Review Article

Leakage after sleeve gastrectomy: Endoscopic stenting VS surgical intervention

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming more popular in the treatment of obesity. LSG is safe with a low morbidity. The complications rarely result in morbidity and even mortality. Leaks are the major compli...

Review Article

Anticipation of difficulty during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures worldwide, it is accepted as the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones for its minimal invasiveness, less...

Mini Review

Incidence and disease control of Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Zucchini yellow mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) was first identified in northern Italy. It likes other species of the family Potyuiridue. ZYMV has been recorded in many countries since 1981. The efficient intercontinental spread of the virus can be explained by inte...

Research Article

Natural infection of squash fruits (Cucurbita pepo) by Zucchini Yellow Mosaic potyvirus (ZYMV) in Alexandria governorate

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>An isolate of zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) was obtained from naturally infected squash fruits were grown in Abees region, Alexandria governorate. Disease symptoms were Showing mosaic, yellowing and blistering and absis symptoms. The identification was...

Review Article

The Importance of Potato virus Y Potyvirus

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Potato virus Y potyvirus (PVY) is one of the most important aphid transmitted viral pathogen of potato worldwide. PVY affects potato plant (Solanum tuberosum L.), which is an important economic crop. PVY infection with potato viruses usually causing severe e...

Review Article

ECG interpretation and commentary

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This is demonstration of selected ECGs for learning or for exams; guided by lessons from great teachers as Prof. Hein Wellens MD. Here we provide advanced examples with comment and analysis.</p>

Review Article

Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This is a review of features in ECG to diagnose the culprit artery responsible for the infarction. Localization of the occluded vessel in acute myocardial infarction is important for many reasons: to know which artery is to dilate and stent; to assess the se...

Research Article

Potential of Pleurotus sajor-caju compost for controlling Meloidogyne incognita and improve nutritional status of tomato plants

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The potential of spent compost of oyster mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju cultivated on rice (MCR) or wheat straws (MCW) was evaluated against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato plants under field conditions during two successive seasons (...

Research Article

Evaluation of the effect of coronary artery bypass grafting on the right ventricular function using speckle tracking echocardiography

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This was a prospective study conducted at Benha University hospital and National Heart Institute on one hundred patients undwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to evaluate the effect of CABG on the right ventricu...

Research Article

Nematicidal effect of abamectin, boron, chitosan, hydrogen peroxide and Bacillus thuringiensis against citrus nematode on Valencia orange trees

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The nematicidal efficacy of abamectin, boron, chitosan, hydrogen peroxide, Bacillus thuringiensis and oxamyl 24% SL against citrus nematode, Tylenchulus semipenetrans were examined on Valencia orange trees under field condition for two successive seasons (20...

Review Article

Different optimization strategies for the optimal control of tumor growth

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>In this article different numerical techniques for solving optimal control problems is introduced, the aim of this paper is to achieve the best accuracy for the Optimal Control Problem (OCP) which has the objective of minimizing the size of tumor cells by th...

Research Article

Immunohistochemical expression of Nestin as Cancer Stem Cell Marker in gliomas

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Gliomas represent the most frequent primary tumors of central nervous system (CNS), contributing to more than half of the incidence of brain tumors. Cancer stem cell markers (CSC) identify a group of patients at high ...

Research Article

Evaluation of the predictive value of CHA2DS2-VASc Score for no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this study was to estimate the predictive clinical value of CHA2DS2-VASc score for no-reflow phenomena in patients having ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who applied to primary percutaneou...

Review Article

Three modern serological methods to detect plant viruses

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The use of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of plant viruses is well documented. It proved to be a very valuable detection tools for the plant viruses. The efficiency of the ELISA technique was for practical purpose independent of ...

Research Article

Serological and molecular characterization of two seed born cowpea mosaic Comovirus isolates affecting cowpea plants (Vigna unguiculata L.) in northern Egypt

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Cowpea plants naturally infected with cowpea mosaic comovirus (CPMV) showed different mosaic, mottle, dwarfing, and vain clearing symptoms. Diseased plants were ollected from certain locations of Alexandria and El-Beheira governorates during the growing seas...

Review Article

Avermectins: The promising solution to control plant parasitic nematodes

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Abamectin and emamectin are members of avermectin family which categorized as very effective but in the same time are toxic naturally. Most of products in this family are utilized as pharmaceuticals in both humans &amp; animals and for crop protection.De...

Research Article

Plaque morphology in diabetic vs. non diabetic patients assessed by Multi-Slice Computed Tomography coronary angiography

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background and Objectives:</strong> Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) provides high accuracy for noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). The introduction of the latest computed tomography technology allows comprehens...

Research Article

The New (2018) European Hypertension Guidelines an overview and comments

<h2>Review Article</h2> <p>The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) jointly developed a series of hypertension guidelines in the years 2003, 207 and 2013. The most recent guidelines were issued by the two societies in August this ye...

