multiload Copper375) in postnatal patients.</p> <p>&l...

Editorial

Edible vaccines to combat Infectious Bursal Disease of poultry

<h2>Editorial</h2> <p>Poultry industry is a domineering section of agriculture sector in the world as it provides meat, income and employment. Of the poultry industry, broiler chicken is dominating, as US export was more than 41 billion pounds of chicken (about 16.5 percent of p...

Research Article

Evaluation of unexplained clinical features of hepatic diseases through biopsies among hospitalized children: A cross-sectional study in Lahore, Pakistan

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: There are variations in therapeutic regimens of different liver diseases. The accurate diagnosis ensures prompt recovery from these diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate the underlying causes of unexplained si...

Review Article

Magnetohydrodynamic CNTs Casson Nanofluid and Radiative heat transfer in a Rotating Channels

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The main purpose of this investigation is to inspect the innovative conception of the magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) nanoparticles of single wall carbon nanotubes base on the fluids (water, engine oil, and ethylene, glycol and kerosene oil) between two rotating ...

Research Article

Preparation, solid state characterization and evaluation of ketoprofenglucosamine HCl solid dispersions

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>In this investigation, solid dispersions were prepared and characterized to improve the solubility and dissolution of poorly water soluble drug Ketoprofen, using glucosamine HCl as a carrier. For the improvement of the solubility and dissolution rate of poor...

Research Article

Assessment of risk factors and MACE rate among occluded and non-occluded NSTEMI patients undergoing coronary artery angiography: A retrospective crosssectional study in Multan, Pakistan

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The prime focus of the present study was to evaluate the most occluded coronary artery (OCA) among non-ST elevated myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients, and risk factors associated with occluded and non-occluded NS...

Research Article

Predictors of Candidemia infections and its associated risk of mortality among adult and pediatric cancer patients: A retrospective study in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> As the cancer patients are at higher risk of premature deaths due to candidemia. So, the present study aims to evaluate the predictors of candidemia along with its outcomes among hospitalized adults and pediatric canc...

Case Report

Complete recovery of chronic Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome with plasma exchange

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>A 50-years old female presented with dysarthria, inability to swallow and quadriparesis for three weeks. She had rapid correction of her serum sodium (Na) from 99meq/l to 138meq/l within 24 hours 1 week prior to development of these symptoms. She was diagnos...

Case Report

Posterior Reversible Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome in a patient after second dose of Rituximab for treatment of resistant Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological syndrome with clinical features of altered sensorium, headaches, visual problems and seizures. It has been associated with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN), thrombotic thrombocytopenic ...

Research Article

Role of Accessory Right Inferior Hepatic Veins in evaluation of Liver Transplantation

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of the study is to access the prevalence of accessory right inferior hepatic veins and their relevant significance in liver transplantation.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</stro...

Research Article

Clinical significance of Vibration Anesthesia on reducing pain of Ring- Block (Subcutaneous Injections) in the patients undergoing Hair Restoration Surgery

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Pain is a complex phenomenon which is unpleasant. Different cosmetic procedures are associated with varying degrees of pain. Various modalities are adopted to decrease the severity of pain. The commonly used is the administration of analgesics (opioid or...

Research Article

Pure Erythroid Leukemia: The Sole Acute Erythroid Leukemia

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Pure Erythroid Leukemia (PEL) is an aggressive and exceedingly rare form of acute leukemia. In the 2008 WHO classification PEL was one of the subtypes of acute erythroid leukemia the other subtype being erythroleukemia (erythroid/ myeloid). In the 2016 WHO c...

Mini Review

Antagonistic features displayed by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): A Review

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Soil dwelling bacteria able to colonize plant roots and closely associated soil are referred to as rhizobacteria. A wide range of rhizobacteria has the ability to promote plant growth directly by producing phytohormone and nutrients; and indirectly by contro...

Review Article

WMW: A Secure, Web based Middleware for C4I Interoperable Applications

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Modern-day enhancements in Enterprise Architectures (EA) has increased the interoperability issues in almost all domains; these issues are increasing day-by-day as organizations are spanning and information is being exchanged between different platforms. Com...