Research Article

Identification and resolution of drug therapy problems among hypertensive patients receiving care in a Nigerian - A pilot study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background: </strong>An event involving drug therapy that actually or potentially interfers with the desired health outcomes is known as drug therapy problem.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The study aimed t...

Research Article

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards hypertension among patients receiving care in a Nigerian Hospital

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Poor knowledge about hypertension can lead to poor attitude towards the disease which may directly affect patients self-care practices towards hypertension.<br /> Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowl...

Research Article

Clinical profile and surgical outcomes of children presenting with teratology of Fallot

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a very common cyanotic congenital heart disease presenting early at birth with various degrees of cyanosis. If left uncorrected surgically, can lead to death.</p> <p><str...

Research Article

Measurement of background ionizing radiation in the federal university of technology owerri, Nigeria using calibrated digital geiger counter

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The measurement of the natural ionizing radiation in the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria was carried out using a well calibrated Digital Geiger Muller counter models GCA &ndash; 04w. Measurements were taken randomly in thirty (30) diff e...

Research Article

Assessment of cardiovascular and renal functions during treatment with Desmodium adscendens therapy

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Desmodium adscendens is a rain forest medicinal herb used in managing quite a number of medical conditions. Its efficacy in the treatment of several diseases has made it a first line herb for doctors, especially in managing all forms of spasm. It is however ...

Research Article

Quality Evaluation of Sorghum bicolor Stem Sheath Enriched with Spondias mombin Extract

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The nutritional compositions of sorghum stem sheath-Spondias mombin extract were evaluated. The enriched stem sheath extract were obtained by mixing sorghum stem sheath and Spondias mombin (iyeye) extract in varied proportions at 100:0; 0:100; 95:5; 90:10 an...

Research Article

Socio-demographic characteristics and other factors associated with depressive illness among medical students at the University of Port Harcourt

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> The burden of depression as a mental disorder has continued to increase and constituting an enormous public health concern among all age groups. A number of socio-demographic, and other factors including a stressful a...

Research Article

Risk evaluation and modeling of soils contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in parts of Bonny Island, Niger Delta, Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Environmental impact of a recent oil spill incident in Bonny terminal using soil media was studied using a risk-based modeling approach. The establishment of the presence of contaminants of concern (CoC), evaluation/assessment, modeling spilled volume and as...

Mini Review

Role of T-Helper cells (CD4+ T Cells) in human immune system against some microbial infection: A mini review

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The human immune system consists of innate and adaptive immune responses which both provide protective immunity to microbial infection. The adaptive immune system consists of T and B cell which act as second line defense through production of neutralizing an...

Case Report

Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy and outflow tract obstruction in an infant of a diabetic mother: A case report

<p>Abstract</p> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at increased risk of developing congenital anomalies including cardiac defects. Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy, asymmetrical septal hypertrophy and outflow tract obstruc...

Research Article

Anatomical changes of the development of red Sokoto goat stomach

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This study is aimed at investigating the age related changes in postnatal development of red Sokoto goat stomach. In this study, a total of ten red Sokoto goat digestive tract samples were used and they were grouped into five (5) age categories (group A to E...

Research Article

Common reproductive problem associated with one humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in West Africa

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The problems of reproduction in the camel are not extensively investigated as in the bovine, caprine and ovine species. There is need to elucidate the problem in detailed in order to overcome the problem of production and genetic multiplication. The informat...

Research Article

Analysis of factors influencing participation of farm households in watermelon production in some selected local government areas of Sokoto State, Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The study analyzed the factors influencing participation of farm households&rsquo; in watermelon production in the study areas. Three local government areas out of Sokoto state were purposively selected. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Multistage...

Research Article

Demographic pattern of refractive anomalies in Niger Delta presbyopes - Implications for preventive eye care practice

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background/Aim:</strong> In spite of global initiatives to provide sight for all by the year 2020, many middle-aged to elderly people in the Niger Delta still have significant visual impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors. The ai...

Research Article

Oral Clindamycin and Metronidazole in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant black women: Comparison of efficacy and pregnancy outcome

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes with various treatment options.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To compare the efficacy and effect on pregnancy outcome of Metronidazole and Clindamycin in w...

Research Article

Burden of hearing loss in Subsaharan Africa: Snapshot from an ENT clinic in Nigeria

<h2>Summary</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Disabling hearing loss is a prevalent public health issue, with significant impact on patients&rsquo; communication. The disability associated with hearing loss depends on the severity of the hearing loss. There ar...

Research Article

Nutritional analysis of Sphenostylis Stenocarpa seeds partially included with soya bean meal in Heterobranchus Bidorsalis fingerling diet

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Five experimental feeding trials were conducted to investigate the performance of Heterobranchus bidorsalis fingerlings to graded levels (0, 25, 50,75 and 100%) of Sphenostylis stenocarpa seed meal diets. Complete randomized design with triplicate groups of ...

