Research Article

Role of HRCT Thorax in pre-operative assessment of RT-PCR COVID-19 negative oral cancer patients

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background: Oral cancer accounts for 30% of all types of cancer in India. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment but due to the recent outbreak of COVID-19, there is a partial or complete disruption of health services in the country. The initial delay in the tre...

Research Article

Ivabradine versus carvedilol in the management of palpitation with sinus tachycardia among recovered COVID-19 patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> One of the major complications among COVID-19 patients include cardiac arrhythmias. Commonest arrhythmia is sinus tachycardia which is usually associated with palpitation causing discomfort to patients. In this stud...

Review Article

The blubbery protrusions: Lipoma arborescens

<p>Lipoma arborescens is an exceptional condition comprised of frond-like excrescences of mature adipose tissue. The condition was originally described by Albert Hoffa in 1904 with characteristic morphology of macroscopic, villous, frond- like excrescences recapitulating a tree-like appearance...

Review Article

Stages in COVID-19 vaccine development: The Nemesis, the Hubris and the Elpis

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The nemesis: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Leaving in its wake millions of infections, accompanied by an immense magnitude of morbidity and multitude of mortality, and an unfathomable economic toll, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a global calamity. An effective and...

Research Article

A review on efficacy of Cissus quadrangularis in pharmacological mechanisms

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Cissus quadrangularis a succulent vine belongs to Vitaceae family is widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world and used frequently to various disorders. The plant has been reported to contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, phyto...

Case Report

A rare case report on pediatric shellfish allergy

<p>Shellfish are extensively consumed worldwide because of their nutritional value. In general they are good sources of low-fat protein rich in several essential vitamins and minerals as well as in the essential nutrients omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFAs) [1].</p&...

Review Article

Auditory effects and consequences of noise pollution in humans: A scoping review

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Noise is widespread in everyday life and can cause both auditory and non-auditory health impacts. Noise-induced hearing loss remains highly prevalent in occupational settings and is now increasingly caused by exposure to social and environmental noise. Incid...

Research Article

Endometrial thickness and frozen thaw embryo transfer: A prospective study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Aim and objectives: Endometrial Window of Implantation (WOI) is open in the midsecretory phase wherein the markers of invasion and cell adhesion are manifested .The primary objective was to find out the predictive value of Endometrial thickness and profile a...

Research Article

Effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on ICSI outcome: A prospective study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Aim and objectives: The primary aim was to measure the sperm DNA damage and to study the magnitude of sperm DNA damage. Secondary objective was to study the effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on Day 5 Blastocyst expansion (graded 1-5).</p> <p>R...

Research Article

Comparison of oocyte maturity rates in recombinant Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) and triptorelin acetate triggers: A prospective randomized study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Luteinizing Hormone (LH) like exposure in the mid cycle for inducing the oocyte maturation is the very crucial step in the success of ICSI treatment. Introduction of LH surge endogenously by GnRH-agonist for final oocyte maturation induction, may be more ph...

Review Article

COVID-19 pandemic, recurrent outbreaks and prospects for assimilation of hCoV-19 into the human genome

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The outbreaks and resurgence: The disease which reportedly began in the Chinese city Wuhan in November-December 2019, soon spread to various parts of the world, and was named and declared a pandemic disease by WHO. While the European countries were recoverin...

Research Article

Incidence and outcome of no flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) is the most effective treatment modality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Incidence of no flow is 8.8-10% in p...

Procedure

A Simplified approach for fabrication of custom tray for Facial prosthesis

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Maxillofacial defects are very common and can be due to congenital defect, trauma, infections and neoplasms of facial region. These defects can be restored using different materials and retention methods to give a life like appearance. Rehabilitation of faci...

Mini Review

Air pollution and respiratory health

<p>As per report of WHO&nbsp; [1] (World Health Organization), air pollution (ambient/outdoor and household/indoor air pollution) kills an estimated seven million people worldwide every year largely as a result of increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonar...

Research Article

Central nervous system diseases associated with blood brain barrier breakdown - A Comprehensive update of existing literatures

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Blood vessels that supply and feed the central nervous system (CNS) possess unique and exclusive properties, named as blood&ndash;brain barrier (BBB). It is responsible for tight regulation of the movement of ions, molecules, and cells between the blood ...

Research Article

Estimating global case fatality rate of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background: </strong>There is a huge global loss of lives due to COVID-19 pandemic, the primary epicentre of which is China, where the causative agent of the disease, SARS-CoV-2 was first emerged in December 2019. This study aims to explo...

