Research Article

Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia: Factors predicting upstaging to carcinoma

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) is considered the gold standard technique for initial histological diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions seen on screening mammogram, but it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical duc...

Short Communication

Human mesenchymal stem cells conditioned media promotes the wound healing process - An in vitro study

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) conditioned medium (CM) has a promising prospect towards skin regeneration. Therefore, human dental pulp and adipose stem cells (DPSCs and ADSCs) were isolated, propagated and evaluated for their stemness and genetic stability o...

Review Article

Let us start an epidemic by giving away kindness

<h2>Review</h2> <p>&lsquo;Patients were left in soiled sheets or sitting on commodes for hours. Some patients needing pain relief got it late or not at all.&rsquo; These were a sample of the findings in the Francis Report which revealed severe failings in patient care in...

Review Article

Trans-abdominal cervical cerclage revisited

<h2>Summary</h2> <p>Changes in contemporary obstetric and gynaecological practice in relation to ultrasound cervical screening during pregnancy, the treatment of intra-epithelial cervical neoplasia and laparoscopic surgery have resulted in an increased utilization of trans-abdom...

Commentary

What is the future for Scapholunate interosseous ligament reconstruction?

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This opinion paper provides a summary of the current reconstructive surgical techniques for the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) and critically highlights their benefits and shortcomings. Due to limited success with direct repair of the ligament, cu...

Review Article

Does Veterinary Science have a future in Australia?

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Although the veterinary art has been practiced since antiquity, the modern era began in the 18th century with the establishment of the discipline of &ldquo;Veterinary Science&rdquo; at universities. In the 19th century, veterinary education began...

Case Report

Actinomycosis of the appendix

<h2>Case Report</h2> <p>A 40 year old woman presented to the emergency department with acute on chronic abdominal pain in her right iliac fossa. On history her pain had been present for over 6 months and had previously been investigated with ultrasound, CT and a diagnostic lapar...

Research Article

The failure to provide an effective veterinary service to sheep in Australia

<h2>Introduction</h2> <p>Sheep are not native to Australia and were originally imported; 44 sheep were among the animals transported from Great Britain to the penal colony established on the east coast of Terra Australis in January 1788 http://firstfleetfelowshp.org.au.</p>...

Case Report

AngioJetTM rheolytic thrombectomy induced intravascular haemolysis leading to Acute Kidney Injury requiring Dialysis

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Background</strong>: AngioJetTM rheolytic thrombectomy has been used in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) to prevent post-thrombotic syndrome. Though not widely appreciated, it has the potential to cause intravascular haemolysis...

Review Article

Responding to Disasters More than economic and infrastructure interventions

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> Natural disasters confront individuals, communities and governments with the challenge of rebuilding and addressing psychosocial sequelae. With the increasing number of natural disasters it is timely to evaluate the e...

Editorial

Indian spices and Caffeine treatment for Obesity and Cardiovascular disease

<h2>Editorial</h2> <p>The global obesity epidemic that was previously reported [1,2] is now to worsen with obesity to double in 73 countries around the world [3,4]. Improving the health of obese individuals by dietary restriction, anti-obese foods and increased physical activity...

Research Article

Injuries of the shoulder sustained by Surfboard riders

<h2>Summary</h2> <p><strong>Background:</strong> To determine the spectrum of shoulder pathologies suffered by surfers.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Prospective descriptive study. Surfers with shoulder injuries who were referred to a su...

Case Report

Focal Ab-amyloid deposition precedes cerebral microbleeds and Superfi cial siderosis: a case report

<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>This case report presents <em>in-vivo</em> findings on the spatial and temporal relationship between focal Ab-amyloid deposition, cerebral micro-haemorrhages and superfi cial siderosis.A 65-year-old woman underwent 11C-PiB PET scans that revealed...