Research Article

Knowledge, perception and practices of Suez Canal University students regarding Hepatitis C Virus infection risk and means of prevention

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Egypt has the highest prevalence of HCV in the world as more than 10% of population suffers from HCV infection. High prevalence of HCV in Egypt represents a great risk to the whole population that requires aggressive ...

Research Article

Virulence Genes in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Strains Isolated at Suez Canal University Hospitals with Respect to the Site of Infection and Antimicrobial Resistance

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background: </strong>Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the top five pathogens causing healthcare-associated infections. Biofilm formation is nowadays a major problem. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of virulence ge...

Research Article

Urinary NGAL incorporation into Renal Angina Index for early detection of acute kidney injury in critically ill children

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background and objectives</strong>: New AKI biomarkers (on the top of it NGAL biomarker) have demonstrated better performance for prediction of AKI in critically ill patients with heterogeneous illness. Renal angina index was recently rep...

Research Article

Frequency of cytomegalovirus infection in children with Nephrotic Syndrome

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Introduction and aim:</strong> Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is the most common type of this disease during childhood. Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is the most common histopathological lesion (80 &ndash; 90%) of INS ...

Research Article

Biliary reflux gastritis after Mini Gastric Bypass: The effect of Bilirubin level

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background: </strong>Minigastric bypass is gaining popularity worldwide as an effective bariatric surgery which has fewer complications than RYGB. There is raising concerns about biliary reflux and its effect on gastric mucosa. In this st...

Clinical Image

New technique of imaging cellular change to squmous cells metaplsia of cervix

<h2>Clinical Image</h2> <p>Flexible magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI) has outstanding diagnostic correctness for gastrointestinal metaplsia and is hope for to be highly useful for imaging stage cervixcal metaplsia beginning by imaging the first stage of meta...

Research Article

Risk definition in Laparoscopic versus Open Cholecystectomy

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Nothing without risk. As cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures, any minor risk will be a mass volume. This study was to define the magnitude of that risk. In the study were 1486 patients between Feb. 2009 and April. 2018. Open in 292 (19.6%), ...

Research Article

Environmental Risk factors associated with Breast Cancer in Gaza Strip

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The study aimed to identify possible environmental risk factors for breast cancer among women in Gaza Strip and conducted in 2010. A case- control study design was used with face to face interviews by structured questionnaire with breast cancer patient women...

Research Article

Trans Abdominal Pre-Peritoneal (TAPP) mesh for Inguinal Hernia Repair with External Fixation [Abdelhamid Technique], Outcome Assessment

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To compare the outcomes of Abdelhamid technique in treatment of inguinal hernia to conventional TAPP with mesh stapling, Prolene hernia system (PHS) and Lichtenstein repair.</p> <p><strong>Background...

Research Article

Safety of primary common Bile Duct Closure

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Primary closure of the common bile duct following exploration has been safely and effectively performed, as advocated by Halsted, provided no evidence of pancreatitis, cholangitis, or ampullary obstruction exists. This study was to gain back confidence to pr...

Research Article

Iarogenic Bile Duct Injuries: Repairs Feasibility

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>To compare the outcomes of Abdelhamid technique in treatment of inguinal hernia to conventional TAPP with mesh stapling, Prolene hernia system (PHS) and Lichtenstein repair.<br /> Background: the mesh is applied a...

Review Article

Strategic Plans for Diagnosis, Treatment and Control of Hypertension

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Two major challenges face the practicing physicians and medical community regarding the management of hypertension. First is accurate diagnosis and finding who is the truly hypertensive patient in need of life-long treatment. Second is to improve blood press...

Research Article

Emergency laparoscopic left sided colonic resection with primary anastomosis: Feasibility and Safety

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery had a lower incidence of major complications, such as anastomotic leak, intra-abdominal bleeding, abscess, and evisceration. Controversies about the operative management of left colonic emergencies are decreasing. Now...

Research Article

Clinically and Radiological isolated syndrome (MS risk)

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> The use of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluation of neurological disorders has increased in the past two decades. This has led to an increased detection of incidental findings on brain MRI.The most com...

Research Article

Biomechanical analysis of Sit-To- Walk movement in Parkinson’s patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of this study was to evaluate the ankle-knee-hip interaction during sit-to-walk (STW) movement and clinical functional abilities of the lower limbs in Parkinson&rsquo;s patients.</p> <p><strong&...

Mini Review

Significant influence for vitamin K on different metabolic diseases according to positive effect on levels of both vitamin D, and calcium

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Vitamin K was discovered as nutrient of blood clotting. There are two main types of vitamin K, vitamin K1, and vitamin K2. Although the structure of vitamin k is stable but also, there are differences between them. Vitamin k1 is mainly present in dark green ...

Research Article

The impact of two different doses of Dexmedetomidine to Local Anesthetic Mixture on the quality of single injection Peribulbar Block in Vitreoretinal operations

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To evaluate the impact of adding two different doses of dexmedetomidine to local anesthetic mixture on the quality of single injection peribulbar block in vitreoretinal operations.</p> <p><strong>D...