Research Article

Postgraduate students’ perception of the educational environment of a wet lab training in Neurological Surgery Division, UCH, Ibadan

<h2>Summary</h2> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The importance of understanding the perceptions of medical students to their training environment cannot be overemphasized. The study evaluated the wet lab training organized for Senior Registrars in the Neurosurgery, D...

Research Article

Perceived causes and prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections among spinal cord injured patients

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is among the most common nosocomial infections especially in acute care settings. Its economic and unanticipated health implications make it burdensome for the healthcare providers and patients. The paper ex...

Research Article

Prevalence of congenital heart diseases among primary school children in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, West Africa

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. Community-based studies are important in ascertaining the burden of the disease.</p> ...

Review Article

Timing of cardiac surgery and other intervention among children with congenital heart disease: A review article

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Early diagnosis and improved facilities are necessary for determining the optimal timing of surgery and other interventions in children with congenital heart diseases in Nigeria. This is because late presentation, lat...

Research Article

Comparison of selected lower limb biomechanical variables between university of ibadan sportsmen with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Patellofemoral pain syndrome is common among athletes who participate in jumping, running and pivoting sports. The aim of this study was to compare selected lower limb biomechanical variables between University of Ibadan students (athletes) with and without ...

Research Article

Effect of Khaya Senegalensis Bark and Oil on Post-Harvest Fungal Agents of Groundnut Seeds Rot in Adamawa State, Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Standardized method of seed treatment is of prime importance in the production of groundnut. The study was to carry out control trial using bark extract (aqueous and ethanol) and oil (seed) of mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) on seven (7) isolated fungi from tw...

Research Article

Causal agents of Post-harvest Rot of Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) and their control using Indigenous Practices in Hong, Adamawa State

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo) are grown all around the world for a variety of reasons ranging from agricultural purposes to commercial and ornamental sales. The pathogens causing the rot of pumpkin in the world include fungi, bacteria, and viruses. The study was...

Case Report

Anasarca in a 35 year old man- A diagnostic dilemma

Anasarca is generalized swelling of the body following accumulation of fluid in the extracellular compartments. It may result from multiple aetiology mainly of renal, hepatic or cardiovascular origin. 

The aim of this case report is to highlight the challenges encountered in ma...

Research Article

Complications of Internal jugular catheters in haemodialysis patients at a kidney care center in Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Internal jugular vein catheters (IJC) is recommended as the central venous access of choice in haemodialysis patients. However it is associated with complications of variable severity.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: To study t...

Research Article

Maternal mortality and factors affecting it, among pregnant women in Abeokuta South, Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This observational study assessed the knowledge of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at two selected hospitals in Abeokuta South, Nigeria on the causes and risk factors of maternal mortality, identified barriers to knowledge acquisition, and examine...

Research Article

Demographic survey and management outcome of Post-Neonatal Tetanus at the Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado Ekiti

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong>&nbsp;Tetanus continues to threaten the survival of children in spite of it being a vaccine preventable disease. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of post-neonatal tetanus, review the vacc...

Review Article

Topical Management of chronic rhinosinusitis - A literature review

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory condition involving nasal passages and the paranasal sinuses for 12 weeks or longer [1]. It can be subdivided into three types: CRS with nasal polyposis (CRS with NP), CRS without nasal polyposis (CRS witho...

Research Article

The pattern of blood pressure and renal function among children with Sickle Cell Anaemia presenting in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background</strong>: In sickle cell anemia (SCA), compromise of the renal vasculature due to sickled red cells has been recognized.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: To assess the renal function and blood pres...

Research Article

Challenges of haemodialysis: A single centre experience in South West Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background</strong>: Haemodialysis is the commonest method of Renal Replacement Therapy in Nigeria. Despite an advancement in the technicality and better understanding of haemodialysis, a number of complications are known to be associated...

Research Article

Lemongrass tea consumption and changes in Acid-Base Balance and Electrolyte homeostasis

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The consumption of dietary herbs and supplements may be associated with several physiological consequences including, but not limited to disturbances of acid-base homeostasis, minerals and electrolytes wasting, gastrointestinal disturbances as well as hemody...

Research Article

Outcome of Trabeculectomy in Advanced Glaucoma in a tertiary hospital in Rivers State, Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To evaluate the outcome of Trabeculectomy in advanced glaucoma in a hospital in Rivers State, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This was a non-randomized interventional study in which each ...

Research Article

Evaluation of Clupeids and Danish fish meal based diets on the growth of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus fingerlings

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Two experimental feeding trials were conducted concurrently to study the growth response of African catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings to graded levels (0, 5, 10, 15 or 20%) of clupeids in Danish fish meal (DFM) based diets. Chemical analysis of the DFM ...

Research Article

Micronutrient deficiency, a novel nutritional risk factor for insulin resistance and Syndrom X

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Emerging evidence indicates that micronutrient deficiency could play a significant role in the pathogenesis and progression of many chronic diseases including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, kidney disease, cancer, anem...