Research Article

Stress evaluation of maxillary central incisor restored with different post materials: A finite element analysis

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> With the availability of different post systems and various studies on the strength of teeth restored with posts, the controversy as to which post systems provide better stress distribution of post and longevity of ...

Case Report

Acute necrotising pancreatitis masquerading as psoas abscess: A report of two cases

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Acute pancreatitis is commonly diagnosed clinically, with its classical presentation of upper abdominal pain, backed by raised serum levels of enzymes amylase and lipase. However, unusual presentation of this common surgical emergency as a psoas abscess is a...

Research Article

In silico comparative analysis of HIV protease inhibitors effect on 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CLpro

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV has become a bane to mankind and spread worldwide and infected many people. Thus, there is an urgent need of a cure for the severe pneumonia disease caused by this virus. In this study, in silico comparative analysis has been ...

Review Article

A Perspective on therapeutic potential of weeds

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Nature gives us a diverse plethora of floral wealth. Weeds have been recognized as invasive plant by most of scholars in today&rsquo;s world with extraordinary travel history. They are considered to be noxious for adjoining plant species and also as econ...

Research Article

Anticancer activity of novel surface functionalized metal doped hydroxyapatite

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>In this manuscript it has been described a novel synthesis of mercury doped hydroxyapatite (Hap) and its application on human liver carcinoma cell line (Hep G2) and human lung fibroblast carcinoma cell line (MRC 5). Nano-sized hydroxyapatite doped with Hg2+ ...

Case Report

Acute pancreatitis with uncommon presentation of myocardial infarction

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that may be accompanied by a systemic inflammatory response which results in impairment of the functioning of various organs, systems. Pancreatitis associated vascular complications very often cause morbidit...

Opinion

Demystifying the power of magnesium

<p>Epsom salts was inadvertently discovered in Epson spring in England and used as magnesium salt in 1697. It is simply the magnesium sulphate, a commonly used ingredient in beauty and wellness kiosks for soothing joints, muscles and mind. Richard Martin Willstatter working on plant pigments b...

Clinical Image

Opera-glass hand with arthritis mutilans in psoriatic arthritis

<p>A 42 years old gentleman who was a known case of&nbsp; Psoriasis vulgaris since last 5 years presented to the Rheumatology clinic with inflammatory arthritis predominantly involving the joints of the upper extremities. Musculoskeletal examination of both hands revealed dactylitis and di...

Review Article

Role of yoga in Parkinson’s disease-A comprehensive update of the literature

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Parkinson&rsquo;s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degenerative motor symptoms (e.g., tremors, impaired balance and gait) and nonmotor symptoms (e.g., fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain) that can negatively influen...

Short Communication

Contemporary learning or E-Learning in physiotherapy, pre and post COVID-19: Short communication

<p>Since December 2019, an outbreak of novel corona virus disease was reported in Wuhan, which has subsequently affected more than 160 countries worldwide. The ongoing outbreak has been declared as a pandemic by WHO, a global public health emergency. Several countries are successfully fighting...

Review Article

PISA Syndrome-Orthopedic manifestation of a neurological disease?

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Pleurothotonus, commonly known as Pisa Syndrome (PS), is a rare neurological disorder characterized by lateral bending of the trunk with a tendency to lean to one side. This is typically mobile and resolves in supine position. It often presents as an incapac...

Case Report

Frequent, Genetic Polyps-Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

<p>Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant syndrome of variable penetration and constitutes the second frequent inherited syndrome enunciating the emergence of a colorectal carcinoma.</p>

Opinion

Fever is not a symptom in COVID-19: None of the diseases require fever as its symptom

<p>We have been hearing for centuries that &lsquo;fever is not a disease but a symptom&rsquo;. Physicians say that fever is a symptom of diseases like flu to cancer.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

Case Report

Twin-stage technique for occlusal rehabilitation of a mutilated dentition – A case report

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>Functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of an extremely worn dentition is one of the most challenging aspects of Prosthodontics. A thorough examination and diagnosis &amp; selection of appropriate occlusal scheme are key factors to achieve optimal clinica...

Research Article

Physicochemical and microbiological quality of tanker waters in Bengaluru urban for safe water supply

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This study investigated the water quality of tanker waters that was collected from Bengaluru urban areas to assess its suitability for domestic purpose. A total of 50 samples were collected in dry (March 2019) season. All samples were analyzed for various hy...

Research Article

Can we predict Alzheimer’s Disease through the eye lens?

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Alzheimer&rsquo;s Disease (AD) is a common dementia problem of the old population. The two main hallmarks of AD are tau protein and amyloid-beta protein. The relevant investigations on AD suggest that these proteins are also seen in the eye. There are ma...