Short Communication

Maternal thyroid dysfunction and neonatal cardiac disorders

<h2>Communication</h2> <p>The normal levels of thyroid hormones (THs; thyroxine, T4 &amp; 3,5,3&prime;-triiodo-Lthyronine, T3) are necessary for the normal development [1-48], particularly the fetal and neonatal cardiac growth and development [49].The actions of THs are ...

Research Article

Synthesis, Radioiodination and Biological distribution of 5-(5-(tributylstannyl) benzofuran-2-yl) pyridin-2-amine as an amyloid imaging agent

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>In this work an efficient method developed for the synthesis of 125I-benzofuran-2-yl) pyridin-2-amine (125IBPA), followed by radioiodination with 125I by using Chloramine-T at pH 8. The reaction proceeds within 10 min at room temperature (20-25&deg;C). T...

Thesis

Short term effect of Intravenous Intermittent Iron Infusion versus Bolus Iron Infusion on Iron parameters in Hemodialysis patients

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Intravenous iron is used in combination with erythropoi esis-stimulating agents to treat the anemia of hemodialysis patients, however, there is variety in the dose and the frequency. So we compare bolus intravenous iron administration protocol vs an intermit...

Research Article

Influence of Vitamin E on the Disposition Kinetics of Florfenicol after single and multiple oral administrations in Broiler Chickens

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Investigation the influences of vitamin (vit) E over a period of 5 days on the pharmacokinetics of florfenicol after single and multiple oral administrations in broiler chickens. Total of 12 broiler chickens had been taken single and multiple oral administra...

Thesis

Retrosynthesis analysis; a way to design a retrosynthesis map for Pyridine and pyrimidine ring

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Pyridine and pyrimidines are amongst the most important, well known heteroaromatic rings, owning to their bioactive importance. Herein, an idea about how to design the synthetic pathway for these rings using retrosynthesis analysis techniques.</p>

Research Article

Profile of vitamin D receptor polymorphism Bsm I and FokI in end stage renal disease Egyptian patients on maintenance hemodialysis

Objective: In end stage renal disease, the synthesis of vitamin D is disturbed.Hyperparathyroidism is one of the key factors in the pathogenesis of many of the complications of dialysis mainly bone and cardiovascular complications.Aim:This study aimed at assessing vitamin D re...

Research Article

Convenient route synthesis of some new benzothiazole derivatives and their pharmacological screening as antimicrobial agents

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> The reaction of 2-(benzo]d[thiazol-2-yl)-3-oxopentanedinitrile 4 with DMF/DMA has been investigated to explore the synthetic potentialities of this novel activated nitrile in heterocyclic synthesis.</p> <p...

Research Article

Exploring novel medical applications for commonly used veterinary drug (tilmicosin antibiotic)

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Tilmicosin (TMC) is a semi synthetic macrolide antibiotic of tylosin derivatives commonly used by veterinaries, has been shown to reveal beneficial pharmacological activities. In the current study, the potential wound healing activity, Anti-oxidant effect (u...

Research Article

Value of electrocardiographic T wave inversion in lead aVL in prediction of Mid Left Anterior Descending Stenosis in patients with stable Coronary Artery

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p><strong>Background</strong>: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a simple and noninvasive bedside diagnostic tool with a well-established role in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to study the diagnostic value of electrocardiogr...

Short Communication

HBV: Genomic Structure, HBVsAg Isolation and innovative Virotherapy Initiation in the Middle East

<h2>BRIEF INFORMATION</h2> <p>Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the world&rsquo;s major infectious diseases with 350 million people who are chronic carriers of HBV [1]. Significant minorities go on to develop liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma and over 1 million die...

Research Article

Hydraulic jump experiment in a rectangular open channel flume

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This paper presents a laboratory experiment for the formation of hydraulic jump in a rectangular open channel flume to accurately explore the effect of flow structures on water resources. This experiment illustrates the behavior of super-critical flow under ...

Review Article

Concise Review: Considerations for the Formulation, Delivery and Administration Routes of Biopharmaceuticals

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>The drugs of biological origins have attracted the attention of many pharmaceutical companies where it is essential to protect the heterogeneous nature and the optimal three dimensional structures of the different macromolecules. These molecules are used in ...

Case Report

Complicated Hepatitis A Virus Infection: A Report of Three Cases from Single Tertiary Referral Center

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is the commonest form of acute viral hepatitis all over the world. Complicated HAV cases had been reported with evolving presentations. This is a report of three cases of non-fulminant HAV infections annotating rare non hepa...

Case Report

Using Mathematical Procedure to Compute the Attenuation Coeffi cient in Spectrometry Field

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>In gamma-ray spectrometry, the analysis of the environmental radioactivity samples (soil, sediment and ash of a living organism) needs to know the linear attenuation coefficient of the sample matrix. This coefficient is required to calculate the self-absorpt...

Research Article

Empirical formulae for calculating γ-ray detectors effective solid angle ratio

<h2>ABSTRACT</h2> <p>Determination of the detector efficiency using volumetric cylindrical sources is very important in various scientific and industrial fields, especially in the field of quantitative analysis. To calculate the absolute activity of any sample, the full-energy p...