Research Article

Is community based case detection of glaucoma relevant? Intraocular Pressure level and vertical Cup Disc ratio of participants at a screening programme in a rural setting in Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>To determine the proportion of participants with elevated intraocular pressure and abnormal vertical cup disc ratio in a glaucoma screening event in a rural community in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>242 eyes of 121 par...

Review Article

A Review on filaricidal activity of phytochemical extracts against filariasis and the Parasites Genomic Diversity

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Filariasis is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) known to be of serious public health importance and pose devastating socio-economic burden especially among the poor people in tropical and subtropical countries of the world. The parasite is respon...

Research Article

Effects of Balanites Aegyptiaca (del) Seed Cake on Growth and Carcass Performance of Growing Rabbit

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>A study on growth and carcass performance was conducted to evaluate the effect of Balanites aegyptiaca seed cake meal (BASCM) as a substitute for groundnut cake in the diet of growing rabbit. Five experimental diets were formulated representing the following...

Research Article

The Impact of Adenotonsillectomy on Health-Related Quality of Life in Paediatric Patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the impact of Adenotonsillectomy on Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children&rsquo;s before and after surgery.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Prospective, Ob...

Research Article

Anti-anxiety effects in mice following acute administration of Ficus Thonningii (wild fig)

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The effect of acute administration of ethanol extract of F. thoningii on anxiety and fear in Swiss white mice was studied. 30 adult Swiss white mice of both sexes were randomly divided in to three groups of 10 mice each. Group1 served as the control and was ...

Review Article

Role of the Kidneys in the Regulation of Intra-and Extra-Renal Blood Pressure

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases of human, affecting more than one billion people worldwide. When it becomes chronic, hypertension leaves behind cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease, resulting in substantial m...

Research Article

Pathological Effects of Cypermethrin on the Testes and Accessory Sexual Glands of Yankasa Rams

<h2>References</h2> <p>An investigation into the pathological lesions of Cypermethrin on the testes, accessory sexual and pituitary glands of Yankasa rams was carried out. Sixteen Yankasa rams aged 18 - 30 months and weighing between 21.5 - 46.5kg were used. The 16 rams were div...

Research Article

Evaluation of the effects of Leech Salivary Extract (LSE) on Haematological parameters in Rats

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>The effects of Leech Salivary Extract (LSE) on some haematological, immunological and organ weight parameters in rats, during a twenty eight days oral administration of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight doses, was investigated. LD50 and sub chronic toxicity wa...

Research Article

Development and quality evaluation of Jam from Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus) and Pawpaw (Carica Papaya) juice

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The seasonal nature of most fruits available in the market coupled with inadequate storage and processing facilities has limited their consumption by majority of the people in the country. Jams made from fruits are good bread spread rather than any other foo...

Research Article

Chemical composition and organoleptic properties of Cocoyam starch-wheat fl our blend noodles

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Noodles are strips or strands cut from a sheet of dough made from flour, water and either common salt or a mixture of alkaline salt. Noodles consumption represents about 40% of the total wheat flour which are mainly consumed by school children. The use of co...

Research Article

Administration of Non- Pharmachologic Intervention in the control of Hypertension among selected volunteer retirees in Awka Metropolis Anambra State Nigeria

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>High blood pressure under medical palance is associated with a variety of circulatory diseases, and it has been estimated that over 12% of all deaths in the world is directly or remotely connected with hypertension. It is said that one out of every five pers...

Research Article

Perception of Nutrition and Exercise as a Tool in Controlling Cardiovascular Diseases among the Elderly in Anambra State

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The research investigated the perception of nutrition and exercise as a tool in controlling Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) among elderly civil servants in Anambra State of Nigeria.A total of 250 respondents comprising 150 elderly academic staff Nnamdi Azikiw...

Case Report

Enclosure asphyxia as a cause of death in 3 Nigerian children trapped at the boot of car-Case reports and review of literature

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The paper reviews enclosure asphyxia as a cause of death of three Nigerian children aged three years, five years and seven years respectively, who were found dead and locked in the boot of a Mercedes Benz 200E Sedan car a day after they were declared missing...

Research Article

Effect of Pre-Treatments and Drying Methods on the Chemical Quality and Microbial Density of Wild Edible Oyster Mushroom

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of pretreatments and drying methods on the chemical quality and microbial density of wild edible oyster mushroom. The mushroom samples were pretreated by steeping in 0.5% citric and sodium metabisulphite at r...

Research Article

Anti-nutrient and mineral properties of Complementry Food produced from Malted Red Sorgum and Defatted Soybean Flour Blend

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This study was aimed at producing a high nutritious food that will meet the nutritional requirements of consumers. Blends of malted red sorghum and defatted soybeans flour were processed and the resulting flours were formulated at ratios of 100:00; 95:5; 90:...