Research Article

Reasons why new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 infections are likely to spread

<p>The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) originally emerged in China during December 2019 and had become a global pandemic by March 2020. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Two other coronaviruses ...

Research Article

Comparison of resting-state functional and effective connectivity between default mode network and memory encoding related areas

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Currently brain connectivity modelling, constructed from data acquired by non-invasive technique such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), is a well-received approach to illustrate brain function. However, not all connectivity models contains equ...

Research Article

Shoulder muscle weakness effects on muscle hardness around the shoulder joint and scapula

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The time course of muscle stiffness of muscles around the shoulder joint and the scapula was investigated according to the degree of muscle weakness. This study was conducted to clarify the recovery process of muscle har...

Research Article

Validation of the Omron HBP-9031C blood pressure monitor for clinics and hospitals according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Omron HBP-9031C automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure (BP) measurement device for blood pressure monitoring, according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:201...

Research Article

Endoscopic treatment of pancreatic diseases via Duodenal Minor Papilla: 135 cases treated by Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic Pancreatic Duct Balloon Dilation (EPDBD), and Pancreatic Stenting (EPS)

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Treatments via the minor papilla is effective where the deep cannulation via the major papilla is impossible in such cases as [1] the Wirsung&rsquo;s duct is inflammatory narrowed, bent or obstructed by impacted stones [2] pancreatic duct divisum (comple...

Research Article

Chondrogenic re-differentiation potential of chondrocytes after monolayer culture: Comparison between osteoarthritis and young adult patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Monolayer passage of chondrocytes results in dramatic phenotypic changes. This &ldquo;de-differentiation&rdquo; is expected to restore the chondrogenic properties such as &ldquo;re-differentiation&rdquo; ...

Research Article

Biological dose calculation using variable RBE in Single- and Multi-field Optimization IMPT plans for 3 Brain Tumor patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of this study was to evaluate biological dose in single-field optimization (SFO) and multi-field optimization (MFO) intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) plans for brain tumor patients that used a fixed r...

Review Article

Microdialysis technique for in-vivo monitoring of •OH generation on myocardial injury in the rat

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The micro dialysis procedure is a technique that has been established for some years. Although free radical reaction is a part of normal metabolism, sustained elevation of noradrenaline (NA) in the extracellular fluid can be autoxidized, which in turn leads ...

Research Article

Scrotal Hydroceles not associated with Patent Processus Vaginalis in Children

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background: </strong>After the closure of patent processus vaginalis (PPV) in boys with indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) or hydrocele, large scrotal hydroceles can occur on rare occasions despite the complete occlusion of internal inguinal ...

Opinion

Prediction of protein Post-Translational Modifi cation sites: An overview

<h2>Background</h2> <p>Post-translational modification (PTM) refers to the covalent and enzymatic modification of proteins during or after protein biosynthesis. In the protein biosynthesis process, the ribosomal mRNA is translated into polypeptide chains, which may further under...

Research Article

Diabetes and red blood parameters

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Type 2 diabetes is a common disease in these days and day by day it is arising. The main focus of the study was to investigate association of packed cell volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MPV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Red Cell ...

Mini Review

Progress in the development of Lipoplex and Polyplex modifi ed with Anionic Polymer for effi cient Gene Delivery

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Nucleic acid-based therapy has become an increasingly important strategy for treating a variety of human diseases. In systemic therapy, a therapeutic gene must be delivered efficiently to its target tissues without side effects. To deliver a therapeutic gene...

Research Article

Factors affecting muscle strength in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>This study aimed to investigate the relationship between muscle weakness and cancerrelated symptoms in patients undergoing chemotherapy for hematological malignancies and solid tumors. We recruited hospitalized patients older than 20 years who were receiving...