Review Article

Identifying patterns in COVID-19: Morbidity, recovery and the aftermath

<p>Abstract</p> <p><strong>The infectivity and pathogenesis:</strong> SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of Covid-19, involves Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors on type II alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells in lungs. Apart from, the upper and lower respiratory t...

Review Article

Exploring pathophysiology of COVID-19 infection: Faux espoir and dormant therapeutic options

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>COVID-19 virus structural components:</strong> The 2019-nCoV, also called SARS-CoV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The disease was named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the virus responsible for it as the C...

Review Article

Impact of Community Oriented Ear Care (COEC) on national programme for control of deafness in India: A critical look

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPCD) was launched in 2006 by Government of India, but despite its phase wise implementation, the community oriented ear care has not been properly realized in view of existing IPHS Standards 201...

Editorial

Behaviour management during dental treatment!!!

<p>Behavioral dentistry is an interdisciplinary science, which needs to be learned, practiced and reinforced in the context of clinical care and within the community oral health care system. The objective of this science is to develop in a dental practitioner an understanding of the interperso...

Review Article

Parabens: The love - hate molecule

<p>Parabens are the esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid [1], mimicking oestrogen, the hormone which makes a woman a woman; women love it and men hate it. However, with an excess use of this compound, even women can develop cancers of oestrogen responsive organs.</p>

Case Report

Primary anal malignant melanoma: A case report

<p>Anal melanoma is a rare and highly aggressive mucosal melanocytic malignancy. It is the third most common after melanomas of the skin and retina. The peak incidence in seen in the sixth and seventh decades. The clinical symptoms are pain, anal mass, bleeding per rectum, tenesmus or change i...

Opinion

How can we develop immunity against COVID-19 and defeat it

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>We know that Corona Virus develops in animals, birds and humans&rsquo; body. Now it is a pandemic and many people are dying with each passing day and a number of patients are increasing every hours. If we do not control it then it is dangerous for humanit...

Review Article

Role of pollen morphology in taxonomy and detection of adulterations in crud drugs

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Present paper communicates 42 species of angiosperms depicting characteristics of pollen grains as shape, color, exine ornamentations, and type of apertures. Pollen morphological characters are very important in plant identifications in field. Pollen surface...

Review Article

The Trans-zoonotic Virome interface: Measures to balance, control and treat epidemics

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>The global virome: </strong>The viruses have a global distribution, phylogenetic diversity and host specificity. They are obligate intracellular parasites with single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA genomes, and afflict bacteria, plants, a...

Mini Review

Bifid Mandibular Canals: A case report and mini review

<p>The presence of bifid mandibu&not;lar canals is an unusual but not rare occurrence. The mandibular canal containing the inferior alveolar artery, vein, and nerve, originates from the mandibular foramen and terminates at mental foramen [1-4]. In radiology, mandibular canal&rsquo;s ap...

Case Report

Effectiveness of prenatal intensive counselling on knowledge, attitude and acceptance of post placental intrauterine contraceptive device among mothers

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Contraception is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. In the first year of postpartum period around 65% of women are having unmet need of family planning. Post Placental Intrauterine Contraceptive Device is...

Research Article

Development of ELISA based detection system against C. botulinum type B

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Botulism is the disease caused by botulinum neurotoxins. It is produced by an obligate anaerobic bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. There is no immuno-detection system available in the world for the detection of C. botulinum. Secretory proteins of cooked...

Short Communication

Trends in Teledentistry

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Socioeconomic barriers appears to be the greatest threat to dental care apart from considering the geographic location of the population. Access to need of care becomes primary consideration and through teleconsultation it is possible to overcome these barri...

Research Article

A study on pacemaker pocket infection

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) combining aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor has been consistently shown to reduce recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary in...

Research Article

ECHO…for a change!!

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>The childhood obesity is increased more than three folds in last two decades in developed world. There is nutritional transition seen in the developing world including India. The westernization in diet of the Indian population along with prosperity bring...

Review Article

Bioactive components of tea

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Tea (Black tea and Green tea) are one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. However, with the increasing interest in the health properties of tea and a significant rise in scientific investigation, this review covers some of the recent findings...

Review Article

Do genes matter in sleep?-A comprehensive update

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Sleep is considered as a complex process in human beings and is least understood mechanism. Role of sleep in synaptic plasticity remains a debatable topic till date. Sleep is influenced by genetic background of the individual. EEG done in human sleep showed ...

Research Article

Two different patterns and outcome of neodymium YAG capsulotomy

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Visual impairment is a global health problem. Cataract is responsible for 50% of blindness worldwide [1].</p> <p>Posterior capsular opacification is the most common late complication of cataract surgery as a result of proliferation of resi...